Lecture 25 Electromagnetic Waves-Ch 25 Wave Optics—Interference --Ch 17

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Transcript of Lecture 25 Electromagnetic Waves-Ch 25 Wave Optics—Interference --Ch 17

  • Slide 1
  • Lecture 25 Electromagnetic Waves-Ch 25 Wave OpticsInterference --Ch 17
  • Slide 2
  • Slide 3
  • Problems for Wednesday 25: 19, 22, 28, 29, 31 WB 25: 13-18
  • Slide 4
  • Electromagnetic Waves Slide 25-33
  • Slide 5
  • Sinusoidal Waves Single frequency (single color) and single wavelength, . TRANSVERSE with B and E perpendicular to the direction of motion. In vacuum velocity = c = 3.00 x 10 8 m/s Right hand rule relates E, B and direction of propagation E = cB
  • Slide 6
  • Sinusoidal Waves Continued Wave traveling in the +x direction with E polarized along the y-axis, and hence B along the z-axis.
  • Slide 7
  • Sinusoidal Waves continued In vacuum, wave speed is c = 3.00x10 8 m/s = wavelength (spatial period) T = (temporal) period f = c
  • Slide 8
  • Intensity Intensitypower incident on area A divided by A Point Source
  • Slide 9
  • Polarization Linear or plane polarization: The electric field oscillates along a straight line, the y-axis in our previous example. A polarizer chooses a direction (called the polarizer axis) along which the transmitted E-field oscillates. First polarizers reduces intensity by
  • Slide 10
  • Photons Light particles: In some experiments, photo- electric effect for example, light acts like a particle. Energy carried by each photon
  • Slide 11
  • Checking Understanding A plane electromagnetic wave has electric and magnetic fields at all points in the plane as noted below. With the fields oriented as shown, the wave is moving A.into the plane of the paper. B.out of the plane of the paper. C.to the left. D.to the right. E.toward the top of the paper. F.toward the bottom of the paper. Slide 25-34
  • Slide 12
  • Polarization Slide 25-37
  • Slide 13
  • Light passed through a polarizing filter has an intensity of 2.0 W/m 2. How should a second polarizing filter be arranged to decrease the intensity to 1.0 W/m 2 ? Slide 25-38
  • Slide 14
  • The Electromagnetic Spectrum Slide 25-39
  • Slide 15
  • Problems 25: 19 E = 10 V/m in an electromagnetic wave. What is B? 22: What is , f, and electric field amplitude? 28: I = 10 W/m 2 for a linearly polarized wave. Intensity through polarizer with b) = 30 0 ?
  • Slide 16
  • More Problems 29: 25% passes polarizer. Angle of polarizer with respect to electric field? 31: Unpolarized light with I = 350 W/m 2 What is I after two polarizers with second axis 35 0 to axis of first?
  • Slide 17
  • Double-slit interference Diffraction gratings Thin-film interference Single-slit diffraction Circular-aperture diffraction Chapter 17 Wave Optics Topics: Sample question: The vivid colors of this hummingbirds feathers have a sheen unlike that of ordinary pigments, and they change subtly depending on the angle at which theyre viewed. How does light interact with the feathers to produce this bright display? Slide 17-1
  • Slide 18
  • Water Waves Spread Out behind a Small Opening Slide 17-6
  • Slide 19
  • Light Waves Also Spread Out Behind a Very Narrow Slit Slide 17-7
  • Slide 20
  • Youngs Double-Slit Interference Experiment Slide 17-8
  • Slide 21
  • Analyzing the Double-Slit Experiment Slide 17-9
  • Slide 22
  • Bright and Dark Fringes in the Double-Slit Experiment Slide 17-10
  • Slide 23
  • Problems 17 CQ1: frequency in water, glass CQ3: change in n, does it change apparent color? MC17: what changes when light enters glass? 1: travel time through piece of glass