LaTeX Symbols

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A The Great, Big List of L TEX Symbols David Carlisle Scott Pakin February 7, 2001 Alexander Holt

List of Tables1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25A L TEX 2 Escapable Special Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A L TEX 2 Commands Dened to Work in Both Math and Text Mode Non-ASCII Letters (Excluding Accented Letters) . . . . . . . . . . . . Greek Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . Punctuation Marks Not Found in OT1 A Predened L TEX 2 Text-Mode Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Binary Operation Symbols . . . . . . Relation Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . Punctuation Symbols . . . . . . . . . Arrow Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous Symbols . . . . . . . . Variable-sized Symbols . . . . . . . . Log-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Large Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . Math-Mode Accents . . . . . . . . . Some Other Constructions . . . . . . textcomp Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Negated Arrows . . . . . . . . AMS Greek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Hebrew . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . AMS Commands Dened to Work in Both Math and Text Mode . . . . .

2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 9

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51

AMS Binary Operators . . . . . . . AMS Binary Relations . . . . . . . . AMS Negated Binary Relations . . . stmaryrd Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Extension Characters . . . stmaryrd Binary Operators . . . . . . stmaryrd Large Binary Operators . . stmaryrd Binary Relations . . . . . . stmaryrd Negated Binary Relations . wasysym Math-Mode Symbols . . . . wasysym General Symbols . . . . . . wasysym Electrical and Physical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Polygons and Stars . . . . . wasysym Musical Notes . . . . . . . . wasysym Circles . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Phonetic Symbols . . . . . wasysym Astrological and Zodiacal Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym APL Symbols . . . . . . . . wasysym APL Modiers . . . . . . . pifont Commands for Using Zapf Dingbats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . marvosym Astrological and Zodiacal Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . marvosym Digits . . . . . . . . . . . marvosym Euro Signs . . . . . . . . . marvosym Miscellaneous . . . . . . . Math Alphabets . . . . . . . . . . .

9 9 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 16

1

A Table 1: L TEX 2 Escapable Special Characters

$

\$

%

\%

\_

}

\}

&

\&

#

\#

{

\{

A Table 2: L TEX 2 Commands Dened to Work in Both Math and Text Mode

$

\$ \P \S

c O

\_ \copyright \dag

...

\ddag \dots \pounds

{ }

\{ \}

A (Where two symbols are present, the left one is the faked symbol that L TEX 2 provides by default, and the right one is the true symbol that textcomp makes available.)

Table 3: Non-ASCII Letters (Excluding Accented Letters) a A

\aa \AA \AE \ae

\DH \dh \DJ \dj

L l

\L \l \NG \ng

\o \O \OE \oe

SS

\ss \SS \TH \th

= Not available in the OT1 font encoding. Use the fontenc package to select an alternate font encoding, such as T1.

Table 4: Greek Letters \alpha \beta \gamma \delta \epsilon \varepsilon \zeta \eta \Gamma \Delta \Theta \theta \vartheta \iota \kappa \lambda \mu \nu \xi \Lambda \Xi \Pi o o \pi \varpi \rho \varrho \sigma \varsigma \tau \upsilon \phi \varphi \chi \psi \omega

\Sigma \Upsilon \Phi

\Psi \Omega

(The remaining Greek majuscules can be produced with ordinary Latin letters. The symbol M, for instance, is used for both an uppercase m and an uppercase .)

2

Table 5: Punctuation Marks Not Found in OT1

\guillemotleft \guillemotright

\guilsinglleft \guilsinglright

\quotedblbase \quotesinglbase

"

\textquotedbl

(To get these symbols, use the fontenc package to select an alternate font encoding, such as T1.)

A Table 6: Predened L TEX 2 Text-Mode Commands

*

\ | { }

c O

$

... >

\textasciicircum \textasciitilde \textasteriskcentered \textbackslash \textbar \textbraceleft \textbraceright \textbullet \textcopyright \textdagger \textdaggerdbl \textdollar \textellipsis \textemdash \textendash \textexclamdown \textgreater

:

= = . =

A Not predened in L TEX 2 . Use one of the packages latexsym, amsfonts, amssymb, or wasysym.

Table 9: Punctuation Symbols , , ; ; : \colon . \ldotp \cdotp

Table 10: Arrow Symbols > \leftarrow \Leftarrow \rightarrow \Rightarrow \leftrightarrow \Leftrightarrow \mapsto \hookleftarrow \leftharpoonup \leftharpoondown \rightleftharpoons = => > \longleftarrow \Longleftarrow \longrightarrow \Longrightarrow \longleftrightarrow \Longleftrightarrow \longmapsto \hookrightarrow \rightharpoonup \rightharpoondown \leadsto \uparrow \Uparrow \downarrow \Downarrow \updownarrow \Updownarrow \nearrow \searrow \swarrow \nwarrow

A Not predened in L TEX 2 . Use one of the packages latexsym, amsfonts, amssymb, or wasysym.

4

Table 11: Miscellaneous Symbols ... \ldots \aleph \hbar \imath \jmath \ell \wp \Re \Im \mho . \cdots \prime \emptyset \nabla \surd \top \bot \| \angle . . . . \vdots \forall \exists \neg \flat \natural \sharp \backslash \partial | . .. \ddots \infty \Box \Diamond \triangle \clubsuit \diamondsuit \heartsuit \spadesuit

\ |

A Not predened in L TEX 2 . Use one of the packages latexsym, amsfonts, amssymb, or wasysym.

Table 12: Variable-sized Symbols \sum \prod \coprod \int \oint \bigcap \bigcup \bigsqcup \bigvee \bigwedge \bigodot \bigotimes \bigoplus \biguplus

Table 13: Log-like Symbols \arccos \arcsin \arctan \arg \cos \cosh \cot \coth \csc \deg \det \dim \exp \gcd \hom \inf \ker \lg \lim \liminf \limsup \ln \log \max \min \Pr \sec \sin \sinh \sup \tan \tanh

Table 14: Delimiters ( [ { ( [ \{ \lfloor \langle | ) ] } ) ] \} \rfloor \rangle \| \uparrow \downarrow \updownarrow \lceil / \Uparrow \Downarrow \Updownarrow \rceil \backslash

/

\

|

5

\rmoustache \arrowvert

Table 15: Large Delimiters \lmoustache \rgroup \Arrowvert \bracevert

\lgroup

Table 16: Math-Mode Accents a a \hat{a} \check{a} a a ` \acute{a} \grave{a} a a \bar{a} \vec{a} a a \dot{a} \ddot{a} a a \breve{a} \tilde{a}

Table 17: Some Other Constructions abc abc abc abc abc f \widetilde{abc} \overleftarrow{abc} \overline{abc} \overbrace{abc} \sqrt{abc} f abc abc abc abc n abcabc xyz

\widehat{abc} \overrightarrow{abc} \underline{abc} \underbrace{abc} \sqrt[n]{abc} \frac{abc}{xyz}

Table 18: textcomp Symbols1 ` * O b

\textacutedbl \textascendercompwordmark \textasciiacute \textasciibreve \textasciicaron \textasciidieresis \textasciigrave \textasciimacron \textasteriskcentered \textbaht \textbardbl \textbigcircle \textblank \textborn \textbrokenbar

m M = n 9 W 1

\textlquill \textmarried \textmho \textminus \textmu \textmusicalnote \textnaira \textnineoldstyle \textnumero \textohm \textonehalf \textoneoldstyle \textonequarter \textonesuperior \textopenbullet

(continued on next page)1 These

symbols are also available in math mode through the use of the mathcomp package. See the mathcomp documentation for usage information.

6

(continued from previous page)

c O

d c $ _ 8 5 4 / < [ l

\textbullet \textcapitalcompwordmark \textcelsius \textcent \textcentoldstyle \textcircledP \textcolonmonetary \textcopyleft \textcopyright \textcurrency \textdagger \textdaggerdbl \textdblhyphen \textdblhyphenchar \textdegree \textdied \textdiscount \textdiv \textdivorced \textdollar \textdollaroldstyle \textdong \textdownarrow \texteightoldstyle \textestimated \texteuro \textfiveoldstyle \textflorin \textfouroldstyle \textfractionsolidus \textgravedbl \textguarani \textinterrobang \textinterrobangdown \textlangle \textlbrackdbl \textleaf \textleftarrow \textlira \textlnot

a o

' > ]

r O

7 6 3 ~

TM

2 ^ 0

\textordfeminine \textordmasculine \textparagraph \textperiodcentered \textpertenthousand \textperthousand \textpeso \textpilcrow \textpm \textquotesingle \textquotestraightbase \textquotestraightdblbase \textrangle \textrbrackdbl \textrecipe \textreferencemark \textregistered \textrightarrow \textrquill \textsection \textservicemark \textsevenoldstyle \textsixoldstyle \textsterling \textsurd \textthreeoldstyle \textthreequarters \textthreequartersemdash \textthreesuperior \texttildelow \texttimes \texttrademark \texttwelveudash \texttwooldstyle \texttwosuperior \textuparrow \textwon \textyen \textzerooldstyle

A (Where two symbols are present, the left one is the faked symbol that L TEX 2 provides by default, and the right one is the true symbol that textcomp makes available.)

7

Table 19: AMS Delimiters \ulcorner \urcorner \llcorner \lrcorner

Table 20: AMS Arrows \dashrightarrow \Lleftarrow \leftrightharpoons \upuparrows \leftrightsquigarrow \rightleftarrows \rightleftharpoons \downdownarrows \dashleftarrow \twoheadleftarrow \curvearrowleft \upharpoonleft \rightrightarrows \twoheadrightarrow \curvearrowright \upharpoonright \leftleftarrows \leftarrowtail \circlearrowleft \downharpoonleft \rightleftarrows \rightarrowtail \circlearrowright \downharpoonright \leftrightarrows \looparrowleft \Lsh \multimap \rightrightarrows \looparrowright \Rsh \rightsquigarrow

Table 21: AMS Negated Arrows \nleftarrow \nleftrightarrow \nrightarrow \nLeftrightarrow \nLeftarrow \nRightarrow

Table 22: AMS Greek \digamma \varkappa

Table 23: AMS Hebrew \beth \daleth \gimel

Table 24: AMS Miscellaneous \hbar \square \measuredangle \Game \blacktriangle \bigstar \diagup k \hslash \lozenge \nexists \Bbbk \blacktriangledown \sphericalangle \diagdown \vartriangle \circledS \mho \backprime \blacksquare \complement \triangledown \angle \Finv \varnothing \blacklozenge \eth

8

Table 25: AMS Commands Dened to Work in Both Math and Text Mode \checkmark \circledR \maltese

Table 26: AMS Binary Operators \dotplus \barwedge \boxtimes \ltimes \curlywedge \circledcirc \smallsetminus \veebar \boxdot \rtimes \curlyvee \centerdot \Cap \doublebarwedge \boxplus \leftthreetimes \circleddash \intercal \Cup \boxminus \divideontimes \rightthreetimes \circledast

Table 27: AMS Binary Relations \leqq \lessapprox \lessgtr \risingdotseq \subseteqq \curlyeqprec \trianglelefteq \smallfrown \geqslant \gtrdot \gtreqqless \thicksim \sqsupset \succapprox \shortmid \varpropto \blacktriangleright \leqslant \approxeq \lesseqgtr \fallingdotseq \Subset \precsim \vDash \bumpeq \eqslantgtr \ggg \eqcirc \thickapprox \succcurlyeq \vartriangleright \shortparallel \blacktriangleleft \because \eqslantless \lessdot \lesseqqgtr \backsim \sqsubset \precapprox \Vvdash \Bumpeq \gtrsim \gtrless \circeq \supseteqq \curlyeqsucc \trianglerighteq \between \therefore \lesssim \lll \doteqdot \backsimeq \preccurlyeq \vartriangleleft \smallsmile \geqq \gtrapprox \gtreqless \triangleq \Supset \succsim \Vdash \pitchfork \backepsilon

9

Table 28: AMS Negated Binary Relations \nless \lneq \lnapprox \precnapprox \nvdash \nsubseteq \varsubsetneqq \ngeqq \gnsim \nsucceq \nshortparallel \ntriangleright \supsetneq \nleq \lneqq \nprec \nsim \nvDash \subsetneq \ngtr \gneq \gnapprox \succnsim \nparallel \ntrianglerighteq \varsupsetneq \nleqslant \lvertneqq \npreceq \nshortmid \ntriangleleft \varsubsetneq \ngeq \gneqq \nsucc \succnapprox \nvDash \nsupseteq \supsetneqq \nleqq \lnsim \precnsim \nmid \ntrianglelefteq \subsetneqq \ngeqslant \gvertneqq \nsucceq \ncong \nVDash \nsupseteqq \varsupsetneqq

Table 29: stmaryrd Delimiters \Lbag \llceil \llbracket \Rbag \rrceil \rrbracket \lbag \llfloor \rbag \rrfloor

Table 30: stmaryrd Arrows = \Longmapsfrom \nnearrow \shortdownarrow \longmapsfrom \lightning => \Longmapsto \nnwarrow \shortuparrow \mapsfrom \rrparenthesis \Mapsfrom \ssearrow \shortleftarrow \leftarrowtriangle \leftrightarroweq > \Mapsto \sswarrow \shortrightarrow \rightarrowtriangle \leftrightarrowtriangle

Note that wasysym also denes a \lightning symbol. The dierenceother than vs. is that the stmaryrd version (above) is limited to math mode.

Table 31: stmaryrd Extension Characters \Arrownot \arrownot \Mapsfromchar \mapsfromchar \Mapstochar

10

Table 32: stmaryrd Binary Operators \Ydown \baro \boxast \boxcircle \curlyveedownarrow \fatbslash \leftslice \nplus \ogreaterthan \rightslice \varcurlyvee \varobslash \varolessthan \varotimes \Yleft \bbslash \boxbar \boxdot \curlyveeuparrow \fatsemi \merge \obar \olessthan \sslash \varcurlywedge \varocircle \varominus \varovee \Yright \binampersand \boxbox \boxempty \curlywedgedownarrow \fatslash \minuso \oblong \ovee \talloblong \varoast \varodot \varoplus \varowedge \Yup \bindnasrepma \boxbslash \boxslash \curlywedgeuparrow \interleave \moo \obslash \owedge \varbigcirc \varobar \varogreaterthan \varoslash \vartimes

Table 33: stmaryrd Large Binary Operators \bigbox \biginterleave \bigsqcap \bigcurlyvee \bignplus \bigtriangledown \bigcurlywedge \bigparallel \bigtriangleup

Table 34: stmaryrd Binary Relations \inplus \supsetplus \niplus \supsetpluseq \subsetplus \trianglelefteqslant \subsetpluseq \trianglerighteqslant

Table 35: stmaryrd Negated Binary Relations \ntrianglelefteqslant \ntrianglerighteqslant

Table 36: wasysym Math-Mode Symbols \Box \Diamond \Join \LHD \RHD \apprge \apprle \iiint \iint \invneg \leadsto \lhd \logof \ocircle \oiint \rhd \sqsubset \sqsupset \unlhd \unrhd \varint \varoint \wasypropto

11

Table 37: wasysym General Symbols \Bowtie \DOWNarrow \LEFTarrow \RIGHTarrow \UParrow \agemO \ataribox \bell \blacksmiley \brokenvert \cent \checked \clock \currency \diameter \female \frownie \invdiameter \kreuz \lightning \male \permil \phone \pointer \recorder \smiley \sun \varangle \wasylozenge \wasytherefore

Note that stmaryrd also denes a \lightning symbol. The dierenceother than vs. is that the wasysym version (above) gives the correct character only in text mode.

Table 38: wasysym Electrical and Physical Symbols \AC \VHF \photon \HF \gluon

Table 39: wasysym Polygons and Stars \CheckedBox \Square \XBox \davidsstar \hexagon \hexstar \octagon \pentagon \varhexagon \varhexstar

Table 40: wasysym Musical Notes \eighthnote \halfnote \twonotes \fullnote \quarternote

Table 41: wasysym Circles \CIRCLE \Circle \LEFTCIRCLE \LEFTcircle \Leftcircle \RIGHTCIRCLE \RIGHTcircle \Rightcircle \leftturn \rightturn

Table 42: wasysym Phonetic Symbols D \DH \Thorn \dh \inve \openo \thorn

12

Table 43: wasysym Astrological and Zodiacal Symbols \ascnode \astrosun \descnode \earth \fullmoon \jupiter \leftmoon \mars \mercury \neptune \newmoon \pluto \rightmoon \saturn \uranus \venus \vernal

Table 44: wasysym APL Symbols \APLbox \APLcomment \APLdown \APLdownarrowbox \APLinput \APLinv \APLleftarrowbox \APLlog \APLminus \APLrightarrowbox \APLstar \APLup \APLuparrowbox \notbackslash \notslash

\ /

Table 45: wasysym APL Modiers \APLcirc{} \APLnot{} | \APLvert{}

Table 46: pifont Commands for Using Zapf Dingbats w v u i \ding{33} \ding{34} \ding{35} \ding{36} \ding{37} \ding{38} \ding{39} \ding{40} \ding{41} \ding{42} \ding{43} \ding{44} \ding{45} \ding{46} \ding{47} \ding{48} \ding{49} \ding{50} 4 5 6 7 8 9 @ A B C D E F G H I P Q \ding{71} \ding{72} \ding{73} \ding{74} \ding{75} \ding{76} \ding{77} \ding{78} \ding{79} \ding{80} \ding{81} \ding{82} \ding{83} \ding{84} \ding{85} \ding{86} \ding{87} \ding{88} r s t u v w x y d \ding{109} \ding{110} \ding{111} \ding{112} \ding{113} \ding{114} \ding{115} \ding{116} \ding{117} \ding{118} \ding{119} \ding{120} \ding{121} \ding{122} \ding{123} \ding{124} \ding{125} \ding{126} \ding{181} \ding{182} \ding{183} \ding{184} \ding{185} \ding{186} \ding{187} \ding{188} \ding{189} \ding{190} \ding{191} \ding{192} \ding{193} \ding{194} \ding{195} \ding{196} \ding{197} \ding{198} \ding{219} \ding{220} \ding{221} \ding{222} \ding{223} \ding{224} \ding{225} \ding{226} \ding{227} \ding{228} \ding{229} \ding{230} \ding{231} \ding{232} \ding{233} \ding{234} \ding{235} \ding{236}

(continued on next page)

13

(continued from previous page)

! " # $ % & ' ( ) 0 1 2 3

\ding{51} \ding{52} \ding{53} \ding{54} \ding{55} \ding{56} \ding{57} \ding{58} \ding{59} \ding{60} \ding{61} \ding{62} \ding{63} \ding{64} \ding{65} \ding{66} \ding{67} \ding{68} \ding{69} \ding{70}

R S T U V W X Y ` a b c d e f g h i p q

\ding{89} \ding{90} \ding{91} \ding{92} \ding{93} \ding{94} \ding{95} \ding{96} \ding{97} \ding{98} \ding{99} \ding{100} \ding{101} \ding{102} \ding{103} \ding{104} \ding{105} \ding{106} \ding{107} \ding{108}

e f g h j k l p o n m x y z { | } ~

\ding{161} \ding{162} \ding{163} \ding{164} \ding{165} \ding{166} \ding{167} \ding{168} \ding{169} \ding{170} \ding{171} \ding{172} \ding{173} \ding{174} \ding{175} \ding{176} \ding{177} \ding{178} \ding{179} \ding{180}

\ding{199} \ding{200} \ding{201} \ding{202} \ding{203} \ding{204} \ding{205} \ding{206} \ding{207} \ding{208} \ding{209} \ding{210} \ding{211} \ding{212} \ding{213} \ding{214} \ding{215} \ding{216} \ding{217} \ding{218}

\ding{237} \ding{238} \ding{239} \ding{241} \ding{242} \ding{243} \ding{244} \ding{245} \ding{246} \ding{247} \ding{248} \ding{249} \ding{250} \ding{251} \ding{252} \ding{253} \ding{254}

Table 47: marvosym Astrological and Zodiacal Symbols \Jupiter \Mars \Mercury \Aries \Taurus \Gemini \Moon \Neptune \Pluto \Cancer \Leo \Virgo \Saturn \Sun \Uranus \Libra \Scorpio \Sagittarius \Venus

\Capricorn \Aquarius \Pisces

Note that \Aries . . . \Pisces can also be specied with \Zodiac{1} . . . \Zodiac{12}.

Table 48: marvosym Digits 0 1 \MVZero \MVOne 2 3 \MVTwo \MVThree 4 5 \MVFour \MVFive 6 7 \MVSix \MVSeven 8 9 \MVEight \MVNine

14

Table 49: marvosym Euro Signs \EUR d \EURcr c \EURhv e \EURtm

Table 50: marvosym Miscellaneous " # C V . U K = X s r \Ankh \Bat \Beam \Bearing \Bicycle \Celtcross \CEsign \Checkedbox \Circles \Circpipe \Clocklogo \Coffeecup \Corresponds \Cross \Crossedbox \Cutleft \Cutline q u t v F f % o ( I i + R S \Cutright \FAX \fax \Faxmachine \FHBOlogo \FHBOLOGO \Fixedbearing \Flatsteel \Football \Force \Frowny \Heart \Industry \Info \Kross \Kutline \Leftscissors & B E ) $ H @ A Z > Q \Lefttorque \Letter \Lightning \Lineload \Loosebearing \Lsteel \Manfront \Manside \Mobilefone \MVA \MVAt \MVp \Pickup \Pointinghand \Rectpipe \Rightarrow \Rightscissors * ! T p \Righttorque \Smiley \Snowflake \Squaredot \Squarepipe \Stopsign \Telefon \Tsteel \TTsteel \Vectorarrow \Vectorarrowhigh \Womanface \Womanfront \Womanside \Writinghand \Yingyang

P

b M

15

Table 51: Math Alphabets ABCdef123 ABCdef123 ABCdef ABC ABC ABC or ABCdef123 ABC \mathrm{ABCdef123} \mathit{ABCdef123} \mathnormal{ABCdef123} \mathcal{ABC} \mathscr{ABC} \mathcal{ABC} \mathscr{ABC} \mathpzc{ABCdef123} \mathbb{ABC} \mathbb{ABCdef123} \mathbbm{ABCdef12} \mathbbmss{ABCdef12} \mathbbmtt{ABCdef12} \mathds{ABC1} \mathds{ABC1} \mathfrak{ABCdef123} \textfrak{ABCdef123} \textswab{ABCdef123} Required package none none none none mathrsfs euscript with option: mathcal euscript with option: mathcr none; manually dened amsfonts or amssymb bbold bbm bbm bbm dsfont dsfont with option: sans eufrak yfonts yfonts

ABC1 ABC1

ABCdef12

ABCdef12 ABCdef12

ABCdef123

ABCdef123ABCdef123

ABCdef123

Put \DeclareMathAlphabet{\mathpzc}{OT1}{pzc}{m}{it} in your documents preamble to make \mathpzc typeset its argument in Zapf Chancery.

16

IndexIf youre having trouble locating a symbol, try looking under T for \text. . .. Many text-mode commands begin with that prex. Symbols ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ \APLdown . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLdownarrowbox . . . 13 \APLinput . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLinv . . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLleftarrowbox . . . 13 \APLlog . . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLminus . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLnot . . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLrightarrowbox . . 13 \APLstar . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLup . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \APLuparrowbox . . . . 13 \APLvert . . . . . . . . . 13 \apprge . . . . . . . . . . 11 \apprle . . . . . . . . . . 11 \approx . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \approxeq . . . . . . . . . . 9 \Aquarius . . . . . . . . . 14 \arccos . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \arcsin . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \arctan . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \arg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \Aries . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \Arrownot . . . . . . . . . 10 \arrownot . . . . . . . . . 10 arrows . . . . . . . 4, 8, 10 negated . . . . . . . . 8 \Arrowvert . . . . . . . . . 6 \arrowvert . . . . . . . . . 6 ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \ascnode . . . . . . . . . 13 \ast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 astrological symbols 13, 14 \astrosun . . . . . . . . . 13 \asymp . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \ataribox . . . . . . . . . 12 B \backepsilon \backprime . . \backsim . . . \backsimeq . . \backslash . . \bar . . . . . . . \baro . . . . . . \barwedge . . . \Bat . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \Bbbk . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 bbm . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 bbold . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 \bbslash . . . . . . . . . 11 \Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \Bearing . . . . . . . . . 15 \because . . . . . . . . . . 9 \bell . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \beta . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \beth . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 \between . . . . . . . . . . 9 \Bicycle . . . . . . . . . 15 \bigbox . . . . . . . . . . 11 \bigcap . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigcirc . . . . . . . . . . 3 \bigcup . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigcurlyvee . . . . . . 11 \bigcurlywedge . . . . 11 \biginterleave . . . . 11 \bignplus . . . . . . . . . 11 \bigodot . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigoplus . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigotimes . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigparallel . . . . . . 11 \bigsqcap . . . . . . . . . 11 \bigsqcup . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigstar . . . . . . . . . . 8 \bigtriangledown . 3, 11 \bigtriangleup . . 3, 11 \biguplus . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigvee . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \bigwedge . . . . . . . . . . 5 \binampersand . . . . . 11 binary operators 3, 9, 11 large . . . . . . . . . 11 binary relations . . . 9, 11 negated . . . . 10, 11 \bindnasrepma . . . . . 11 \blacklozenge . . . . . . 8 \blacksmiley . . . . . . 12 \blacksquare . . . . . . . 8 \blacktriangle . . . . . 8 \blacktriangledown . . 8 \blacktriangleleft . . 9 \blacktriangleright . 9 \bot . . . . . . \Bowtie . . . \bowtie . . . \Box . . . . . . \boxast . . . \boxbar . . . \boxbox . . . \boxbslash . \boxcircle . \boxdot . . . \boxempty . . \boxminus . . \boxplus . . \boxslash . . \boxtimes . . \bracevert . \breve . . . . \brokenvert \bullet . . . \Bumpeq . . . \bumpeq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 5 . . 12 ... 4 5, 11 . . 11 . . 11 . . 11 . . 11 . . 11 9, 11 . . 11 ... 9 ... 9 . . 11 ... 9 ... 6 ... 6 . . 12 ... 3 ... 9 ... 9

\# \$ \% \& ( ) + , . / : ; < [ ] \_

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2 2 2 2 5 5 3 4 3 5 5 4 4 4 5 5 2

A \AA . . . . . . . . \aa . . . . . . . . \AC . . . . . . . . accents . . . . . \acute . . . . . \AE . . . . . . . . \ae . . . . . . . . \agemO . . . . . \aleph . . . . . \alpha . . . . . alphabets Greek . . Hebrew . math . . . \amalg . . . . . AMS . . . . . . . amsfonts . . . . amssymb . . . . \angle . . . . . \Ankh . . . . . . APL modiers symbols . \APLbox . . . . \APLcirc . . . \APLcomment .

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9 8 9 9 5 6 11 . 9

C \Cancer . . . . . . . . \Cap . . . . . . . . . . . \cap . . . . . . . . . . . \Capricorn . . . . . . \cdot . . . . . . . . . . \cdotp . . . . . . . . . \cdots . . . . . . . . . \Celtcross . . . . . . \cent . . . . . . . . . . \centerdot . . . . . . \CEsign . . . . . . . . \check . . . . . . . . . \checked . . . . . . . \CheckedBox . . . . . \Checkedbox . . . . . \checkmark . . . . . . \chi . . . . . . . . . . . \circ . . . . . . . . . . \circeq . . . . . . . . \CIRCLE . . . . . . . . \Circle . . . . . . . . \circlearrowleft . \circlearrowright

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14 . 9 . 3 14 . 3 . 4 . 5 15 12 . 9 15 . 6 12 12 15 . 9 . 2 . 3 . 9 12 12 . 8 . 8

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\circledast . . . . . . . \circledcirc . . . . . . \circleddash . . . . . . \circledR . . . . . . . . . \circledS . . . . . . . . . \Circles . . . . . . . . . circles . . . . . . . . . . . . \Circpipe . . . . . . . . . \clock . . . . . . . . . . . \Clocklogo . . . . . . . . \clubsuit . . . . . . . . . \Coffeecup . . . . . . . . \colon . . . . . . . . . . . \complement . . . . . . . complex numbers . . . . alphabets, math \cong . . . . . . . . . . . . \coprod . . . . . . . . . . \copyright . . . . . . . . \Corresponds . . . . . . \cos . . . . . . . . . . . . . \cosh . . . . . . . . . . . . \cot . . . . . . . . . . . . . \coth . . . . . . . . . . . . \Cross . . . . . . . . . . . \Crossedbox . . . . . . . \csc . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Cup . . . . . . . . . . . . . \cup . . . . . . . . . . . . . \curlyeqprec . . . . . . \curlyeqsucc . . . . . . \curlyvee . . . . . . . . . \curlyveedownarrow . \curlyveeuparrow . . . \curlywedge . . . . . . . \curlywedgedownarrow \curlywedgeuparrow . \currency . . . . . . . . . \curvearrowleft . . . \curvearrowright . . . \Cutleft . . . . . . . . . \Cutline . . . . . . . . . \Cutright . . . . . . . . . D \dag . . . . . . . . . \dagger . . . . . . \daleth . . . . . . \dashleftarrow \dashrightarrow

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9 9 9 9 8 15 12 15 12 15 . 5 15 . 4 . 8 see . 4 . 5 . 2 15 . 5 . 5 . 5 . 5 15 15 . 5 . 9 . 3 . 9 . 9 . 9 11 11 . 9 11 11 12 . 8 . 8 15 15 15

\dashv . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \davidsstar . . . . . . . 12 \ddag . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \ddagger . . . . . . . . . . 3 \ddot . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \ddots . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \deg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 degrees see \textdegree delimiters . . . . . 5, 8, 10 large . . . . . . . . . . 6 \Delta . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \delta . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \descnode . . . . . . . . . 13 \det . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \DH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \dh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \diagdown . . . . . . . . . . 8 \diagup . . . . . . . . . . . 8 \diameter . . . . . . . . . 12 \Diamond . . . . . . . 5, 11 \diamond . . . . . . . . . . 3 \diamondsuit . . . . . . . 5 \digamma . . . . . . . . . . 8 digits . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \dim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \ding . . . . . . . . . 13, 14 dingbats . . . . . . . . . . 13 \div . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 \divideontimes . . . . . 9 \dot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \doteq . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \doteqdot . . . . . . . . . . 9 \dotplus . . . . . . . . . . 9 \dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \doublebarwedge . . . . 9 \DOWNarrow . . . . . . . . 12 \Downarrow . . . . . . . 4, 5 \downarrow . . . . . . . 4, 5 \downdownarrows . . . . 8 \downharpoonleft . . . . 8 \downharpoonright . . . 8 dsfont . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 E \earth . . . . . . . \eighthnote . . . electrical symbols \ell . . . . . . . . . \emptyset . . . . . \epsilon . . . . .

\eqcirc . . . . . . . . \eqslantgtr . . . . . \eqslantless . . . . \equiv . . . . . . . . . escapable characters \eta . . . . . . . . . . . \eth . . . . . . . . . . . eufrak . . . . . . . . . . \EUR . . . . . . . . . . . \EURcr . . . . . . . . . \EURhv . . . . . . . . . Euro signs . . . . . . . \EURtm . . . . . . . . . euscript . . . . . . . . . \exists . . . . . . . . \exp . . . . . . . . . . . extensions . . . . . . . F \fallingdotseq \fatbslash . . . \fatsemi . . . . \fatslash . . . . \FAX . . . . . . . . \fax . . . . . . . . \Faxmachine . . \female . . . . . \FHBOLOGO . . . . \FHBOlogo . . . . \Finv . . . . . . . \Fixedbearing \flat . . . . . . . \Flatsteel . . . fontenc . . . . . . \Football . . . . \forall . . . . . \Force . . . . . . \frown . . . . . . \frownie . . . . \Frowny . . . . . \fullmoon . . . . \fullnote . . . . G \Game . . . \Gamma . . \gamma . . \gcd . . . . \Gemini . \geq . . . .

. 9 . 9 . 9 . 4 . 2 . . 2 . . 8 . 16 . 15 . 15 . 15 . 15 . 15 . 16 . . 5 . . 5 . 10

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. 9 11 11 11 15 15 15 12 15 15 . 8 15 . 5 15 2, 3 . 15 .. 5 . 15 .. 4 . 12 . 15 . 13 . 12

\geqq . . . . . \geqslant . . \gg . . . . . . . \ggg . . . . . . \gimel . . . . \gluon . . . . \gnapprox . . \gneq . . . . . \gneqq . . . . \gnsim . . . . \grave . . . . Greek . . . . . \gtrapprox . \gtrdot . . . \gtreqless . \gtreqqless \gtrless . . \gtrsim . . . \gvertneqq .

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9 9 4 9 8 12 10 10 10 10 . 6 2, 8 .. 9 .. 9 .. 9 .. 9 .. 9 .. 9 . 10

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H \halfnote . . . . . \hat . . . . . . . . . \hbar . . . . . . . . \Heart . . . . . . . \heartsuit . . . . Hebrew . . . . . . . \hexagon . . . . . \hexstar . . . . . \HF . . . . . . . . . . \hom . . . . . . . . . \hookleftarrow \hookrightarrow \hslash . . . . . .

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I \iiint . . . . . . . . . . . \iint . . . . . . . . . . . . \Im . . . . . . . . . . . . . . imaginary numbers . . alphabets, math \imath . . . . . . . . . . . \in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Industry . . . . . . . . . \inf . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Info . . . . . . . . . . . . \infty . . . . . . . . . . . \inplus . . . . . . . . . . \int . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11 11 . 5 see . 5 . 4 15 . 5 15 . 5 11 . 5

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integers . . see math \intercal . . . . \interleave . . \invdiameter . \inve . . . . . . . \invneg . . . . . \iota . . . . . . . J \jmath . . \Join . . . \Jupiter \jupiter K \kappa . . \ker . . . . \kreuz . . \Kross . . \Kutline

alphabets, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 11 12 12 11 . 2

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L \L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \Lambda . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \lambda . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \langle . . . . . . . . . . . 5 large delimiters . . . . . . 6 A L TEX 2 . . . . . . . 25, 7 latexsym . . . . . . . . . 35 \Lbag . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \lbag . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \lceil . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \ldotp . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \ldots . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \leadsto . . . . . . . 4, 11 \LEFTarrow . . . . . . . . 12 \Leftarrow . . . . . . . . . 4 \leftarrow . . . . . . . . . 4 \leftarrowtail . . . . . 8 \leftarrowtriangle . 10 \LEFTCIRCLE . . . . . . . 12 \LEFTcircle . . . . . . . 12 \Leftcircle . . . . . . . 12 \leftharpoondown . . . . 4 \leftharpoonup . . . . . 4 \leftleftarrows . . . . 8 \leftmoon . . . . . . . . . 13 \Leftrightarrow . . . . 4

\leftrightarrow . . . . 4 \leftrightarroweq . . 10 \leftrightarrows . . . . 8 \leftrightarrowtriangle . . . . . . 10 \leftrightharpoons . . 8 \leftrightsquigarrow 8 \Leftscissors . . . . . 15 \leftslice . . . . . . . . 11 \leftthreetimes . . . . 9 \Lefttorque . . . . . . . 15 \leftturn . . . . . . . . . 12 \Leo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \leq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \leqq . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 \leqslant . . . . . . . . . . 9 \lessapprox . . . . . . . . 9 \lessdot . . . . . . . . . . 9 \lesseqgtr . . . . . . . . . 9 \lesseqqgtr . . . . . . . . 9 \lessgtr . . . . . . . . . . 9 \lesssim . . . . . . . . . . 9 \Letter . . . . . . . . . . 15 letters . . . . see alphabets non-ASCII . . . . . . 2 \lfloor . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \lg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \lgroup . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \LHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \lhd . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 11 \Libra . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \Lightning . . . . . . . . 15 \lightning . . . . . 10, 12 \lim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \liminf . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \limsup . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \Lineload . . . . . . . . . 15 \ll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \llbracket . . . . . . . . 10 \llceil . . . . . . . . . . 10 \llcorner . . . . . . . . . . 8 \Lleftarrow . . . . . . . . 8 \llfloor . . . . . . . . . 10 \lll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 \lmoustache . . . . . . . . 6 \ln . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \lnapprox . . . . . . . . . 10 \lneq . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \lneqq . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \lnsim . . . . . . . . . . . 10

\log . . . . . . . . . . . . . log-like . . . . . . . . . . . \logof . . . . . . . . . . . \Longleftarrow . . . . \longleftarrow . . . . \Longleftrightarrow \longleftrightarrow \Longmapsfrom . . . . . \longmapsfrom . . . . . \Longmapsto . . . . . . . \longmapsto . . . . . . . \Longrightarrow . . . \longrightarrow . . . \looparrowleft . . . . \looparrowright . . . \Loosebearing . . . . . \lozenge . . . . . . . . . \lrcorner . . . . . . . . . \Lsh . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Lsteel . . . . . . . . . . \ltimes . . . . . . . . . . \lvertneqq . . . . . . . . M \male . . . . . . \maltese . . . \Manfront . . . \Manside . . . \Mapsfrom . . . \mapsfrom . . . \Mapsfromchar \mapsfromchar \Mapsto . . . . \mapsto . . . . \Mapstochar . \Mars . . . . . . \mars . . . . . . marvosym . . . \mathbb . . . . \mathbbm . . . \mathbbmss . . \mathbbmtt . . mathcal . . . . . \mathcal . . . mathcomp . . . mathcr . . . . . \mathds . . . . \mathfrak . . . \mathit . . . . \mathnormal .

. 5 . 5 11 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 4 10 10 10 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 8 . 8 15 . 8 . 8 . 8 15 . 9 10

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\mathpzc . . . . . . . . . 16 \mathrm . . . . . . . . . . 16 mathrsfs . . . . . . . . . . 16 \mathscr . . . . . . . . . 16 \max . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \measuredangle . . . . . 8 \Mercury . . . . . . . . . 14 \mercury . . . . . . . . . 13 \merge . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \mho . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 8 \mid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \min . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \minuso . . . . . . . . . . 11 miscellaneous symbols 5, 8, 13, 15 \Mobilefone . . . . . . . 15 \models . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \moo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 \mu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \multimap . . . . . . . . . . 8 musical notes . . . . . . 12 \MVA . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \MVAt . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \MVEight . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVFive . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVFour . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVNine . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVOne . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVp . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \MVSeven . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVSix . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVThree . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVTwo . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \MVZero . . . . . . . . . . 14 N \nabla . . . . . . \natural . . . . natural numbers alphabets, \ncong . . . . . . \nearrow . . . . \neg . . . . . . . . \Neptune . . . . \neptune . . . . \neq . . . . . . . . \newmoon . . . . \nexists . . . .

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. 5 . 5 see 10 . 4 . 5 14 13 . 4 13 . 8

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\ngeq . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \ngeqq . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \ngeqslant . . . . . . . . 10 \ngtr . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \ni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 \niplus . . . . . . . . . . 11 \nLeftarrow . . . . . . . . 8 \nleftarrow . . . . . . . . 8 \nLeftrightarrow . . . . 8 \nleftrightarrow . . . . 8 \nleq . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nleqq . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nleqslant . . . . . . . . 10 \nless . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nmid . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nnearrow . . . . . . . . . 10 \nnwarrow . . . . . . . . . 10 \notbackslash . . . . . 13 \notslash . . . . . . . . . 13 \nparallel . . . . . . . . 10 \nplus . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \nprec . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \npreceq . . . . . . . . . 10 \nRightarrow . . . . . . . 8 \nrightarrow . . . . . . . 8 \nshortmid . . . . . . . . 10 \nshortparallel . . . 10 \nsim . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nsubseteq . . . . . . . . 10 \nsucc . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nsucceq . . . . . . . . . 10 \nsupseteq . . . . . . . . 10 \nsupseteqq . . . . . . . 10 \ntriangleleft . . . . 10 \ntrianglelefteq . . . 10 \ntrianglelefteqslant . . . . . . 11 \ntriangleright . . . 10 \ntrianglerighteq . . 10 \ntrianglerighteqslant . . . . . . 11 \nu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \nVDash . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nvDash . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nvdash . . . . . . . . . . 10 \nwarrow . . . . . . . . . . 4 O \O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

o ........... \obar . . . . . . . . \oblong . . . . . . \obslash . . . . . \ocircle . . . . . \octagon . . . . . \odot . . . . . . . . \OE . . . . . . . . . . \oe . . . . . . . . . . \ogreaterthan . \oiint . . . . . . . \oint . . . . . . . . \olessthan . . . . \Omega . . . . . . . \omega . . . . . . . \ominus . . . . . . \openo . . . . . . . operators binary . . . . \oplus . . . . . . . \oslash . . . . . . \otimes . . . . . . \ovee . . . . . . . . \overbrace . . . . \overleftarrow \overline . . . . . \overrightarrow \owedge . . . . . . P \P . . . . . . . . . . . \parallel . . . . . \partial . . . . . \pentagon . . . . . \permil . . . . . . \perp . . . . . . . . \Phi . . . . . . . . . \phi . . . . . . . . . \phone . . . . . . . phonetic symbols \photon . . . . . . physical symbols \Pi . . . . . . . . . . \pi . . . . . . . . . . \Pickup . . . . . . pifont . . . . . . . . \Pisces . . . . . . \pitchfork . . . . \Pluto . . . . . . . \pluto . . . . . . .

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. 2 11 11 11 11 12 . 3 . 2 . 2 11 11 . 5 11 . 2 . 2 . 3 12

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3, 9, 11 .... 3 .... 3 .... 3 . . . 11 .... 6 .... 6 .... 6 .... 6 . . . . 11

\pm . . . . . . . . \pointer . . . \Pointinghand polygons . . . . \pounds . . . . \Pr . . . . . . . . \prec . . . . . . \precapprox . \preccurlyeq \preceq . . . . \precnapprox \precnsim . . . \precsim . . . \prime . . . . . \prod . . . . . . \propto . . . . \Psi . . . . . . . \psi . . . . . . . punctuation .

... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

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. 3 12 15 12 . 2 . 5 . 4 . 9 . 9 . 4 10 10 . 9 . 5 . 5 . 4 . 2 . 2 3, 4

Q \quarternote . . . . . . 12 R \rangle . . . . . . . . . . . 5 rational numbers . . . . see alphabets, math \Rbag . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \rbag . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 \rceil . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \Re . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 real numbers . . . . . . . see alphabets, math \recorder . . . . . . . . . 12 \Rectpipe . . . . . . . . . 15 registered trademark . see \textregistered relations . . . . . . . . . . . 4 binary . . . . . . 9, 11 negated binary 10, 11 \rfloor . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \rgroup . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \RHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \rhd . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 11 \rho . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \RIGHTarrow . . . . . . . 12 \Rightarrow . . . . . 4, 15 \rightarrow . . . . . . . . 4 \rightarrowtail . . . . 8 \rightarrowtriangle 10

\RIGHTCIRCLE . . . . . \RIGHTcircle . . . . . \Rightcircle . . . . . \rightharpoondown . \rightharpoonup . . \rightleftarrows . . \rightleftharpoons \rightmoon . . . . . . . \rightrightarrows . \Rightscissors . . . \rightslice . . . . . . \rightsquigarrow . . \rightthreetimes . . \Righttorque . . . . . \rightturn . . . . . . . \risingdotseq . . . . \rmoustache . . . . . . \rrbracket . . . . . . . \rrceil . . . . . . . . . \rrfloor . . . . . . . . \rrparenthesis . . . \Rsh . . . . . . . . . . . . \rtimes . . . . . . . . . S \S . . . . . . . . . . . . \Sagittarius . . . sans . . . . . . . . . . \Saturn . . . . . . . \saturn . . . . . . . \Scorpio . . . . . . \searrow . . . . . . \sec . . . . . . . . . . \setminus . . . . . . \sharp . . . . . . . . \shortdownarrow \shortleftarrow \shortmid . . . . . . \shortparallel . \shortrightarrow \shortuparrow . . \Sigma . . . . . . . . \sigma . . . . . . . . \sim . . . . . . . . . . \simeq . . . . . . . . \sin . . . . . . . . . . \sinh . . . . . . . . . \smallfrown . . . . \smallsetminus . \smallsmile . . . .

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12 12 12 . 4 . 4 . 8 4, 8 . 13 .. 8 . 15 . 11 .. 8 .. 9 . 15 . 12 .. 9 .. 6 . 10 . 10 . 10 . 10 .. 8 .. 9

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. 2 . 4 . 5 12 12 . 4 . 2 . 2 12 12 12 12 . 2 . 2 15 13 14 . 9 14 13

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. 2 14 16 14 13 14 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 5 10 10 . 9 . 9 10 10 . 2 . 2 . 4 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 9 . 9 . 9

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\smile . . . . . . . \Smiley . . . . . . \smiley . . . . . . \Snowflake . . . . \spadesuit . . . . special characters \sphericalangle \sqcap . . . . . . . \sqcup . . . . . . . \sqrt . . . . . . . . \sqsubset . . . . . \sqsubseteq . . . \sqsupset . . . . . \sqsupseteq . . . \Square . . . . . . \square . . . . . . \Squaredot . . . . \Squarepipe . . . \SS . . . . . . . . . . \ss . . . . . . . . . . \ssearrow . . . . . \sslash . . . . . . \sswarrow . . . . . \star . . . . . . . . stars . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd . . . . . . \Stopsign . . . . . \Subset . . . . . . \subset . . . . . . \subseteq . . . . . \subseteqq . . . . \subsetneq . . . . \subsetneqq . . . \subsetplus . . . \subsetpluseq . \succ . . . . . . . . \succapprox . . . \succcurlyeq . . \succeq . . . . . . \succnapprox . . \succnsim . . . . . \succsim . . . . . \sum . . . . . . . . . \Sun . . . . . . . . . \sun . . . . . . . . . \sup . . . . . . . . . \Supset . . . . . . \supset . . . . . . \supseteq . . . . . \supseteqq . . . .

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.... 4 . . . 15 . . . 12 . . . 15 .... 5 .... 2 .... 8 .... 3 .... 3 .... 6 4, 9, 11 .... 4 4, 9, 11 .... 4 . . . 12 .... 8 . . . 15 . . . 15 .... 2 .... 2 . . . 10 . . . 11 . . . 10 .... 3 . . . 12 1012 . . . 15 .... 9 .... 4 .... 4 .... 9 . . . 10 . . . 10 . . . 11 . . . 11 .... 4 .... 9 .... 9 .... 4 . . . 10 . . . 10 .... 9 .... 5 . . . 14 . . . 12 .... 5 .... 9 .... 4 .... 4 .... 9

\supsetneq . . \supsetneqq . \supsetplus . \supsetpluseq \surd . . . . . . \swarrow . . .

.... .... .... ... .... ....

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10 10 11 11 . 5 . 4

T \talloblong . . . . . . . 11 \tan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \tanh . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \tau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \Taurus . . . . . . . . . . 14 \Telefon . . . . . . . . . 15 \textacutedbl . . . . . . 6 \textascendercompwordmark ....... 6 \textasciiacute . . . . 6 \textasciibreve . . . . 6 \textasciicaron . . . . 6 \textasciicircum . . . . 3 \textasciidieresis . . 6 \textasciigrave . . . . 6 \textasciimacron . . . . 6 \textasciitilde . . . . 3 \textasteriskcentered 3, 6 \textbackslash . . . . . 3 \textbaht . . . . . . . . . . 6 \textbar . . . . . . . . . . 3 \textbardbl . . . . . . . . 6 \textbigcircle . . . . . 6 \textblank . . . . . . . . . 6 \textborn . . . . . . . . . . 6 \textbraceleft . . . . . 3 \textbraceright . . . . 3 \textbrokenbar . . . . . 6 \textbullet . . . . . . 3, 7 \textcapitalcompwordmark ....... 7 \textcelsius . . . . . . . 7 \textcent . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textcentoldstyle . . . 7 \textcircledP . . . . . . 7 \textcolonmonetary . . 7 textcomp . . . . . 2, 3, 6, 7 \textcopyleft . . . . . . 7 \textcopyright . . . 3, 7 \textcurrency . . . . . . 7 \textdagger . . . . . . 3, 7

\textdaggerdbl . . . 3, 7 \textdblhyphen . . . . . 7 \textdblhyphenchar . . 7 \textdegree . . . . . . . . 7 \textdied . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textdiscount . . . . . . 7 \textdiv . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textdivorced . . . . . . 7 \textdollar . . . . . . 3, 7 \textdollaroldstyle . 7 \textdong . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textdownarrow . . . . . 7 \texteightoldstyle . . 7 \textellipsis . . . . . . 3 \textemdash . . . . . . . . 3 \textendash . . . . . . . . 3 \textestimated . . . . . 7 \texteuro . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textexclamdown . . . . 3 \textfiveoldstyle . . . 7 \textflorin . . . . . . . . 7 \textfouroldstyle . . . 7 \textfractionsolidus 7 \textfrak . . . . . . . . . 16 \textgravedbl . . . . . . 7 \textgreater . . . . . . . 3 \textguarani . . . . . . . 7 \textinterrobang . . . . 7 \textinterrobangdown 7 \textlangle . . . . . . . . 7 \textlbrackdbl . . . . . 7 \textleaf . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textleftarrow . . . . . 7 \textless . . . . . . . . . . 3 \textlira . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textlnot . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textlquill . . . . . . . . 6 \textmarried . . . . . . . 6 \textmho . . . . . . . . . . 6 \textminus . . . . . . . . . 6 \textmu . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \textmusicalnote . . . . 6 \textnaira . . . . . . . . . 6 \textnineoldstyle . . . 6 \textnumero . . . . . . . . 6 \textohm . . . . . . . . . . 6 \textonehalf . . . . . . . 6 \textoneoldstyle . . . . 6 \textonequarter . . . . 6 \textonesuperior . . . . 6

\textopenbullet . . . . 6 \textordfeminine . . 3, 7 \textordmasculine . 3, 7 \textparagraph . . . 3, 7 \textperiodcentered 3, 7 \textpertenthousand . 7 \textperthousand . . . . 7 \textpeso . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textpilcrow . . . . . . . 7 \textpm . . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textquestiondown . . . 3 \textquotedblleft . . . 3 \textquotedblright . . 3 \textquoteleft . . . . . 3 \textquoteright . . . . 3 \textquotesingle . . . . 7 \textquotestraightbase ....... 7 \textquotestraightdblbase ....... 7 \textrangle . . . . . . . . 7 \textrbrackdbl . . . . . 7 \textrecipe . . . . . . . . 7 \textreferencemark . . 7 \textregistered . . 3, 7 \textrightarrow . . . . 7 \textrquill . . . . . . . . 7 \textsection . . . . . 3, 7 \textservicemark . . . . 7 \textsevenoldstyle . . 7 \textsixoldstyle . . . . 7 \textsterling . . . . 3, 7 \textsurd . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textswab . . . . . . . . . 16 \textthreeoldstyle . . 7 \textthreequarters . . 7 \textthreequartersemdash ....... 7 \textthreesuperior . . 7 \texttildelow . . . . . . 7 \texttimes . . . . . . . . . 7 \texttrademark . . . 3, 7 \texttwelveudash . . . . 7 \texttwooldstyle . . . . 7 \texttwosuperior . . . . 7 \textunderscore . . . . 3 \textuparrow . . . . . . . 7 \textvisiblespace . . . 3 \textwon . . . . . . . . . . 7 \textyen . . . . . . . . . . 7

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\textzerooldstyle . . . 7 \therefore . . . . . . . . . 9 \Theta . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \theta . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \thickapprox . . . . . . . 9 \thicksim . . . . . . . . . . 9 \Thorn . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \thorn . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \tilde . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 \times . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 \top . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \triangle . . . . . . . . . . 5 \triangledown . . . . . . 8 \triangleleft . . . . . . 3 \trianglelefteq . . . . 9 \trianglelefteqslant 11 \triangleq . . . . . . . . . 9 \triangleright . . . . . 3 \trianglerighteq . . . . 9 \trianglerighteqslant . . . . . . 11 \Tsteel . . . . . . . . . . 15 \TTsteel . . . . . . . . . 15 \twoheadleftarrow . . . 8 \twoheadrightarrow . . 8 \twonotes . . . . . . . . . 12 U \ulcorner . . . . . . . . . . 8 \underbrace . . . . . . . . 6 \underline . . . . . . . . . 6 unity see alphabets, math \unlhd . . . . . . . . . 3, 11 \unrhd . . . . . . . . . 3, 11 \UParrow . . . . . . . . . 12

\Uparrow . . . . . \uparrow . . . . . \Updownarrow . . \updownarrow . . \upharpoonleft \upharpoonright \uplus . . . . . . . \Upsilon . . . . . \upsilon . . . . . \upuparrows . . . \Uranus . . . . . . \uranus . . . . . . \urcorner . . . . .

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4, 5 4, 5 4, 5 4, 5 .. 8 .. 8 .. 3 .. 2 .. 2 .. 8 . 14 . 13 .. 8

V \varangle . . . . . . \varbigcirc . . . . \varcurlyvee . . . \varcurlywedge . \varepsilon . . . . \varhexagon . . . . \varhexstar . . . . variable-sized . . . \varint . . . . . . . \varkappa . . . . . . \varnothing . . . . \varoast . . . . . . \varobar . . . . . . \varobslash . . . . \varocircle . . . . \varodot . . . . . . \varogreaterthan \varoint . . . . . . \varolessthan . . \varominus . . . . .

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12 11 11 11 . 2 12 12 . 5 11 . 8 . 8 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11

\varoplus . . . . . . . \varoslash . . . . . . \varotimes . . . . . . \varovee . . . . . . . \varowedge . . . . . . \varphi . . . . . . . . \varpi . . . . . . . . . \varpropto . . . . . . \varrho . . . . . . . . \varsigma . . . . . . . \varsubsetneq . . . \varsubsetneqq . . \varsupsetneq . . . \varsupsetneqq . . \vartheta . . . . . . . \vartimes . . . . . . . \vartriangle . . . . \vartriangleleft . \vartriangleright \Vdash . . . . . . . . . \vDash . . . . . . . . . \vdash . . . . . . . . . \vdots . . . . . . . . . \vec . . . . . . . . . . . \Vectorarrow . . . . \Vectorarrowhigh . \vee . . . . . . . . . . . \veebar . . . . . . . . \Venus . . . . . . . . . \venus . . . . . . . . . \vernal . . . . . . . . \VHF . . . . . . . . . . . \Virgo . . . . . . . . . \Vvdash . . . . . . . .

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11 11 11 11 11 . 2 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 10 10 10 10 . 2 11 . 8 . 9 . 9 . 9 . 9 . 4 . 5 . 6 15 15 . 3 . 9 14 13 13 12 14 . 9

W \wasylozenge . . . . . . 12 \wasypropto . . . . . . . 11 wasysym . . . . 35, 1013 \wasytherefore . . . . 12 \wedge . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 \widehat . . . . . . . . . . 6 \widetilde . . . . . . . . . 6 \Womanface . . . . . . . . 15 \Womanfront . . . . . . . 15 \Womanside . . . . . . . . 15 \wp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 \wr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 \Writinghand . . . . . . 15 X \XBox . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \Xi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 \xi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Y \Ydown . . yfonts . . . \Yingyang \Yleft . . \Yright . \Yup . . . .

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11 16 15 11 11 11

Z Zapf Chancery . Zapf Dingbats . . \zeta . . . . . . . . zodiacal symbols

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22