John Williams White Greek Lesson Charts

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Lesson 3 Inflection ἡ χώρᾱ the country (n) ὦ χώρᾱ O country (v) τῆς χώρᾱς of the country (g) τῇ χώρᾳ to the country (d) τὴν χώρᾱν the country (a) τὼ χώρᾱ the (pair of) countries (n, v, a) τοῖν χώραιν of, to the (pair of) countries (g, d) αἱ χῶραι the countries (n, v) τῶν χωρῶν of the countries (g) ταῖς χώραις to the countries (d) τὰς (ᾱ) χώρᾱς the countries (a) Vocabulary ἀγορά (ᾱ), ᾶς, ἡ market-place ἡμέρᾱ, ᾱς, ἡ day θύρᾱ, ᾱς, ἡ door οἰκίᾱ, ᾱς, ἡ house στρατιά (ᾱ), ᾶς, ἡ army χώρᾱ, ᾱς, ἡ place, land, country μακρά (ᾱ) (adj) long μῑκρά (ᾱ) (adj) small, little ἐν (prep+dat) in ἦν he, she, it, there was ἦσαν they, there were ἔχει he, she, it has ἔχουσι they have Exercises οἰκίαι μῑκραί. Small houses. ἐν ταῖς ἀγοραῖς. In the market-place. ἐν οἰκίᾳ μῑκρᾷ. In a small house. ἡ οἰκία θύρᾱν ἔχει. The house has a door. ἡ ἡμέρᾱ μακρὰ (ᾱ) ἦν. The day was long. στρατιὰς (ᾱ) μῑκρὰς (ᾱ) ἔχουσι. They have a small army. αἱ οἰκίαι θύρᾱς ἔχουσι. The houses have doors. ἐν τῇ χώρᾳ οἰκίαι ἦσαν. There were houses in the country. αἱ οἰκίαι μῑκραὶ ἦσαν. The houses were small.
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Transcript of John Williams White Greek Lesson Charts

Lesson 3 Inflection () Vocabulary (), , , , , , , , (), , , , () () Exercises . Small houses. . In the market-place. . In a small house. . The house has a door. () . The day was long. () () . They have a small army. . The houses have doors. . There were houses in the country. . The houses were small. . The doors of the houses were small. market-place day door house army place, land, country (adj) long (adj) small, little (prep+dat) in he, she, it, there was they, there were he, she, it has they have the country (n) O country (v) of the country (g) to the country (d) the country (a) the (pair of) countries (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) countries (g, d) the countries (n, v) of the countries (g) to the countries (d) the countries (a)

Of a long day. . For small armies. . In the market-place. . The country was small. () . He has a small house. () .

= the country (n) = O country (v) = of the country (g) = to the country (d) = the country (a) = the (pair of) countries (n, v, a) = of, to the (pair of) countries (g, d) = the countries (n, v) = of the countries (g) = to the countries (d) () = the countries (a)

(), , = market-place , , = day , , = door , , = house (), , = army , , = place, land, country () = (adj) long () = (adj) small, little = (prep+dat) in = he, she, it, there was = they, there were = he, she, it has = they have

. = Small houses. . = In the market-place. . = In a small house. . = The house has a door. () . = The day was long. () () . = They have a small army. . = The houses have doors. . = There were houses in the country. . = The houses were small. . = The doors of the houses were small.

Of a long day. = . For small armies. = . In the market-place. = . The country was small. = () . He has a small house. = () .

Lesson 4 Inflection () () () () () () the village (n) O village (v) of the village (g) to the village (d) the village (a) the (pair of) villages (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) villages (g, d) the villages (n, v) of the villages (g) to the villages (d) the villages (a) the fine tent (n) O fine tent (v) of the fine tent (g) to the fine tent (d) the fine tent (a) the (pair of) fine tents (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) fine tents (g, d) the fine tents (n, v) of the fine tents (g) to the fine tents (d) the fine tents (a)

() the little tent (n) () O little tent (v) of the little tent (g) to the little tent (d) () the little tent (a) () () the (pair of) little tents (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) little tents (g, d) the little tents (n, v) of the little tents (g) to the little tents (d) () () ()the little tents (a) Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , () Exercises outcry, uproar village battle, fight tent sling (adj) bad (adj) beautiful, fine (adj) frightful, fearful and, also

. There were small tents in the village. . The small houses were bad. . The tents were beautiful. () . There was a frightful battle in the village. () . The outcry of the army was frightful. . There were houses in the fine village. . He has a sling in the tent. () . There was a frightful outcry in the villages. . The slings were in the tents. () . The house was small, and the tents were bad. In the villages were tents. . They have slings in the tents. . The battles were fearful. . There was a small house in the village. () . They have tents and slings. () .

Lesson 5 Inflection () () () () () () () () Vocabulary () , , , , , , , (v) lead (v) seize, rob, plunder (v) plan, plot (v) have, hold (v) loose, destroy, break (v) send (adj) Greek (fem. form) gate guard, garrison (prep+gen) out of, from (2 forms, +vow., +cons.) (adv, proc.) not (3 forms, +cons., +smooth, +rough) I loose thou loosest he looseth ye two loose they two loose we loose ye loose they loose I plan thou plannest he planneth ye two plan they two plan we plan ye plan they plan I send thou sendest he sendeth ye two send they two send we send ye send they send I rob thou robbest he robbeth ye two rob they two rob we rob ye rob they rob

Exercises . He plans. (). They loose. . You have. . You send. . Ye have. . We plan. . I lead. . He plunders. . Ye plunder. . They send. He plunders. . We lead. . They plan. . You send. . I loose. (). () . I lead a Greek garrison. () () () (). They destroy the fine tents. () . I do not plunder the village. . They lead the garrison out of the tents. (). They have fine houses. . The villages do not have gates. . We do not send the garrison. ; Do you plunder the country? (). He sends the army out of the villages. () ; Do you lead the Greek garrison out of the market-place?

Has he a Greek guard? ; We are not destroying the gates. () () . I am sending a garrison. . You have a beautiful house. (). He is not plundering the houses in the village. () .

Lesson 6 Inflection () () () () () () () () . () () () Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , wagon bridge sea knife, sabre shield, target table (adj) good, brave (fem. form) (adj) narrow (fem. form) (prep +acc, proc) into, to (prep +gen) on (top of), upon (prep +dat) on, by, at the bridge (n) O bridge (v) of the bridge (g) to the bridge (d) the bridge (a) the (pair of) bridges (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) bridges (g, d) the bridges (n, v) of the bridges (g) to the bridges (d) the bridges (a) the sea (n) O sea (v) of the sea (g) to the sea (d) the sea (a) the (pair of) seas (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) seas (g, d) the seas (n, v) of the seas (g) to the seas (d) the seas (a) the good sabre (n) O good sabre (v) of the good sabre (g) to the good sabre (d) the good sabre (a) the (pair of) good sabres (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) good sabres (g, d) the good sabres (n, v) of the good sabres (g) to the good sabres (d) the good sabres (a)

Exercises

(prep +acc) upon, to, against

. The sea was narrow. ; Has he houses upon the sea? . You bring tables upon the wagons. () . They send wagons into the market-place. () . He has a brave guard at the bridge. (). We have good shields and sabres. . I do not lead the garrison to the sea. ; Do you send sabres to the army? (). He does not lead the army against the bridge. . You plunder the country from sea to sea. We are destroying the tables. () () . They are not plundering the wagons. () . The bridges were long and narrow. . Is he bringing the sabres on the wagon? () ; He does not lead the garrison from the villages to the sea. .

Lesson 7 Inflection () () () Vocabulary (none) Exercises I was loosing you were loosing he was loosing ye two were loosing they two were loosing we were loosing ye were loosing they were loosing I was planning you were planning he was planning ye two were planning they two were planning we were planning ye were planning they were planning I was sending you were sending he was sending ye two were sending they two were sending we were sending ye were sending they were sending I was plundering you were plundering he was plundering ye two were plundering they two were plundering we were plundering he was plundering they were plundering I was having you were having he was having ye two were having they two were having we were having ye were having they were having

() . The house had beautiful doors. . He was sending the garrison to the village. () . He had fine houses in the villages. () (); Were you plundering the tents? . You were not leading the guard out of the house. () () . We were not plundering the small villages. . You had wagons in the market-place. . You were leading the Greek garrison to the sea. . He was bringing sabres and slings upon the wagon. (). We were leading a Greek garrison to the market-place. He was destroying the tents. () (). We did not send the garrison to the bridge. . They plundered the wagons. () . They did not lead the army from he village. () () . You led the guard from the houses to the sea. .

Lesson 8 Inflection Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises ; man, human being horse word, speech war ally gift plain small place, place, spot both and the word (n) O word (v) of the word (g) to the word (d) the word (a) the (pair of) words (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) words (g, d) the words (n) of the words (g) to the words (d) the words (a) the good man (n) O good man (v) of the good man (g) to the good man (d) the good man (a) the (pair of) good men (n, v, a) to, from the (pair of) good men (g, d) the good men (n) to the good men (d) the good men (a) the fine gift (n) O fine gift (v) of the fine gift (g) to the fine gift (d) the fine gift (a) the (pair of) fine gifts (n, v, a) to, of the (pair of) fine gifts (g, d) the fine gifts (n) of the fine gifts (g) to the fine gifts (d) the fine gifts (a)

Was he sending gifts to the army? . There were houses in the place. . The war was frightful. . He was sending men into the plain. . We are leading the horses out of the place. . There were both horses and men on the plain. . We are sending gifts to the allies. . The allies were cowardly in war. . The words of the allies were beautiful. . The horses of the men were on the plain. The allies had bad horses. . I led the horse into the village. . The place was narrow. . The man was cowardly in war. . He sent horses to the allies. .

Lesson 9 Inflection () () () Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Cyrus road, way wine river general (adj) in plain sight, visible, evident wild beast implement arms boat ship of war, war ship bow the wine (n) O wine (v) of the wine (g) to the wine (d) the wine (a) the (pair of) wines (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) wines (g, d) the wines (n, v) of the wines (g) to the wines (d) the wines (a) the narrow road (n) O narrow road (v) of the narrow raod (g) to the narrow road (d) the narrow road (a) the (pair of) narrow raods (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) narror raods the narrow roads (n, v) of the narrow roads (g) to the narrow roads (d) the narrow roads (a) the long boat (n) O long boat (v) of the long boat (g) to the long boat (d) the long boat (a) the (pair of) long boats (n, v, a) of, to the (pair of) long boats (g, d) the long boats (n, v) of the long boats (g) to the long boats (d) the long boats (a)

, , Exercises

(art) the (interj +voc) O (conj, post) but, and

. The road was narrow. . There were wild beasts in the plain. . The boats were long. . The general was at the river. , , . But we do not have bows, O Cyrus. () () . A clear path leads to the villages of Cyrus. . The general was leading the horses into the plain. . Cyrus was giving wine to the general. , , . The road leads to the beautiful plain, O Cyrus. . The horses were bringing both the generals and the arms. Cyrus sent gifts to the generals. . He led the horse into the river. . The general had ships of war. . We are sending the wine to Cyrus. . The generals sent horses to Cyrus. .

Lesson 10 Inflection () () () () () () () () () () () () Vocabulary , , , , , , (v) collect (v) pursue (v +dat) plot against I shall loose you will loose he will loose ye two will loose they two will loose we shall loose ye will loose they will loose I loosed you loosed he loosed ye two loosed they two loosed we loosed ye loosed they loosed I shall send you will send he will send ye two will send they two will send we shall send ye will send they will send I sent you sent he sent ye two sent they two sent we sent ye sent they sent I shall send I shall pursue I shall plunder to loose to send I shall have I led I had

, , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises

(v) command brother barbarian pay (adj) hostile enemy then, at that time

. I will not pursue the enemy. ; Do we have the gifts? () () . The barbarians will plunder the tents. (). He will command the generals to destroy the men. . He led the allies to the barbarians. . Cyrus will plot against his brother. . Then Cyrus sent pay to the men. . But the general had a Greek garrison. . He will gather the Greek allies on the plain. . And Cyrus will command the general to send a garrison to the bridge. The barbarians sent the man. . The generals brought horses at that time. . Will Cyrus send good wine to the general? ; He will not plot against the allies. . He will command the general to pursue the enemy. .

Lesson 11 Inflection Vocabulary (), , , , (), , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises (). I will gather soldiers and horses for Cyrus. . But the young man was plotting against the soldiers. () . He will lead the soldiers to the Euphrates river. () . They led the hoplites that were with the general into the village. ; Did he lead the Persian into the tent of the soldier? Euphrates young man heavy-armed foot soldier (hoplite) targeteer (peltast) Persian soldier bowman, archer (toxotes) (adj) right (as opposed to left) (plur. adj) three hundred (adv) neither nor (prep +dat) with, in company with the young man (n) O young man (v) of the young man (g) to the young man (d) the young man (a) the two young men (n, v, a) of, to the two young men (g, d) the young men (n, v) of the young men (g) to the young men (d) the young men (a) the soldier (n) O soldier (v) of the soldier (g) to the soldier (d) the soldier (a) the two soldiers (n, v, a) of, to the two soldiers (g, d) the soldiers (n) of the soldiers (g) to the soldiers (d) the soldiers (a)

. The soldiers held the Persians in a garrison. () . He had the Euphrates river on his right. . But the general had neither a bowman nor a targeteer. . He was pursuing the bowmen with the targeteers. () () . But the general has three hundred hoplites and targeteers. The general was not leading the hoplites. (). Both the targeteers and the bowmen were brave. . The young man was in the village. . They sent hoplites and targeteers. () (). He will send beautiful gifts to the Persians. .

Lesson 12 Inflection () Vocabulary , , , (), (), , , , , , , , , , , , , , , (v) plunder completely, sack (v) sacrifice (v) make an expedition daric (a gold coin) god, goddess Clearchus oath fear (conj, post.) for (prep +gen) through (prep +acc) on account of (prep +gen) over against I have loosed you have loosed he has loosed ye two have loosed they two have loosed we have loosed ye have loosed they have loosed I had loosed you had loosed he had loosed ye two had loosed they two had loosed we had loosed ye had loosed they had loosed I sacrifice I have sacrificed I had sacrificed I make an expedition I have made an expedition I had made an expedition I plundered I have plundered I had plundered I have had I had had I have sent I had pursued I had sent I have pursued I have led I had led

Exercises

(prep +dat) at (prep +acc) to, against, towards

. We have pursued the enemy through the village into the sea. () . The barbarians had completely plundered the wagons. (). We had given three hundred darics to the hoplites. . But Clearchus had plotted against the Persians. . The soldiers had led the man to Cyrus. (). Clearchus had not commanded the soldiers to sacrifice. . You have made an expedition against the country of your enemy. . The generals have broken their oaths; for they have not sacrificed to the gods. , , () . Against the barbarians, O Cyrus, you have gathered the targeteers and the bowmen. () . But the soldiers had destroyed the wagons because of their fear of the enemy. We have broken our oaths. . The soldiers had sacrificed to the gods. . Have the peltasts sacked the village? ; The soldier has plotted against Cyrus. . His brother had ordered Cyrus to send gifts. .

Lesson 13 Inflection (none) Vocabulary , , , , , , , (), , , , , , , Exercises rule, province, satrapy Darius terrible, skillful strong stronghold (adj) Persian satrap, viceroy son (adv) so as, so that, wherefore

, , . Cyrus, the son of Darius, was a Persian fine and brave. (him) (made) . And Darius made him the viceroy of Lydia, Phrygia and Cappadocia. Cyrus had strongholds in his province, and ships of war in the sea. (also) (to him) , He also had brave soldiers in his country, Greek hoplites, peltasts and toxotes. , , Tissaphernes, the satrap of Caria, was hostile toward Cyrus, ' . but at that time he neither made an expedition against him nor sacked his country, , because Cyrus was a general in war, and the son of Darius; . so that Tissaphernes was afraid of Cyrus.

.

.

Lesson 14 Inflection (none) Review the declension of and . Note that the feminine ends in - when preceded by , , or , and - otherwise. Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises . There were wild asses and horses on the plain. () . The Euphrates river was impassable. . But the road was narrow and steep. , , ; But will we have provisions, O Cyrus? . Artaxerxes was hostile to his brother. . Through a friendly province, the satrap will have soldiers. . Darius had completely plundered the hostile country. , () . Wherefore he was very hostile to Artaxerxes, but faithful to Cyrus. () . It was not right for the hoplite to strike the Persian bowman. . The Persians were neither friendly nor trustworthy. The road was impassible. . Cyrus did not send provisions to the garrison. . They will lead the men to strongholds. . The hoplites were good and faithful soldiers. () . (adj) wild (adj) worthy, becoming, right (adj) without resources, impassable, impractical Artaxerxes (adj) suitable, fit, deserving provisions, supplies ass (adj) steep (v) strike, hit, beat (adv) very, altogether, wholly (adj) faithful, trustworthy (adj) friendly

It was right for Cyrus to send the gifts to his soldiers. . . , , . ' . - "then," continuing the previous narrative. - "when" , , - "die" (translate as pluperfect) - "be king" - the tense is historical present - "that" - "of plotting," lit. "that he is plotting" - "accuse" - "arrest" Cyrus then, was the satrap over Lydia, Phrygia and Cappadocia. But when Darius had died, Artaxerses, the brother of Cyrus, became king of the Persians, and Tissaphernes accused Cyrus before his brother of plotting against him. So Artaxerxes arrested Cyrus. Cyrus therefore was the satrap of Lydia, Phrygia and Cappadocia. But when Darius died, Artaxerses, Cyrus' brother, became king of the Persians. So Tissaphernes slanders Cyrus before his brother, claiming that he is plotting against him, and Artaxerses has Cyrus arrested.

Lesson 15 Inflection (none) Vocabulary , , messenger, scout (prep +gen) instead of (prep +gen) off from, from , , (), (v))dishonor, disgrace ( , , justice (adv) when, since , , letter , , , (v) hunt, catch , , destruction, loss , (adv) thus, so (adv) back, again , , friend Exercises () . They have led hoplites instead of toxotes. . Thus you plot against the allies. (). But Cyrus you have dishonored. . I have hunted wild beasts from horseback. () () ; Do we send the letters to our friends? , , , . When Clearchus has broken his oaths, O soldiers, he has justice. . We have plundered the country because of the destruction of the soldiers. . He sends the messenger back to the stronghold. (then) () . (mother) () . , (how he will become king) . . So thus Artaxerxes dishonored his brother. But their mother releases Cyrus and sends him back to his province. When Cyrus had come to Lydia, he plans how he will become king instead of his brother, for he was hostile toward him. But the barbarians in his province were friendly and faithful to Cyrus.

Lesson 16 Inflection (none) Review the secondary tenses. Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises . They had struck the captain of the garrison. . Therefore Cyrus was planning evil against his brother. (). The young men had good slings and long bows. . And the general made an expedition against the satrap's country. . Were sent other good soldiers with the general. () (), () . Since the broke the treaty, we will sack the village. . But the barbarians hunted from horseback. . Thus he led the captain to Clearchus. . For Artaxerxes had commanded the satrap to send a tribute. () . You had soldiers in the stronghold capable of completely sacking the village. I had collected hoplites and bowmen as follows. () . They planned evil for the others. . The hoplites with Cyrus were plundering the wagons. () () () . Both generals and captains had sacrificed. . He bade the satrap send gifts. . another; (+art) the other, the rest of tax, tribute (adj) sufficient, able, capable captain (lochagus) (conj, post) therefore, then, so libation truce (v) send with ( + ) (v) use one's bow, shoot commander of a garrison (phrurarchus) thus, as follows

() (he thought) , (as) (he was saying), (was plotting) . () , () . () ( = beseige) (by) (land) . So he gathered his army of Greeks in this manner: He commanded the garrison captains to gather Peloponesian soldiers, for, as he explained, he thought that Tissaphernes was plotting against their province. And while the other Ionians were at that time friendly and faithful to Cyrus, Miletus was yet hostile. So Cyrus laid seige to Miletus by land and sea.

Lesson 17 Inflection (none) , and are declined like vowel declension adjectives. is declined like the definite article plus the enclitic suffix . this thus as follows so, so that, such that

Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , (?) , , , , , , Exercises Aristippus self, same, him, her, it that plot, scheme, design Thessalian (v) say, speak, tell, state, report (prep +gen) with, in company with (prep +acc) behind, after stranger, guest friend, guest, host this (not yet mentioned) this (already mentioned) (conj, post, encl) and, both

. The houses themselves have doors. . Those soldiers were beating the stranger. . But Aristippus the Thessalian was a stranger to him. . But after this (just mentioned) Clearchus himself said this (as follows). () . And thus these were plundering the peltasts. . They plan these same things. . And he commands them to say this. (). This plan was not evident. . But this same man commands them to plunder the country. , , ( Clearchus said this; but the soldiers, both his own and the others, bade him lead the army. {This said Clearchus; but the soldiers, which both of him that and the others, bade him to lead the army.} These soldiers were friendly. . Cyrus sent these soldiers their pay. . But the general spoke to them as follows. . They conduct him to the same general.

.

() () . " ( = I desire), , , ' ." () ( () = cooperates with to accomplish) . () . Thus Cyrus then gathered the army against Miletus. And he sent a messenger to his brother, and said this: "I desire, O Artaxerxes, to be made satrap also over the Ionians, and to cast Tissaphernes out of the country." And his mother cooperated with him to accomplish this thing. So Artaxerxes did not suspect Cyrus' plot; for he sent the the tributes to him.

as follows so, so that, such that

(). him lead the army. hers, bade him to lead the army.}

Lesson 18 Inflection , , , , Accenting the enclitic Accent on the penult: Accent on the ultima: ' No accent: Vocabulary , , , , (fut), (imp) (adj) royal palace (v) to be (adv) there, here, in this place circumflex on the penult acute on the antepenult acute on the penult acute on the ultima circumflex on the ultima preceded by a proclitic preceded by an acute on the penult of a disyllabic word preceded by elision at the beginning of a sentence when signifying possibility following certain words " " " " " " " " I am you are he is ye two are they two are we are ye are they are I was you were he was ye two were they two were we were ye were they were it is possible

, , (), , , , , , , , Exercises

(conj) than Maeander (adv) more, rather ten thousand park (paradise) way by, way along, passage, pass (parade) fountain, head, spring, source

. You are in the poer of your brother. () () (). It is not right to break the treaty. . For the narrow passage is at that place. () . You are more friends to Cyrus than to his brother. . We were in the garden. () . But Clearchus has ten thousand darics. , , . We are strangers to the satrap, O Cyrus. . But the source of the river Maeander is from the palace. () , , . Cyrus is both a friend and an ally, O soldiers. () . But of Cyrus both palace and stronghold are upon the source of the river. But both the palace and the stronghold of Cyrus are upon This country is hostile to Artaxerxes. . The soldiers have arms and horses. . These friends of Cyrus were soldiers. () . For you are in a hostile land. . In this place there was a beautiful park. .

() ( = provide) . () . () . But Clearchus the Lacedaemonian was gathering other soldiers for Cyrus at Cherronesus, because for this man, as for a friend, he provided ten thousand darics. And Aristippus, the Thessalian stranger, was also gathering an army for him in Thessaly. And he also commanded both Proxenus and Sophaenetus, along with other soldiers, to make an expedition,

and thus they did.

Lesson 19 Inflection Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ? , , Exercises () . He will serve in war with Cyrus, because he trusts him. . You did not obey the gods. frequent the market-place, buy truth barbarian, barbaric the Persian force of Cyrus ready, prepared send for, summon persuade (v +dat) obey across, beyond (v + dat) put faith in, trust proceed plan with, advise consult with serve in war with, take to the field with

' ; But in truth, did they proceed to the river? () . Artaxerxes will lead his own army. (). We are prepared to ransom the soldiers. . But Cyrus summons the barbarians. But Cyrus summons the Persians that he commands. . We were proceeding through the plain into the village. . But Cyrus consults with the generals and the captains. () . But the village was beyond the Euphrates; because of this the soldiers were buying provisions. And he was proceeding on the wagon. . The bowmen send for their bows. . He did not obey his brother. . You did not proceed to Cyrus. (). The targeteers will purchase provisions for themselves. .

' (up country), ' . . . . . When Cyrus was ready to proceed up country, he claimed that he was preparing an expedition against the Pisidians (but he was actually adavancing against his own brother), so he mustered both the barbarians and the Greeks as if against them. And he bade Clearchus come there, and ordered Aristippus to send the troops that were in Thessaly into Lydia. The other foreigners he asked to serve with him in battle, and they obeyed, because they trusted him.

ere buying provisions.

Lesson 20 Inflection 1st Aorist Middle, Perfect Middle, Pluperfect Middle, Future Perfect Middle

Middle Personal Endings: Prim 1 2 3 2 3 1 2 3 Sec

- - - (-) - (-) - - - - - - - - - - - -

First Aorist Middle Indicative 1 2 3 2 3 1 2 3 () () () () () To form the First Aorist Middle, insert - between the stem and the sec. personal ending. - - () - - - - - -

First Perfect Middle Indicative 1 2 3 2 3 1 2 3 To form the First Perfect Middle, add the primary endings directly to the stem, without the thematic vowel. - - - - - - - -

First Pluperfect Middle Indicative 1 2 3 2 3 To form the First Pluperfect Middle, add the secondary endings directly to the stem, without the thematic vowel. - - - - -

1 2 3

- - -

Future Perfect Middle Indicative 1 2 3 2 3 1 2 3 () () () () () () () To form the Future Perfect Middle, insert - before the thematic vowel and the prim. endings. - - - - - - - -

Vocabulary , , , , , , (+gen) (+dat) (+acc) , , , , , , , , , , topmost send away gladly little, small; pl. few whole, entire from beside, with, at to preparation, equipment be beside, be present stop (transitive) five stopping-place, stage, day's march Phrygia

Exercises 1. . He has proceeded to the side of Cyrus. 2. . This man will have quickly ceased from war against the barbaians. 3. . He himself sent away both the general and the satrap. 4. ; But did the soldiers proceed five days' march through a friendly country? 5. . Few of the soldiers bought provisions for themselves. 6. . The hoplites have proceeded up to the summit. 7. . And the satrap himself sent horses, arms and the other equipment into Phrygia. 8. . The enemy themselves did not stop the shouts through the entire day.

9. , . But when these men were also present, Cyrus himself made an expedition into the country of the enemy. 1. Cyrus summoned few of the captains. . 2. They have proceeded to the sources of the river. () () . 3. He has consulted with Cyrus. . 4. You will gladly have ceased from battle. . 5. The army had advanced fine days' march. . . . , ' , . . . . {The other foreigners he asked to serve with him} These were present with him at Sardis. But Tissaphernes sided with Artaxerxes, for he did not beleive that these preparations were intended for Pisidia. And Artaxerxes, when Tissaphernes told these things, made preparations in return. But Cyrus, having these soldiers, marched from Sardis through Lydia three days along the Maeander river, and arrived at the bridge. From there he marched through Phrygia into Colosse.

- ()

ge, day's march

n into the country of the enemy.

Lesson 21 Inflection First Aorist and Future Passive (770) First Aorist Passive: - added to the stem, followed by the active secondary endings. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

First Future Passive: - added to the stem, followed by -, the thematic vowel, and the middle primary endings. - - - - - - - - Principle Parts: Present Active, Future Active, Aorist Active, Perfect Active, Perfect Middle, Aorist Passive Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , ---, ---, (+gen) (+dat) (+acc) Exercises 1. . We were rescued from this terrible situation. 2. . On the narrow road we were hard pressed by the enemy. 3. . The messenger says that he has come from Darius. 4. . Indeed, the toxotes were sent by this (man). write indeed twenty from there seven come, have come parasang press hard, be hard pressed under, from under; by, through under, beneath under, down under - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

5. . They were chased seven parasangs through the plain. 6. . He wrote a letter to Clearchus. 7. . The arms were stolen from the village by the barbarians. 8. . On the right flank twenty hoplites were shot. 9. () . From there he was sent by Cyrus into Phrygia. 1. Twenty hoplites were brought from this place. () . 2. The brigde will be destroyed. . 3. He was persuaded by the general. . 4. Five targateers on the right were shot. () . 5. They will be hard pressed by the soldiers. .

() (). (). () . . . . At that place Cyrus halted seven days. And Menon the Thessalian arrived, having hoplites and peltasts. From there he marched twenty parasangs into Celaenas. At that place Cyrus had a palace and a garden. And in this garden were wild beasts; these the men hunted from horseback. And the Maeander river flows through the garden, with its headwaters from under the palaces; and it also flows through Celaenas. {...From there he marched through Phrygia into Colosse} There Cyrus halted for seven days, and Menon arrived with hoplites and peltasts. From there they marched twenty parasangs into Celaenas, where Cyrus had a palace and an estate. There were wild animals on the estate, and the men hunted them from horseback. The Maeander has its headwaters from beneath the palaces and flows through the estate and through Celaenas.

middle primary endings.

Lesson 22 Inflection Perfect, Pluperfect, and Future Perfect Indicative Middle/Passive of Labial Mute Verbs

Labials Perfect Pluperfect Future Perfect Vocabulary , , , , (+gen) (+acc) , , , , , , , , , , , , () (), , Exercises 1. () ; Have the thirty toxotes been abandoned? 2. , , . But by that time you had been sent to the bridge, O Proxenus. 3. (). The army had been cut down by the enemy. 4. () . One thousand hoplites had been sent down along the sea. 5. () . Few of the friends of Cyrus had been left behind. 6. . The soldiers had been left. 7. . A messenger had been sent to Cyrus from this village. 8. . The tree has been cut down. 9. . Cyrus has sent the messenger away. 10. () . We have summoned the hoplites from Phrygia. 1. The army had been cut to pieces by the satrap. () . 2. Twenty bowmen have been left behind in the plain. . 3. A letter had been written at the same time. . at the same time number tree down from down along, over, by abandon cut down cut leave Proxenus thirty one thousand - - - - - - = = = - - -

4. A messenger has been sent away to the satrap. . 5. For a thousand soldiers had been sent to the stronghold. () ().

. () () () . () . () (), (). But the palace of Artaxerxes is also in Celaenae, built upon the headwaters of the Marysus river, which flows through Celaenae. There Cyrus remained for thirty days, and Clearchus arrived with a thousand hoplites, peltasts and toxotes. At that same time Sophaenetus was also there with a thousand hoplites. While they were there, Cyrus numbered the Greek soldiers on the estate, and there were eleven thousand hoplites and two thousand peltasts.

assive of Labial Mute Verbs

at the same time

down along, over, by

one thousand

Lesson 23 Inflection Perfect and Pluperfect Indicative Middle and Passive of Palatal and Lingual Mute Verbs

Vocabulary

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises

1. . Indeed we have guarded ourselves well against this. 2. () . He has lead the army against the center of the enemy. 3. . But the enemy have been gathered and marshalled. 4. . Artaxerxes had prepared himself for battle. 5. . These soldiers have been well ordered. 6. . But this captain has quickly obeyed me. 7. . This general had been marshalled upon the left flank. 8. . The generals had been lead to the tent of Artaxerxes. 9. . And he had brought the arms for the soldiers upon baggage animals and a wagon. 10. . But the barbarians have been guarding the tents. 1. The fellow has been lead into the presence of Clearchus. . 2. But we had obeyed Cyrus. . 3. The men on the left flank had been posted at the bridge. . 4. You have prepared yourselves against dreadful foes. . 5. The horses and the beasts of burden had been led through a hostile country. .

. . , (). . , , . From there they marched into Thymbrium, where there was a spring by the road where it is said that Midas had caught the Satyr. And from there they marched into Tyriaeum, where he inspected the army upon a plain. He commanded the Greek soldiers to be drawn up as if in battle, and so they were thus arranged. He had Menon and those with him on the right flank, Clearchus and his men on the left flank, and the other soldiers in the middle.

atal and Lingual Mute Verbs

well good name, good omen middle, center get ready, prepare draw together, marshal arrange, order beast of burden, baggage animals guard, mid. guard against

mals and a wagon.

Lesson 24 Inflection Vocabulary (+gen) (+acc) , , , , (+gen) (+dat) (+acc) , , (+gen) (+acc) Exercises 1. . Good allies are around Cyrus. 2. . The others were hunting the beasts from horseback. 3. () . The friends of Cyrus have made an expedition on his behalf. 4. () . Messengers related these things concerning the army to Cyrus before the battle. 5. . After this he proceeds seven days' march along the river at a rate of five parsangs a day. 6. , ' ' . Cyrus is not against his brother, but he is worthy to rule in place of him. 7. ' . But that man ruled over the hoplites; and these in turn had been arranged before Artaxerxes. 8. , . Cyrus called Clearchus first to arrange the soldiers, and then to lead them through the plain. 9. , . But the satrap proceeds immediately to Artaxerxes, and he has about thirty soldiers. 1. The messengers will proceed from the market place to the tents. . 2. Cyrus and his staff proceed immediatley to the palace. . 3. He had a stronghold above the village. () . 4. Before the battle the generals sacrificed in their tents to the gods. . but, yet about, concerning about, round up, up along, up to, at the rate of be first, rule, reign over; mid. begin again, in turn, moreover then, thereupon at once, immediately about, concerning round, about about, all around, round before first, foremost over, above, in behalf of over, above None

() . , . . Cyrus therefore inspected first the barbarians, and they drove forth arragned by companies, followed by the other soldiers. After this he sent messengers to the Greek generals and ordered them to proceed as if they were going into battle; and they related this to the soldiers. And when the trumpeter sounded, they presented their arms and rushed upon the tents with a shout. And they caused a panic among the barbarians.

. before the battle. . te of five parsangs a day.

. n arranged before Artaxerxes. . o lead them through the plain. . about thirty soldiers.

d by companies, nerals and ordered e soldiers. And when with a shout. And they

Lesson 25 Inflection

- - - - - - - - - - Vocabulary , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises

= = = = = = = = = =

canal, ditch entrance, pass be on, be over Thracian breastplate herald Cilician thief line of battle, phalanx watcher, guard

1. () , () . Clearchus had one thousand hoplites and Thracian peltasts. 2. . He ordered the phalanx to proceed. 3. . He was shot through the breastplate by a Cilician. 4. . But at day break he sent heralds concerning the treaty. 5. . But the Cilician phalanxes have been ordered at the entrance to the plain. 6. ' . But we were in between the river and the canal. 7. . For the toxotes pursued the theives. 8. . But the left flank of their phalanx was against the river. 9. . For the Thracians were hostile. 10. ' . From there they marched along the canal and crossed a bridge.

1. This thief was dishonored. . 2. The Cilicians have horses. . 3. He sent Thracians as guards. . 4. The heavy-armed men had breastplates. () . 5. The canal is long and narrow, and upon it is a bridge. , .

. . , , . , , n . . So they marched forth from Tyriaenus to the city of Dana. The soldiers sacked Lycaonia, because the country was hostile toward them. Cyrus spent three days in Dana, where he put Megaphernes, the royal Phoenicistes, to death for plotting against him. From there they started into Cilicia. But while the pass was crossable by wagon, the road was steep and narrow; and it was rumored that Syennesis the Cilician was upon the summit, guarding the pass. For this reason they waited one day upon the plain.

= = = = = = = = = =

Lesson 26 Inflection

p. 74

Vocabulary

, , , , , , , , (), , , , , , , , , , , , , Exercises

chariot shield old man hope victory night bird mouth; van of an army army grace, favor, gratitude be or feel grateful

1. . But there were sheilds in the tents. 2. . But there was a Persian army in the garden. 3. (). They feel grateful to the gods for the victory. 4. (). The satrap has destroyed the bridge for the sake of victory. 5. . That man was hostile to this old man. 6. . But they immediatelt proceeded to the mouth of the river. 7. (). With the gods there are hopes of victory for the army. 8. . But there were birds in the houses. 9. . We have arms, chariots, and capable equipment. 1. We feel grateful to the hold man. . 2. At night they ceased from battle. .

* = genitive of cause

3. Cyrus had twenty chariots. . 4. The bowmen shot birds and wild asses in the plain. . 5. The army was cut to pieces by these barbarians.

* = genitive of cause