(jj) dG ƒfc AHQC’G - AdG H c jb e OGR †jY G‡ jP– Ic MS o∏NO

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Transcript of (jj) dG ƒfc AHQC’G - AdG H c jb e OGR †jY G‡ jP– Ic MS o∏NO

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    SdG a 1985 G dG OcCG jN .1960 dGe.Hf Y bGdG dG Lh fdG.

    d dhdG HGdG Y).(jGHdG UGdG fl LQNh GdG NGO VQG e jdG QT

    gCG dG FGG e OY Y Mh qdGh :1998 Y jJQdG FL.2004 hCG he IFLh 1996 UG bGdG dG qgPh

    iNCGh IOc IQJ oj a QdGY OGqH UN lAdCGh lHc pd

    MdG Aa Nc dKh hc .IG FjEG H hGj gh

    e hCG NCG e JBG YGdG kcQJ fCG H UN QG Gd

    QYH G dG IGRG J Xj dG jedG dG FbdG

    dG d zdG{ EG Cj GAjEGh Q odG eY dh kHc

    jdG GdCG e kH dG MCH feh I q eGh ec.qj xhoe GH kfe QdGY OGqT j dG FGOCG ReQ c h

    Md pTob Y kfMCG jh NGO .QOj bGY a QdGY OGqTGdG oQOj h GdG.

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    Y G H dh1965.jSG CGh bGY CG e OGH J .jG eG e fdG OCG SjQdH Y MLoJ .UG IqG YCG Y N GfEGh OQCGh GdG HdjEGh jfEG EG HdG e zjb AdG H c{ hCG jGhQHdG SDG Y zjZ{ fdG jGhQ QU .jddGh fdGh

    R -hH -hCG dG -dGh SGQd2004 IY e f . .qY kdM J .fdGh jfGh HdG dG e OY

    W QU dG hCG jGhQ zIjL c{ OdG Gg onj PEGh hH - dGh SGQd HdG SDG Y hCG1999J dG

    ,dG fQGUE OG Gh Sj jGhdG e a de a N Yh M WKdG OdG N GdG NGG YLG bGdG IQU e kfL e xM EG J jGhdG g sCaHJh ,IOfi YLG W H Y SG dGh sdG KCG ,UJh VG dG e INCG

    fGjEG bGdG G GS UN Jejh JM 1980 -1988jGhdG a CGJ M,dG fGYdG :dG FGhCG NGG dGh YLG dG GP OGH MGV iMEG aK Mh ,dM e fG Afh ,jdG X Y IOGh UdG J H IFG MdGeh j e H YRJh dG Ge Y J kfMCGh ,IQJ OJ ,MGdG dG NGO jJEG dG Jej e dH G RdG Ggh bY jdG SCG LGJ e .jdEG J L GHe Y kGJ UG cCG e g jH Zh jH bGU FGgCG UJ

    .JdG.CG Md fGh CG Md bGdG :SG QsdG GP d keRe zLCG H{ UJ j

    .e se JGP eGQO j {jZ fz fCch H H e UJ ghJ dG dG Mh mOS dY jjJh fGLh aH kGVM dG AGOCG j.kM QJ d zkGL jb AdG{ iJ j f H MLQCG RGgG M ddG AGLCGJ g j e dh .jdGh OLdGh G SCG KCdG Ibh dG IAGH M ,gGe EG kUhIMdG HG EG Th U d ,cJ oCG j dG QdG ASC adG LG cdGNCG H zdGh CG{ H UN aKh jY ZH SCJ Y Fb bY d ,ge jQh

    .QdGh dG jd Ac e dEG e Hh ,SGGh IcGdG QdG

    W Y fGdG JGKCJ Y fG HQe Ea dG J kFQ kKM G JCJ PEGhid M c ,SMh dGdR IQH pfch gOLh Y G J YJ OOJ IOfi YLG

    .FdG dG fK bGdG FdG e,Hh kaJh SCG jG SG kbe kLP ouJ ,ddG Me OdG KfCG Ea g edG OMh ,G Gd edG IOdG fH Uf e eh eYEG IdG J HzdG{ a ,dG b e Y a OdG AU Y J ,G QKh G Y jdGe Jeh jNBG Q WJ f PEG ,GG dG Y aEG I IdG OGeG

    .dMe H hCG fQe CG dP ,dG/ dDG P hCG IdG OCG J EG j jGhdG AH CG VGdG efl Y QdG S dG d dG NGO dG HdGh ,Jd JG HdG HG IdGh G IdG H fQG O dh ,HG fG ,cj AY hOh J jea W G H QdG GdG IAGdG g Rj h .dG NGO gG M hCG YG hCG

    .NGG UdG iS SG CG hO eG QMh jGhdGAJh dG HdG QGZCG Y Jh J CG h gh jGhd dG dG NGO MG CG HjNBH eCG j eY,YLG SG Ifh bGSG dG W ,IdGh G gAfCGjGhQ bO a ddh ,Qeh HGN e YdGh NGdG e G IAVEG e cCG ,FdG QNGQY e kfMCG eJ e ZQ ,IOG J bGY jGhQ fc e cCG ,GdG h GdG YdGh ,g dZh GL gGHEG GL e xc id gfCGb dG FGhdG PdG J EG J a ,fi

    .jG IOe tdG Le N e YLG jT IM UQcjh UGj CGh ej CG a Y d j e J CG Y gdG UM g jGhdG g gCG

    .G gh ,CGQh fG e QdG id GQdG Oh GMCG OGeGh jdG e j e ,jGhdG g S e IMGh G Ea kMh

    .jGhdG g e Ic AGLCG

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    hCG dG - dGh SGQd HdG SDG GQe e jGhdG g @1999.

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    GQJe hjc dG IOSKochiro Matsuuraeh fdG Y jeHG Y H fi dGMBI Al Jaber

    . zIjL c{dhdG bd FdG dG

    SDe e c jYH MBI Al Jaber Foundation fdG eh UnescodG jc cQh

    zIjL c{ e K he cCG UGj ,jGh AHOCG e mIFGQ mfh HdG edG

    GHEGh dG fh SdG Y H JEG FTh IOYEGh IAGdG Jh aG f LCG e

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  • 2 dG fc2008 OY113 5

    jb AdG H cG H

    hCG dG

    dj UdG dP c .QT UQ Y JcGP oJY kGOe nc jG SQG Sh eb jGH dG Y IQdG cJ CG Y tJ fCG edG fQhe

    qLCG jdG fCG pe M fCGh ,kGS jW d QdGM EG kYe IdG j e J .H d qebbCG kGQY ? zee{ db a .TdG G UCG qJCSG GfCG kShQO fS fEG dG Gg ? zeCG{

    .bdG TCGh SG GOYhCG hO ,g eGhO M gQGb rqcCG c e LJ cOj SCGQ YCGh ,dbCG d CH hCG ,QdG Sh dbCG e eCGH J jL g Y e a .npnN GM ie EG jT d sJ CG e kGQGpe nfCG JQM ,X nMd.j bJ CG nfCGh kYh kGb oJ g .jW YH jRoCG IU HWQ rncnJ PCG ob nOd JdG U CGa ,G oJ .QOd jJ fCGh UEGkGAL J iNCG H f .YHH d RGG MOGNne qjj dG FdG SdG oNCG K G nd qdCG .e

    .AdGS e OGR jY G jP Ic MS oNOjhGH U pWJ Y qj V fL dgO .GH .dG HdG U e JCJ WCG nL .IbcCG jM c .j jCG EG YCG S a KJCG CG oOQCG .e NG dG EG afG hCG eh ,eZ SG qfQ fCG CG nUH o .DhLCG dJN oLQ QfG W .dH bCG fCG cpQoedBG j PSCG K .M oqJ .QGH X da AGQdG EGTCG .j MCG .Ljh Nj .e cCG Se

    !c fCG

    IeL bQCG .bh BGh FM j GAe QU idG jhGdG o .jL H onYCG .bh nS dG dG dEG of .f M e M SjMCG H fG ddG dG e .e Ib ga eaGj hG Y WCG ndJ .eeCG dG

    .kH H j eO Le fCc jjhc jMCG .SQG dG JJ FGdG e Gc GhH dG FGT ,MGh JQH L QGG ,Hebe ,kL d ,HQe GWCG .aQ jW Jgg .H e U ocQT .e cCG Gfc , hCGcdG dOj .ShDhdG a AGdG MJ aPj GhCGH

    .He cM Sh dG j ,dM QdG QaHH dG N LCG !ba e SG hj ICaU .qoG aZ H QWEG C jH bfl QX j Gd AL d .zjdG qoe ...ne r pS AL{ :gMCGa .YCG EG H aGQ FG SfCG odG .eSG SQe{ Y G CG oYCG .bY SQGCG oOOJ !gcCG e ,ahM IAGb qJC g fCG .zddGhM NCd JCJ d nfCG YCG d ,IG gj j VCG

    .fdG SG qfQ e dEG nfS .QdG jjW nbO H U SQG hCG ej H

    !YaCG c S:QdG dCj

    ?pY rc -HbCGh dG nj H nS aQCG K iodG c HUCG orHnCG

    :Fb.S -

    :kFGO oVCG kfK gqY e cCJCG CG H

    .S dc LhqNh -?LhqN g e -

    .aM fC ,SQG EG gJ h YQG g -.SQG EG gj kAGpM Jj e CG M obqU

    Y qEG nJGf M ,e cCG a AT c c mAa ,zqoj{ hCG zrj{ e kH zee{ eCG OfCG eY QdG IFeIMdG bG g ,jnN .e EG G nH TCG ,cCG rnu oU ,e UCG kT g CH oJ dG

    .LhqN EG ndSa ,fCGlfi .QdG e dG dH j e ch Y g fc.e YQe J M ,HCG ,dG ch H H le Fg kGOGYCG dYCG TQ QTCG J MeX e Iqoe T dG hZ b opoJ He ZCG

    tnJ kGQjh k MG qdG QPCG . VQCG Y AVhgR e keGcCG OJ mjCG fCc nsHoG GdG aa QTCG

    .j fCG d HQ c o ,HCG,kb bMG AT c keZ kU YhL RJ eYf ,G dCG jK IQfi Y .a QfY f .c H Ic e YL L YSY Shf .Lhd qd GdG Zqof ,WG dGd Y dG H e IMGh c K dIQJ .f .Jh Sh Jj M G d Isoejf IQJh .fPCG Y qf Mh GNh QhSCG e eY H H j CG hf IQe aXCH jjCG

    .zGG GhQhR{ d f fh af

  • 4

    QdG Y OGT d :LQG dG IQU

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    HG Y H fi MBI AL JABER FOUNDATION

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    Mind the gap, Beirut

    dG GQSEG

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    jdG Y H MCGQOdG Y dh MCG

    QY H jdG a OL

    Sj SeGdG dG Y

    j dG Y dG jdG Y M QdG Y

    jM H gdG YhZ ja HQ fi

    aG egdG Uf dG Uf

    TH gGHG Of H qf g

    dG

    dGjdG GMCGWG

    jCGdG GQjCGeG

    jJeO IQdGAU

    GGQeEG QSdGqY

    CGdGqY jGdGMhdG

    VjdGVjdG dGFGG dGcGf

    dGOGH dGdh dG HGW,fJ

    HdG jdG IgdGIgdG

    HdG SdGd QdGhH

    WdGe

    jQSEG dG ASCG JJ N

    SG M FdCG d dGh

    hCG

    IjL c bQ OY113

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  • 2 dG fc2008 OY113 7

    .VG Y d J -:d nb

    A VG T pfCG .J dCe d -,H J a dG gO jd eIH bj T CG pdH nnN g dg e K !?AG i j b fCGh dG AKCGh U d !Zd YG jdG

    .bNCGeCG KMCG .J M EG WG bdG dG

    :dN e If d gT aGSG ,jW Y YCG d ,kGQY - A e c Qb a J IU SWJ Y dL fCGh YH Oj CG jjdH ZCS .G G dG

    .fCG eY H dCG K jJ dGSG aZ EG nona WN If nrdnOHY Ja .CGH IdG eCG .jdG MJ dG LCG dG e FbO N eCGgH G cQT b H .H.c g Y SCGQ YCG kae jdGe .f OG e c G SG.hCG dG poJ H GPEa iNCG FbO YoJ MQ .dG e e dhJK eh ,rpW b H .rpW :jT AH JMCGj .z!c{ :Fb gQhO c IG g .rpW.dG QJ .IOG MG OJCd OJ Ic GUCG .G Jf oLh .PCG G dG GdGbP ZOCG ,SGJ jL .jQCG NH .bG ITH fCG J e aHMCG IG g .YG H QGG Yj bbCG CG SCG fCG d o .PCG jG

    .zqc{ :de CGgCG ,L j ch ,dG dG j H ,UGe eH dG eCG CGH .ZFSh jK H gj gh ,kfMCG aCG YG dG AdG dG njOe qJ ,jQCGc .TdH HUEG jCG UN dSG YjOG J CG HdG ndEG r nSJ

    nfCG H ,f H zc{ J ,bQdGe AfG Y .z qc{ dG Y qJAd .M J e CG jhGR g,Ie c IQfi gJ nCG j MkGQpb r n nN d .H eCG qe CGdqa ,dG Y gd MCG AH kZe

    H J .aG YSCG dG Y aQdG FS e H HU fi jOGY Hdh Wfl hj M GdCd UdGgOJ .G H AGG dG ha

    qnd J OQH A J ,c N Ve e d j .dG H Y YdG

    .QdG IFe jM H oJ hJ eCG ToastfCG .Heh IHR e

    b Uh QfG SCG N b H dhJ e g .dG H dG.S Y jdG OdG dG J eeY .dOG cG bQCG SfCG MJb a g J ,dG b fCG aJEG JQf fCG aJ eY .dG jdGjdG Y cd nLM Jj Y .eU gh dG HCGh OSCGj .SY g g .G Se g J .dG Y FHdG G

    IjLTimeskGNCG .jCG IY dUh Y ab LCG b H .JdG j .JdG qj

    .LhqN f HgM YQG YCG EG ZS .Y dGY aJ dGh qj dG SCG QS .HG JjH ZOCG NGdG fL OGeGcQ hCG HUCG qh JGNh e ed f LhqN .SGeCc IOG JaHM dG gNCG b .f H MLQCGH ,dG S e eCG cM fR HHNU rnnWCG .jQhe YL H UhCGHcQ Y hf fh e MeLQCe ,JaM Y H JOTAGdG ocQ .QhO AL .FGdG d Jd...ibCG ocQ ...YCG EG oJQG ...qeHbQR JqWCG ...Aa oS ...YCG JQG...aG qeb dG c ...MHUCG OaCG ...dG e J dGZGdG H e AV bCG J ...eb...ibCG cQCG iNCG dHh ...HQCGc ...gYh ...aCG N SG ...JQCG

    !!jb AdG Hfc MLQCG X Y QCG c HJf Y MH ,gQhO QfG J LhqNJ ,YCG H IdG gj .Gf M e jW bS kLRW kJffCc efCH J .z qU T{ fj

    db c RG J g .aQ AGN IReFGdG rb .Y KM eY Ie H ZR e b Y gH Ge eJ . CG b JAGH G j,a dG dG VGh kfL orJ nnbJQU .MLQCG e eCJCG fCGh cJ K.G j ICa .J ,J ,J ,JLhqNh fdG .VQCG Uj XjCG{ :gH QcCa z?M j nh{ :J .ba.fO cJ IOYEG f .?zM

    .Y SOhCG dG a j HGJ Ya jWj IOY j gDhd c .dG jCG MdG a e YQG QN Hhg H Gj ,HQjh aGj QdG SCGhCG ,jOTO GWCH hCG ,H GbCH HbGf GWCG CGJ eY .c hO AGHjhMh ,fe LLR Gc jjgMCG dM EGh .We Feh ,OhQHN )e( d Y j b fEa ,GY HG Y j ,jG AfH .IjLj .zIdG hf qj{ :Mh LhqNYQd QhG dG G H GeCG .jOYG dG jCG N edG HfG j gh g dG a dGY ,N fG EG d j a ,gCG

    .IjL Iee kW ,e Iejc eH fNG .H gH Uhb Gfc .dG Y bf