Index [ ] Elements 108, hassium (Hs), and element 112, the heaviest elements chemically...

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Transcript of Index [ ] Elements 108, hassium (Hs), and element 112, the heaviest elements chemically...

  • Index

    Accelerator, 157, 205–207, 223, 224, 237, 264, 270, 273

    Adiabatic cutoff, 42 AGATA, 50 Alder-Winther theory, 41 Allowed transitions, 106 Alpha particle, see α Particles Angular momentum, 155, 158, 162, 163,

    165, 167, 173, 259, 268, 270 Antisymmetrisation, 64 ANTOINE, 16, 72 Argonne, 157, 164, 169, 237, 266,

    269, 270 Argonne Fragment Mass Analyser, 69

    Back-bending, 75 Barrier penetration, 161, 162, 164, 165,

    169, 172, 175, 176 11Be, 44 Beam identification, 39 Beam velocity, 35 Berkeley, 205, 206, 213, 219 Beta decay, see β Decay Big Bang, 253, 254, 259, 273, 275, 278 Binding energy, 172, 204, 232, 235, 236

    α Capture, 255, 261 CDCC calculations, 45 Center-of-mass, 256 Charge exchange (CE) reaction, 112 Classical “ISOL” technique, 130 “Cluster Cube,” 130 CNO cycle, 259–261, 271, 273 53 Co, 68

    Cold fusion, 203, 205, 213, 215, 221–223, 225–227, 238, 239, 241, 246

    Cold fusion reaction, 241, 242, 244

    Compound nucleus, 172, 204, 215, 219, 221, 223, 231, 235, 238, 241, 242, 245, 267

    Compton effect, 37 Compton suppression, 68

    Configuration mixing, 8

    Coulomb barrier, 154, 156, 161, 163–165, 187, 191, 192, 231, 241, 255, 256

    Coulomb displacement energy, 64, 74, 79, 91

    Coulomb energy differences, 66 Coulomb excitation, 28, 272

    Coulomb nuclear interference, 43

    Coulomb repulsion, 238, 240, 243, 244 Coulomb-nuclear interference, 45 49Cr, 85 Cranked shell model, 77

    Cross section, 170–172, 174, 203, 206, 210, 212, 213, 216, 219, 221–227, 229, 231, 232, 235–246, 254–262, 264, 265, 268–274, 276, 278, 279

    Cross-conjugate nuclei, 85

    Diagonalization of Hamiltonian, 11

    α Decay, 171, 173, 205, 211–214, 216–219, 221, 224–232, 234–236

    β Decay, 99–148, 154, 155, 162, 175, 176, 178, 184, 185, 190, 191, 203, 205,

  • 284 Index

    206, 218, 223, 233, 234, 254, 255, 260–262, 266, 273

    γ Decay, 154, 167, 169, 191, 220 Decay heat, 144 Deformation, 154, 166–171, 191, 192,

    204, 232, 233, 237, 241, 244 Degrader, 176 β-Delayed proton, 180, 181, 191 Detector, 155, 157, 163, 164,

    177–183, 185–187, 204, 205, 208–213, 216–218, 224, 225, 229, 230, 264–266, 268, 269, 273, 274, 276

    Detector acceptance, 40 Detector response functions, 36 DGFRS, 224, 227, 229–231 Di-proton model, 174, 187 Doppler-shift, 35 Double-sided silicon strip detector

    (DSSSD), 157, 163, 164, 169, 177, 178, 186

    Dubna, 203, 205, 206, 224–227, 229–231, 234, 236, 246

    E1 Coulomb excitation, 43 E1 transition, 44, 59 E2 transition, 46, 59 Effective interaction, 14 Efficiency, 180, 212, 218, 222, 224, 227,

    264–266, 273 Electromagnetic spin-orbit term, 65, 80 Electromagnetic transitions, 59 Electromagnetic transition strengths, 28 Electron, 203, 204, 206–210, 212, 218,

    257 Electron capture (EC), 105, 210, 220,

    221, 234, 256 α Emission, 171, 190, 203, 210, 219,

    224, 228, 231 α Emitter, 210 Energy loss, 178–180, 206, 207 Energy resolution, 211, 217, 264,

    268, 274 EUCLIDES array, 71 Euroball, 68 Euroball Neutron Wall, 71 Excitation energy, 167, 168, 216, 223,

    226–229, 238, 239, 241, 242, 245, 265, 269, 271, 274

    Excitation function, 206, 207, 213, 216, 219, 225, 226, 229, 231, 241, 242, 244, 246

    Exotic nuclei, beta decay of, 99–148

    50Fe, 87 53Fe, 68 Fermi decays, 108, 109 Fermi integral, 105 Fermi–Kurie plot, 126 Fermi transitions, 114 Fission, 203, 204, 206, 210, 211, 216,

    218, 219, 222, 224, 226, 232, 235, 237–239, 241, 242, 245

    Fission barrier, 232, 233, 235, 237–241, 245

    FLNR, 203, 205, 224 Forbidden transitions, 106 Fragment Mass Analyser (FMA), 157,

    164, 169, 170 Fragment Separator (FRS), 176–178 Fragmentation, 163, 169, 176, 183 Fusion, 156, 157, 163, 204, 206, 209,

    210, 213, 223, 238, 239, 241, 243, 245, 246, 256, 260, 267

    Fusion barrier, 241, 245 Fusion–evaporation, 68, 101, 156, 163,

    169, 171, 172, 204, 228, 241

    Gammasphere, 68 Gamow, 275 Gamow–Teller (GT) decays, 108 Gamow window, 254, 256, 258, 259,

    261, 276 GANIL, 43, 176–181, 184–187, 247, 269 GASP array, 68 Germanium detector, 29, 50, 210, 212 Globular, 271 Globular cluster, 260, 271, 272 G-matrix, 18 GRETA, 50 Ground state, 154–158, 162, 163, 165,

    167–174, 178, 182, 188, 191, 204, 218–220, 232, 233, 237, 239, 240, 266, 269, 272, 273, 276, 277

    GSI, 43, 156, 176–180, 189, 192, 203, 205, 213, 219, 222, 229, 238, 247

    GSI–TAS, 120 GT transitions, 114

  • Index 285

    Half life, 154–156, 158, 161, 162, 164, 165, 167, 172–176, 178–180, 182, 183, 187, 191, 204–206, 210, 213, 215, 216, 218, 220, 221, 223, 224, 226, 227, 230–236, 247, 261, 262, 266, 267, 273

    Harmonic Oscillator, 4 Hartree-Fock, 46 Hot fusion, 203, 205, 213, 214, 223, 225,

    226, 228, 231, 232 238–240, 246

    Ikeda sum rule, see Model-independent rule

    Impact parameter, 33, 43 Implantation, 155, 157, 163, 164,

    169, 175, 177–183, 185, 186, 204, 205, 210–212, 216–218, 224, 225, 230

    Inert core, 8 In-flight, 156, 163, 184 Ion source, 205–207, 209 ISAC, 29 ISIS array, 71 Island of Inversion, 45 Isobaric analogue states, 58 Isobaric multiplet, 60, 84 Isobaric multiplet mass equation, 60 Isobaric nuclei, 58 ISOL method, 123–130, 176 Isomer, 155, 157, 165, 167,

    171, 173, 191, 219, 220, 224, 237, 238

    Isospin, 190 Isospin quantum number, 58 Isospin symmetry, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67,

    69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, 83, 85, 87, 89, 91, 93, 95, 97

    Isospin symmetry breaking, 82 Isospin-symmetry-breaking, 58

    JAERI tandem accelerator, 29 JYFLTRAP, 146

    Kinematic focusing, 30 76Kr, 29

    Laboratory energy spectrum, 35 Ladder diagram, 14 LBNL, 205, 219, 221, 229, 238

    Level scheme, 220, 267, 271, 276, 277 8Li, 29 Liquid Drop model, 79, 204, 232 LISE3, 176–178, 183–185 Lorentz factor, 41

    Macroscopic-microscopic model, 215, 232, 235, 238

    Magic numbers, 6, 204, 215 Major shell, 8 Matrix element, 105 Mirror energy differences, 67, 74, 76,

    78, 83 Mirror nuclei, 58 30,32,34Mg, 45 48Mn, 70 Model-independent rule, 112 Monte Carlo Shell Model, 16, 72 M-scheme, 10 MSHELL, 16 MSU, 270 Multi-step excitation, 34

    α,n, 261 NaI detector, 273, 276 Neutrino, 256, 260, 271, 273 Neutron separation energy, 6 Neutron-deficient, 203, 210, 215, 267 Neutron-halo, 44 Neutron-rich, 203, 205, 214–216, 223,

    236, 241, 246 Neutron-separation energy, 44 56Ni, 91 NN interaction, 2 Nolen-Schiffer anomaly, 62, 65 NSCL, 36 Nuclear spectroscopy, 27 Nucleosynthesis, 253, 254,

    257, 260–262, 266, 275, 279–281

    Oak Ridge, 157, 168, 266 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 29 One-proton(1p) radioactivity, 153–155,

    157, 162, 163, 173, 190, 192 Optical model calculation, 33 Optical time projection chamber

    (OTPC), 183, 184 OXBASH, 16

  • 286 Index

    p,α, 258, 274 p,γ, 257, 258 α,p, 269 Parity, 170, 219 α Particles, 153, 190, 210, 211, 216–218,

    221, 226, 231, 261, 264, 267, 274, 276 β Particles, 180, 181, 186, 187 Pauli principle, 60 Perturbation theory, 83 Positron, 178 p,α reaction, 262, 269, 270, 273, 274, 275 Projectile, 171, 172, 176, 203, 206–211,

    213, 216, 221, 224, 226, 236, 238, 239, 241–245

    Proton capture, 254, 255, 273 Proton–proton chain, 258, 260 Proton-rich, 265 Proton drip line, 153, 154, 162, 163,

    170–173, 176, 192, 262, 266 Proton emission, 155–158, 162, 165,

    167–169, 173, 175, 184, 189–191 Proton emitter, 156–158, 161–163,

    166–174, 184 Proton radioacrivity, 210

    Quasi-particle, 14 Q value, 155, 226 Qp value, 161–163, 172 Q2p value, 174

    Radioactive decay, 157, 180 γ Ray, 169, 170, 174, 179, 205, 212, 218,

    220, 245, 260, 262, 264, 273 RDT, 205, 245 α,p Reaction, 269 α,γ Reaction, 257, 258, 260, 261, 266,

    275 α,n Reaction, 261 d,p Reaction, 270, 274, 275, 277 p,α Reaction, 260–262 p,γ Reaction, 258, 259–262, 264, 266,

    269–273 Reactor decay heat, 144–147 Recoil decay tagging(RDT), 169 Recoil effects, 43 Recoil separation, 204, 208, 209,

    213, 247 Recoil separator, 169, 173, 207–210,

    224, 231, 265, 266, 274

    Reduced transition probability, 42 Relativistic effects, 41 Resonance, 206 REX-Isolde, 29 RIKEN, 43, 203, 205, 213, 218, 219,

    221–223, 226, 227 R-matrix, 268, 272, 275 R-matrix model, 187–189 r-process, 254, 256, 279 rp-process, 267, 270, 271 Rutherford trajectory, 41

    40S, 32 Saddle point, 233, 240 Scattering angle, 40 Scintillation detectors, 50 S-factor, 256–259, 273–275, 277, 278 Shell closure, 204, 228, 235, 237 Shell correction energy, 215, 232, 233,

    236, 240, 241 Shell gap, 4 Shell model, 1, 46, 72, 82, 154, 164, 166,

    173, 187, 203, 204, 232 Shell model embedded in the continuum

    (SMEC), 188, 189 SHIP, 156, 209–213, 216–218, 221–223,

    226, 229–231, 242, 247 Si(Li) detector, 181 Silicon detector, 156, 176, 178–182, 186,

    209–212, 224 Single-particle energies, 3 SISSI, 177–179 Slater determinants, 9 Spectroscopic factor, 30, 165, 166, 187,

    191 Spin, 155, 158, 169–171, 174, 191,

    218–220, 237, 244 Spin-orbit coupling, 4 Spontaneous fission (SF), 205, 210, 213,

    214, 218–222, 224–235 S-process, 254, 261 Strip detector, 264, 269, 274, 276 Subshell closure, 235, 236 Super–allowed decays, 110 Superheavy element(SHE),

    203–205, 213, 223, 224, 229, 231–233, 235–238, 242, 246, 247, 250

    Supernova, 254, 255, 261

  • Index 287

    Target,