Head Shop ‘Legal Highs’ Active Constituents … ID Poster 714-823.pdfHead Shop ‘Legal Highs’...

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Head Shop ‘Legal Highs’ Active Constituents Identification Chart (July - August 2010, ‘714’ – ‘823’) (The Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Act 2010 came into force on August 23 rd ) 3' 4' M th l di 3',4'-Methylenedioxy-α- pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MDPBP) (identified using a characterized sample of MDPBP extracted from Vanilla Sky as a reference standard) •Caffeine •Glaucine* •Caffeine (trace) •Glaucine* •Caffeine •Synephrine •Dimethylamylamine (DMAA) •Dimethylamylamine (DMAA) •Caffeine •Dimethylamylamine (DMAA) •2-Phenylethylamine (2-PEA) •Caffeine Note: GCMS analysis also revealed several unidentified peaks. Could be compounds related to glaucine? •Naphyrone •3',4'-Methylenedioxy-α- pyrrolidinobutiophenone Note: This product contained •4-Methylethcathinone (4-MEC) •4-Methyl-N-benzylcathinone (‘Benzedrone’) (DMAA) O N H compounds related to glaucine? pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MDPBP) ¤ Note: GCMS analysis also revealed an unidentified peak. Could be a compound related to glaucine? MDPV and lignocaine before the ‘511’ ban. •Pentylone* N H O O O Note: We also considered the isomers below which would Benzocaine •Naphyrone •Caffeine •Naphyrone •Caffeine •AM-694 * •AM-694 * be expected to have similar mass spectra. However, based on first principles, the preparation of derivatives and comparison with the mass spectra analogous molecules, the mass spectral data most closely f N H O O O N O O O Benzocaine •Caffeine Note: This product contained mephedrone before the ‘511’ ban. N O OMe fits pentylone. In this case the mass spectrum displays a significant m/z 44 ion which may arise by loss of propylene from m/z 86 iminium ion. •Oleamide •3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole (‘DD-001’) ¤ •3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole (‘DD-001’) •Oleamide •3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole (‘DD-001’) •AM-694* •AM-694* O O N Dimethocaine* N O N N Note: Purchased on July 31 2010 •Caffeine •Naphyrone Dimethocaine Based on mass spectrometric data we also suspect the presence of ‘1-naphyroneNote: Also contains desethyl dimethocaine. Manufacturing by-product? This product contained butylone and lignocaine before the ‘511’ ban. At the time of purchase the sales assistant said that this was the same as “Amplified” NMR analysis indicates that this product contains 1-[(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole. MS data is consistent with this. Investigations are continuing. In Patent no. WO 01/28557 (University of Connecticut, Makriyannis and Deng) this compound is referred as both AM1296 d AM1220 Based on NMR and MS data we suspect the presence of 3-[(adamantan-1-yl)carbonyl]-1-pentylindole (‘AB-001’). Investigations are continuing. O Note: Purchased on July 31, 2010. O N H AM1296 and AM1220. •Octopamine •Caffeine Synephrine •AM-694* •Dimethocaine* •Buphedrone Note: Also contains desethyl dimethocaine. Manufacturing by product? Note: Previously this contained ethcathinone •AM-694* •AM-694* •Fluorotropacocaine* Note: GCMS analysis also revealed an unidentified peak Could be a compound related to fluortropacocaine? i i ifi f i i Powder Capsule Tablet Synephrine •Dimethylamylamine •(DMAA) •Hordenine ‘Herbal mix’ Resin Note: Purchased to check if these products still contained the same ingredients as reported previously Manufacturing by-product? Note: Previously this contained ethcathinone and ethcathinone /iso-ethcathinone. ifi i / These are the active constituents identified to date. Analysis is on-going. If you have any questions please contact us - [email protected] * Tentatively identified from its mass spectrum as no standard was available Reference standard synthesized in our laboratory ¤ Extracted, purified by column chromatography and characterized NMR/HRMS. Red text –This compound does not have a common name so we’ve given it one. We wish to thank Dr. István Ujváry for his immense help with this work Pierce Kavanagh 1 , Paul Spiers 1 , John O’Brien 2 , Sinead McNamara 3 , Daniel Angelov 1 , Daniel Mullan 1 , Brian Talbot 4 and Sheila Ryder 4 1 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, School of Medicine, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, St. James’s Hospital, Dublin 8. 2 School of Chemistry, Trinity College, Dublin 2 3 Drug Treatment Centre Board, Trinity Court, Pearse Street, Dublin 2. 4 School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin 2.
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Transcript of Head Shop ‘Legal Highs’ Active Constituents … ID Poster 714-823.pdfHead Shop ‘Legal Highs’...

  • Head Shop Legal Highs Active Constituents Identification Chart (July - August 2010, 714 823)( y g )

    (The Criminal Justice (Psychoactive Substances) Act 2010 came into force on August 23rd )

    3' 4' M th l di3',4'-Methylenedioxy--pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MDPBP)(identified using a characterized sample of MDPBP extracted from Vanilla Sky as a reference standard)

    Caffeine

    Glaucine*Caffeine (trace)

    Glaucine*CaffeineSynephrineDimethylamylamine (DMAA)

    Dimethylamylamine (DMAA)Caffeine

    Dimethylamylamine (DMAA)2-Phenylethylamine (2-PEA)Caffeine

    Note: GCMS analysis also revealedseveral unidentified peaks. Could be compounds related to glaucine?

    Naphyrone3',4'-Methylenedioxy--pyrrolidinobutiophenone Note: This product contained

    4-Methylethcathinone (4-MEC)

    4-Methyl-N-benzylcathinone (Benzedrone)

    (DMAA)

    ONH

    compounds related to glaucine? pyrrolidinobutiophenone(MDPBP) Note: GCMS analysis also revealed

    an unidentified peak. Could be acompound related to glaucine?

    pMDPV and lignocaine before the 511 ban.

    Pentylone* NH

    O

    O

    O

    Note: We also considered the isomers below which would BenzocaineNaphyroneCaffeine

    NaphyroneCaffeine

    AM-694 * AM-694 *be expected to have similar mass spectra.

    However, based on first principles, the preparation ofderivatives and comparison with the mass spectraanalogous molecules, the mass spectral data most closelyf

    NH

    O

    O

    ONO

    O

    OBenzocaineCaffeine

    Note: This product contained mephedrone before the 511 ban.

    N

    OOMe

    fits pentylone. In this case the mass spectrum displays asignificant m/z 44 ion which may arise by loss of propylenefrom m/z 86 iminium ion.

    Oleamide3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole(DD-001)

    3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole (DD-001)

    Oleamide3-(4-Methoxybenzoyl)-1-pentylindole(DD-001)

    AM-694* AM-694*

    O

    ON

    Dimethocaine*

    N

    O

    N

    N

    Note: Purchased on July 31 2010

    CaffeineNaphyrone

    Dimethocaine

    Based on mass spectrometric data we also suspect the presence of 1-naphyrone

    Note: Also contains desethyl dimethocaine.Manufacturing by-product?

    This product contained butylone and lignocaine before the 511 ban. At the time of purchase the sales assistant said that this was the same as Amplified

    NMR analysis indicates that this product contains 1-[(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole. MS data is consistent with this. Investigations are continuing.

    In Patent no. WO 01/28557 (University of Connecticut, Makriyannis and Deng) this compound is referred as both AM1296 d AM1220

    Based on NMR and MS data we suspect the presence of 3-[(adamantan-1-yl)carbonyl]-1-pentylindole(AB-001). Investigations are continuing.

    O

    Note: Purchased on July 31, 2010.

    ONH

    AM1296 and AM1220.

    OctopamineCaffeineSynephrine

    AM-694*Dimethocaine*Buphedrone Note: Also contains

    desethyl dimethocaine.Manufacturing by product?Note: Previously this contained ethcathinone

    AM-694*AM-694*Fluorotropacocaine*Note: GCMS analysis also revealedan unidentified peak Could be acompound related to fluortropacocaine?

    i i ifi f i i

    Powder Capsule Tablet

    SynephrineDimethylamylamine (DMAA)Hordenine

    Herbal mix Resin

    Note: Purchased to check if these products still contained the same ingredientsas reported previously

    Manufacturing by-product?Note: Previously this contained ethcathinone and ethcathinone /iso-ethcathinone.

    ifi i /

    These are the active constituents identified to date. Analysis is on-going. If you have any questions please contact us - [email protected]

    * Tentatively identified from its mass spectrum as no standard was available

    Reference standard synthesized in our laboratory Extracted, purified by column chromatography and characterized NMR/HRMS.

    Red text This compound does not have a common name so weve given it one.

    We wish to thank Dr. Istvn Ujvry for his immense help with this workPierce Kavanagh1, Paul Spiers1, John OBrien2, Sinead McNamara3, Daniel Angelov1, Daniel Mullan1, Brian Talbot4 and Sheila Ryder 4

    1 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, School of Medicine, Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, St. Jamess Hospital, Dublin 8. 2 School of Chemistry, Trinity College, Dublin 2

    3 Drug Treatment Centre Board, Trinity Court, Pearse Street, Dublin 2. 4 School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin 2.

    j y p