H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) ΔH = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO...

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Transcript of H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) ΔH = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO...

  • Slide 1

H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) H = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO 4 (l) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(g) H = +102.5 kJ H 2 O(g) H 2 O(l) H = - 55.0 kJ Slide 2 H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) H = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO 4 (l) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(g) H = +102.5 kJ H 2 O(g) H 2 O(l) H = - 55.0 kJ - 392.5 kJ Slide 3 H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) H = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO 4 (l) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(g) H = +102.5 kJ H 2 O(g) H 2 O(l) H = - 55.0 kJ - 392.5 kJ + 102.5 kJ Slide 4 H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l) H 2 S(g) + 2 O 2 (g) H 2 SO 4 (l) H = - 392.5 kJ H 2 SO 4 (l) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(g) H = +102.5 kJ H 2 O(g) H 2 O(l) H = - 55.0 kJ - 392.5 kJ + 102.5 kJ - 55.0 kJ Slide 5 4 PCl 5 (g) P 4 (s) + 10 Cl 2 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) H = -2371.3 kJ PCl 3 (g) + Cl 2 (g) PCl 5 (g) H = -242.7 kJ Slide 6 4 PCl 5 (g) P 4 (s) + 10 Cl 2 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) H = -2371.3 kJ PCl 3 (g) + Cl 2 (g) PCl 5 (g) H = -242.7 kJ 4 PCl 5 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) + 4 Cl 2 (g) H = +970.8 kJ Flip, x 4 Slide 7 4 PCl 5 (g) P 4 (s) + 10 Cl 2 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) H = -2371.3 kJ PCl 3 (g) + Cl 2 (g) PCl 5 (g) H = -242.7 kJ 4 PCl 5 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) + 4 Cl 2 (g) H = +970.8 kJ 4 PCl 3 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) H = +2371.3 kJ Flip Slide 8 4 PCl 5 (g) P 4 (s) + 10 Cl 2 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) H = -2371.3 kJ PCl 3 (g) + Cl 2 (g) PCl 5 (g) H = -242.7 kJ 4 PCl 5 (g) 4 PCl 3 (g) + 4 Cl 2 (g) H = +970.8 kJ 4 PCl 3 (g) P 4 (s) + 6 Cl 2 (g) H = +2371.3 kJ 4 PCl 5 (g) P 4 (s) + 10 Cl 2 (g) H = 3342.1 kJ Slide 9 N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) H = -57.0 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = +33.0 kJ 2 H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -34.8 kJ Slide 10 N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) H = -57 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = +33 kJ 2 H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -34.8 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) H = +57 kJ Flip Slide 11 N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) H = -57 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = +33 kJ 2 H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -34.8 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) H = +57 kJ N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) 2 NO 2 (g) H = -33 kJ Flip Slide 12 N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) H = -57 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = +33 kJ 2 H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -34.8 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) H = +57 kJ N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) 2 NO 2 (g) H = -33 kJ 4 H 2 O(l) 4 H 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = -69.6 kJ x 2 Slide 13 N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) H = -57 kJ 2 NO 2 (g) N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = +33 kJ 2 H 2 O(l) 2 H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -34.8 kJ 3 2 NO 2 (g) + 7 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g) + 4 H 2 O(l) H = +57 kJ N 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) 2 NO 2 (g) H = -33 kJ 4 H 2 O(l) 4 H 2 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) H = -69.6 kJ N 2 (g) + 3 H 2 (g) 2 NH 3 (g)H = -45.6 kJ Slide 14 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g) 2 Fe(s) + 3 CO 2 (g) Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3 CO(g) H = +12.9 kJ 3 FeO(s) + CO 2 (g) Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO(g) H = +10.1 kJ FeO(s) + CO(g) Fe(s) + CO 2 (g) H = +0.6 kJ Slide 15 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g) 2 Fe(s) + 3 CO 2 (g) Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3 CO(g) H = +12.9 kJ 3 FeO(s) + CO 2 (g) Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO(g) H = +10.1 kJ FeO(s) + CO(g) Fe(s) + CO 2 (g) H = +0.6 kJ 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 9 CO(g) 6 Fe(s) + 9 CO 2 (g) H = -38.7 kJ Flip, x 3 Slide 16 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g) 2 Fe(s) + 3 CO 2 (g) Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3 CO(g) H = +12.9 kJ 3 FeO(s) + CO 2 (g) Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO(g) H = +10.1 kJ FeO(s) + CO(g) Fe(s) + CO 2 (g) H = +0.6 kJ 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 9 CO(g) 6 Fe(s) + 9 CO 2 (g) H = -38.7 kJ 6 FeO(s) + 2 CO 2 (g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + 2 CO(g) H = +20.2 kJ x 2 Slide 17 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g) 2 Fe(s) + 3 CO 2 (g) Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3 CO(g) H = +12.9 kJ 3 FeO(s) + CO 2 (g) Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO(g) H = +10.1 kJ FeO(s) + CO(g) Fe(s) + CO 2 (g) H = +0.6 kJ 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 9 CO(g) 6 Fe(s) + 9 CO 2 (g) H = -38.7 kJ 6 FeO(s) + 2 CO 2 (g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + 2 CO(g) H = +20.2 kJ 6 Fe(s) + 6 CO 2 (g) 6 FeO(s) + 6 CO(g) H = -3.6 kJ Flip, x 6 Slide 18 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g) 2 Fe(s) + 3 CO 2 (g) Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 3 CO(g) H = +12.9 kJ 3 FeO(s) + CO 2 (g) Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO(g) H = +10.1 kJ FeO(s) + CO(g) Fe(s) + CO 2 (g) H = +0.6 kJ 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + 9 CO(g) 6 Fe(s) + 9 CO 2 (g) H = -38.7 kJ 6 FeO(s) + 2 CO 2 (g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + 2 CO(g) H = +20.2 kJ 6 Fe(s) + 6 CO 2 (g) 6 FeO(s) + 6 CO(g) H = -3.6 kJ 3 Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g) 2 Fe 3 O 4 (s) + CO 2 (g)H = -22.1 kJ Slide 19 C 2 H 4 (g) + 6 F 2 (g) 2 CF 4 (g) + 4 HF(g) H 2 (g) + F 2 (g) 2HF(g) H = 537 kJ C(s) + 2 F 2 (g) CF 4 (g) H = 680 kJ 2 C(s) + 2 H 2 (g) C 2 H 4 (g) H = + 52.3 kJ Slide 20 C 2 H 4 (g) + 6 F 2 (g) 2 CF 4 (g) + 4 HF(g) H 2 (g) + F 2 (g) 2HF(g) H = - 537 kJ C(s) + 2 F 2 (g) CF 4 (g) H = - 680 kJ 2 C(s) + 2 H 2 (g) C 2 H 4 (g) H = + 52.3 kJ 2 H 2 (g) + 2 F2(g) 4 HF(g) H = - 1074 kJ 2 C(s) + 4 F 2 (g) 2 CF 4 (g) H = - 1360 kJ C 2 H 4 (g) 2 C(s) + 2 H 2 (g) H = - 52.3 kJ C 2 H 4 (g) + 6 F 2 (g) 2 CF 4 (g) + 4 HF(g) H = - 2486 kJ Slide 21 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) Slide 22 N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ Slide 23 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ Slide 24 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ Slide 25 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ Slide 26 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ Flip, x 3 Slide 27 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ H 2 0(l) H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -(H f ) = +285.8 kJ Flip Slide 28 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l)H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l)H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 + O 2 (g) NO(g)H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ H 2 0(l) H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -(H f ) = +285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3 O 2 (g) 2 HNO 3 (l)H = 2(H f ) = -346.4 kJ x 2 Slide 29 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ H 2 0(l) H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -(H f ) = +285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3 O 2 (g) 2 HNO 3 (l)H = 2(H f ) = -346.4 kJ N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO(g)H = (H f ) = +90.4 kJ Slide 30 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -174.1 kJ N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ H 2 0(l) H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -(H f ) = +285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3 O 2 (g) 2 HNO 3 (l)H = 2(H f ) = -346.4 kJ N 2 (g)+ O 2 (g) NO(g)H = (H f ) = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g)H = -71.5 kJ Slide 31 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g) N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (g) H f = +33.8 kJ H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H 2 0(l) H f = -285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3/2 O 2 (g) HNO 3 (l) H f = -173.2 kJ N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO(g) H f = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) 3/2 N 2 (g) + 3O 2 (g) H = -3(H f ) = -101.4 kJ H 2 0(l) H 2 (g) + O 2 (g) H = -(H f ) = +285.9 kJ H 2 (g) + N 2 (g) + 3 O 2 (g) 2 HNO 3 (l)H = 2(H f ) = -346.4 kJ N 2 (g)+ O 2 (g) NO(g)H = (H f ) = +90.4 kJ 3 NO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) 2 HNO 3 (l) + NO(g)H = -71.5 kJ H = [2(H f ) + H f ] [3(H f ) + H f ]