General English Units 1 2 Phonetics

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Transcript of General English Units 1 2 Phonetics

Diapositiva 1

Englishby Matifmarin General English

PhoneticsENGLISH VOWEL CHART: Comparative chart Spanish - Catalan - English (all vowels are voiced)SpanishCatalan 3 English

Englishby Matifmarin General English PhoneticsENGLISH CONSONAT CHART:

EXAMPLES: pomp [pmp]pompabomb [bm]bombathing [] this [s]este, -a cosa Practice Unvoiced Voiced

Place of articulationContact of lips and the places in the mouth touched by the tongueManner of articulation (how the air goes from the lungs through the mouth/nose ) PlosiveFricativeAffricateNasalVibrantApproximantLateralBilabialp bmwLabio-dentalf vDental Alveolart ds znlPost-alveolarr( )Palato-alveolar PalataljVelar k gGlottal()h

Englishby Matifmarin General English

pip _______ - bib _____ - 1ten ______ - 2den _____ - cat ______ - get ______ -

uh-uh [, '] *

fish _____ - thigh ______ - this ______ - set _____- zoo ____- ship ____- measure _______

hen _____ - church _____ - judge ________ - man _____ - now ____ - sing ____ let _______ - ride _____ - wet ______ - yet ______ * The Cockney dialect[pp][bb][ten]1ten = diez 2den = guarida[den] [kt][get][f][a][s][set][zu:][p][me][hen][t:t][dd][mn][na][s][let][rad][wet][jet]

Englishby Matifmarin General EnglishVOWELS

CONSONANTS

Englishby Matifmarin General EnglishThe rules for regular verbs in the past simple and past participle Rules: Bare infinitive (= inf. Without to) + -(e)d. e.g.: call-ed, phone-d:Examples: Infinitive simple past past participle [this tense is an impersonal form] like liked liked (vowel + d) work worked worked (cons. + ed)Some characteristics:(1) a monosyllable ending in 1 vowel + 1 cons = double cons before a vowel: [1 syllable verb -vowel + cons. = + cons + ed]Infinitive simple past past participle e.g.: stop stopped stopped (2)verbs ending with one vowel + L always double the L [verb end- vowel -L = + L + ed] (Not in AmE)Infinitive simple past past participlee.g.: level levelled levelled (nivelar) label labelled labelled (etiquetar)(3) Verbs ending in y following a cons. [cons + y change y for i +es 3rd p. sg. // -i +ed past and p.participle](a) form the 3rd p sg. prs chaging y for i +es (b) form the past and p. part. by changing y into i before adding -ed. e.g.

e.g.: Infinitive 3rd p. Sg.Present simple past past participle study studies studied studied But if y is preceded by a vowel, then it only add the usual s 3rd p. sg. and -ed for past and p.p. [vowel + y = -s 3rd p.sg & -ed past + p participle]

e.g.: Infinitive 3rd p. Sg.Present simple past past participle play plays playedplayed

Englishby Matifmarin General EnglishIf the word has a consonant before the final 'y' then the plural ends with 'ies': Singular Plural
bullybullies
ponyponies
canarycanaries
spyspiesIf the word has a vowel before the final y then you just add an 's':SingularPlural
day days
delaydelays
surveysurveys
toytoysThe rules for verbs apply also for plural of nouns

Englishby Matifmarin General EnglishREGULAR VERBS: SPELLING RULES (40 VERBS) Write the conjugation of the following verbs: Infinitive All persons3rd person singular Past Simple Past Participle (I, you, we, they) (he, she, it) [-s / -es /-ies] [-(e)d /-ied][have/has + -(e)d / -ied]

to play ---------------------------- ----------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------

to drop ----------------------- ---------------------- --------------------------------------------

to hurry ----------------------- ---------------------- --------------------------------------------

to rain ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------

to plan ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------

to marry ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------

to boil ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------

to stay ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------

to wash ----------------------- ---------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------playplaysplayedplayeddropdropsdroppeddroppedhurryhurrieshurriedhurriedrainrainsrainedrainedplanplansplannedplannedmarrymarriesmarriedmarriedboilboilsboiledboiledstaystaysstayedstayedwashwasheswashedwashed