Future tenses

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Transcript of Future tenses

  • 1. FUTURE TENSES

2. Simple FutureI will, I will 3. I will startWill I start? I will not /wont startYou will startWill you start?You will not /wont startHe will start Will he start? He will not /wont start.She will startWill she start?She will not /wont startIt will start Will it start? It will not /wont start.We will start Will we start? We will not /wont startYou will startWill you start?You will not /wont start.They will start Will they start? They will not /wont start. 4. 1. "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action"Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "wont" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.Examples:I will send you the information when I get it.I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.Will you help me move this heavy table?Will you make dinner?I will not do your homework for you.I wont do all the housework myself!A: Im really hungry. B: Ill make some sandwiches.A: Im so tired. Im about to fall asleep. B: Ill get you some coffee.A: The phone is ringing. B: Ill get it. 5. 2. "Will" to Express a Promise"Will" is usually used in promises.Examples:I PROMISE I will call you when I arrive If I am elected President of the UnitedStates, I will make sure everyone has accessto inexpensive health insurance. I will not tell him about the surprise party. Ill be careful. Dont worry! I wont tell anyone your secret. 6. 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.Examples: He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. (at least he intendsto.) She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii. A: When are we going to meet each other tonight?B: We are going to meet at 6 PM. Im going to be an actor when I grow up. (that is, I wantto) Michelle is going to begin medical school next year. They are going to drive all the way to Alaska. Who are you going to invite to the party? A: Who is going to make Johns birthday cake?B: Sue is going to make Johns birthday cake. 7. 4. "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express aPredictionBoth "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a generalprediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about whatmight happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences, thesubject usually has little control over the future. In thefollowing examples, there is no difference in meaning.Examples: The year 2222 will be a very interesting year. The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year. John Smith will be the next President. John Smith is going to be the next President. The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards. The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards. 8. ATTENTION: No Future in Time ClausesLike all future forms, the Simple Future cannotbe used in clauses beginning with timeexpressions such as: when, while, before,after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless,etc. Instead of Simple Future,Simple Present is used.Examples: When you will arrive tonight, we will go outfor dinner. Not Correct When you arrive tonight, we will go out fordinner. Correct 9. Will / Be Going To1.Why are you holding a piece of paper?B: I ..(write) a letter to my friends back homein Texas.2. A: Im about to fall asleep. I need to wake up!B: I (get) you a cup of coffee. That will wake youup.3. A: I cant hear the television!B: I .(turn) it up so you can hear it.4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France.We ..(visit) Paris, Nice and Grenoble.5. Sarah ..(come) to the party. Oliver (be) there as well. 10. 6. Ted: It is so hot in here! Sarah: I (turn) the air-conditioning on.7. I think he .(be) the next President of the United States.8. After I graduate, I ..(attend) medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life.9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter ..(help) you.10. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) down to the beach and go swimming. 11. Simple Present / Simple Future1. Today after I ..(get) out of class, I .(go)to a movie with some friends.2. When you ..(arrive) in Stockholm, call my friendGustav. He ..(show) you around the city and helpyou get situated.3. A: Do you know what you want to do after you .(graduate) ?B: After I (receive) my Masters from GeorgetownUniversity, I .(go) to graduate school at UCSD in SanDiego. I ..(plan) to complete a Ph.D. in cognitivescience.4. If it ..(snow) this weekend, we (go) skiingnear Lake Tahoe.5. Your father .(plan) to pick you up after schooltoday at 3:00 oclock. He ..(meet) you across thestreet near the ice cream shop. If something happens and hecannot be there, I. (pick) you up instead. 12. 6. If the people of the world .(stop, not) cuttingdown huge stretches of rain forest, we ..(experience) huge changes in the environment during thetwenty-first century.7. If Vera ..(keep) drinking, she ..(lose,eventually) her job.8. I promise you that I. (tell, not) your secret toanybody. Even if somebody .(ask) me aboutwhat happened that day, I .(reveal, not) thetruth to a single person.9. She (make) some major changes in herlife. She (quit) her job and go back toschool. After she ..(finish) studying, she.(get) a better-paying job and buy a house.She is going to improve her life!10. Tom (call) when he. (arrive)in Madrid. He .(stay) with you for two orthree days until his new apartment ..(be)available. 13. Future ContinuousI ll be waiting for you 14. I will be waiting Will I be waiting?I will not /wont be waiting You will be waitingWill you be waiting ?You will not /wont be waiting He will be waiting Will he be waiting?He will not /wont be waiting She will be waitingWill she be waiting ?She will not /wont be waiting It will be waitingWill it be waiting?It will not /wont be waiting We will be waiting Will we be waiting ? We will not /wont be waitingYou will be waitingWill you be waiting ? You will not /wont bewaitingThey will be waitingWill they be waiting? They will not /wont be waiting 15. 1. Interrupted Action in the FutureUse the Future Continuous to indicate that a longer action inthe future will be interrupted by a shorter action inthe future. Remember this can be a real interruption orjust an interruption in time.Examples: I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight. I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives. He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will notsee Jennifer when she arrives.Notice in the examples above that the interruptions ( markedin italics) are in Simple Present rather than Simple Future.This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, andyou cannot use future tenses in time clauses. 16. 2. Specific Time as an Interruption in the FutureIn USE 1, described above, the Future Continuous isinterrupted by a short action in the future. Inaddition to using short actions as interruptions, youcan also use a specific time as an interruption.Examples: Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eatingdinner.(I will be in the process of eating dinner) At midnight tonight, we will still be drivingthrough the desert.(We will be in the process of driving through thedesert) 17. 3. Parallel Actions in the FutureWhen you use the Future Continuous with two actionsin the same sentence, it expresses the idea thatboth actions will be happening at the sametime. The actions are parallel.Examples: I am going to be studying and he is going to bemaking dinner. Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussingtheir plans, and having a good time. While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watchingtelevision.Notice "is reading" because of the time clause containing"while." 18. REMEMBER: No Future in Time ClausesLike all future tenses, the Future Continuouscannot be used in clauses beginning withtime expressions such as: when, while,before, after, by the time, as soon as,if, unless, etc. Instead of FutureContinuous, Present Continuous is used.Examples: While I am going to be finishing myhomework, she is going to make dinner.Not Correct While I am finishing my homework,she is going to make dinner. Correct 19. Simple Future / Future Continuous1. Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us?Marcus: He .(wait) for us when our train arrives. I am surehe ....(stand) on the platform when we pull into the station.Sandra: And then what?Marcus: We ..(pick) Michele up at work and go out to dinner.2.Ted: When we get to the party, Jerry (watch) TV, Sam.(make) drinks, Beth .(dance) by herself, andThad ....(complain) about his day at work.Robin: Maybe, this time they wont be doing the same things.Ted: I am absolutely positive they ..(do) the same things;they always do the same things.3.Florence: Oh, look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash) all of those?Jack: I promise I ..(do) them when I get home fromwork.Florence: Thanks.Jack: When you get home this evening, that mountain will be gone andnice stacks of sparkling clean dishes .(sit) in thecabinets. 20. Simple Present / Simple Future /Present Continuous / FutureContinuous1. Right now, I am watching TV. Tomorrow at this time, I (watch)TV as well. 3. I am going on a dream vacation to Tahiti. While you (do) paperwork and.. (talk) to annoying customers on the phone, I . (lie) on a sunny, tropical beach. Are you jealous? 4. We (hide) when Tony (arrive) at his surprise party. As soon as he opens the door, we.. (jump) out and. (scream) , "Surprise!" 5. We work out at the fitness center every day after work. If you .(come) over while we (work) out, we will not be able to let you into the house. Just to be safe, we . (leave) a key under the welcome mat so you will not have to wait outside. 6. While you ..(study) at home, Magda .(be) in