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  • FUNDAMENTALS OF INDUSTRIAL CATALYTIC PROCESSES Second Edition

    Calvin H. Bartholomew Brigham Young University Provo, Utah

    Robert J. Farrauto Engelhard Corporation Iselin, New Jersey

    WILEY- INTERSCIENCE Δ I f"* h F°

    A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION

    dcd-wg c1.jpg

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  • c Properties of Selected Elements

    Atomic number

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 35 36 37 38 40 41 42 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 53 54 55 56 '7 58 59

    Symbol H

    He Li Be B C N 0 F

    Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Br Kr Rb Sr Zr. Nb Mo Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sr r,b I

    Xe Cs Ba La Ce Pr

    Element Hydrogen

    Helium Lithium

    Beryllium Boron

    Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine

    Neon Sodium

    Magnesium Aluminum

    Silicon Phosphorus

    Sulfur Chlorine

    Argon Potassium Calcium Titanium

    Vanadium Chromium Manganese

    Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper

    Zinc Gallium

    Germanium Arsenic Bromine Krypton

    Rubidium Strontium Zirconiurr NiobiuM

    Molyb^num Ruthenium Pjiodium Palladium

    Silver Cadmium

    Indium Tin

    Antimony Iodine Xenon Cesium Barium

    Lanthanum Cerium

    Praseodymium

    Atomic mass

    (amu) 1.008 4.003 6.941 9.012 10.811 12.011 14.007 15.999 18.998 20.180 22.990 24.305 26.982 28.090 30.97 32.07 35.45 39.95 39.10 40.08 47.87 50.94 51.99 54.94 55.85 58.93 58.69 63.55 65.41 69.72 72.fr* 7 4 / 2 7y.90 83.80 85.47 87.62 91.22 92.91 95.94 101.07 102.91 106.42 107.87 112.41 114.82 118.71 121.76 126.90 131.29 132.91 137.33 138.91 140.12 140.91

    Density of Crystal Atomi solid structure Melting point Radius

    (at 20-C) - -

    0.533 1.85 2.47 2.27

    - - - -

    0.966 1.74 2.70 2.33

    1.82-white 2.09

    - -

    0.862 1.53 4.51 6.09 7.19 7.47 l.f 1

    j . 8

    8.91 8.93 7.13 5.91 5.32 5.78

    - -

    1.53 2.58 6.51 8.58 10.22 12.36 12.42 12.00 10.50 8.65 7.29 7.29 6.69 4.95

    - 1.91(-10°C)

    3.59 6.17 6.77 6.78

    (at 20°C) - -

    bcc hep

    - hex.

    - - - -

    bcc hep fee

    dia. cub. ortho. ortho.

    -

    occ fee hep bcc bcc

    cubic bcc hep fee fee hep

    ortho. dia. cub. rhomb.

    - -

    bcc fee hep bcc bcc hep fee fee fee h

    fct bet

    rhomb. ortho.

    - bcc bcc hex. fee

    hex.

    (°C) -259.3 t.p.

    -271.7 180.5 1287 2075

    3826 s.p. -210 t.p.

    -218.8 t.p. -219.7 t > -248.f cp.

    9', .8 650

    660.3 1414

    44.2-white 115.2

    -101 t.p. -189.4 t.p.

    63.7 842 1668 1910 1907 1246 1538 1495 1455

    1084.6 419.5

    29.8 t.p. 938.3

    603 s.p. -7.3 t.p.

    -157.4 t.p. 39.3 777 1855 2477 2623 2334 1964

    1554.9 961.8 321.1 156.6 232

    630.7 113.7 t.p.

    -111.8 t.p. 28.5 727 918 798 931

    (nm) 0.046

    - 0.1 c¿ 0 ,44 J.097 0.077 0.071 0.060

    - 0.160 0.186 0.160 0.143 0.117 0.109 0.106 0.107 0.192 0.231 0.197 0.147 0.132 0.125 0.112 0.124 0.125 0.125 0.128 0.133 0.135 0.122 0.125 0.119 0.197 0.251 0.215 0.158 0.143 0.136 0.134 0.134 0.137 0.144 0.150 0.157 0.158 0.161 0.136 0.218 0.265 0.217 0.187 0.182 0.183

  • Atomic Atomic Density of Crystal Atomic

    mass solid structure Melting point Radius - . number Symbol Element (amu) (at 2OOC) (at 20°C) ("C) (nm)

    60 Nd Neodymium 144.2 7.00 hex. 1021 0.182 63 Eu Europium 151.96 5.25 bcc 822 0.204 64 Gd Gadolinium 157.3 7.87 hCP 1313 0.180 72 Hf Hafnium 178.5 13.28 hCP 2233 0. I59 73 Ta Tantalum 180.95 16.67 bcc 3017 0.147 14 W Tungsten 183.8 19.25 bcc 3422 0.137 75 Re Rhenium 186.2 I 2 1.02 hCP 3186 0.138 76 0 s Osmium 190.2 22.58 hCP 3033 0.135 77 Ir Iridium 192.22 22.55 fcc 2446 0.135 78 Pt Platinum 195.08 2 1.44 fc c 1768.4 0. I38 79 Au Gold 196.97 19.28 fcc 1064.2 0.144 80 Hg Mercury 200.6 -38.8 t.p. 0.150 82 Pb Lead 207.2 11.34 fcc 327.5 0.175 83 Bi Bismuth 208.98 9.80 rhomb. 27 1.4 0. I82 90 Th Thorium 232.04 11.72 fc c 1750 0. I80 92 U Uranium 238.03 19.05 ortho. 1135 0.138

    Periodic Table of the Elements

    K M

    K

    1 l i l p

    1 3*3p

    4 4iJd4p

    < 5»4d5p

    6 U l Sd6p

    7 - M M K . , 1

    u 1

    H

    3 L I

    11 N»

    1« K

    37

    11,

    km

    M t i l l b;. Naa-Mt la l Period — 1 , I , -, ( i i n f i ^ o r j l i u n

    nib ivb vh vih viib ^ 11 S t

    #

    ■ ■

    11 T i

    40 7.T

    n H f

    13

    41 N h

    7.1 T u

    14 ( r

    41 M o

    74

    I S M n

    43 1.

    75 R*

    16 Fr

    44 Ru

    76 O i

    ■ * i

    - H i

    I J · -

    1 * " H * -

    V l h

    17 C o

    45 M

    77 Ir

    » N I

    46 Pd

    7K Pt

    ( j r o u p

    A i o m k Numhr

    M l l l l , . . l

    lb l i b

    21 ( u

    47 A t

    79 A u

    JO / r .

    4H C d

    M HE

    r

    l lt.1

    « S

    13 A I

    i l G»

    4° In

    K l T I

    I V i

    h

    c 14

    50 S*.

    82 Pb

    Va

    ¡■.

    •is -p

    A i

    51 5 b

    83 Bi

    V l j

    « O

    l é 6

    34 Se

    ■Λ2 T e

    K4 Po

    V I I J

    F

    17 ■Cl

    35 B r

    53 I

    15 A l

    i l

    2

    1 · V

    A r

    S *

    X *

    K l .

    1 j n l l u n u k ' s 4Γ

    • Acarada i f

    57 L i

    KO Ac

    5K Ce

    tn Th

    5« Pr

    91 P«

    611 Nd

    92 l

    A l Pm

    9.1 Np

    6 ! Nm

    44 PM

    63 E u

    95 A m

    «4 Cd

    96 C m

    65 T b

    97 Bk

    66

    r>> 91 C f

    67 H o

    99 ΓΛ

    6K fcr

    (III! Km

    69 h n

    101 M d

    7U V b

    102 No

    71 L u

    103 L «

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  • FUNDAMENTALS OF INDUSTRIAL CATALmlC PROCESSES

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  • FUNDAMENTALS OF INDUSTRIAL CATALYTIC PROCESSES Second Edition

    Calvin H. Bartholomew Brigham Young University Provo, Utah

    Robert J. Farrauto Engelhard Corporation Iselin, New Jersey

    WILEY- INTERSCIENCE Δ I f"* h F°

    A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION

  • Copyright 0 2006 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada.

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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data:

    Farrauto, Robert J., 1941-

    H. Bartholomew. - 2nd ed. Fundamentals of industrial catalytic processes / Robert J. Farrauto, Calvin

    p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-I 3 978-0-471 -45713-8 ISBN-I0 0-471 -4571 3-2