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  • Fisheries, aquaculture utilization and trade:

    Challenges and opportunities

    Trade and Environment Review 2016

    UNCTAD Briefing on High Level UN Oceans Conference

    16 January 2017, Geneva

  • HERRING CARP,

    common TILAPIA CHICKEN BEEF

    Protein g/100g 18 18 20 19 21

    Lipids g/100g 9.0 5.6 1.7 15 12

    Water g/100g 72 76 78 66 65

    Ash g/100g 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.8 1.0

    DHA + EPA

    (ω-3) mg/100g 1571 350 91 40 3

    USDA National Nutrient Database (USDA, 2012)

    Comparison of Omega-3 levels in fish and other meats

  • 56 million people are engaged in capture

    fisheries and aquaculture production,

    However, 10% of global population directly or

    indirectly relies on this sector for livelihoods

    Employment and Livelihoods

  • Fisheries

    US $ 100 billion Primary

    processing

    US $ 90

    billion

    Secondary

    processing

    US $ 180

    billion

    Distribution

    US $ 350

    billion Aquaculture

    US $ 98 billion

    Total value of global supply chain (818 billion U.S. dollars)

    http://www.google.it/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=0ahUKEwjP9K3p4IfQAhWD0hoKHcq2B3EQjRwIBw&url=http://www.seafoodsource.com/news/foodservice-retail/eu-consumers-buying-less-seafood-but-spending-more&bvm=bv.137132246,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNFjim6EE3DjQFKIFoYIe7YE1zSzcA&ust=1478096533689159 http://www.google.it/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=0ahUKEwjP9K3p4IfQAhWD0hoKHcq2B3EQjRwIBw&url=http://www.seafoodsource.com/news/foodservice-retail/eu-consumers-buying-less-seafood-but-spending-more&bvm=bv.137132246,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNFjim6EE3DjQFKIFoYIe7YE1zSzcA&ust=1478096533689159

  • 0

    20

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    1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2022

    M ill

    io n

    t o

    n n

    e s

    Projections of fish production 1980 to 2023 (OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2014)

    Capture Aquaculture

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    30

    60

    90

    1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

    Developed countries or areas Developing countries or areas

    2015-2016: estimates

    US$

    billion

    Growing importance of fish trade

  • Trends in marine fish stocks

  • Capture Fisheries Governance

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=DI0OqqJ9rOgNsM&tbnid=W0_irGbqw2MdaM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://books.google.com/books/about/United_Nations_Conference_on_Straddling.html?id=HcdAD4yDnZ0C&ei=ZlCwUd_wEYbEswbclYHIBw&bvm=bv.47534661,d.bGE&psig=AFQjCNE2YdQaP-gADNSv9QJ34OgdwI-O7w&ust=1370595806440255 http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=DI0OqqJ9rOgNsM&tbnid=W0_irGbqw2MdaM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://books.google.com/books/about/United_Nations_Conference_on_Straddling.html?id=HcdAD4yDnZ0C&ei=ZlCwUd_wEYbEswbclYHIBw&bvm=bv.47534661,d.bGE&psig=AFQjCNE2YdQaP-gADNSv9QJ34OgdwI-O7w&ust=1370595806440255 http://www.fao.org/fishery/psm/en http://www.fao.org/fishery/psm/en

  • 2009 PSMA blocks undocumented fish landing at ports:

     stops IUU fish products from entering supply chains

     removes economic incentives for IUU fishing

     entered into force on 5 JUNE 2016

    FAO Port State Measures Agreement

    http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.issafrica.org/images/img_nodes/MarinePoliceSomalia.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/illegal-fishing-and-the-rising-threat-of-piracy&h=216&w=340&tbnid=RhlM7SqZeApZZM:&zoom=1&docid=phmhnACJNcUzyM&hl=en&ei=Zyl_U--LPKTRywPdloHoBw&tbm=isch&ved=0CIwBEDMoKzAr&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=414&page=2&start=20&ndsp=24 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.issafrica.org/images/img_nodes/MarinePoliceSomalia.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/illegal-fishing-and-the-rising-threat-of-piracy&h=216&w=340&tbnid=RhlM7SqZeApZZM:&zoom=1&docid=phmhnACJNcUzyM&hl=en&ei=Zyl_U--LPKTRywPdloHoBw&tbm=isch&ved=0CIwBEDMoKzAr&iact=rc&uact=3&dur=414&page=2&start=20&ndsp=24 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=iDNE5RqZtDdjeM&tbnid=DS7fhJeCLghqIM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/01/12/italy-and-others-cited-for-illegal-fishing/&ei=Myp_U9qqEcSwO__WgIAL&bvm=bv.67720277,d.bGQ&psig=AFQjCNGJIlhp5_JkYBKE84ITuujY9s6JuA&ust=1400929000320284 http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=iDNE5RqZtDdjeM&tbnid=DS7fhJeCLghqIM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/01/12/italy-and-others-cited-for-illegal-fishing/&ei=Myp_U9qqEcSwO__WgIAL&bvm=bv.67720277,d.bGQ&psig=AFQjCNGJIlhp5_JkYBKE84ITuujY9s6JuA&ust=1400929000320284

  • FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries

  • Voluntary Certification (eco-labels) Certified vs conventional seafood production, latest year, 2015

    (Potts, Lynch Wilkings, TER 2016 ch. 2.3)

  • THANK YOU

    Victoria Chomo Products, Trade and Marketing Branch

    Fisheries and Aquaculture Department

    Victoria.Chomo@fao.org

    mailto:Victoria.Chomo@fao.org