ESA UNCLASSIFIED - For Official Use ... smart contract Smart contracts are computer code that is...

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Transcript of ESA UNCLASSIFIED - For Official Use ... smart contract Smart contracts are computer code that is...

  • ESA UNCLASSIFIED - For Official Use

  • How Block chain -based Geo Sm art Con t ract s Fuel t he IoT

    prepared by: yashar m orad i

    THE ESA EARTH OBSERVATION Φ-W EEK EO Open Science and Fu t u reEO 12—16 N ovem b er 20 18 | E S A—E S R IN | F ra sc a ti (R om e), Ita ly

  • g eodat a

  • g eodat a satellit es

    w eather stat ions

    sm art phones

    gps

    iot sensors

    laser scanners

    sm art veh icles

    fit ness t rackers

    d ata sou

    rces im agery

    heatm ap

    elevat ion /depth data

    poin t cloud

    poin ts of in terest

    t raffic data

    asset locat ion

    radar im agery

    d at

    a ty

    p es

  • h igh in it ial in fra stru c tu re c osts

    u t il izat ion of g eodat a

    c om p lic a ted leg a l s itu a tion

    tec h n ic a l k n ow -h ow

    c om p lia n c e a n d c om p a tib ility

    h ig h en t ry barr iers

  • cloudeo p lat form

    35+ indust rial partners

    900+ indust rial

    users

    cloudeo st ore

  • cloudeo p lat form

    cloudeo store

    cloudeo api

    cloudeo oos (order orchestration system)

    white-label storewhite-label storewhite-label store

    IoT devices

    cloudeo gpc (geoprocessing cloud)

  • cloudeo p lat form

    cloudeo store

    cloudeo api

    cloudeo oos (order orchestration system)

    white-label storewhite-label storewhite-label store

    IoT devices

    cloudeo gpc (geoprocessing cloud)

    cbn gateway

    cbn contract catalog

  • eart h observat ion sat ell i t es accord ing to the Un ion of Concerned Scien t ist s (UCS) satellit e database there w ere 1,980 operat ional satellit es at the end of April 2018, and 684 of these have a m ain purpose of either EO or Earth Science.

    • 39% cubesats • 10% m icrosatellit es • 12% sm all satellit es • 30% large satellit es • 9% no size listed

    © Copyright Pixalytics Ltd.

  • In t ernet of Th ing s • in -situ sensors • w eather stat ions • sm art phones • gps-t rackers • cam eras • fit ness-t rackers • w earab les • sensors • sm art hom e • sm art veh icles • laser scanners • beacons

  • In t ernet of Th ing s

    These devices are becom ing increasing ly com m on rang ing from autonom ous veh icles to sensors m on itoring indust rial p rocesses, to sm art hom es and sm art cit ies.

    IoT is the m erg ing of our eng ineered physical environm ent w ith in form at ion system s to create sm art adapt ive ob jects and environm ents...

    "Simply, the Internet of Things is made up of devices – from simple sensors to smartphones and wearables – connected together" M a tth ew E va n s, tec h U K

    in th e b roa d est sen se , th e term IoT en c om p a sses everyth in g c on n ec ted to th e in tern et, b u t it is in c rea sin g ly b ein g u sed to d efin e ob jec ts th a t "ta lk" to ea c h oth er.

  • source: cisco

  • b ig dat a

  • dat a-d r iven decision m ak ing

  • b lock chain For developers: a set of p rotocols and encryp t ion tec h n olog ies for sec u rely storin g d a ta on a d ist ribu ted n etw ork .

    For business and f inance: a d ist ribu ted ledger a n d th e tec h n olog y u n d erlyin g th e exp losion of new d ig ita l currencies.

    For t echnolog ist s: th e d rivin g forc e b eh in d th e next genera t ion of the in ternet .

    For ot hers: a tool for ra d ic a lly resh a p in g soc iety a n d ec on om y ta k in g u s in to a m ore decent ra lized w orld .

  • b lock chain the b lockchain is a secu re d ist r ibu t ed da t abase for rec ord in g tra n sa c tion s. m illion s of c om p u ters n etw ork ed to c rea te a d istrib u ted d a ta b a se for rec ord in g a n d a u th en tic a tin g exc h a n g es of va lu e .

    w ith th e b loc k c h a in , va lu e of a n y k in d c a n b e exc h a n g ed d irec tly peer t o peer w ith ou t a c en tra lized a u th ority to rec ord a n d va lid a te th e tra n sa c tion .

    th is decen t ra lized a p p roa c h w ou ld e lim in a te sing le poin t s of fa ilu re , bot t leneck s a n d p oten tia lly m a k e d a ta a n d tra n sa c tion s m ore secu re .... c rea tin g a m ore resil ien t ecosyst em for d evic es to ru n on .

    it w ou ld au t om a t e tra n sa c tion s, en a b lin g fu lly au t onom ous servic e system s; red u c e c ost a n d red u c e settlem en t tim e from d a ys to sec on d s

  • sm art con t ract

    Sm art con t racts are com pu t er code th a t is stored in sid e of a b loc k c h a in w h ic h en c od es c on tra c tu a l a g reem en ts .

    Th e a d va n ta g es of sm a rt c on tra c ts is th a t th ey a re fu lly a u tom a ted h a ve su p erior fa u lt tolera n c e a n d t rust less exec u tion

    S m a rt c on tra c ts a re self -execu t ing c on tra c ts w ith th e term s of th e a g reem en t or op era tion d irec tly w ritten in to lin es of c od e w h ic h a re stored a n d exec u ted on th e b loc k c h a in .

  • IoT m eet s b lock chain the b lockchain m odel, cou ld enhance IoT fram ew orks w ith m ore autom ated resource op t im izat ion and innate securit y by p rovid ing :

    a d ist ribu ted system of record for sharing data across a netw ork of key stakeholder

    em bedded business term s for au tom at ing in teract ions betw een nodes in the system (sm art -con t racts)

    consensus and ag reem ent m odels for detect ing bad actors and m it igat ing th reat

    hash-based securit y, verificat ion of iden t it y and p rovenance authent icat ion

    cost reduct ions: t rusted data sets that can be shared am ong m ult ip le stakeholders  elim in a tion of in term ed ia ries , a s w ell a s th e a u tom a tion of tra n sa c tion s a c ross th e va lu e c h a in

  • IoT m eet s b lock chain

    And w ith no cen t ral system to at tack, th reats like den ial of service at tacks cou ld be inheren t ly deterred at d ifferen t layers in the arch itecture.

    W ith such features, a b lockchain -enab led IoT dep loym ent cou ld im prove overall system health and in teg rit y by allow ing devices to reg ister and validate them selves against the netw ork.

    Business log ic cou ld execute autom at ically via sm art con t racts.

    Real peer to peer com m unicat ion (m ach ine to m ach ine)

  • cloudeo’s solu t ion

    cloudeo sm art

    cont racts

    cloudeo sm art con t ract s

    self-execut ing ag reem ents am ong netw ork part icipan ts represented by CEVEN sm art con t racts

    c loudeo IoT

    geo-eng ine

    cloudeo IoT g eo-eng ine

    an overarch ing in terface that allow s b illions of devices to request , ob tain , and use geodata

    CEVEN tokens

    CEVEN t ok ens

    preferred m ethod of paym ent for all geodata and geoservices

    related t ransact ions. cloudeo tokens are fu lly su itab le for

    m icropaym ents, and they w ill be t raded on cryp to currency

    exchanges c loudeo

    st ore

    cloudeo st ore

    one-stop shop for all k inds of geoservices incl. geodata, softw are, IT, and apps (e.g . 90% of relevant satellit e im agery)

  • precision farm ing / sm art ag r icu lt u re

  • sm art w at er m anag em en t

  • ot her use-cases • sm art energy • sm art hom e • sm art city • sm art … • autonom ous driving • fleet p lann ing • sm art d riving • crow dsourced data-collect ion • g round t ru th ing • …

  • w e b s i t e : c l o u d e o .g r o u p s t o r e : c l o u d e o . s t o r e

    Yashar Morad i

    Ch ief Technology Officer (CTO)

    ym orad i@cloudeo.g roup

    ht tps://w w w .linked in .com /in /yasharm orad i

    @yasharm orad i

    Slide Number 1 How Blockchain-based Geo Smart Contracts Fuel the IoT geodata geodata utilization of geodata cloudeo platform cloudeo platform cloudeo platform earth observation satellites Internet of Things Internet of Things Slide Number 12 big data data-driven decision making blockchain blockchain smart contract IoT meets blockchain IoT meets blockchain cloudeo’s solution precision farming / smart agriculture smart water management other use-cases Yashar Moradi�Chief Technology Officer (CTO)�� ymoradi@cloudeo.group� https://www.linkedin.com/in/yasharmoradi� @yasharmoradi�