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Electrical Engineering course. Dc Review on ohm's law, circuit analysis, kirchoff's law.

### Transcript of Ee204 01 DC Review

• EE 204 Basic Electronics and Electrical Power

Chapter 1: DC Review

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 1

• Some Useful Analogies

E(V) Voltage ~ Pressure causessomethingtoflow I(A)Current~something water, charge, flux R()Resistance~restriction prevents the flow

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 2

• Resistor in Direct Current (DC) Circuits

OhmsLaw:

Voltage in Volts (V) Current in Amperes (A) Resistance in Ohms ()

WillseeEused instead of Vwhen referring to the voltage

of a source (e.g. battery)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 3

V I RVoltage Current Resistance u

u

• Resistors in Parallel

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 4

1 1 1

1

1

6 16

E I RV II A

u u :

1 2 2

2

2

6 32

E I RV II A

u u :

• Resistors in Series

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 5

1 1 2

1

6 1 31.5

E I R I RV I II A

u u u : u :

• KirchhoffsVoltageLaw

The total sum of the voltage rises and drops around a closed loop must be zero:

In a passive component like a resistor (a sink for the energy), the voltage is higher on the input end (current), andloweron the output

For a source of energy like a battery however, the current flows out of the positive terminal and back into the negative terminal

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 6

0V

• Example 1

What is the voltage across Resistor R5?

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 7

• Example 1 Solution

Consider two loop currents I2 and I3:

Using KVL on the middle loop:

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 8

I1 I2 I3

2 2 5 2 3 1

2 2 3

2 3

0

6 2 12 0

8 2 12 0 Eq.1

R I R I I E

I I I V

I I V

: : : : m

• Example 1 Solution (cont.)

Using KVL on the right loop:

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 9

I1 I2 I3

3 3 6 3 2 5 3 2

3 3 3 2

2 3

0

3 3 4 2 0

2 8 4 0 Eq.2

R I R I E R I I

I I V I I

I I V

: : :

: : m

• Example 1 Solution (cont.)

Determine I3:

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 10

2 3

2 3

3

3

3

8 2 12 0

8 32 16 0

30 4 0

30 40.133

I I V

I I V

I V

I VI A

: : : :

: :

Using Eq.1Using Eq.24Eq.1 + Eq.2 4

mmm u

• Example 1 Solution (cont.)

Determine I2:

Determine VR5:

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 11

2 3

2

2

2

8 2 12 0

8 2 0.133 12 0

8 11.7341.466

I I V

I A V

I VI A

: : : : :

5

5

5

5 2 3

2 1.466 0.133

3.2 positive voltageon top

R

R

R

V R I I

V A A

V V

:

• ThveninsTheorem

Any linear electrical network with voltage and current sources and only resistances can be replaced at terminals A-B by an equivalent voltage source Vth in series with an equivalent resistance Rth

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 12

• ThveninsTheorem(cont.)

The equivalent voltage Vth is the voltage obtained at terminals A-B of the network with terminals A-B open circuited

The equivalent resistance Rth is the resistance obtained at terminals A-B of the network will all its independent current sources open circuited and all its independent voltage sources short circuited

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 13

• Example 2

DeterminethevoltageacrossResistorR5usingThveninsTheorem

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 14

• Example 2 Solution

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 15

3 62 1 2

2 3 6

3 34 12 46 3 3

8

th ab

th

th

R RV V E E ER R R

V V V V

V V

: : : : :

• Example 2 Solution (Cont.)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 16

2 3 62 3 6

2 3 6

6 3 33

6 3 3

th

th

R R RR R R R

R R R

R

: : : :: : :

• Example 2 Solution (Cont.)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 17

5

5

5

5

5

2 83 2

3.2 positive voltageon top

R thth

R

R

RV VR R

V V

V V

u: u: :

• NortonsTheorem

Any linear electrical network with voltage and current sources and only resistances can be replaced at terminals A-B by an equivalent current source Ino in parallel with an equivalent resistance Rno

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 18

• NortonsTheorem(cont.)

The equivalent current Ino is the current obtained at terminals A-B of the network with terminals A-B short circuited

The equivalent resistance Rno is the resistance obtained at terminals A-B of the network will all its independent current sources open circuited and all its independent voltage sources short circuited (note that this is the same as calculating the Thvenin equivalent resistance)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 19

• Example 3

DeterminethevoltageacrossResistorR5usingNortonsTheorem

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 20

• Example 3 Solution

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 21

1 2

2 3 6

12 46 3 32.667

no ab

no

no

E EI IR R R

V VI

I A

: : :

• Example 3 Solution (Cont.)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 22

2 3 62 3 6

2 3 6

6 3 33

6 3 3

no

no

R R RR R R R

R R R

R

: : : :: : :

• Example 3 Solution (Cont.)

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 23

5

5

5

5

5 5

55

3 2.667 23 2

3.2 positive voltageon top

R

noR no

no

R

R

V I R

RV I RR R

V A

V V

u u u : u u : : :

• Power Dissipated in a Resistor

The power (P) dissipated in a resistor is given by:

=

MakinguseofOhmslaw( = ):

=

=

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 24

• KVL Review:

What is the voltage across R2? 3V 4V 6V 20V

What is the current through R3? 1.2A 10A .30A 3.33A

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 25

• KCL Review

What is the current through R2? .5A 1A 2A 2.5A

What is the total current coming from the source, E? .5A 1.5A 2.5A 3.5A

What is the voltage across R3? 2V 10V 12V 5V

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 26

• Thvenin Review

What is the Thvenin Voltage? 3.33V 6.67V 10V 20V

What is the Thvenin resistance? 6.67 Ohms 10 Ohms 20 Ohms 26.67 Ohms

EE 204 Chapter 1: DC Review 27