Democracy Explored 2.0 A Theoretical Tour d’horizon by Nikos Pasamitros.

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Transcript of Democracy Explored 2.0 A Theoretical Tour d’horizon by Nikos Pasamitros.

  • Slide 1
  • Democracy Explored 2.0 A Theoretical Tour dhorizon by Nikos Pasamitros
  • Slide 2
  • Definition Origin Greek: - + people + rule Rule of the people Modernity A political system in which every citizen has an equal voice/part in the decision-making procedure.
  • Slide 3
  • Division of Democratic Powers Executive Legislative Judicial Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 4
  • Democratic Traditions 1. Conservatism: - Capitalism & business class should be subordinate to aristocracy - Aristocrats are the natural leaders of nations (Richard Hooker, David Hume, Edmund Burke) 2. Liberalism - Liberty, equality, private property, free trade, individual freedoms (John Locke, Adam Smith, Enlightenment Scholars) 3. Socialism - Social ownership & management of the means of production NOTE: According to Orthodox Marxism, Socialism is a temporary stage before Communism. (Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Eduard Bernstein, Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg) Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 5
  • Rough Sketch of Democratic Traditions Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 6
  • Party & Ideological Cleavages Right Owner Freedom of the individual Free market Privatisation Europeanist Left Working class Equality State intervention State ownership Euro-skeptical (crisis context) Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 7
  • Citizenship Who participates in a democracy? The Citizen (The bearer of citizenship) What is Citizenship? - Participation in government - Equality VS the law - The right to property (Roman) - Modern Era: The right to be politically represented Modern Citizenship (though Western) is culture-related Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 8
  • Citizenship Early modern Citizenship = civic rights -Physical & mental safety and integrity -Protection from discrimination -Individual rights Modern Citizenship = political rights -Equality against the law -Participation Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 9
  • Participation What is participation? Lawful attempt to influence/shape decision-making Forms of participation 1.Voting 2.Being a candidate / Getting elected 3.Protesting 4.Civic participation Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 10
  • Vote Fundamental right / obligation of the citizen Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 11
  • Vote Timeline Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 12
  • Candidacy The right to represent the people Inter Alia 2013
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  • Protest The Right to object Inter Alia 2013
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  • Civic Participation / Engagement Action on a collective / individual level that seeks and confronts public issues & problems Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 15
  • Participation Trends Voting fades - Prosperity/perceived prosperity = Apathy - Lack of trust to politicians/disappointment Protest grows (negative participation) -Anger/disappointment -Economic hardships Civic Participation grows (positive participation) -People = bored of stagnancy -Feeling of participation/fulfilment/expression -Visible, short-term results = satisfaction -Less ideologically prone Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 16
  • Beyond Traditional Participation Between authorities and private life: A space called Public Sphere (Jrgen Habermas) What is the Public Sphere for the citizens? -Meeting Point -Viewpoints Exchange on public issues -A space for critique -A rostrum for suggestions & action Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 17
  • Wrap-up Reflection on Modern Democracy: A personal Viewpoint ;-) Fight corruption on all levels (citizens, decision-makers, institutions) Solidarity among people and states with common goals (i.e. EU) Thin down the negatives and boost the positives of capitalism Voting (Dont let others be more equal than u) Small scale action = Civic action Inter Alia 2013
  • Slide 18
  • Thank you for your attention Inter Alia 2013