Delphi παρουσιαση

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A Place of unique beauty, an Unesco World Heritage Site!
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Transcript of Delphi παρουσιαση

Delphi

DelphiA Place of unique beauty, an Unesco World Heritage Site!

1About DelphiDelphi is located in lower central Greece.An archaeological site n Unesco World Heritage Site.nhabited at least from the Mycenaean period (14th 1lth c. BC).Delphi was thought of by the Greeks as the middle of the entire Earth.

2Castalian springLies in the ravine of the Phaedriades.Preserved remains of two monumental fountains that received the water from the spring date to the Archaic period and the Roman, with the latter cut into the rock.

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4Sibyl rockA pulpit-like outcrop of rock between the Athenian Treasury and the Stoa of the Athenians upon the sacred way which leads up to the temple of Apollo in the archaeological area of Delphi .It is claimed to be where the Sibyl sat to deliver her prophecies.

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Silver bull, Delphi Museum8

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Offering from Naxos.10

Antinoos

Iniochos11Buildings and structureTraced back to the Neolithic period with extensive occupation and use beginning in the Mycenaean period (16001100 BC).Most of the ruins that survive today date from the most intense period of activity at the site in the 6th century BC.

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13TheatreOriginally built in the 4th century BC but was remodeled on several occasions since. Its 35 rows can seat 5,000 spectators.

Was built further up the hill from the temple of Apollo.14Temple of ApolloThe ruins: date from the 4th century BC are of a peripteral Doric building.An earlier temple dated to the 6th century BC andwas named the "Temple of Alcmeonidae" .

15Athletic statuesKleobis and Biton, two brothers renowned for their strength, are modeled in two of the earliest known athletic statues at Delphi.

16The new building was a Doric hexastyle temple of 6 by 15 columns.Destroyed in 373 BC by an earthquakeSurvived until 390 AD, when the Christian emperor Theodosius I.Completely destroyed by zealous Christians in an attempt to remove all traces of Paganism.

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StadiumLocated further up the hill, beyond the via sacra and the theatre.Originally built in the 5th century BC but was altered in later centuries.It could seat 6500 spectators and the track was 177 metres long and 25.5 metres wide.18GymnasiumHalf a mile away from the main sanctuary.A series of buildings used by the youth of Delphi.Consisted of two levels: a stoa on the upper level providing open space, and a palaestra, pool and baths on lower floor.

19Stoa of the AtheniansLeads off north-east from the main sanctuarywas built in the Ionic order.Consists of seven fluted columns, unusually carved from single pieces of stone.

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TreasuriesAre a large number of votive statues, and numerous treasuries.Were built by the various Greek city states to commemorate victories and to thank the oracle for the advice, which was thought to have contributed to those victories.21Are called "treasuries- they held the offerings made to Apollo.Most impressive is the now-restored Athenian Treasury, built to commemorate the Athenians' victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.

22Altar of the ChiansLocated in front of the Temple of Apollo.The main altar of the sanctuary was paid for and built by the people of Chios.Made entirely of black marble.It was restored in 1920.

23The inscription on the stylobate indicates that it was built by the Athenians after their naval victory over the Persians in 478 BC.Rear wall of the stoa contains nearly a thousand inscriptions.

24TholosA circular building that was constructed between 380 and 360 BC.Consisted of 20 Doric columns arranged with an exterior diameter of 14.76 meters.10 Corinthian columns in the interior.

25Located approximately a half a mile (800 m) from the main ruins at Delphi.Theodorus of Samos as the architect of the Round Building which is at Delphi

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HippodromeThe location where the running events took place during the Pythian Games.Location of the stadium and some remnants of retaining walls lead to the conclusion that is was set on a plain apart from the main part of the city and well away from the Peribolos of Apollo.27

Polygonal wallWas built to support the terrace housing the construction of the second temple of Apollo in 548 BC.Its name is taken from the polygonal masonry of which it is constructed.

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29Dimitra GeorgoyiannisDanai GiannopoulouNefeli KokloniThank you for your attention!!!30