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Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN. Data based method for background subtraction: Z →μ + μ - Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Università di Roma La Sapienza, INFN

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Page 1: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Data based method for background subtraction:

Z →μ+μ-

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti

Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Università di Roma La Sapienza, INFN

Page 2: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

OutlineMotivation.Example of application: bb Z → µ+ µ-

Method proposedSoftware & Generators• Simulation, Reconstruction, Analysis.

Sample Conclusion and future development

Page 3: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

MonteCarloIsajet Ariadne Sherpa

Les Houches Guidebook hep-ph/040345Cojest

JetsetPythiaHerwig

Page 4: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Shower MonteCarlo

Page 5: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Motivation

It is then extremely important to relyon alternative method to MonteCarlo, as much we

canWe propose a method based on a different

data sample of experimental dataOnly hypothesis: lepton universality.Example of application: bb Z → µ+ µ-

(most copious background of bb h0/A → µ+ µ- studies (14/12/2005) S.G. presentation, ATLAS-PHYS-2003-015, June 2003.)

Page 6: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Signal & background

h0 bb→ µ− µ+bb

σ~ 0.2 - 0.01 pb(even lower)

σ ~ 22.8 pb

Zbb → µ-µ+ bb

(Pythia 6.226)AcerMC (v.2.3) interfacedwith Pythia 6.2 (hep/ph0405247).

Page 7: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Background Subtraction Method

Experimental methodproposed based onZ→ µ+ µ− and Z→ e+ e-

Relying on experimental data

Br( h0→ e+ e-) neglegible

Different Inner Bremsstrahlung

Precise Knowledge of background is crucial

2

⎟⎟⎠

⎞⎜⎜⎝

⎛∝

emm µ

Page 8: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Z production

bbbhbgg −+→→ µµ

Page 9: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Software Release & SampleGeneration Athena 9.0.4 - Pythia (v.6.226) - Acer (v. 2.3)Simulation, Digitalization, Reconstruction Athena 10.0.1Analysis based on CBNT (root –ntuples).Final study in scenario

~ 600000 eventsIn this presentation Lint ~ 20 fb-1

~ 400000 events

∫ −= 130 fbLdt

Page 10: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Study performedDifferent Inner Bremsstrahlung

Zbb → µ-µ+ bb (γ) Nγ ~ 0.086 Nev=464522Zbb → e-e+ bb (γ) Nγ ~ 0.157 Nev=442828Different Detector ResponseThe most significative variable of

bb h0/A → µ+ µ- analysis has be chosen Minv as test .NB. The combination of a same flavor lepton originating from b and one of Z are included inevitably in the plots

Page 11: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Bremsstrahlung Photons

NγMC ~ 0.157Nγ

MC ~ 0.086

Zbb → µ−µ+ bb Zbb → e−e+ bb

e

Page 12: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Bremsstrahlung PhotonsZbb → e−e+ bbZbb → µ−µ+ bb

Page 13: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → µ-µ+ bbMinv(µ+µ-) Minv(µ+µ-)γ

Page 14: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → µ-µ+ bbMinv(µ+µ-) Minv(µ+µ-)γ

Only events with a γ of Bremsstrahlung

Page 15: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → µ-µ+ bb

Page 16: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → e-e+ bbMinv(e+e-) Minv(e+e-)γ

Page 17: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → e-e+ bbMinv(e+e-) Minv(e+e-)γ

Only events with a γ of Bremsstrahlung

Page 18: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level: Zbb → e-e+ bb

Page 19: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level

Bremsstrahlung events

Page 20: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level

Page 21: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generator level

Page 22: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Leptonsmuons electrons

Page 23: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Photons: Zbb → µ-µ+ bbBremsstrahlung photonsAll photons

PT vs. Distance between γ and µ watch the different scale!Subsample(~25000 ev)

22 φηR ∆+∆=∆

Page 24: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Photons: Zbb → µ-µ+ bb

Distance between γ and µ watch the different scale!

∆R ~ 0.15

All photons Bremsstrahlung photons

22 φηR ∆+∆=∆

Page 25: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Photons: Zbb → e-e+ bb22 φηR ∆+∆=∆

PT vs. Distance between γ and e watch the different scale!Subsample(~25000 ev)

All photons Bremsstrahlung photons

5x5 cluster in ATLAS

Page 26: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Photons: Zbb → e-e+ bbAll photons Bremsstrahlung photons

∆R ~ 0.25

22 φηR ∆+∆=∆

Distance between γ and e watch the different scale!

Page 27: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

PhotonsIf the photon is emitted close to electron,

only one cluster is reconstructed and the combined4-momentum is measured. For the γ is effectively absorbed in the same cluster of the electron.

corresponds to a 5x5 cluster in ATLAS. The energy of electron is measured in e.m. calorimeter, θ and φ are measured in tracker.Photons, inside cone ∆R, are taken in account summing their 4-momentum to the 4-momentum of the nearest lepton. Photons reconstructed are e.m. clusters without track associated (∆η= 0.025,∆φ =0.05 ) and PT >5GeV, |η| >2.5.

Rφη ∆<∆+∆ 22

125.022 =∆+∆=∆ φηR

Page 28: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

All Photons: Zbb → µ-µ+ bbZbb → µ−µ+ bb Zbb → e-e+ bb

PT γ> 5 GeV |η| >2.7 recontructed γ

Page 29: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

ReconstructionMuons: combined reconstruction (inner detector + spectrometer), PT >10 GeV, |η| >2.5.Electrons: energy measured in calorimeter,(θ,φ) measured from tracker, PT >10 GeV , |η| >2.5.Photons: e.m. cluster without track associated :

∆η= 0.025, ∆φ =0.05, PT > 5 GeV, |η| >2.5.Brem photons: >2 leptons reconstructed +

γ reconstructed in a cone around lepton direction < ∆R. Electrons sample only one cluster is reconstructed. Muon sample: µ track near photon cluster, misidentification.

The number events reconstructed with γ brem identified is atpercent level.

Page 30: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction: Zbb → µ-µ+ bb

Minv(µ+µ-)γMinv(µ+µ-)

Page 31: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction: Zbb → µ-µ+ bb

Minv(µ+µ-)γMinv(µ+µ-)

Only events with a γ of Bremsstrahlung

Page 32: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction: Zbb → e-e+ bb

Minv(e+e-)γMinv(e+e-)

Page 33: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction: Zbb → e-e+ bbMinv(e+e-) Minv(e+e-)γ

Only events with a γ of Bremsstrahlung

Page 34: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction

Only events with a γ of Bremsstrahlung

Page 35: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Reconstruction

The number γ bremsstrahlung reconstructed separatlyin muons events is higher than electron events, where are mostly absorbedin the electron cluster

Page 36: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generation-reconstruction

Page 37: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Generation-reconstruction

Page 38: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

ConclusionsA study for an experimental method of background subtraction is developed based on fully simulated samples, Lint ~ 20 fb-1 of:

bb Z → µ+ µ- and bb Z → e+ e-

comparing:the Bremsstrahlung of the two samples.the ATLAS detector response.

The study is preliminary and needs careful tuning on data collected.∆R is an extremely important parameter, that should be carefully tuned.

Page 39: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

ConclusionsIn the region Minv 98 -135 GeV the ratio is reasonablystable and the effect of Bremsstrahlung is negligible with respect to detector responseThe same method can be applied to H→ ττ and in general to all decays where the electron decay is negligible in the signal.The method relies on lepton universality and needs a good knowledge of detector response for different leptonsThe method doesn’t need an implementation on MC of higher order corrections

Acknowledgements: Borut Kersevan, Dirk Zerwas,Donatella Cavalli

Page 40: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Riserve

Riserve

Page 41: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Matching track narrow∆η= 0.025 ∆φ =0.05

Isolation broad∆ η= 0.05 ∆φ =0.10

∆R =0.07 size of cluster 5x 5 ∆η= 0.025 ∆φ =0.05

Page 42: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.

Page 43: Data based method for background subtraction: Z · 2006-04-20 · Jetset Herwig Pythia. Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni Nicoletti Higgs Meeting 18

Halina Bilokon, Vitaliano Chiarella, Simonetta Gentile, Giovanni NicolettiHiggs Meeting 18 April 2006,CERN.