Cyprus Energy Agency ΜΕΕΠ από την κατασκευή και λειτουργία ...

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Transcript of Cyprus Energy Agency ΜΕΕΠ από την κατασκευή και λειτουργία ...

  • Cyprus Energy Agency

    150 kW

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  • Cyprus Energy Agency

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    1. 7

    2. 9

    3. 10

    3.1. 10 3.2. 10 3.3. 11 3.4. 12 3.5. 2009-2013 12

    4. 14

    4.1. 14 4.2. 14 4.3. 14 4.4. 18 4.5. 18 4.6. / 19 4.7. 19 4.8. 22 4.9. 22 4.10. 25 4.11. 25 4.12. 25 4.13. 25 4.14. 27

    5. 28

    5.1. 28 5.2. 28 5.2.1. 28 5.2.2. 28 5.2.3. 30 5.2.4. 30 5.2.5. 31 5.2.6. 31 5.3. 32 5.3.1. 32 5.3.2. 34 5.3.3. 35

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    5.3.4. 37 5.3.5. 39 5.3.6. 39

    6. 48

    6.1. 48 6.2. 48 6.3. 48 6.4. 48 6.5. 50 6.6. 50 6.7. 50 6.8. 50 6.9. 51 6.10. 51 6.11. 51 6.12. 51 6.13. 51 6.14. 52 6.15. 52

    7. 55

    7.1. 55 7.2. 55 7.3. 55 7.4. 55 7.5. 55 7.6. 56 7.7. 56 7.8. 56 7.9. 56 7.10. 57 7.11. 57 7.12. 57 7.13. 57

    8. 58

    9. 59

    9.1. 59 9.2. 59 9.3. 60

    10. 62

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    11. 63

    68

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    1 [1]. _____________________ 10 2 _________________________________ 22 3 - 2001 [3]. _____________________________ 28 4 [3]. _______________________________________________ 29 5 () [4]._______________________ 29 6 () [4]. _______________________ 29 7 ()[4]._________________________________________________________________________________ 29 8 , , , [4]. _________________ 30 9 [8].__________________ 37 10 [10]. ___________________________________ 39 11 . ______________________________________________ 40 12 .__________________________________________________________ 42 13 . _______________________________________________________ 43 14 . _____________________________________________________________ 45 15 . ____________________________________________________________ 45 16 ._______________________________ 49 17 . ____________________________________ 49 18 [18]. ____________________________ 54 19 . ______________________________ 60 1 . (google earth). ______________ 20 2 . ______________________________________ 21 3 . ______________________________________ 21 4 . (google earth) ______ 26 5 .[5]______________________ 31 6 M .[5] _____________________________________ 31 7 .__________________________________________ 32 8 .__________________________________________ 32 9 . ___________________________________________ 40 10 . _________________________________________ 40 11 Phagnalon rupestre () . ____________________ 41 12 Chrysanthemum coronarium () . _________________ 41 13 Lathyrus aphaca () . ___________________________ 41 14 Sinapis arvensis () . ____________________________ 41 15 (Vulpes vulpes). ____________________ 42 16 (Lepus europaeus). __________________ 42 17 (Sylvia melanothorax)._ 44 18 (Oenanthe cypriaca).__ 44 19 (Coluber jugularis)._____________________ 46 20 (Macrovipera lebetina). _________________ 46 21 (Acanthodactylus schreibe).______________ 46 22 (Chamaeleo chamaeleon recticrista). ______ 46 1 .____________________________________________________ 20 2 _______________________________________ 21 3 [6]. ________________________________ 33

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    4 [6]. _______________________________ 35 5 [7]._________________________________________ 35 6 [6]. ________________________ 36 7 1905-1996 [6]. _________________ 36 8 [6]._____________________________________ 36 9 ._________________________________________________________________________________ 38 10 . _____________ 38 11 [13]. 44 12 2000 [16].______________________________________________________________________ 47 1 Sanyo HIT240 HDe4 240Wp_________________________________ 16 2 . ______________ 18 3 . ______________________________________ 52 4 [17]. ____________________ 53

  • Cyprus Energy Agency

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    1.

    ( ) 150kW . . . 1km . 200m. 2010 .

    ( ) . .

    :

    ( ).

    ( )

    ().

    ( ).

    . 13km 85m . . 488m. . A4 . , () . .

  • Cyprus Energy Agency

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    2001 3063 .

    . ( ), , .

    , . , , .

    , .

  • Cyprus Energy Agency

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    2.

    : : : : : 164 / 2-216-347, 2-217-347 : : : .33()/2003

    : : : : : : Cd: Te: Se: As: Si:

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    3.

    3.1. / .

    150 kW (.140()/2005) .

    . .

    .

    3.2. . (..) . . 2008.

    1 [1].

    (MW) 390 180 360

    (MW) 38 150 -

    (MW) 428 330 360

    (MWh) 2.338.574 428.081 1.953.224

    ... 1.118 MW 2009 5.152.590.251 MWh 4.565.177 MWh.

    , 220MW .

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    () 2016 8.000.000 MWh.

    Source: Transmission System Operator Cyprus (http://www.dsm.org.cy )

    , ( , , ) , .

    , 99% . , (CO2) . 2009 ( ) 4.084.000 .

    3.3. .

    75% . 11.5 , 5.5 . 5,4 kWh/m2.

    , , . , .

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    , 4,84kW 17/02/2005. 17/02/2005 31/12/2009 5.866.497 kWh [1]. 2,64 MW 2010 [1]. ( ) ( 2008) 0,605 W. 2009 2,39 MW.

    3.4. , , , / .

    , 50% . 97%.

    1-2% . CO2 2030 18% 1990 .

    17/12/2008, 2008. 2020 :

    20% ( 1990)

    20%

    10% .

    2009/28/ 2001/77 2003/30/, (20%) (10%) 2020 .

    2009/28/ 2,9% 2005 13% 2020.

    3.5. 2009-2013 2020, 2009-2013.

    30/12/2008 2009-20013 ( 20/07/2009, State aid N 143/2009 Cyprus, C(2009)5398) , .

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    , kWh 21 kW 150 kW 0,34/kWh.

    (21-150 kW), 2009-2013, , 2 MW.

    :

    : 165 MW : 25 MW

    : 14 MW : 4 MW : 3 MW

    : 211 MW

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    4.

    4.1. 150kW . . . 1km . 200m. 2010 .

    4.2. ( ) . .

    4.3. . . . , , . .

    :

    .

    .

    .

    (parasitic resistances).

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    : www.pvtechnology.ucy.ac.cy

    .

    ( Watt peak Wp), , 1kW/m2 25 C.

    150 kW :

    622 .

    16 (inverter) .

    ...

    () . 12 SMA Sunny Mini Central 11000 TL-10, 1 SMA Sunny Mini Central 5000, 2 SMA Sunny Mini Central 4600A 1 Inverter SMA Sunny Boy SB 3800. inverters . Sanyo L.Zotiades Trading & Consulting Ltd. (monocrystalline amorphous hybrid cells) 1610X861X35mm, 16kg 240W. HIT240 HDE4 .

  • Cyprus Energy Agency

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    1 Sanyo HIT240 HDe4 240Wp

    2

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    3

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    4.4. (inverter), . 2 .

    2 .

    4.5. :

    (.. , ).

    , .

    .

    . W ( ).

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    ( , - , ).

    ( ) .

    4.6. /

    25 .

    .

    .