Belief In Allah In The Light Of The Qur’an And Sunnah

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    03-Jun-2015
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Umar S. al-Ashqar Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 481 | Size: 15 MB Although the vast majority of mankind believe in a Creator or Supreme Being, their concepts vary. Islam, in the Qur’an and Sunnah, affirms the existence and Oneness of the Creator and describes Him as having the most perfect attributes, thus enabling man to have the proper concept of Him and to establish a strong bond with Him based on the understanding of His sublime attributes. But the influence of philosophy and other ideas that are alien to Islam led to the emergence of distorted concepts about Allah.

Transcript of Belief In Allah In The Light Of The Qur’an And Sunnah

  • 1. ISLAMIC CREED SERIES 1BELIEFINALLAH)nthcLightofthcQuranandSunnahJ~ :1 0 {UIUmarS.alAshqarINTERNATIONAL15AMICPUBLl5HINGHOUSE

2. INTHENAMEOFALLAHTHEALL-COMPASSIONATEALL-MERCIFULBELIEFINALLAH 3. Title:BELIEFINALLAHAuthor:Dr.UmarS.al-AshqarTranslatedfromArabicedition10(1995)EnglishEdition1(2002)EnglishEdition3(2005)Translator:Nasiruddinal-KhattabEditor:HudaKhattabLayout:IIPHRiyadhSaudiArabiaCoverDesigner:HaroonVicentePascualArlingtonU.S.A.Filming:SamoPressGroup 4. IS L A M I C C R E E D SERIES BELIEFINALLAHIntheLightoftheQuranandSunnahd.l.I~ Jlo-!IDr.UmarS.alAshqarTranslatedby:NasiruddinalKhattabJV.BE.......................ivit--A-a--plA4i IJI~IINTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC PUBLISHING HOUSElJN!VLRSITY!.lBRiRYlJNIVER YOFN()RnI(AR()UNAAlClIAPEL11111 5. 03TNETNocPUBLISHERSNOTE 19TRANSLATORSFOREWORD 21PREFACETOTHENEWREVISEDEDITION 23PREFACETOTHEFIRSTEDITION 25INTRODUCTION 291-QEEDAH:DEFINITIONANDEXPLANATION 291)Aqeedah:MeaningandUsage 292)AqeedahisaMatterofKnowledgeintheHeart 303)AqeedahmeansCertainBeliefwithnoRoomforDoubt 314)TheIssuesofAqeedahareInvisible 325)CorrectAqeedahandFalseAqeedah 33Whereiseueaqeedahday? 346)TheImportanceandNecessityofIslamicAqeedah 352 THERELATIONSHIPBETWEENAQEEDAHANDEEMAAN ANDSHARIAH 391)leRelationshipBetweenAqeedahandEemaan 392)TheRelationshipBetweenAqeedahandShariah 413)PayingAttentiontoDeeds 423-EEMAANANDKUFR 431)RulingonRejectionofAqeedah 432)ActionsandWordsWhichareCountedasKu_(Disbelief)443)AttitudeTowardstheKuffaar(Disbelievers)4)leKaafirbeforeAllah4545 6. 6 Contents5)NeglectingObligatoryDutiesandCommittingProhibitedActions 46i)Theattitudeofthesalaftowardsthosewhocomm1tmorsms 46ii)TheKhawrijwhodenouncedpeopleaskaa.firbecauseoftheirsins 49Theevidencequotedbythekhawaarijfordenouncingaskaa.firthosewhocommitmorsins 50Refutationoftheevidencequotedbythekhm arij 54WhatismeantbythetextsinwhichtheMessengerofAllahdisownedthosewhocommitsins 59WhatismeantbythetextswhichstatethatsomesinsimplyJa. andshirk 59iii)Thosewhosaythatthepersonwhocommitsmajorsinshasperfectfaith 634-AQEEDAHVS.PHILOSOPHYANDILMAL-4 641)TheDifferenceBetweenIslamicAqeedahandPhi1osophyand11mal-Kalaam 64i)Originsandsources 65ii)Methodologyandway 66iii)Force1impact 72iv)Style 75v)Deductionmethod 76vi)Results 792)TheAttitudeoftheScholarsTowardsPhi1osophy 813)ComparisonBetweenManoflOught(Phi1osophy)and1anofAqeedah 85 7. BeliefinAllah 75-SCHOLARSMETHODOLOGYmAFFIRMmGAQEEDAH 87ExplanationofleirSpeciousArguments 90TextsWhichIndicatethatAa}JaadReportsareSoundEnoughtobeUsedasEvidence 96RefutingtheArgumentofthoseWhosaythatAadA}JaadeethC motbeUsedasProofwithRegardtoAqeedah 99BELIEFSWHICHAREPROVENBYTHEAR4DEETH 101RulingonThosewhoDenythatWhichhasbeenProveninAa}JaadReports 105TheCorrectMethodology 106Amatterwhichmustbeclarified:HowcanweusetheQurantoaddressthosewhodonotbelieveinit? 106ADubiousCall:BringingReligionsTogether 108BELIEFmALLAH 110Introduction:TheImportanceofthisPrinciple 110IssuesofBeliefinAllah 111CHAPTERONEEVIDENCEOFTHEEXISTENCEOFTHECREATOR 1131-THEFIRSTPROOF:THEEVIDENCEOFTHEFITRAH(HUMANmSTmCT) 113SoundHumanInstinctBearsWitnesstotheExistenceofAllahWithout(AnyNeedforFurther)Evidence 113Calamitiespuri theEssenceoftheFi(rah 116TheMushrikeen(PolytheiststheIdolaters)toWhomtheMessengerwasSentAcknowledgedtheExistenceoftheCreator 117leKu._ofPeopleNowadaysisGreater 119 8. 8 Contents2-THESECONDPROOF:THISUNIVERSEMUSTHAVEACREATOR 119LetUsGiveanExampletoExplain LawMoreClearly120leattitudeoftheempiricalsciencestowardsthislaw 125Reasonhasnochoicebuttoadmit 125SpeciousArgumentsAbouttheOriginoftheUniverse 1251)TheViewthatitHappenedbyAccident 1262)TheViewthatNa reistheCreator 128Thetheoryofself-generation 129Natureisthelawswhichgoverntheuniverse 130Natureisaforce 132Thosewhocamebeforethemsaidsomethingsimi1ar 1323)DarwinsTheory 133Whatdoesthistheorysay? 133Thebasesofthistheory 133Darwinsexplanationoftheprocessofevolution 134Refutationofthebasesonwhichthistheoryisfounded 135RefutingDarwinsexplanationofhowevolutionworks 137lIstheoryisnotsupportedbyreality 139Theattitudeofnaturalscientiststowardsiseory 141Theorynotfact 142Sowhydiditbecomesowidespread? 142TheQuranandDarwinsleory 143Theoppositeofthistheoryisthetruth 144Inconc1usion 149 9. BeliefinAllah 9CHAPTERTWODEFINITlON OFALLAHANDCONNECTINGHEARTSTOHIMINTRODUCTION1-EVIDENCEOFTHEUNIVERSALSIGNSWHICHPOINTTOTHECREATORANDINITIATOR1)leQuranicMethOdOlOgyinUsingtheUniversal151151151SignsasEvidence 151i)ExplOringtheuniversethrOughtheQuranicdescriptiOn151AllahsActiOnsintheUniverse 152ii)TheblessingsOfAllahintheuniverse 156leQ gesustO seekandknOw AllahrOughHisUniversalSigns 159iii)HOw theQuranusesitsaayaat(verses)tOprOvethattheCreatOrisdeservingOfLOrdshipandDivinityandtOprovethefalsenessOfeveryingthatiswOrshippedinsteadOfAllah 160Ku.(disbelief)isreprehensibleandsangeinthefaceOfsuchc1earprOOf 164iv)ThOsewhObenefitomthesignsOftheuniversearethOsewhO haveinsight 166v)MOdemscienceshaveseveredthecOnnectiOnbetweenmankindandtheuniverse 168vi)EvidenceincreatiOnOfeatibutesOftheCreatOr 170vii)All istheOnlyOneWhO isdeservingOfwOrship 1732)leSchOlarsExplaintheWOndersthatAllahhasMadeinHisCreatiOn 175i)BOdiesarefOrmedOfcellswhichdivide 176 10. 10 Contentsii)Resistanceoflivingbeingstodestructivefactors 179iii)HowAllahinspiredthebeeandthewondersofhowAllahhascreatedit 180Contemporaryscientistsdescribethewor1dofthebee 185Howdobeestelloneanotherwherefoodis? 191lebeeseesacolourthatwedonotsee 192iv)HowAllahIidestheantandthewondersofitscreation 193Thewhiteant(termite):itsodandhabitation 198Antskeepflocksandplowthesoil 199v)HowAllahguidesthehoopoeandthewondersofitscreation 201vi)Howpigeonsare idedandthewondersoftheircreation 203vii)Adogwhichnursedachildwhosefamilyhaddied 207viii)lewhist1ingbirdkillstheviper 208ix)lecunningofefox 208x)Thewondersofthewolf 209xi)Thewondersofmonkeys 210xii)Thewondersofcows 210xiii)Thewondersofmice 210xiv)Someanimalsusemedicine 211.xv)Howpeoplelearnomanimals 211Waysinwhichhumansarelikenedtoanimals 216xvi)HowtheCreatorguideslivingbeingstomultiply 219 11. BelifinAllah 11Theimportanceofthesexualinstinct 222xvii)HowtheCreatorcausesanimalstomakeupforlostP tsoftheirbodies 222xviii)Alllivingbeingshavethefunctionofbreathingincommonalthoughtheyachieveitindifferentways224xix)Livingbeingsgettheirfoodindifferentways 226xx)Howbloodcirculatesinthebodiesofalllivingbeings 228xxi)lewayinwhichthesensesareformedinlivingbeings 230xxii)Howthebonesandjointsaredesigned 232xxiii)Thereasonwhybloodc10ts 232xxiv)Thesensoryantennaeofmosquitoes 233xxv)Creatureswhichflashinthedarkness 234xxvi)Thedigestiveprocessinanimals 234xvii)Formationoftheembryo 235xviii) rmationoftheear 236xxix)Filariaeworms 236xxx)Themagnetismoftheearth 238xxxi)Thesizedimensionsandorbitofheavenlybodies 2382-KNOWINGALLAHTHROUGHTHETEXTSOFTHEQURANANDSUNNAH 240TheDivineNamesandAtbutes 2401)leExtenttoWhichtheHumanMindcanComprehendtheAtibutesofAllah 2402)SummaryoftheAtibutesWhichareMentionedintheTexts 241 12. 12 Contentsi)Allahhasanessence(dhaat) 241ii)HisSelf" 242iii)leFaceof0 LordtheExalted 245THEEFFECTSOFBELIEFINTHEFACEOFALLAH 246a)SeekingtheFaceofAllahthroughrighteousdeeds 246b)SeekingrefugebytheFaceofAllahtheExalted 247c)RespondingtoeonewhoasksofyouforthesakeofAllah 248d)HopingtoseetheFaceofAllah 249TheveilofHisFace 251iv)AllahhastwoHands 252GlorifingAllahbymentioningHisHands 252AllahspreadsHisHands 253ThingswhichtheAll-MercifulhascreatedwithHisHands253ThegreatnessoftheHandsoftheLord 257BothofHisHandsareRightHands 258v)TheFingersoftheMostMerciful 258vi)WhathasbeenmentionedconcemingHisFoot 259vii)AllahtheExaltedhasaShin 261viii)HisrisingovertheThrone 262ThegreatsizeoftheThrone 264AllahpraisesHimselfbymentioningHisrisingovertheThroneandbydec1aringthatHeistheLordoftheThrone 265ThemeaningofHisrisingovererrone(istiwaa) 267ix)WhereisAllah? 269 13. BeliefinAllah 13ThemeaningofHisbeinginheaven 271Extensiveevidence 273HisbeingAll-Highdoesnotco adictHisbeingc10se 276x)Thelaughof0 LordtheExalted 276xi)xii)DescendingandComingoftheExalted 279xiii)ThespeechofAllah 280Allahsspeechisnotlimitedorrescted 285TheQuranistrulytheWordofAllah 286xiv)TheloveofAllah 288xv)xvi)Allahsha dandanger 290xvii)SeeingAllah 292xviii)leKnowledgeofAllah 296HisKnowledgeencompassesgeneralitiesandminordetails296xix)xx)HisLifeSustainmentandEtemity 299AllahtheExaltedmentionsthesetwoNamestogether 300TheperfectionofHisLifeandSustainment 301GlorifyingAllahbymentioningHisLifeandSustainment301xxi)xxii)Hishearingandsight 302TheGrealessofAllahshearingandsight 303ThemushrikeenignoranceofhowfarthehearingofAllahextends 3053 THEBEAUTIFULNAfESOFALLAH 3051)TheNumberofHisNames 3062)DefiningtheNamesofAllah 3083)leGreatestName 313 14. iJO~Whatsoever isintheheavensandwhatsoeverisontheearthglorifiesAllahtheKing[ofeverything]theHolyeAll-MightytheAll-Wise.T (Qwan62:1)4@442L4 iLe4ii 4~In aseatofuth[i.e.P adise]ne theOmnipotentKing.t (Quran54:55)Allah()hasalsodescribedsomeofHiscreatedbeingsaspossessmgsovereignty: ---hilij~~ ~And e king[ofEgypt]said:Verily1saw[inadream]sevenfatcows...t (Quran12:43)4@...:}195fJfJ6 354. 354 DefinitionofAllahandConnectingHearts m~And thekingsaid:Bringhimtome...~(Qurn12:50)11!iji 2iit...~...Therewasakingbehindthemwhoseizedeveryshipbyforce) (Quran18:79) ...h jfUJj.;&fd~...You givethekingdomtowhomYouwil1 andYoutakethekingdomomwhomYouwi11..)(Qurn3:26)UndoubtedlyAllahpossesses eSovereigntyinamannerwhichbefitsHisPerfectionandMajestywhilstHiscreatedbeingspossesssovereigntyinamannerthatissuitedtotheirtransientnareimperfectionandneedforAllah.v)vi)TheattributesofcompellingpowerandprideAllahdescribesHimselfasbeingtheCompeller(AI-Jabbaar)andMostGreat(AI-Mutakabbir):...2136JTLJf~...The All-Mighty1-Azeez]the Compeller1-Jabbaar]theSupreme[AI-Mutakabbir]..)(Quran59:23).AndHe()hasdescribedsomeofHiscrea resasbeingso@AJJ=~~ ~iGr... ~...ThusdoesAllahsealuptheheartofeveryaogant(mutakabbir)tyrant(jabbaar)) (Quran40:3 @LLAL41UL 355. BeliefinAllah 355~And whenyouseize[somebody]seizeyou[him]astyran 0bbaareen)?.) (!~r an26:130)@ a:d2J dJ3...4Istheren