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Bearing Capacity of Rocks Intact Rock Mass Intact Rock Mass A rock mass with joint spacing greater than 4 to 5 times the width of the footing. Local and General shear failure is associated to brittle General shear failure is associated to brittle and ductile rock respectively.

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Page 1: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Bearing Capacity of RocksIntact Rock MassIntact Rock MassA rock mass with joint spacing greater than 4 to 5 times the width of the footing. Local and General shear failure is associated to brittleGeneral shear failure is associated to brittle and ductile rock respectively.

Page 2: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 3: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Jointed Rock MassJointed Rock Mass

Page 4: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 5: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 6: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 7: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

General Shear Failure

Local Shear FailureLocal Shear Failure

Page 8: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

• Compressive Failure:A h t i d b l t i dA case characterized by poorly constrained columns of poor rock.

Splitting Failure

For widely spaced and vertically orientedFor widely spaced and vertically oriented discontinuities, failure generally initiates by splitting beneath the foundation.

Page 9: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

• The ultimate bearing capacity is given by:

Page 10: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 11: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Guideline properties of Rock Mass ClClasses

Page 12: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Allowable Bearing Stresses on Rock Masses

Foundations on Fractured Rock Formation30

MPa

) Note: Use maximum qa < q u

where qu = compressive strength

20

25

ress

qa (M

where qu compressive strengthof intact rock specimens

15

earing

Str

)130/(1)16/(1)(

RQDRQDMPaq ALLOWABLE −

+≈

NOTE: 1 MPa = 10 tsf

5

10

owab

le B

e

Peck, et al. (1974)

NOTE: 1 MPa = 10 tsf

00 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Allo

( )Approximation

Rock Quality Designation, RQD

Page 13: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

In case of rock mass with favorable discontinuities, the net allowable bearing pressure may be estimated from:

qa = qc * Nj

Where qc = average uniaxial compressive strength of rock coresWhere qc average uniaxial compressive strength of rock cores

Nj = empirical coefficient depending on the spacing of the discontinuities

/3 BS+[ ])/(300110 Sδ+

=

δ = thickness of discontinuityδ = thickness of discontinuity

S = spacing of discontinuities

B = width of footing

The above relationship is valid for a rock mass with spacing of continuities > 0.3 m, δ < 10 mm (15 mm if filled with soil) and

B >0 3 mB >0.3 m.

Page 14: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate
Page 15: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Pile Foundations:The allowable bearing capacity of socketed piles is given by:

qa = qc * Nj * Nd

WhereWhere

Nd = 0.8 + 0.2 h/d

h = depth of socket in rock

d = diameter of socket

Determination of Net Allowable Bearing Pressure from P t T tPressuremeter Test:

[ ])(31

fldfa DPKDq γγ −+=

Where qa = allowable bearing pressure in t/m2

Pl = limit pressure determined by the Pressuremeter in t/m2

γ Df = overburden pressure in t/m2

Page 16: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate

Values of KdValues of Kd

Depth of footing KdDepth of footing Kd

Load at rock surface 0.8

Load at radius/width of foundation 2.0unitLoad at 4 times radius/width of 3.6foundation unit Load at 10 times radius/width of f d ti it

5.0foundation unit

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Plate Load TestPlate Load Test

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Correction Factors : (Not required for RMR)Co ect o acto s ( ot equ ed o )

• Ground Water Table: (a) Rock with discontinuous joints with opening less(a) Rock with discontinuous joints with opening less

than 1mm wide – 0.75 (b) Rock with continuous joints with opening 1 to 5

id fill d ith 0 7 t 0 5mm wide filled with gouge – 0.7 to 0.5 (c) Limestone/ Dolomite deposit with major cavities

filled with soil – 0.66 to 0.5.• Cavities: Major cavities inside limestone - 0.5• Slope and orientation of joints:

( ) F i i t ti f ti j i t i th l(a) Fair orientation of continuous joints in the slope –1 to 0.5

(b) Unfavorable orientation of continuous joints in(b) Unfavorable orientation of continuous joints in slope – 0.5 to 0.33.

Page 19: Bearing Capacity of Rocks - IITKhome.iitk.ac.in/~sarv/New Folder/Presentation-14.pdf · Bearing Capacity of Rocks ... PtTtPressuremeter Test: [] 3 1 q a = γD ... Plate Load TestPlate