Architecture lesson #3 the pantheon
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Pantheon or ΠΑΝΘΕΟΝ
• comes from 2 Greek words– παν = all– θεος = god
• temple to all the gods
-originally built by Marcus Agrippa in 27 B.C.E.-rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian in 126 C.E.
-M·AGRIPPA·L·F·COS·TERTIVM·FECIT-standing for Latin: Marcus Agrippa, Lucii filius, consul tertium fecit -Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Consul for the third time, built this
-converted to a church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs in the 7th century C.E.
South east view of the Pantheon from Piazza della Minerva
The building is circular with a portico of huge granite columns under a pediment opening into the rotunda
A rotunda (from Latin rotundus) is any building with a circular ground plan, often covered by a dome
Under the Portico of the Pantheon
The rotunda is under a coffered, concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome.