Analysh tis oikonomikis diaheitisis ton ploion

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1 ΧΡΗΜΑΤΟΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΜΕΤΑΦΟΡΩΝ ∆ΙΑΛΕΞΗ 4 η : Ανάλυση της Οικονομικής ∆ιαχείρισης Εμπορικών ΠλοίωνΣτόχοι της ∆ιάλεξης Να αναλύσει την οικονομική διαχείριση των ναυτιλιακών εταιρειών και των υπό διαχείριση πλοίων τους. Να εξετάσει τα κεφαλαιουχικά και επιχειρησιακά έξοδα των ναυτιλιακών εταιρειών. Να αναλύσει τις καθημερινές ανάγκες/δαπάνες ενός πλοίου.
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Analysh tis oikonomikis diaheitisis ton emporikon ploion from Athens University of Economics and business

Transcript of Analysh tis oikonomikis diaheitisis ton ploion

  • 1

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    ( , , (LIBOR))

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    100

    65

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    54

    / Chinese

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    0 5000 10000 15000

    ITF

    Source: Drewry 1999

    USD/

  • 70 1 2 3 4

    5 18

    9 14

    11

    14

    16

    $ $ 23

    1% 12%

    17%

    1%3%

    2%5%

    26%

    5%

    3%

    9%4%

    2%

    Source: Bergantino & Marlow 1998

  • 86%

    19%

    19%

    3%5%9%

    14%

    11%

    14%

    .

    Marketing

    Source: Bergantino & Marlow 1998

    Bergantino and Marlow (1998) :

    , , , .

  • 9 Bergantino and Marlow (1998) :

    95%, 18%

    19 .

    88 .

    12%

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  • 10

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    Cape 20 $ 2.300.000

    400.000

    800.000 -

    800.000

    500.000 200.000 5.000.000

  • 11

    , ,

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    15-40 % .

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    (Hull and Machinery (H&M)).

    (Protection and Indemnity (P&I))

  • 12

    Hull and Machinery (H&M)

    , .

    H&M :

    .

    .

    Protection and Indemnity (P&I)

    To P&I (.. ) ( , , , ).

    P&I (Clubs) .

  • 13

    Protection and Indemnity (P&I) :

    , , , , , . , , . . .

    Protection and IndemnityThe Inter-Club Group Agreement ClubsAmerican (US)Britannia (UK)Gard (Norway)Japan (Japan)London (UK)North of England (UK)Shipowners (UK)Skuld (Norway)Standard (UK)Steamship Mutual (UK)Swedish (Sweden)UK (UK)West of England (UK)

  • 14

    .

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    () .

    (bunkers) :

    high viscosity fuel oil (hvf) international fuel oil (IFO) Marine Diesel Oil MDO .

  • 15

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    50% .

    200 . , 80 .

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    - - - - - - - .

  • 16

    FO/ (14 )

    Cape bulk carrier 90 70

    39 59

    34%

    Panamax 90 Panamax 70

    30 54

    44%

    Handymax 90 Handymax 70

    18 34

    47%

    Source: Drewry Shipping Consultants 1994

    Dry Bulk Panamax Hitachi MK III 1990s 14.5 kt 32 tpd Handy 1990s built 14 kt 21 tpd Container Post-Panamax 6250 TEU 22.5 kt 150tpd Feeder 1000 TEU 17.5 kt 30 tpd Tanker VLCC 280,000 dwt 1990s 14 kt 64 tpd Suezmax 150,000 dwt 1990s 15 kt 54 tpd Clean 40,000 dwt 14 kt 27 tpd MDO 3-5 /

  • 17

    . 4 :

    .. (Gross Tonnage).

    To net registered tonnage (NRT).

    .

  • 18

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    / . / / . / / , ( ) .

  • 19

    VLCC 270,000 dwt

    Sullom Voe $198,000 Rotterdam $248,000

    Bulk Carrier 150,000dwt

    Richard's Bay $100,000 Japan $110,000

    Container 3,500 TEU

    RTW 8 ports $207,417

    0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000

    .

    .

    VLCC

  • 20

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    : 18,8. ( 17,5) 150,000 dwt. 12-18 24 . , . Suez Canal Net Tonnage. Container . / , , , , .

    Suez Canal

    .

    14 ()

    Ras Tanura- Rotterdam

    6436 11169 4733 14.1

    Ras Tanura- Houston

    9483 12502 3019 9

    Dampier- Rotterdam

    9377 11329 1952 5.8

    Dampier-Taranto

    7043 11491 4448 13.2

    Newcastle-Rotterdam

    11625 12762 1137 3.4

  • 21

    VLCC (ballast) 275,000 dwt 125,000 SCNT 270,300 USD Suezmax Tanker 150,000 dwt 75,000 SCNT 230,100 USD Dry Bulk Panamax 65,000 dwt 33,200 SCNT 145,000 USD Dry Bulk Handy 35,000 dwt 18,750 SCNT 119,600 USD Container + 3 5,000 TEU 42,500 SCNT 209,200 USD

    /

    : 274,3. , 32,2. 12.. 8-9 22-24 .

    Panama Canal Net Tonnes (PCNT). 3,57 ./PCNT . 80% . , .

  • 22

    Tanker 40,000 dwt 19,500 PCNT 56,333 USD Bulk Carrier 65,000 dwt 19,500 PCNT 76.686 USD Container 4,000 TEU 39,000 PCNT 100,083 USD

    /

    Container

  • 23

    $1,5 $5 . 5 .

    .

    .

    Container . : , , Container.

    Container USD 100-700/TEU .

    : .

  • 24

    4%

    16%

    5%

    8%

    21%

    Leasing10%

    Feeder7%

    5%

    3%

    4%

    2%

    15%

    24%

    H&M14%

    P&I11%

    24%

    14%

    13%

    VLCC

  • 25

    36%

    12%3%20%

    2%

    17%

    H&M P&I/

    43%

    6%4%17%

    16%

    14%

    1990 1999

    Handymax Bulk Carrier 1990-1999

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    Container*

    *

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    3000

    3500

    4000

    4500

    5000

    5500

    6000

    1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

    Handy Size Handymax Panamax Capesize

    Bulk Carrier 1990-2002

    4500

    5500

    6500

    7500

    8500

    9500

    10500

    1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

    Products(Handies) Aframax Suezmax VLCC

    1994-2002

  • 27

    RFR = {(DS+DL+Dd)Y +DSBS+(DLDB)Bp+QCh+[G+H(DL+Dd]}/Q

    RFR = $/

    DS = ( )

    DL =

    Dd =

    Y = ( + ) $

    Bs = $

    Bp = $

    Q =

    Ch = / $/

    G = $

    H = $ .