Alexiadou a [Main]

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ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΕΙΟ ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΚΟ ΕΚΠΑΙ∆ΕΥΤΙΚΟ Ι∆ΡΥΜΑ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ ΣΧΟΛΗ ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ ΓΕΩΠΟΝΙΑΣ ΤΜΗΜΑ ΦΥΤΙΚΗΣ ΠΑΡΑΓΩΓΗΣ Η ΚΑΛΛΙΕΡΓΕΙΑ ΦΑΣΟΛΙΟΥ ΣΤΟΝ ΝΟΜΟ ΚΑΣΤΟΡΙΑΣ ΕΙΣΗΓΗΤΗΣ: ΠΤΥΧΙΑΚΗ ∆ΙΑΤΡΙΒΗ ΑΛΕΞΙΑ∆ΟΥ ΑΛΕΞΑΝ∆ΡΑ 156/04 ΠΑΛΑΤΟΣ ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ ΚΑΘΗΓΗΤΗΣ ΕΦΑΡΜΟΓΩΝ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗ 2010
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Transcript of Alexiadou a [Main]

:

156/04

2010

. ..................................................................... 4 .................................................................... 5 ...................................................................... 6 i. ......................... 7 ........ 8 ..................................... 9 i. ................................................................ ii. ....................................................... iii. ............................................................ iv. ................................... v. ....................................... ................................ i. .............................................. ii. ......................................................... iii. .......................................................... iv. ............................................. v. ............................................... ............................................. i. ............................................... ii. .......................... iii. ........................................................... iv. ...................... v. ........................................... vi. ....................................................... vii. ........................................................ viii. .............................................. ix. ................................................... ...................................................................... 9 9 10 10 11 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 19 23 29 31

..................................................................... 321

............................................................... 33 ....................................................................... 34 34

.................................... 34 ....... 38 .................................... 43 .... 45 ................................................................ 47 ............................ 48 .......................................... 52 ................................. 53 ............................ 56 .................. 57 ..................................................... 59 ........................................... 60 ................................... 65 ....................... 66 .......................................................... 68 .............................................................. 69

2

, . . , , . , , . .

3

.

Phaseolus coccineus. , , . 10 -15 . ,

. .

4

, . . , .

5

. . , .

. . . . , , . 100 . 1. , . . . .

6

1. . , , 100 . .

(%) () (gr) (gr) (gr)

10.9 340 22.3 1.6 61.3

Ca (mg) P (mg) Fe (mg) Na (mg) K (mg)

144 425 7.8 19 1.196

(mg) (mg) (mg)

0,65 0,22 2,4

7

3.426 .. . . . 45% , 33% . . 321.535 11.000 .

. Phaseolus coccineus 2.000 .. 16 , . , . , .8

. . Phaseolus coccineus (Leguminoseae Fabales)

(Papilionaceae).

. . . , 1 m. Rhizobium.

. . .

9

. .

, . .

, . , , . .

. . . 12 25 15 32 . 27-30 .

10

. .

. . . , . . 1000 ., 400-500 , 800-900 .

11

. , .

, . 00 C . 120 C , 20-250 C. 200 C 250 C , , . . , . , , , , .12

, . , , . , . , . PH 5,3-6. .

. , . .

, . , . .

13

mm 18-100 mm - .

. . .

, . , .

14

. . . , . , . 16 . , . . 10-11 0 C 17 , 13-14 0 C 6-8 15-16 0 C 5 . 70-80cm . 3-8cm , , . 2-3

15

Kg/ . , 10 20 , , .

, , . , . . 2 . . , , . , . , 2,302,50m .

16

. , , .

. , . .17

. . 50%. . , . . : i. ii. - . iii. iv. v. . . vi. , . vii. .

(, ) 10-12 . (- --)

18

.

N, P, K, Ca, Mg , , , . .

19

1Kg / 9,70 0,80 3,20 Ca 0,60 Mg 0,50

: 15 Kg/. 26,5-0-0 45 Kg/. 0-20-0 25 Kg/. 16-20-0 , , . 2-3 . , 20%. . (,,) .

20

2. , . / 1 2 3 4 3% 4% 2% 46% 43% 67% 18% 58% 26% 8% 11% 14% P

. . . 0-0-48 10-15 Kg/. , , 20-25 Kg/ () 10 .21

5 , , . , , , , . , , , , .

22

23

( )

24

25

( )

26

27

28

, . 5 . , . . , .

, , , , . , 5-10% . , .

29

30

, . Phaseolus coccineus. To , , 50 , . . , . , .

31

. : . , , PH, , .

, . , , , , , * , .

32

* & , .

, 13% . , . . 5-10 0 C 40-50% 6-10 . 14% 70%. .

33

, . .

1)

. .

(Pythium spp.) . . , . , . , .

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(Fusarium solani f.sp. phaseoli) H . .

. . . . ,

. , , , . 6-8 .

35

(Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. phaseoli, Verticillium dahiliae) H , . . . , . . , . (Uromyces appendiculaus) . . , , , . , . (6-8 ) 17-23 0 C.

36

(Erysiphe pisi) . . . . . . . (Botrytis cinerea) To , . . . . .

( ) .

37

. . .

.

, . .

38

1. . ( ) Captan, Carbedazim Carbedazim,thiram Captan, iprotion Captan, iprotion Chiorothalonil, mancozeb Maneb, ziram Iprodione, maneb Propineb, mancozeb , , , , , , , ,

= = =

39

, -, , . .

1) (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.)

40

(Uromyces appendiculaus)

(Fusarium solani f.sp)

41

(Erysiphe pisi)

(Pythium spp.)

42

2)

, . , . , , , .

(, ).

( Acanthoscelides obsoletus)

43

2,5 4 . - . . . . . . (aphis sp.) Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii Aphis fabae. , ( ) , , . .

(Thrips tabaci)44

To . .

. , .

(Bemisia tabaci) Bemisia tabaci . . . . . . :Carbaryl (), Deltamethrin (), Methomyl (), Omethoate ().

45

(aphis fabae)

(Thrips tabaci)

46

(Tetranychym urticae Koch)

(Tetranychym urticae Koch) , . . . . 26-33 30-50% . . , . , . , , .

( ) .

47

. . , . : 1. ( ) 2. 3. (), .

. . : . .

48

, ( , .) (.. ) .

2.

49

* *. .

1)

2)

50

51

. , (Pseudomonas syrinae pv.phaseolicola) (Xanthomonas campestris pv. Phaseoli ) . () , . . . . (16-20 C) (25-26 C). . (0,1-0,5%) . , ( ) .

52

: 1. . . Kasugamycin (0,25./ ) 2. , , . 3. * Kasugamycin*

* : Kasugamycin 15 , 7 .

:

53

54

55

:

) 80%, . , . . , . . 40%. . .

56

)

. , . , . . , . .

. . . : 1. . 2. . 3. .

57

.

58

, , . , , ( ) , . ,

. , , , , . 20 . , : . . .

.

59

:

1. . . 2. . , . 3. .

. 4. .

1 .

60

:

1. (Polygonum persicaria)

61

2. (Datura stramoniym)

62

3. (Solanum nigrum)

4. (Chenopodium album)

63

5. (Galisonga parviflora)( )

6. (Galisonga parviflora)( )

64

, . . , , , ( .) ( ( ) , .) . , . , , , , , .

65

, . (0-0-30+Mg) . 10 30. () 8kg , 2kg. (, ) . 70 1 50 . ( ) .

(1600 )

66

--

, . , . .

67

. : ) , . . .

68

, 1995, - .. ., 1993, . . , 2000, . ,1998, , , 2001, marketing , 1999, ,

, 1997, , , , 1996, - 2000 , ,

69