Air Cushion Vehicles in the Greek Maritime Industry

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A Brief History of Air Cushion Vehicles in the Greek Maritime Industry

Transcript of Air Cushion Vehicles in the Greek Maritime Industry

  • AirCushionVehiclesintheGreekMaritimeIndustry:

    AnUnknownStory

    Dr.GeorgeGougoulidis

  • Neoteric

  • BriefHistory

    1960s BD680/1969,FEK211RegulationforpassengerferriesAirCushionVehicles

    1970s Natouro I&II(HM2) 1980s PD 797,FEK 209 10/8/1981Regulationforthesafetyofdynamicallysupportedcraft

  • 1990s GoldenOlympics CatamaranII(CIRR120P) CatamaranI(CIRR120P) Ntantos I 2xSAH2200fortheHellenicCoastguard(neverdelivered)

    GKLFEK444 26/4/1999Fastandotherleisurecrafts

    2000s 4xZubr fortheHellenicNavy SeaStar(CIRR120P)

  • ThePioneer CaptainAndreasVomvoyannis

  • HellenicHovercaft Lines

    4HM.2hovercraftswereordered,2deliveredin73andtherestin74

    Alotofpublicitywasgivenbythemediabeforetheirarrival

    Excitingfirstimpressions CutdownthetriptoSpetses from4.30to1.50hours Duetoproblemswiththeenginesandthefingerstheother2craftswereneveracquiredandthelineceasedoperations

  • HM.2Brochure

  • HM.2Brochure

  • HM.2intheZeaPort

  • HM.2Underway

  • CIRR120PMainParticulars

    Builder BrdreneLength (m) 35.25Breadth (m) 11.50Draft (m) 2,10Passenger capacity 320Gross tonnage 271Max speed (kt) 55Service speed (kt) 49Constructionmaterial

    GRP

  • TheBeginning

    A.Vomvoyannis ordered2vessels ThefirstdeliveredinFeb1990 NevergrantedoperatinglicensefortheCyclades

    ThelicensewasgiventoP.A.N.E.PeiraikiMaritimeCompany

    Theshipyardterminatedthecovenant BothcraftsendedupundertheownershipofP.A.N.E.in1991

  • GoldenOlympics

  • TheOwnerandtheCrew

  • CatamaranI and II Underway

  • CatamaranI Interior

  • CatamaranI Advertisements

  • TheBeginningoftheEnd

    OnSept1,1992CatamaranI,inanefforttopassaferrybeforeenteringthePiraeusPort,crashedintothepierataspeedof45kt

    Theshipwasconsideredatotalloss Themaritimecommunitywassurprisedbythesurvivabilityofthevessel

    Hullbreachof20x2.5m,butthevesseldidnotsink In1995,thecompanywentbankrupt,andCatamaranIIwasconfiscatedbyNedship BankandsoldtoNavigargano

  • CatamaranI attheNAVSIFacilities

  • CatamaranIs DamagedSide

  • CatamaranII asZenithOperatedbyNavigargano

  • NTANTOSI MainParticulars

    Builder Beliard PolyshipLength (m) 29.60Breadth (m) 10.80Draft (m) 1.70Passenger capacity 192Gross Tonnage 317Max speed (kt) 48Service speed (kt) 45Construction material GRP

  • TheUnfortunateLifeofNTANTOSI

    A.T.(AdvancedTechnology)Cruisesordered5vessels DesignedbyNigelGeeandbuiltinBelgium Onlyonedeliveredbecausetheshipyardwentbankrupt

    Thefirstwasbuiltin1993 Thesecondone(Alexandros),although90%complete,wasneverdelivered

    NooperatinglicensesweregivenforArgosaronikosandtheIonianIslands

  • TheUnfortunateLifeofNTANTOSI

    Enteredservicein1994andoperatedinthefollowinglines: RhodesTurkey PaxoiCorfuBrindisi India(BombayGoa)

    In1995,onthewaybacktoGreece,ithitacoralreefoutsideJeddah

    Resumedoperationsin1997(PiraeusVlora) In1998PatraVloraBrindisi OnFeb14,1999hitasemisunk objectintheCorfuStraitand

    wasseriouslydamaged NotworthrepairingtotallossandbeachedinKynosoura CompletelydestroyedbyfireinJan2010

  • NTANTOSI inAigioPort

  • NTANTOSI BeachedinKynosoura

  • NTANTOSI onFire

  • SAH2200

    In 1999, Janes High Speed Marine Transportation mentionedthat 2 SAH 2200 hovercrafts were ordered by the Hellenic CoastGuard, probably for the Olympic Games of 2004, but they werenever delivered.

  • SeaStar

    Another CIRR 120P SES was bought in 2003 by Tilos 21st Century Maritime Company and is in operation until now

    The craft was built in 1990 and the original name was White Bird

  • SeaStarUnderRepairin2013

  • 33

  • 34

    AZubr CraftUnderway

  • Zubr CraftsintheHellenicNavy

    4craftswereorderedin2000(2fromRussiaand2fromUkraine)

    Thelargestandmostpowerfulhovercraftintheworld

    2xmultiplerocketlaunchers,2xAK63030mmguns

    Oneofthemwithdrawnfromservicein2010

  • ZubrMainParticulars

    Builder AlmazLength (m) 57.60Breadth (m) 25.60AUW (tn) 550Payload capacity (tn) 130Max speed (kt) 65Propulsion power (kW) 26100Lift power (kW) 17400

  • TheFuture?

    Since 2005 there are rumors about the creation of a line connecting Piraeus with Crete by using WIGs

    Although there are several shipowners who expressed interest in the acquisition of such crafts, nothing has been yet realized.

    WIGs would be ideal for the connection of the islands with the mainland, filling the gap between aircrafts and traditional marine vessels