AGIA SOPHIA KIRIAKI FRAGKIA B CLASS ADVANCED Hagia Sophia (from the Greek:...

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Transcript of AGIA SOPHIA KIRIAKI FRAGKIA B CLASS ADVANCED Hagia Sophia (from the Greek:...

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Slide 2 AGIA SOPHIA KIRIAKI FRAGKIA B CLASS ADVANCED Slide 3 Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: , "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum (Ayasofya Mzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.GreekHoly WisdomLatinTurkishOrthodoxpatriarchalbasilicachurchmosqueIstanbulTurkeyEastern OrthodoxcathedralPatriarchate of ConstantinopleLatin Empiresecularized https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2JBrMHrV ce0 Slide 4 Interior view of the Hagia Sophia, showing Islamic elements on the top of the main dome. Hagia Sophia during its time as a mosque. Illustration by Gaspare Fossati and Louis Haghe from 1852.Gaspare FossatiLouis Haghe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XfpusWE d2jE Slide 5 The mihrab located in the apse where the altar used to stand, pointing towards Mecca Slide 6 Stone remains of the basilica ordered by Theodosius II, showing the Lamb of GodLamb of God Slide 7 Marble blocks from the second church Slide 8 19th-century marker of the tomb of Enrico Dandolo, the Doge of Venice who commanded the Sack of Constantinople in 1204, inside the Hagia SophiaEnrico DandoloDogeVeniceSack of Constantinople Slide 9 Fountain (adrvan) for ritual ablutions Slide 10 Medallions and pendant chandeliers Slide 11 Circa 1900 photograph, from its time as a mosque. Slide 12 Interior panorama of the Hagia Sophia Slide 13 Lustration urn from Pergamon One of the mighty stone columns with metal clasps Slide 14 The Loge of the Empress Slide 15 Imperial Gate Marble Door Slide 16 Ceiling decoration showing original Christian cross still visible through the later aniconic decoration Slide 17 Mosaics with geometric pattern decorate the upper imperial gallery Slide 18 imperial gate mosaics Slide 19 pse mosaic of the Theotokos (Virgin Mother and Child)Theotokos Slide 20 Comnenus mosaic Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 Kiriaki Fragkia Hagia Sophia B3