Accelerator Seminar

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Accelerator Seminar --- DESY Elena Wildner - CERN Achim Stahl - RWTH Aachen 13.Jan.09

Transcript of Accelerator Seminar

Page 1: Accelerator Seminar

Accelerator Seminar ---

DESY

Elena Wildner

-

CERNAchim Stahl -

RWTH Aachen 13.Jan.09

Page 2: Accelerator Seminar

Achim Stahl -

RWTH Aachen 17.Dez.08

Part I:

A European Neutrino ProgramScientific

Motivation

- Achim Stahl -

Part II:

R&D for

beta-beams-

Elena Wildner

-

Part III: Beta-beams

at DESY ?- Achim Stahl -

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Part I

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beta-beams

are

part

of this

program

LENA LENA oderoder

GLACIERGLACIER

oder oder MEMPHISMEMPHIS

the core of the program is

LAGUNALarge Apparatus for Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics

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Observation

&

Simulation

Today: 1 observed

(SN1987a)Expect: several

100 per year

Understand

neutrino

coolingthrough

cross section

measurement

Super Nova explosions

are

one

of our

best sources

of information

on the

development

of the

universe: Understand

them

better!

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Observation

&

Simulation

Today: 1 observed

(SN1987a)Expect: several

100 per year

Understand

neutrino

coolingthrough

cross section

measurement

Super Nova explosions

are

one

of our

best sources

of information

on the

development

of the

universe: Understand

them

better!

Obs

erva

tion

of

dark

ener

gy

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See Christina Volpe, Beta-beams, hep-ph/0605033v2, Nov. 2006 and references

low

energy

beta-beamγ

= 5 …

14 / Eν

= 10 …

100 MeV

StructureStructure

of of NucleusNucleussuper-allowed

Fermi-transistions

(Vud

)Gamow-Teller

transitions, 2nd Class

CurrentsExcitation

of higher

multipoles, axial-vector-cur.

Cross Cross SectionSection

MeasurementsMeasurementsXsec

for

neutrino-detectorsneutrino

cooling

in core-collapse

Super Novaebreeding

of heavy

elements

in Super Novaeprediction

in neutrinoless

2-β-decay

WeakWeak

InteractionsInteractionsWeinbergangle

at low

Q2

(running)CVC testsThe

magnetic

moment

of the

neutrino

dedicated

storage

ringparasitic

use

of the

ion

sourceapprox. 500 m circumference

closedetectorν

Balantekin et al, PLB 634 2006

40 m

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Einstein‘s

dream

of the‚Weltformel‘

Grand Unified

TheoriesProbably

the

only

experimental chances:

1. Proton Decay2. Magnetic

Monopoles

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electron-neutrino

disappearanceSolar

Neutrinos

myon-neutrino

disappearanceAtmospheric Neutrinos

Reactor Neutrinos

electron-neutrino

disappearanceno signal

systematic

limited:• neutrino

flux

from

reactor• Xsec

for

detection

ννee νν μμ

νν ττ

solar

atmosphericreactor

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Elektron-Neutrino DisappearanceSolare

Neutrinos

Müon-Neutrino

DisappearanceAtmosphärische

Neutrinos

Reaktorneutrinos

Elektron-Neutrino Disappearancekein Signal

systematisch limitiert:• Neutrinofluß

vom Reaktor • WQ für Nachweisreaktion

νe νμ ντ

Open Questions:How large is θ13

?Precision measurements (θ23 maximal ?)Absolute mass scale ?Normal or inverted hierarchie

?Majorana

or Dirac-neutrinos ?CP-violation

?

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Big Bang

Matter = Antimatter

Today

Antimatter disappeared

Sakharov-Conditions

1.CP-Violation2. Baryon-Number

Violation

3. thermal non-equilibrium

Jarlskog‘s

determinant

Quarks: 4 10-5

Neutrinos: 0.028 sinδ

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CP-TEST:νe

→ νμ

/ νe

→ νμ

Testing

the

discrete

symmetries

with

neutrinos

CPCP

CPCP

T-TEST:νe

→ νμ

/ νμ

→ νe

CPT-TEST:νe

→ νμ

/ νμ

→ νe

tau-neutrinos: no practical

beam-source

Examples

ννee ννee

νν μμ νν

μμ

CPCP

CPCP

TT TT

lefthanded righthanded

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CP-violation is a genuin

3 generation effect

νe

→ νe

νe

→ νμ

νe

→ ντ

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W

νe

νe

e

e

νe

only

Example: CERN-GranSasso

(CNGS)

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We

need

νe

and νμ

beamwith

different baselines

&&νe

/ νe

beam

νμ

/ νμ

beam

μ+ → e+

νe

νμ

& μ− → e-

νe

νμ

magnetic

detector

for

separation

beta-beam

conventional

νμ

beam

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•Piero

Zucchelli

Phys.Lett. B532:166, 2002•http://beta-beam.web.cern.ch/beta-beam

accelerate

radioactive

ions beta-decay neutrino beam

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Event rate in your

detector

(fixed

number

of decays

in the

ring;detector

at optimal baseline)

Dependance on γ

Opening

angle ~ 1/γ flux at fixed distance ~ γ2

Elab

~ γ optimal Baseline ~ γ flux at detector ~ 1/γ2

Elab

~ γ cross section ~ γ~ γ

Dependance on E*

Opening

angle independent of

E*Elab

~ E* optimal baseline ~ E* flux at detector ~ 1/E*2

Elab

~ E* cross section ~ E*~ 1/E*

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Part II

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 1

R&D for beta-beams

Elena Wildner, CERN

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

2

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

3

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Crucial importance for physics

Energy spectrumFluxDistance from production (neutrino oscillation)Neutrino and antineutrino pairs

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Parameters for physics

Energy spectrumReaction energy Q (a few MeV, ion dependent)Relativistic boost factor γ

FluxAccelerator issues (apertures, intra beam scattering, space charge…)Relativistic boost factor γ: forward focusing of neutrinos: θ ≤ 1/γLife-time of chosen ionDecay losses in accelerator chainIon beam collimation

Neutrino and anti-neutrino beamsIon choice limited: life time, similar Q-value, β+ & β- , Z/A, chemistry…

γ=100

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

OptionsBaselines, L (Distance from production to detector)

Short ≤ 300 km (Genuine CP asymmetry measurements)MediumLong ~ 7500 (Matter effects)Magic (most optimal sensitivities for physics reach)

Neutrino energy and angle (γ boost and Q value)Sets optimal L and flux in detector

Interacting νμ in detectorMerit factor M ~ γ / E0 ;

Long BaselinesHigher γ or higher ion Q, needs more decays

6

Not evident: physics, budget, existing infrastructures give boundaries

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Ion Choice, β+ emitters (νe)

7

Isotope Z A A/Z T1/2 Qβ (gs>gs) Qβ eff. Eβ av. Eν av. <E_LAB> (MeV)s MeV MeV MeV MeV (@450 GeV/p)

8B 5 8 1.6 0.77 17.0 13.9 6.55 7.37 414510C 6 10 1.7 19.3 2.6 1.9 0.81 1.08 58514O 8 14 1.8 70.6 4.1 1.8 0.78 1.05 53815O 8 15 1.9 122.2 1.7 1.7 0.74 1.00 47918Ne 10 18 1.8 1.67 3.4 3.4 1.50 1.86 93019Ne 10 19 1.9 17.34 2.2 2.2 0.96 1.25 59421Na 11 21 1.9 22.49 2.5 2.5 1.10 1.41 66233Ar 18 33 1.8 0.173 10.6 8.2 3.97 4.19 205834Ar 18 34 1.9 0.845 5.0 5.0 2.29 2.67 127035Ar 18 35 1.9 1.775 4.9 4.9 2.27 2.65 122737K 19 37 1.9 1.226 5.1 5.1 2.35 2.72 125980Rb 37 80 2.2 34 4.7 4.5 2.04 2.48 1031

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Ion Choice, β- emitters (νe)

8

Isotope Z A A/Z T1/2 Qβ (gs>gs) Qβ eff. Eβ av. Eν av. <E_LAB> ( MeV)s MeV MeV MeV MeV (@ 450 GeV/p)

6He 2 6 3.0 0.807 3.5 3.5 1.57 1.94 5828He 2 8 4.0 0.119 10.7 9.1 4.35 4.80 10798Li 3 8 2.7 0.838 16.0 13.0 6.24 6.72 22689Li 3 9 3.0 0.178 13.6 11.9 5.73 6.20 186011Be 4 11 2.8 13.81 11.5 9.8 4.65 5.11 167115C 6 15 2.5 2.449 9.8 6.4 2.87 3.55 127916C 6 16 2.7 0.747 8.0 4.5 2.05 2.46 83016N 7 16 2.3 7.13 10.4 5.9 4.59 1.33 52517N 7 17 2.4 4.173 8.7 3.8 1.71 2.10 77918N 7 18 2.6 0.624 13.9 8.0 5.33 2.67 93323Ne 10 23 2.3 37.24 4.4 4.2 1.90 2.31 90425Ne 10 25 2.5 0.602 7.3 6.9 3.18 3.73 134425Na 11 25 2.3 59.1 3.8 3.4 1.51 1.90 75026Na 11 26 2.4 1.072 9.3 7.2 3.34 3.81 1450

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

9

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 10

EURISOL design study

European Isotope Separation On-LineRadioactive Ion Beam Facility

Beta Beams is one taskRelated to the radioactive ion productionFunding from FP6Design Report summer 2009

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 11

The EURISOL scenario (i)

Based on CERN boundaries

Based on existing technology and machinesIon production through ISOL techniqueBunching and first acceleration: ECR, linacRapid cycling synchrotronUse of existing machines: PS and SPS

Opportunity to share a Mton Water Cerenkov detector with a CERN super-beam, proton decay studies and a neutrino observatory

(Frejus)

The EURISOL scenario will serve as reference for further studies and developments: See later for EUROnu

EURISOL scenario

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 12

The EURISOL scenario (ii)

Ion choice: 6He and 18Ne

Relativistic gamma=100 for both ionsSPS allows maximum of 150 (6He) or 250 (18Ne)Gamma choice optimized for physics reach

Opportunity to share a Mton Water Cerenkov detector with a CERN super-beam, proton decay studies and a neutrino observatory (Frejus)

Achieve an annual neutrino rate of 2.9*1018 anti-neutrinos from 6He1.1 1018 neutrinos from 18Ne

top-down approach

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

.

Neutrino Source

Decay Ring

Ion productionISOL target &

Ion source

Proton DriverSPL

Decay ring

Bρ = 1500 Tm B = ~6 T C = ~6900 m Lss= ~2500 m 6He: γ = 100 18Ne: γ = 100

SPS

Acceleration to medium energyRCS, 1.5 GeV

PS

Acceleration to final energy

PS & SPS

Beam to experiment

Ion accelerationLinac, 0.4 GeV

Beam preparationECR pulsed

Ion production Acceleration Neutrino sourceLow-energy part High-energy part

Detector in the Frejus tunnel

Existing!!!

8.7 GeV

93 GeV

EURISOL Beta Beam complex

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Options for productionISOL method at 1-2 GeV (200 kW)

>1 1013 6He per second<8 1011 18Ne per secondStudied within EURISOL

Direct production>1 1013 6He per second1 1013 18Ne per secondStudied at LLN, Soreq, WI and GANIL

Production ring1014 (?) 8Li >1013 (?) 8BWill be studied within EUROν

14

Courtesy M. Lindroos

Aimed:He 2.9 1018 (2.0 1013/s) Ne 1.1 1018 (2.0 1013/s)

N.B. Nuclear Physics has limited interest in those elements→ Production rates not pushed!

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

15

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 16

6He (ISOL)

Converter technology preferred to direct irradiation (heat transfer and efficient cooling allows higher power compared to insulating BeO).6He production rate is ~2x1013 ions/s (dc) for ~200 kW on target.

Converter technology: (J. Nolen, NPA 701 (2002) 312c)

T. Stora, N. Thollieres, CERN

Projected values, known x-sections!

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 17

18Ne (Direct Production)

Producing 1013 18Ne could be possible with a beam power (at low energy) of 2 MW (or some 130 mA 3He beam on MgO).To keep the power density similar to LLN (today) the target has to be 60 cm in diameter.To be studied:

Extraction efficiencyOptimum energyCooling of target unit High intensity and low energy ion linacHigh intensity ion source

Water cooled target holder and

beam dump

Thin MgO target

Ion beam

Geometric scaling

S. Mitrofanov and M. Loislet at CRC, Belgium

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

6He (Two Stage ISOL)

Studied 9Be(n,α)6He, 11B(n,α)8Li and 9Be(n,2n)8Be productionFor a 2 mA, 40 MeV deuteron beam, the upper limit for the 6He production rate via the two stage targets setup is ~6·1013

atoms per second.

18

T.Y.Hirsh, D.Berkovits, M.Hass (Soreq, Weizmann I.)

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 19

New approaches for ion production

7Li(d,p)8Li6Li(3He,n)8B7Li

6Li

“Beam cooling with ionisation losses” – C. Rubbia, A Ferrari, Y. Kadi and V. Vlachoudis in NIM A 568 (2006) 475–487

“Development of FFAG accelerators and their applications for intense secondary particle production”, Y. Mori, NIM A562(2006)591

From C. Rubbia, et al. in NIM A 568 (2006) 475–487

Will be studied in Euroν FP7:Design of ringCooling in ringCollection deviceECR Source

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

20

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Radiation: Engineering issues Radiation safety

88% of 18Ne and 75% of 6He ions are lost between source and injection into the Decay RingDetailed studies on RCS (manageable)PS preliminary results available (heavily activated, 1 s flat bottom)SPS and Decay Ring studies ongoing

Safe collimation of ions during stacking, ongoing~1 MJ beam energy/cycle injected, equivalent ion number to be removed, ~25 W/m average

Magnet protection (PS and Decay Ring manageable)Dynamic vacuum, studies ongoingTritium and Sodium production in the ground water needs to be studied when site known (Magistris and Silari, 2002)

21

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner 22

Momentum collimation: ~5*1012 6He ions to be collimated per cycleDecay: ~5*1012 6Li ions to be removed per cycle per meter

p-collimation

merging

inje

ctio

n

Particle turnover in Decay Ring

Straight section

Arc

Arc

Momentumcollimation

LHC project report 773

bb

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Longitudinal Merging in DR

1) Injection

2) Rotation

3a) Single merge

3b) Repeated merging

Mandatory for success of the γ = 100 beta-beam concept (need for duty cycle for background suppression)

Lifetime of ions (minutes) is much longer than cycle time (seconds) of a beta-beam complex

Merging: “oldest” particlespushed outsidelongitudinal acceptance →momentum collimation

Courtesy Steven Hancock, CERN

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Decay Ring Stacking: experiment in CERN PS

Ingredientsh=8 and h=16 systems of PS.Phase and voltage variations.

time

energy

S. Hancock, M. Benedikt and J-L.Vallet, CERN

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Barrier Buckets in the Decay Ring

Courtesy: P.Beller et al.

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Heat Deposition study in Decay Ring

26

Peak Power Deposition in cable along magnet (FLUKA)

Need to reduce a factor 5 on midplaneLiners with coolingOpen Midplane magnets

Decay Ring Lattice design with absorbers between dipoles: A. Chancé and J. Payet, CEA Saclay

E. Wildner, CERN

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Open Midplane Dipole for Decay Ring

27

Cosθ design open midplane magnet

Manageable (7 T operational) with Nb -Ti at 1.9 K

Aluminum spacers possible on midplane to retain forces: gives transparency to the decay products

Special cooling and radiation dumps may be needed inside yoke.

J. Bruer, E. Todesco, CERN-5 0

0

5 0

-5 0 0 5 0

+

+-

-

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Outline

Options for AcceleratorsThe EURISOL Beta Beam ScenarioIon ProductionLoss ManagementR&D

28

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

EUROν DS (i)

Comparison Superbeam (ν−production on target)ν−factory (decaying nuons in storage ring)Beta Beams

29

https://espace.cern.ch/EURObeta/shared%20documents/EUROnu-proposal.doc

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

EUROν DS (i)

30

Work package

No

Work package title Type of activity

Lead participant

No

Person-months

Startmonth

Endmonth

1 Management and Knowledge Dissemination

MGT 1 92 1 48

2 Super-Beam RTD 2 333 1 483 Neutrino Factory RTD 5 282 1 484 Beta Beam RTD 3 295 1 485 Detector

PerformanceRTD 4 199 1 48

6 Physics Reach RTD 6 206 1 48TOTAL 1407

3=CERN, coordinator: E. Wildner

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

The beta-beam in EUROν DS (ii)The study will focus on production issues for 8Li and 8B

8B is highly reactive and has never been produced as an ISOL beamProduction: enhanced direct production

Ring lattice designCooling Collection of the produced ions (UCL, INFN, ANL), release efficiencies and cross sections for the reactionsSources ECR (LPSC, GHMFL)Supersonic Gas injector (PPPL)

Parallel studies Multiple Charge State Linacs (P Ostroumov, ANL)Intensity limitations

31

https://espace.cern.ch/EURObeta/default.aspx

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

The beta-beam in EURONU DS (iii)

Optimization of the Decay Ring (CERN, CEA,TRIUMF)Lattice design for new ionsOpen midplane superconducting magnetsR&D superconductors, higher field magnets Field quality, beam dynamicsInjection process revised (merging, collimation)

A new PS?Magnet protection systemIntensity limitations?

Overall radiation & radioprotection studies

32

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

The beta-beam in EURONU DS (iii)

Optimization of the Decay Ring (CERN, CEA,TRIUMF)Lattice design for new ionsOpen midplane superconducting magnetsR&D superconductors, higher field magnets Field quality, beam dynamicsInjection process revised (merging, collimation)

A new PS?Magnet protection systemIntensity limitations?

Overall radiation & radioprotection studies

33

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High field dipole modelEUCARD Participants: CEA-DSM-Irfu, CERN, Wroclaw Technical UniversityAim: Design, build and test a 1.5 m long, 100 mm aperture dipole model with

a design field of 13 T using Nb3Sn high current Rutherford cables.

Several concepts' are being studied already

Block coil design CosΘ design

Nb3Sn Nb-Ti

Nb3Sn

Nb3Sn

Nb3Sn

Nb-Ti

Nb-Ti

Nb-Ti

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Cos2θ Quadrupoles for LHC upgrade phaseII

35

F. Borgnolutti, E. Todesco, CERN

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102 T/m Quadrupole

Aperture diameter200 mm

GradientssG = 129 T/mGn = 102 T/m margin of 20%

CurrentSs current =14950 AIn = 11960 A

F. Borgnolutti, E. Todesco, CERN

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

The beta-beam in EURONU DS (iii)

Optimization of the Decay Ring (CERN, CEA,TRIUMF)Lattice design for new ionsOpen midplane superconducting magnetsR&D superconductors, higher field magnets Field quality, beam dynamicsInjection process revised (merging, collimation)

A new PS?Magnet protection systemIntensity limitations?

Overall radiation & radioprotection studies

37

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Greenfield Studies

EUROν framework concentrates on productionEURISOL Scenario still valid

BUT is this the best wayBudgetDo we get what physicists want

Greenfield studies for comparisonUpgrades of CERN

38

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Greenfield Studies: gamma

39

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

CERN Upgrades

40

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

CERN Upgrades: benefits for Physics

41

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

SummaryThe EURISOL beta-beam conceptual design report will be presented in second half of 2009

First coherent study of a beta-beam facilityContinuation of the work: a beta-beam facility using 8Li and 8B

Experience from EURISOL First results will come from Euroν DSbeta beam WP started 1 Sept. 2008 (4 year study)

42

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

Acknowledgements

Particular thanks to M. Lindroos, M. Benedikt, A. Fabich, for contributions to the material presented.

43

We acknowledge the support of the European Community Research Infrastructure Activity under the FP6 programme"Structuring the European Research Area"

(CARE, contract number RII3-CT-2003-506395).

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R&D for Beta Beams, 13 Jan 2009, Elena Wildner

EUROν DS budget

44

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Part III

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We

need

νe

and νμ

beamwith

different baselines

&&νe

/ νe

beam

νμ

/ νμ

beam

μ+ → e+

νe

νμ

& μ− → e-

νe

νμ

magnetic

detector

for

separation

beta-beam

conventional

νμ

beam

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Protonbeam: part

of the

LHC-upgrade2.2 GeV / 4 MW –

1016

p+/sec<Eν

> = 260 MeV

10% of this

intensity

is

sufficient

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detector

optimal baseline

νμ

optimal baseline

νe

1 Detector only (price!)

300 km @ γ

= 1501000 km @ γ

= 500

134 km @ 1 GeV

νμ

- beam

SPL, <Eν

> = 260 MeVLopt

= 134 km

CERN –

Frejus: 130 km

CERN –

Frejus: 130 km

γ = 150 Lopt

= 300 kmγ = 500 Lopt

= 1000 km

νe

- beam

DESY –

Frejus: 960 km

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DESY

L=960 km

Need

νe

und νμ

beamwith

different baselines

L=130 km

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12 T Dipole2 x 35 m lang

Injection

Acc

eler

atio

n

Sour

ce&

pre-

acce

l.„H

alle

Wes

t“

New ring in the

HERA tunnel for

final accelerationand as

decay

ring12 T Dipole35 m lang

HERA rebuild

as RCL

with

TESLA cavities

4.7 GeV Linacfor

preacceleration (new)

ion

source

(new)

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Pre

-acc

eler

ator

4.7

GeV

TESLA Linac360 m 35 MV/m

Energies

Preaccelerator4.7 GeV β

= 0,8Injektion into

RCL14 GeV26 GeV38 GeV50 GeV62 GeV74 GeV86 GeV98 GeV110 GeV

Injection

into

decay

ringramp

@ 0,5 T/sto 1,4 TeVγ

= 500

HER

Ae-

ring

HER

Ap-

ring

new

14 GeV / 62 GeV / 110 GeV 26 GeV / 74 GeV

38 GeV / 86 GeV50 GeV / 98 GeV

Injection

Page 76: Accelerator Seminar

Work

in cycles:Production

of ions:

1 secPreacceleration:

50 μsecRamp

main

ring: 20 sec < 20% lossactive

decays: 400 sec ~ 22% in straight sectionDecelerate

+ dump: 20 sectotal:

~ 500 sec

Intensities

(100% effizieny

!):2.1 1010

Ionen pro Bunch

1.3 GHz (TESLA)3100 m long

bunch

train3500 bunches

per train

every

4th

bucket

filled1 train

2.7 1013

usefull

ν per cycle5.8 1017

ν per year

Source1.8 1014

ν

per cycle10-3

to 10-4

6He per 2H 2 mA DC for

~ 10 msec

Page 77: Accelerator Seminar

Very

first

analysis:

Ion Source

Dipoles

into

straight

section

(12 T)

Higher

Order Modes

in the

cavities? RF peak

power

?

Page 78: Accelerator Seminar

Copy

of EURISOL @ DESY much

too

expensive

Idee von T. Hirsch/M. Hass Weizmann

Ionisation Bunching Linac

SARAF @ Soreq

NRC: 40 MeV d-Beam

2 mA

Page 79: Accelerator Seminar

a dream

?

bunches

thin target

Problem: Puls charge

of deuteron

beam

is

too

large

Page 80: Accelerator Seminar

A more

realistic

Idea

?

Production

of ions

at start of the

cycleIonize

and store

in the

plasma-cell

of an ECR-source

Extract

bunches

with

electrostatic

lenses

as a bunch

train

Page 81: Accelerator Seminar

TESLA Technology suited

?bunch-train

similar

to

TESLA trainsexcept

bunch

spacing

!

TESLA: 100 mbeta-beam: 92 cm

2.2 A

Problem:Higher

Order Modes

Page 82: Accelerator Seminar

FP6 scenario

Plots from

Walter Winter / Patrick Huber

Page 83: Accelerator Seminar

beta-beam

@ DESYSuper-beam

from

SPLWater-Cerenkov

Det

@ Frejus

very

similar

sensitivity

Page 84: Accelerator Seminar

• FP7 EUROnu

Projekt (CERN): WP beta-beams

• Cooperation

with

Weizmann-Institute

on 6He production

May 2009: First measurements

on 6He production

(SARAF ?)

• Compare

Physics

potential: CERN-Frejus

/ DESY-Frejus

• Submitted

funding

request

to BMBF:

Physics

simulation: Verification

of Potential (ν-Oscillations)

Accelerator: conceptional

Layout

Page 85: Accelerator Seminar