Absorption spectra for water, CDOM, and phytoplankton

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‘Performance of MODIS Semi-Analytic Ocean Color Algorithms: Chlorophyll a, Absorption Coefficients, and Absorbed Radiation by Phytoplankton’ by Kendall L. Carder Absorption coefficients for phytoplankton, a φ (λ), colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) or gelbstoff, a g (λ), and total, a t (λ) Chlorophyll a (Chlor_a_3) in the presence of CDOM Instantaneous photosynthetically active radiation for fluorescence, IPAR Absorbed radiation by phytoplankton for fluorescence, ARP Parameter adjustment for bio-optical domains comparing SST with NDTs Near-term focus is on the significantly improved performance of Chlor_a_3 at high latitudes

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‘Performance of MODIS Semi-Analytic Ocean Color Algorithms: Chlorophyll a , Absorption Coefficients, and Absorbed Radiation by Phytoplankton’ by Kendall L. Carder. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Absorption spectra for water, CDOM, and phytoplankton

  • Performance of MODIS Semi-Analytic Ocean Color Algorithms: Chlorophyll a, Absorption Coefficients, and Absorbed Radiation by Phytoplanktonby Kendall L. Carder Absorption coefficients for phytoplankton, a(), colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) or gelbstoff, ag(), and total, at()

    Chlorophyll a (Chlor_a_3) in the presence of CDOM

    Instantaneous photosynthetically active radiation for fluorescence, IPAR

    Absorbed radiation by phytoplankton for fluorescence, ARP

    Parameter adjustment for bio-optical domains comparing SST with NDTs

    Near-term focus is on the significantly improved performance of Chlor_a_3 at high latitudes

  • Absorption spectra for water, CDOM, and phytoplankton

  • a (443)/a (675) versus a (675) from Bering Sea (MF0796) and Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone (REV9802) are compared with high-light tropical and subtropical data (dashed line)

  • Surface map of (a) Temperature (oC); (b) Nitrate concentration (M l-1); (c) [chla] (mg m-3); and (d) a (443)/a (675) for the California upwelling region (Cal9704) in April 1997.

  • Blending scheme to transition between fully packaged and unpackaged pigment parameterization for waters with SST between NDT-1 and NDT+4 degrees C [NDT map from D. Kamekowski]

  • Performance of new blending scheme for waters of the Southern California Bight transitioning between cold, nutrient-rich upwelled waters and offshore, nutrient-poor waters.

  • Comparison between Chlor_a_3 SA and OC4v4 algorithms for Chlorophyll a for the Southern California Bight

  • Chlor_a_3 applied to the Arctic region (a). Quantile plot (b) shows no bias. CZCS algorithm, dashed line in (d), shows bias due to package effect

  • Chlor_a_3 SA algorithm performance versus OC4v4 for Antarctic based on 971 field data points. Note the large negative bias in the OC4v4 quantile plot

  • Chlor_a_3 semi-analytical retrievals of chlorophyll a for November 2000

  • Chlor_a_2 empirical (OC4 surrogate) retrievals of chlorophyll a for November 2000

  • Semi-analytical retrieval of absorption by CDOM or gelbstoff for November 2000Note the high values in northern (river-rich) hemisphere

  • Global histograms of chlorophyll a retrievals for November 2000 using a) empirical Chlor_a_2 and b) semi-analytic Chlor_a_3 algorithms. Mean values are 0.215 and 0.325 mg m-3, respectively. Gregg & Conkright (2002)autumn mean = 0.31 mg m-3 .

  • Match-up Data Sets (preliminary) Provided by the SIMBIOS for Non-Shallow Depths

    Chlor_a_3Chlor_a_2

    Slope:0.970.79Intercept:-.0045-0.012r20.790.79Bias0.009-0.055RMS error0.1730.190Linear error49.1% 55.0%

  • Striping in the Chlor_a_3 products for the western Gulf of Mexico due to stripes in the Lw values: (left) raw and (right) filtered

  • Raw and filtered data from scene center. Lines 0, 20, 40, were each averaged horizontally and then averaged together. Similar steps were taken with Lines 1, 21, 41, etc. until a 20-line pattern due to striping was acquired

  • Noise pattern due to vertical striping from left part of GOM scene (solid). A filter was made by ratioing the mean to each line element and applying to each appropriate line by multiplying. Dashed line is the result. Over-compensation occurred since striping was worse in the lower left than in the upper right portions of original scene.

  • Change in horizontal variance was about 1% as a result of applying the vertical filter. Note solid and dashed lines represent unfiltered and filtered data.

  • ConclusionsChlor_a_3 algorithm performance has improved for high-latitude and upwelling scenes with little or no bias.

    SeaWiFS OC-4 algorithm performance in the Southern Ocean for field radiance is biased low by >40%; Chlor_a_2 global mean for November 2000 was 0.215 mg/m3, while Chlor_a_3 value was 0.32 mg/m3. Gregg & Conkright (2002) mean global autumn value was 0.305 mg/m3.

    Global ocean primary production calculated with the MODIS Terra Chlor_a_3 algorithm are expected to show an increase over SeaWiFS-based values of about 29% for austral spring data.

    Preliminary non-shallow match-up field data for Terra Chlor_a_3 and Chlor_a_2 results show errors of 49% and 55%, respectively, with 1% and 13.5% linear biases, respectively, with most difference occurring for winter California Current data.

    A de-striping approach appears promising if smaller sub-scenes are used in the filter generation and application