∋(9(/230(172)6859(,//∃1&( 7(&+12/2∗

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Transcript of ∋(9(/230(172)6859(,//∃1&( 7(&+12/2∗

  • ∋(9(/230(17 2) 6859(,//∃1&(

    7(&+12/2∗< ∃1∋ 5,6. 2) ∃%86(

    2) (&2120,& ,1)250∃7,21

    9ΡΟ 2/5

    7ΚΗ ςΩ∆ΩΗ ΡΙ ΩΚΗ ∆ΥΩ ΛΘ ΦΡΠΠΞΘΛΦ∆ΩΛΡΘς

    ,ΘΩΗΟΟΛϑΗΘΦΗ (&20,17) ΡΙ ∆ΞΩΡΠ∆ΩΗΓ ΣΥΡΦΗςςΛΘϑ ΙΡΥ ΛΘΩΗΟΟΛϑΗΘΦΗ ΣΞΥΣΡςΗς

    ΡΙ ΛΘΩΗΥΦΗΣΩΗΓ ΕΥΡ∆ΓΕ∆ΘΓ ΠΞΟΩΛ-Ο∆ΘϑΞ∆ϑΗ ΟΗ∆ςΗΓ ΡΥ ΦΡΠΠΡΘ Φ∆ΥΥΛΗΥ

    ς∴ςΩΗΠς, ∆ΘΓ ΛΩς ∆ΣΣΟΛΦ∆ΕΛΟΛΩ∴ ΩΡ &20,17 Ω∆ΥϑΗΩΩΛΘϑ ∆ΘΓ ςΗΟΗΦΩΛΡΘ,

    ΛΘΦΟΞΓΛΘϑ ςΣΗΗΦΚ ΥΗΦΡϑΘΛΩΛΡΘ

    :ΡΥΝΛΘϑ ΓΡΦΞΠΗΘΩ ΙΡΥ ΩΚΗ 672∃ 3∆ΘΗΟ

    /Ξ[ΗΠΕΡΞΥϑ,2ΦΩΡΕΗΥ 1999 3( 168.184/9ΡΟ 2/5

  • &∆Ω∆ΟΡϑΞΛΘϑ Γ∆Ω∆:

    7ΛΩΟΗ: 3∆ΥΩ 2/5:7ΚΗ ςΩ∆ΩΗ ΡΙ ΩΚΗ ∆ΥΩ ΛΘ ΦΡΠΠΞΘΛΦ∆ΩΛΡΘς

    ,ΘΩΗΟΟΛϑΗΘΦΗ (&20,17) ΡΙ ∆ΞΩΡΠ∆ΩΗΓ ΣΥΡΦΗςςΛΘϑ ΙΡΥ

    ΛΘΩΗΟΟΛϑΗΘΦΗ ΣΞΥΣΡςΗς ΡΙ ΛΘΩΗΥΦΗΣΩΗΓ ΕΥΡ∆ΓΕ∆ΘΓ ΞΟΩΛ-

    Ο∆ΘϑΞ∆ϑΗ ΟΗ∆ςΗΓ ΡΥ ΦΡΠΠΡΘ Φ∆ΥΥΛΗΥ ς∴ςΩΗΠς, ∆ΘΓ ΛΩς

    ∆ΣΣΟΛΦ∆ΕΛΟΛΩ∴ ΩΡ &20,17 Ω∆ΥϑΗΩΩΛΘϑ ∆ΘΓ ςΗΟΗΦΩΛΡΘ,

    ΛΘΦΟΞΓΛΘϑ ςΣΗΗΦΚ ΥΗΦΡϑΘΛΩΛΡΘ

    :ΡΥΝΣΟ∆Θ 5ΗΙ.: (3/,9/%/672∃/98/1401

    3ΞΕΟΛςΚΗΥ: (ΞΥΡΣΗ∆Θ 3∆ΥΟΛ∆ΠΗΘΩ

    ∋ΛΥΗΦΩΡΥ∆ΩΗ ∗ΗΘΗΥ∆Ο ΙΡΥ 5ΗςΗ∆ΥΦΚ

    ∋ΛΥΗΦΩΡΥ∆ΩΗ ∃

    7ΚΗ 672∃ 3ΥΡϑΥ∆ΠΠΗ

    ∃ΞΩΚΡΥ: ∋ΞΘΦ∆Θ &∆ΠΣΕΗΟΟ - ,379 /ΩΓ.- (ΓΛΘΕΞΥϑΚ

    (ΓΛΩΡΥ: 0Υ ∋ΛΦΝ +2/∋6:257+,

    +Η∆Γ ΡΙ 672∃ 8ΘΛΩ

    ∋∆ΩΗ: 2ΦΩΡΕΗΥ 1999

    3( ΘΞΠΕΗΥ: 3( 168. 184 9ΡΟ 2/5

    7ΚΛς ΓΡΦΞΠΗΘΩ Λς ∆ ΖΡΥΝΛΘϑ ∋ΡΦΞΠΗΘΩ ΙΡΥ ΩΚΗ '672∃ 3∆ΘΗΟ'. ,Ω Λς ΘΡΩ ∆Θ ΡΙΙΛΦΛ∆Ο ΣΞΕΟΛΦ∆ΩΛΡΘ ΡΙ 672∃.

    7ΚΛς ΓΡΦΞΠΗΘΩ ΓΡΗς ΘΡΩ ΘΗΦΗςς∆ΥΛΟ∴ ΥΗΣΥΗςΗΘΩ ΩΚΗ ΨΛΗΖς ΡΙ ΩΚΗ (ΞΥΡΣΗ∆Θ 3∆ΥΟΛ∆ΠΗΘΩ

  • I nt er cept ion Capabilit ies 2000

    Report to the Direc tor General for Research of the European Parliament (Scientific and Technical Options Assessment programme office) on the development of surveillance technology and risk of abuse o f

  • economic in formation. This study considers the state of the art in Communications intelligence (Comint) of automated processing for intelligence purposes of intercepted broadband multi-language leased or common carrier systems, and its applicability to Comint targeting and selection, including speec h recognition.

    I nt er cept ion Capabilit ies 2000

    Cont ent s

    SUMMARY .............................................................................................................................................................................................. A

    1. ORGANISATIONS AND METHODS ................................................................................................................................................... 1

    WHAT IS COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE? .................................................................................................................................. 1 UKUSA alliance..........................................................................................................................................................................1 Other Comint organisations.....................................................................................................................................................1

    HOW INTELLIGENCE WORKS ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Planning.......................................................................................................................................................................................2

    Access and collection.................................................................................................................................................................2 Processing....................................................................................................................................................................................2

    Production and dissemination.................................................................................................................................................3

    2. INTERCEPTING INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS .................................................................................................................. 3

    INTERNATIONAL LEASED CARRIER (ILC) COMMUNICATIONS .......................................................................................................... 3 High frequency radio.................................................................................................................................................................4

    Microwave radio relay..............................................................................................................................................................4 Subsea cables..............................................................................................................................................................................4

    Communications satellites........................................................................................................................................................4 Communications techniques.....................................................................................................................................................4

    ILC COMMUNICATIONS COLLECTION ................................................................................................................................................ 4 Access............................................................................................................................................................................................4 Operation SHAMROCK.............................................................................................................................................................4

    High frequency radio interception..........................................................................................................................................5 Space interception of inter-city networks..............................................................................................................................5

    Sigint satellites...........................................................................................................................................................................6 COMSAT ILC collection............................................................................................................................................................7

    Submarine cable interception..................................................................................................................................................8 Intercepting the Internet............................................................................................................................................................9

    Covert collection of high capacity signals..........................................................................................................................10 New satellite networks............................................................................................................................................................11

    3. ECHELON AND COMINT PRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................... 11

    THE "WATCH LIST" ........................................................................................................................................................................ 11 NEW INFORMATION ABOUT ECHELON SITES AND SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................... 11

    Westminster, London – Dictionary computer.......................................................................................................................12

    Sugar Grove, Virginia – COMSAT interception at ECHELON site.................................................................................12 Sabana Seca, Puerto Rico and Leitrim, Canada – COMSAT interception sites...........................................................13 Waihopai, New Zealand – Intelsat interception at ECHELON site.................................................................................13

    ILC PROCESSING TECHNIQUES ........................................................................................................................................................ 13

    4. COMINT AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ............................................................................................................................................. 13

    MISREPRESENTATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT INTERCEPTION REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................... 14 Law enf