A N DY Trigger and DAQ System A N DY Review Chris Perkins UC Berkeley/Space Sciences Laboratory...

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  • Slide 1
  • A N DY Trigger and DAQ System A N DY Review Chris Perkins UC Berkeley/Space Sciences Laboratory Stony Brook University 11/08/2011
  • Slide 2
  • A N DY Measurement Requirements Want to measure 0 and high pair-mass Drell-Yan continuum between J/ and Need to measure Invariant Mass and Position of reconstructed particles Need sufficient resolution of deposited energy and position Beam-Beam Counters (BBC) need relatively crude timing resolution of hits for basic Minimum Bias Trigger RHIC Crossing Rate : 10 MHz Hadronic Interaction Cross Section : ~30 mb Drell-Yan Signal Cross Section : ~7 x 10 -5 mb at 500GeV Need reconfigurable Digital Trigger System/Pattern Recognition to distinguish signal from other interactions 11/08/11Chris Perkins2
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  • Portability of Trigger/DAQ System Overall design of A N DY Trigger/DAQ system was ported from STAR Experiment Trigger System 11/08/11Chris Perkins3 Portion of STAR Trigger Tree A N DY Trigger Tree Run 2011 System and custom electronics have general utility as Trigger/DAQ system for other experiments
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  • Trigger and DAQ System Overview 11/08/11Chris Perkins4 Digitization, Buffering, Preliminary Trigger Algorithms Triggering Custom Data Network DAQ Receiver (Linux) Start/St op Data Taking All Custom Designed and Built Electronics
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  • Digitizing, Buffering, and Trigger Algorithm Boards Digitizes Analog PMT Input Signals Buffers incoming data Performs initial Trigger Algorithm on data Trigger data Read out over VME Onboard Memory: Enough to store 7ms worth of data Low Noise: RMS Pedestal variation < 1 count 11/08/11Chris Perkins5 32 Analog Input channels 32 Digital Output bits To Trigger Tree 32 Discriminator Outputs For timing triggers Programmable FPGA over VME For Trigger algorithms QT Boards :
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  • QT Boards (Continued) 11/08/11Chris Perkins6 Daughterboard Datapath Custom designed charge integrator circuit for PMT input signals 12-bit, 70 MSPS Analog-to-digital converters Configuration programmable over VME: Daughterboard FPGAs (containing trigger algorithms) Digitizer Gate Start/Stop (1 ns steps) Discriminator Thresholds Dynamic range and sensitivity: 0-200 GeV, ~0.05 Gev (12 bit dynamic range) ~ 0.25 pC/count ADC Linearity over the full range Active Capture Time: ~85ns per crossing (~85%) Motherboard Datapath
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  • Data Storage and Manipulation (DSM) Boards 128 Digital Input bits Differential Signaling From QT or DSM 16 channels x 8 bits 32 Digital Output bits Programmable FPGA over VME For Trigger Algorithms Buffered data readout over VME Performs trigger algorithm on 128 input bits to produce 32 output bits for next layer of trigger tree 11/08/11Chris Perkins7 DSM Datapath
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  • Clock Distribution Need to keep all boards in sync across many VME crates Custom designed RHIC Clock and Control (RCC) Board Buffers incoming clock from accelerator (~ 10 MHz) Fans out clock and control signals to individual trigger boards and digitizer board VME crates Configurable phase controls 11/08/11Chris Perkins8
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  • Data Acquisition Receiver Current bottleneck is boards readout serially over VME backplane Additional VME crates/Trigger boards can be added to system with no penalty because VME crates readout in parallel Events can currently be collected at ~ 3kHz depending on detector occupancy Further optimization is still ongoing 11/08/11Chris Perkins9 Individual boards in each VME crate are readout over the VME backplane Data is sent to an aggregating DAQ receiver over a custom built Fiber Data Network (overall data rate ~ 2 Gb/s) Standard Linux machine (DAQ) houses custom built PCI card to receive digitized and triggered data Token indexing system correlates packets from each crate and assembles into full event
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  • A N DY Experimental Setup RHIC Run 2011 11/08/11Chris Perkins10 ZDC-Blue ZDC-Yellow BBC-Yellow
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  • A N DY in January, 2011 Left/right symmetric HCal Left/right symmetric ECal Left/right symmetric preshower Trigger/DAQ electronics Blue-facing BBC Beryllium vacuum pipe 11/08/1111Chris Perkins
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  • 11/08/11Chris Perkins12 Trigger Electronics Tree Run 2011 Data funnels through digital electronics tree with algorithms performed at each level Last board in tree makes final decision whether or not to trigger and readout data Trigger algorithms in FPGAs for easily reconfigurable triggers (over VME) Trigger system can look at every RHIC crossing for a trigger (10 MHz) (nearly zero deadtime) Digitizers/Buffering/Data Manipulation Digital Trigger Tree
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  • Trigger Crate Layout Run 2011 3 Total VME Crates 11/08/11Chris Perkins13
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  • Detector Diagram Run 2012 Add 20 HCAL Modules to close gap above and below beam pipe Test GEM Trackers using independent Scalable Readout System (SRS) 11/08/11Chris Perkins14
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  • Trigger Electronics Tree Run 2012 Add 20 HCAL Modules Signals will fit into existing HCAL QT Boards No Changes to Trigger Tree from Run 2011 11/08/11Chris Perkins15
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  • Trigger Crate Layout Run 2012 Same as Run 2011 11/08/11Chris Perkins16
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  • Detector Diagram Run 2013 11/08/11Chris Perkins17 No BBC Blue Add new PreShower Add ECal Blue Old PreShower -> Mid Y ECal -> Ecal Yellow Expanded HCAL Add first two GEM tracking stations (not shown) Triggered from trigger system Readout using Scalable Readout System (SRS) Data Acquisition independent from rest of AnDY DAQ system
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  • Trigger Electronics Tree Run 2013 No BBC Blue (-1 QT, -1 TAC) Add new PreShower (+10 QT, +4 TAC) Add ECal Blue (+50 QT, +5 DSM) Old PreShower -> Mid Y (+4 QT, +6 TAC) ECal -> Ecal Y Expanded HCAL (+2 QT) 11/08/11Chris Perkins18
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  • Trigger Crate Layout Run 2013 10 Total VME Crates will fit into existing STP Data Network Crates readout in parallel so same DAQ rate capabilities 11/08/11Chris Perkins19
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  • Detector Diagram Run 2014 Add Third Tracking Station 11/08/11Chris Perkins20
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  • Trigger Electronics Tree Run 2014 Add Third Tracking station Detector Implementation still TBD as well as Trigger/DAQ Interface Trigger Tree same as Run 2013 until Tracking finalized 11/08/11Chris Perkins21
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  • Trigger Crate Layout Run 2014 Same as Run 2013 until Tracking design is finalized 11/08/11Chris Perkins22
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  • Reconfigurable FPGA Trigger Algorithms 11/08/11Chris Perkins23 The following triggers have been developed so far and can be interleaved with each other during data-taking: LED (for monitoring detector stability/gains) Cosmic-rays (for relative calibration of Hcal) Minimum-bias (based on BBC) ECal Sum (for triggering on 0 ) HCal Sum (for triggering on jets) ZDC (for local polarimetry)
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  • Jet Trigger 11/08/11Chris Perkins24 Jet Trigger = Threshold on HCal Sum with BBC collision requirement Crossings before and after Jet trigger are relatively clean Delivered luminosity is fully recorded, with minimal impact from livetime
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  • Example : Jet Triggered Events 11/08/11Chris Perkins25 Select from jet-trigger events for HCal high-tower to be centered in module Display for each detector of each module the ADC count as color scale (black=greatest count yellow=lowest count) Events look jetty, as expected
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  • Scaler Boards Capable of capturing input bits for every RHIC crossing (~10 MHz) Currently 30 input bits but easily expandable in the future Data is streamed to Linux Data Receivers and stored on disk 11/08/11Chris Perkins26 Top Bottom
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  • Conclusions STAR Trigger System Infrastructure Design was successfully ported to AnDY Trigger/DAQ System for Run 2011 A suite of simultaneously running triggers was developed and used in 2011 Expanded detector set in future runs will fit into current Trigger/DAQ system while retaining current DAQ rate capabilities 11/08/11Chris Perkins27
  • Slide 28
  • Backup Slides 11/08/1128Chris Perkins