A Corpus Study of Attic Greek Alpha, Iota and Upsilon Cory Robinson

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Transcript of A Corpus Study of Attic Greek Alpha, Iota and Upsilon Cory Robinson

A Corpus Study of Attic Greek Alpha, Iota and Upsilon

Cory Robinson

Attic VowelsShortLongAEIOY

Attic VowelsShortLongAEHIOY

Minimal PairsAllen (1987)such contrasts are rareno more numerous than true homonymsthe context will in any case seldom have left room for ambiguity

Minimal PairsExample from German/x/[] [x]

Minimal PairsExample from German/x/[] [x]HoweverKuhchen (little cow) [|khu:n]Kuchen (cake) [|khu:xn]

Phonemic or Allophonic?

Phonemic or Allophonic?Allen (1987)Primarily concerned with phoneticsTeodorsson (1974)Sequences of identical phonemesWoodard (1997)Vowel length is phonemic in Greek

Phonemic or Allophonic?Complementary Distribution

The Corpus

The CorpusLysias (c. 445 380 B.C.)Attic oratorEveryday speechOration 32: Against Diogeiton700 words1,600 syllables

The Corpus

The Corpus

The CorpusVowel LengthFirst marked c. 400 200 B.C.PoetryAccent

The CorpusSortingBy syllableAll syllables togetherFor any factors correlating to the length of alpha, iota, upsilon

Results

ResultsShortLongA85%15%I90%10%Y85%15%E/H68%32%O/62%38%

ConclusionDistinction is phonemicNo need for new letters

Future WorkBigger corpusHistorical factors