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Hellenic American magazine published by Ellopia Films Productions. More you can find on our website www.ellopiatv.com

Transcript of 88_Ellopia Press NY

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    e 87

    BEHIND THE NEWS - NEW YORK CITY - www.ellopiatv.com



    -Gaza: Victom of History-9/11 Memorial

    -Inaction over Syria-


    -Russia -Nato-What are you doing

    this fall?-

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    Via Emai 15.000 copiesFree of charge

    Publisher - Editor in Chief USA

    Athina KrikeliCreative Art Director

    HellasCostas Krikelis

    Advertising DirectorLia Delkotzaki

    Senior Editor (English)Titos Christodoulou,

    (England)Music Editors

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    Fashion ConsultantNikos EftaxiasContributors

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    G. Kalaras, (Chicago)Titos Christodoulou,


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    Kostas Mpliatkas (Hellas)

    Publishing coordinator HELLAS

    Lia DelkotzakiGianni Sotiriou

    All opinions expressed in the articles are their

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    by Athina Krikeliellopia@aol.com

    What is more tragic;The beheading of a man or the apathy that character-izes us when we watch it on TV!The line between reality and fiction is so faint, it brings tears to my eyes. What is happening in the name of God? What is happening in the name of Huminity? Rest in peace James...

    James Foley

  • thE woRld

    PARIS The current con-flict in Gaza is the third since 2008. If nothing is done to address the root causes, any cease-fire agreement between Israel and Hamas will only be a pause before the next outbreak of violence. The collective im-potence of the worlds leaders is striking, since the Gaza Strip is, within the broader Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a far less complex issue to handle than East Jerusalem and the West Bank..

    Gaza, Victom oF histoRy

    By JEAN-PIERRE FILIUAUG. 26, 2014 All parties have endorsed the Gaza Strips borders, which were drawn in 1949 at the end of the first Arab-Israeli war. The last Israeli settler left Gaza in 2005, after Ariel Sharon opted for a unilateral withdrawal, similar to Ehud Baraks disengagement from southern Lebanon in 2000. There is no religious site in the Gaza Strip to be contested by Muslims, Jews and Christians. Many Israelis dream of waking one morning to discover that Gaza has gone away (or been annexed by Egypt, a softer ver-sion of such a fantasy). But Gaza is there to stay, with its 1.8 mil-lion people crowded into 141 square miles (365 square kilom-eters). How did this tiny slice of the Mediterranean coastline be-

    come one of the most wretched spots on earth?Over the centuries, travelers have remarked on the fecundity of Gazas vegetation. The Gaza Valley, which runs down into the Mediterranean coast, south of the modern city, is a refuge for migrant birds and small ani-mals. Gaza was once the leading exporter of barley in the region; more recently, it has been a pro-ducer of citrus. Perched between the Levant and the Sinai and Negev deserts, Gaza has had the misfortune of being at the cross-roads of empires. Gaza City, slightly inland and adjacent to a natural harbor, has been inhabited for at least 3,500 years. The first historical reference to the loose subsoil of Gaza which has made possible

  • thE woRldUnder the 1947 partition plan of the United Na-tions, Gaza was supposed to be part of a new Arab state, alongside the new Jewish state. But when the state of Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948, the Egyptian Army entered Gaza and the territory became a magnet for Palestin-ians fleeing from all over. funded by the United Nations, tended to the first waves of refugees.

    the network of Hamas tunnels tar-geted by Israel in the latest conflict dates to Alexander the Great, whose forces besieged the Arab garrison for three months and eventually sacked the city, filling six ships with booty. Some 1,500 years later follow-ing the emergence of Islam and spo-radic rule by crusaders Gaza was the westernmost point of the Mongol advance. Centuries later, it was seized (briefly) by Napoleon. In 1906, the British govern-ment, which controlled Egypt, agreed with the Ottoman Empire on the boundary between the Egyptian Sinai and the Ottoman province of Pales-tine, with Rafah becoming the coastal border town that it is today. In Gaza, the earliest Jewish-Muslim conflict dates to the period of the British mandate, which began in 1922. The indigenous Jewish in-habitants some 54 individuals, as of 1922 left the city (although they had been protected by their Arab neighbors) after anti-Zionist riots broke out in Jerusalem, Hebron and elsewhere in 1929. By 1945, 4 percent of the land in the Gaza region was

    owned by European Zionist settlers, who made up 2 percent of the popu-lation. Under the 1947 partition plan of the United Nations, Gaza was supposed to be part of a new Arab state, alongside the new Jewish state. But when the state of Israel was pro-claimed on May 14, 1948, the Egyp-tian Army entered Gaza and the terri-tory became a magnet for Palestinians fleeing from all over.Israel bombed Gaza by land, sea and air, even though its firepower was far more restrained than what we wit-ness nowadays. American Quakers, funded by the United Nations, tended to the first waves of refugees. Measles and cold took dozens of lives. Gaza became, as one refugee told me, the Noahs Ark of a lost Palestine. One in four Arabs from the former Brit-ish mandate took refuge on 1 percent of its land area. Seen another way, 200,000 refugees were packed into a territory inhabited by 80,000 Pales-tinians. (The proportion is about the same today: 1.2 million refugees out of a population of 1.8 million.) But for the Sinai, those waves of refugees

    could have settled in refugee camps around Cairo the way they did around Beirut, Damascus and Amman.The Egyptians administered this ter-ritory, but refused to annex it, con-trary to what Jordan did in the West Bank. So in 1949, David Ben Gurion proposed to annex the Gaza Strip and to resettle its Palestinian refugees throughout Israel.This offer was rebuffed both by the United Nations and by the Arab states, which would not accept Israeli territorial expansion. An Egyptian-run Gaza inexorably became a hot-bed of Palestinian nationalism. It was sometimes directed against Egypts ruler, Gamal Abdel Nasser, as during an uprising in 1955. Or it could be manipulated by Egyptian intelligence, which trained the first Palestinian Fe-dayeen freedom fighters or terror-ists, depending on your point of view for missions in Israel. The young state of Israel be-came obsessed with the menace from Gaza. This was one of the main mo-tivations for the offensive against Nassers Egypt, begun in October 1956 with French and British support.

    Gaza, Victom oF histoRy

  • thE woRld

    Gaza was occupied for four months, with a terrible toll on the population (more than 1,000 dead out of some 300,000 inhabitants). Under American pressure, Ben Gurion agreed to withdraw from the Gaza Strip, but he trusted Nasser to keep the territory quiet. The next 10 years were marked by very little tension, but the Fedayeen merely went underground. The Palestine Liberation Organization was established in 1964 with prominent nationalist figures from Gaza.During Israels Six Day War against its Arab neighbors, in June 1967, Gaza was conquered in a matter of hours and the surrendering Egyptians were soon evacuated. But lo-cal Palestinian guerrillas kept fighting this new occupation for the next four years. Then the Israeli military thought it best to let an Islamist network develop, to neutralize the nationalist camp in Gaza. This is how Sheikh Ahmed Yas-sin built a power base and eventually founded his move-ment, Hamas, to challenge the nationalist P.L.O. In December 1987, a Palestinian generation born and raised under two decades of occupation found in its frustration the energy for an unprecedented intifada, or uprising. The cradle of this uprising was the Gaza Strip, but it soon spread to the West Bank and forced Jordans king to relinquish any claim over the West Bank. The P.L.O. endorsed a two-state solution an independ-ent Palestine, covering East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza in the early 1990s, as part of the process leading up to the Oslo Accords. This peace option was bitterly op-posed by Hamas: Its leader, Sheikh Yassin, had been jailed by Israel, but his followers founded a military wing, the Qassam brigades. In 1994, the P.L.O. leader, Yasir Arafat, led the new Palestinian Authority into Gaza a signifi-cant blow to Hamas, which then transferred part of its ap-paratus to the West Bank. Yitzhak Rabin, Arafats partner in the Oslo Accords, was murdered in 1995 by a Jewish extremist. Benjamin Netanyahu took over and, eager to destroy Hamas, dispatched agents in 1997 to Amman to

    poison Khaled Meshal, head of Hamass exiled leadership.Continue reading the main story Continue reading the main storyContinue reading the main story The plot was disrupted by Jordanian intelligence; Netanyahu not only had to turn over an antidote, which saved Meshal from certain death, but he was also forced to release Yassin, who was flown back to Gaza. Arafat was now overshadowed by the larger-than-life figures of Yas-sin (who was assassinated in 2004) and