Δημοψηφισμα#7 ιανουάριος 2016

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Δημοψήφισμα - Άμεση Δημοκρατία - Δανία, Φινλανδία, Ισλανδια, Μ. Βρετανία, Γερμανία, Βουλγαρία, Ελβετία - Vollgeld Initiative - Referendum - Direct Democracy - Denmark, Germany, Finland, Iceland, Switzerland, Bulgaria - Ionian islands airports - αεροδρόμια Ιονίων νήσων.

Transcript of Δημοψηφισμα#7 ιανουάριος 2016

  • To & :

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    To . , , , email: [email protected] , , , , & , , & , email ! .

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    & : https://greekdimo.wordpress.com/-

    ,

    : http://issuu.com/referendumdemocracy

  • .2: 3: .4: !.5: [, . ]

    :

    .7-10: .11-13: .14-17: .18-19:

    .20: FIxit: .21: : .23: ;.24: : - . .25: : H Vollgeld .26: .27: -

    !.28: European Citizens' Initiative - ECI; .29: ! - .30:

    3

    & ECI CAMPAIGN: http://www.citizens-initiative.eu/#home

    & ECI CAMPAIGN: http://www.citizens-initiative.eu/#home

  • 4 ( ).

    5.566.295 (56,57% ) 1.925.904 ( , ), 200.423 . 2.126.327 '' - 22% !

    2,5 40 (!) , ( ) . 62,15% ( !) 61,31% 3.558.864 . 1.432.537 !

    : , , .

  • MERE EU? NEJ, TAK: ; , !

    , 3 : Europol, . , 53.3%. , 22 , . , .

    Lars Lkke Rasmussen .

    5

    BRExit: 18 ...

    , 8 : . .

    303 253 18 , 16 .

  • 2016 . .. - . , , , , . , , .

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    , ( ). , .

    6

  • . , , . 43.094 .. ( ) , (7.031 ..) . 7.314 ..

    , 150 . . 2008, , . 2008 , .

    2008 , , , Monocle. 2015 5.678.348 . [1]

    130.000110.000 .. 12.500 .. 3.900 ..

    . 8 .. . 1380 ', , . 1389, ', ', . 18 , 1380. 16 , 1523 .

    , (1813) , . 1864 , , .

    1953 2 179 , . 1972 , , 1973 . 1979. 1992 , . 28 2000 ( 53% ) , . [2]

    7

  • 8 .

    1) (Obligatory referendum)

    (Folketing) . . , .

    , . 40% 40% ( ). .

    - .

    - . [3]

    2) (Obligatory referendum)

    25 1953. .

    30% , .

    . [4]

    3) (Obligatory referendum)

    .

    . , , .

    30% , .

    . [5]

    4) (Authorities minority plebiscite)

    , .

    30% , .

    .

    , , .. [6]

    : ..

    .

  • 9

    1916 ( ) ...

    1920

    1939

    1953 ( 25 23 ).

    1961 . 23 21 .

    1963 . . . .

    1969 21 18 . .

    1971 21 20 . .

    1972 . 63,3% 90,1% .

    1978 20 18 . .

    1986 . . 75,4% 56,2% .

    1992 . 2 50,7% . 83,1%. . (20 1992 50,8% ) . , . , .

    .., .

    1993 . , 18 1993. 56,7% 86,5%.

    1998 28 1998. 55,1% 76,2%.

    2000 . 28 2000 53,2% 87,6%. , , . .

  • 10

    2009 . 85,4% , . 58,32%.

    2014 . 62,47% 55,85%.

    2015 3 2015 ( ) 1992 . , Europol, 2016 , Europol .

    62,47% , 55,85%.

    :

    [1], [2] https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/

    [3]http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/denmark-national-ny-grundlovsbestemmelse-direkte-afstemning

    [4] http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/denmark-national-valgretsalderen

    [5] http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/countries/denmark/national

    [6] http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/denmark-national-authorities-minority-plebiscite-mtp-overfor-formanden-begaere-folkeafstemning-om-lovforslaget

    1. http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org

    2. www.democracy-international.org/publications

  • 11

    :

    110.910 .. ( ) 7,2 .

    1 : 681.. 1018.

    2 (1185 1396 ..), .

    (1877-1878) . , .

    1946 .

    1989 , .

    1991. , .

    2013, , , . . , - . . 160 . . . [1]

    . , , (500.000) . 2013, . [2]

    .

  • 12

    .

    1) (Plebiscite)

    :

    i.

    ii.

    iii.

    iv.

    . .

    ( , , , , ..)

    . [3]

    2) (Citizens initiative)

    .

    500.000 .

    . .

    .

    .

    : ( 44/12.06.2009) . 42(2) . .

    500.000 , - (, 200.000 - ). , (. 103 ). , . . [4]

    3) (Agenda setting initiative)

    .

    200.000 , . . 500.000 (2 ).

    . [5]

    4) (Agenda setting initiative)

    .

    50 .

    . .

  • 13

    : , (.1 42 . .) (44/12.06.2009, -). () - . (3 5 ) 50 , . . [6]

    .

    :

    - 1/5

    -

    - 1/20 ( ) .

    1/10 , . [7]

    1922, 1946, 1971, 2013 2015. 1946 1971 . 1971 99,7% 99,7% !

    . 2013 2015 . 20,22% 61,49% , 40,05% 72,79% . .

    :

    [1], [2] Ivailo Georgiev Better Direct Democracy in Bulgaria //www.democracy-international .org/publications

    [3] http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/bulgaria-national-national-referendum

    [4] (.222),

    http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/bulgaria-national-national-referendum-1

    [5] http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/bulgaria-national-petition-to-hold-referendum

    [6] (.218),

    http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/legal_designs/bulgaria-national-citizen-initiative

    [7] Ivailo Georgiev Better Direct Democracy in Bulgaria //www.democracy-international.org/publications

    1. http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org

    2. www.democracy-international.org/publications

  • 14

    2012

    ( )

    (Ice-land)

    , - . -, , - . , -, - , - .

    16 2009 . .

    2015 330.610 .

    20 2012 () . . :

    1) ;

    2) ;

    3) () ;

    4) ;

    5) ;

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    ( ) 48.7% , 57.1% ( ) 82.9% ( ) .

    .

  • 15

    , ( ) ( ?) .

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    60 ( ) , . . .

    65 10% , . .

    66 2% 10% . , .

    67 , , , .

    84 , 34 .

    107 .

    111 . .

    :

    :

    www.thjodaratkvaedi.is/2012/en/proposals.html

    https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icelandic_constitutional_referendum,_2012

    :

    https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/thorvaldur-gylfason/democracy-on-ice-post-mortem-of-icelandic-constitution

  • 16

    :

    Article 43: Validity of elections

    The Althing (: ) shall elect a national electoral commission to rule on the on the validity of presidential elections, elections to the Althing and national referenda.

    The national electoral commission shall issue the election credentials of the President and Members of the Althing and rule whether a Member of the Althing has forfeited his eligibility. The work of the national electoral commission shall be subject to the further provisions of law.

    Rulings of the national electoral commission may be referred to the courts of law.

    Article 60: Confirmation of acts of law

    When the Althing has passed a legislative bill, it is signed by the Speaker of the Althing, who submits it within two weeks for confirmation by the President of Iceland, whose signature gives it the status of law.

    The President of Iceland can decide within one week from receiving a legislative bill to deny it confirmation. This decision shall be reasoned and notified to the Speaker of the Althing. The legislative bill shall nonetheless acquire the force of law, but the act shall be submitted to a referendum within three months for approval or rejection. A simple majority of votes shall decide whether the act of law remains in force.

    However, the referendum shall not take place if the Althing repeals the act within five days of its rejection by the President. The conduct of a referendum shall in other respects be provided for by law.

    Article 65: Referral to the nation

    Ten per cent of the electorate can petition for a referendum on legislation passed by the Althing. The petition shall be submitted within three months from the time that the legislation was passed. The legislation shall become void if rejected by the electorate, but shall otherwise remain in force. However, the Althing may decide to repeal the legislation before the referendum takes place.

    The referendum shall take place within one year from the time that the request was submitted by voters.

    Article 66: Parliamentary business on the initiative of voters

    Two per cent of the electorate may submit an item of business in the Althing.

    Ten per cent of the electorate may submit a legislative bill in the Althing. The Althing can submit a counterproposal in the form of another legislative bill. If a voters bill has not been withdrawn, it shall be submitted to a referendum, as well as the bill of the Althing, if introduced.

    The Althing can decide that the referendum should be binding.

    Voting on a legislative bill at the proposal of voters shall take place within two years from the time that the proposal was delivered to the Althing.

    Article 67: Conduct of collections of signatures and referenda

    Any matter which is subjected to a referendum at the request or on the initiative of voters pursuant to Articles 65 and 66 shall concern the public interest.

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    A referendum cannot be requested on the basis of these Articles concerning the State Fiscal Budget, the Supplementary Fiscal Budget, legislation enacted for the purpose of implementing undertakings under international law, nor concerning tax matters or citizenship. It shall be ensured that a legislative bill proposed by voters is in compliance with the Constitution. In the event of a dispute as to whether a matter meets the above conditions, the courts of law shall resolve the dispute.

    The procedure of referrals or voter initiatives, including the form of the petition and accountability, the length of time for the collection of signatures and their arrangement, the amount of expense permitted for publicising, the procedure for withdrawing the petition on receiving the response of the Althing and the procedure of the polling, shall be governed by law.

    Article 84: Liability

    The President may not be prosecuted on a criminal charge except with the consent of the Althing.

    The President may be released from office before the end of an electoral term with the support of a majority of votes in a referendum called by the Althing, provided that the referendum is supported by three quarters of the Members of the Althing. The referendum shall take place within two months from the time that the call for the referendum was approved by the Althing, and the President shall not serve in his office from the time that the Althing adopts its resolution until the results of the referendum are known.

    Article 107: Election of local government and public participation

    Municipalities are governed by local governments working under a mandate from residents and elected in by secret ballot in general elections.

    The right of the residents of a municipality to request a referendum on its affairs shall be determined by law.

    Article 111: Transfer of State powers

    International agreements involving a transfer of State powers to international organisations of which Iceland is a member in the interests of peace and economic co-operation are permitted. The transfer of State powers shall always be revocable.

    The meaning of transfer of State powers under an international agreement shall be further defined by law.

    If the Althing approves the ratification of an agreement that involves a transfer of State powers, the decision shall be subjected to a referendum for approval or rejection. The results of such a referendum are binding.

  • 18

    H , 1250 .. . 1917 1918.

    ' ( -) - , 1944.

    1995 ..

    , : .

    . (advisory referendum)

    (plebiscite). ( 53), , .

    , .

    . (Agenda Initiative)

    .

    50.000 , 6 .

    , . , . , , .

    .

    , petition, . 28, 30 31 LGA.

    .

  • 19

    .

    , (referendum) (plebiscite). , . , , (quorum).

    , : 1931 1995 .. , 50 , . Paavo Vayrynen 6 50.000 ( Fxit). Fixit, .

    20 .

    :

    . 2015: FINexit (. 24)

    . 2015: (. 11-13)

    http://www.direct-democracy-navigator.org/countries/finland/national

  • . ; Rolf Buechi Activating Democracy, , , .

    , FIXIT , . , Paavo Vyrynen. 16 (!) 50.000 . , , .

    (49.609 - 96,5% ) . , . , , , .

    , Rolf . , . : The Future of the Euro. The Options for Finland [Kanniainen, Vesa (Ed.) 2014]. . , . - !

    20

    agenda initiative - . - , 50.000 .

    2015, Rolf Buechi, Activating Democracy.

  • 2024

    2024, . 52% , .

    Twitter, @2024Hamburg, : . 48,3% .

    , , , , 2017.

    . 2022.

    ( )

    :

    21

  • 22

    OXI !

  • 23

    . . . , , .

    .

    27 . , 4 . : http://84.205.237.112/poll/#inline_content

    . , . : 7 , : [email protected]

    . . . , , .

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    27 . , 4 . : http://84.205.237.112/poll/#inline_content

    . , . : 7 , : [email protected]

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  • 24

    . , ' . .

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    / , , . , , . , . , , , . , , , , . , , , . . , , , . , . .

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  • H Vollgeld

    !

    Monetre Modernisierung (MoMo) , 112.000 Vollgeld, .

    , . , , bail in . Vollgeld , .

    , , , . . 5 10 , !

    Vollgeld !

    25

    Vollgeld

    , ! !!!

  • 26

    ( ). , . , .

    FIXIT

    To . Finland & Exit, FIXIT FINexit, . , , . plebiscite .

    , , . , , , . , .

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    , ( ) , : , , ( - ) . , , , .

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  • 28

    European Citizens Initiative;

    1 2012, , 7 - , 12

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    24, . 1 [ ..]: , , 11 .., - .

    11, .4: - , , , .

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    24, . 1 [ ..]: , , 11 .., - .

    & 2015 ECI Campaign .. .

  • 29

    . , : [email protected]

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    https://greekdimo.wordpress.com

    mail [email protected] .

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  • 30

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