4Η ΠΕΡΙΟΔΟΣ

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4Η ΠΕΡΙΟΔΟΣ

Transcript of 4Η ΠΕΡΙΟΔΟΣ

1830 - : 4

18 . - 20 . 18 . - 20 .

1766 - 1784 . ( 1784)1767Winckelman, Geschichte der Kunst des Altertums

1768 - 1774 1768Thomas Gray, Poems

1769 - 1770 ().

1771 .

1772 .

1774 ( )1774Goethe (),

1776

1779 (),

1781Immanuel Kant (), Kritik der reinen Vernunft ( )

1782J.J. Rousseau (), Confessions. ( 1698)

1783 - 1790 1783

1787 - 1803

1788 1788 1788Barthlemy, Le Voyage de jeune Anacharsis

1789 1789

1790 - 1791 . 1790Goethe (), ( )

1792 ( )

1793 .

V. Monti, Basvilliana

1795. , ()

1797 1797 1797 .

1798 1798

1799

1800 1800 1800Novalis, Hymnen an die Nacht

1801Ugo Foscolo () ( , . , ), Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis

1802 Victor Hugo (. ). V. Monti .

1803 1803

1804

1805 . . . , , , 1805 . ( ) . Schiller ()

1806 ( 1716). . 1806

1807 ( 1720 / 1725)1807Ugo Foscolo (),

1808 - 1818

1809 1809 1809 . (Byron)

1811 . . ,

1812Byron ( / ), Childe Harold (I - II)

1814 . , 1814

1815 - 1864 1815 . . . . Manzoni, Inni sacri

1816

1817 .

1818 - 1823 1818J. Keats (), Endymion ()

1820Lamartin (), Les Mditations Potiques

1821 . . (). ()1821 .

1822. , Rime improvvisate1822 (). ()1822Shelley (), Hellas (). ( 1792)

1823 . ( 1771). ,

1824 , . , . . . , . , 1824 . (Byron) . 1824Leopardi (), Canzoni

1825 ( )

1826 , . , 1826 1826 Hlderlin

1827 , 1827 . Fr. Adam . 1827 Ugo Foscolo ( 1778) V. Monti ( 1754)

1828 - 1829 .

1829

1830 , 1830 1830 . Victor Hugo ( ), Hernani

1831. , 1831 1831

1832Balzac (), Le Pre Goriot ( -) (Goethe - 1749)

1833 ( - 1748). , , ( , 1833-1834)1833

1834

1835 . .

1836. , .

1837

1838Charles Dickens ( ), Oliver Twist ( )

1839Stendhal (), La Chartreuse de Parme ( )

1843 . 1843 3 .

1844 .

1847 . (1772)

1848 . Engels () - Marx (), . Thackeray, Vanity Fair

1849 , . . , 1849 ()

1850 , . . . , 1850 (Parker)

1851 , .

1852 . Gautier, maux et Cames

1854 . ( 1824). . 1854 , , 1854 - 1856

1855. ,

1856 . (Jean Moras). , , . ,

1857 . ( - 1798). . . , 1857Baudelaire (), Les Fleurs du mal ( ).Flaubert (), Madame Bovary ( )

1858 . ( 1805)1806

1859. , ( ). , 1859Darwin (), The Origin of Species ( )

1860 . . ,

1862 1862V. Hugo ( ), Les Miserables ( )

1863 . ( 1803). . . 1863

1864 ( 1797). .. , 1864

1865 . Le Parnasse contemporain

1866 . , 1866 - 1869 .

1867 1867Ibsen ( ), . , . ,

1868 . ( 1806). . , .

1869 ( 1792). . . . , 1869 A. Gide

1870 1870 (). 1870

1870 - 1871 Dante Gabriel Rossetti

1871

1872

1873 . ( 1824) . ( 1843)

1874 . ( 1800) . ( 1844). .

1875 , 1875 18753

1876Mallarm (), L'Aprs-midi d'un faune ( )

1877 - 1878 1877 - 1878 .

1878 . .

1879 ( 1824). . , .

1880. , . . , 1880Zola ( ), (Nana)

1881

1882 - 1885 ,

1883

1883 - 1884 . ( 1814). 1883Nietzsche (), Also sprach Zarathustra ( )

1884 , . ,

1885 , 1885Zola ( ), Germinal

1886 . ( 1817). ,

1888, . 1888 T. S. Eliot ()

1889

1890 . . . , . ,

1891T. Hardy (), Tess of the D' Urbervilles. Oscar Wilde ( ), The Picture of Dorian Gray ( )

1892 .. ( 1809). )

1893 , 1893L.-M. Hrdia, Les Trophes

1894 . ( 1868)

1895 ( 1838). . 1895 1896

1896 . ( 1826). . .. , . , 1896

1897 , . , ' 1897 . "" . . 1897A. Gide, Les Nourritures terrestres

1898

1898 - 1899 , . . , 1898

1899 1899 - 1902

1899 ( )Jean Moras, Stances

1900 ()

1901 . ( 1811). . ( ). " ". " "1901 ,

1902D' Annunzio, Francesca da Rimini

1903. . , . , 1903 - 1908 1903George Bernard Shaw ( ), Man and Superman

1904 ( 1836). . , . .. , (1 )1904 1904

1904 - 1912 Entente Cordiale ( )R. Rolland, Jean-Christophe

1905 . 1905

1907 . ( 1833). . , 1907Bergson, L' volution cratrice. Rilke, Neue Gedichte

19081908 - 1911 . 1908 1908

1909 . ( 1874). , . , . , 1909

1910 . . . , . " . .. , (2 )1910 1910 ( 1828)

1911 . ( 1826) . ( 1851). .1911 . 1864

1912 ( - 1860)1912

1912 - 1913

1913 . : , , 1913Freud ( ), Totem und Tabu. D.H. Lawrence (), Sons and Lovers ( ). Proust ( ), A la recherche du temps perdu ( )

. ' 1800 , (1912 - 1913). ' .

, 18 19 . , ( , , , " " . ..). : , , . . , , , , : , ( , , , ..) , ( , ..).

(1912) (1913) . , , , , ' .

1830 - : 4 ( ) 18 . - 20 . I. 1830 - 1880 - ( )II. 1880 - 1922

HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1880_1922#1880_1922" \t "_self" () 1880 III. 1922 -

HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1922_nowdays#1922_nowdays" \t "_self" I. 1830 - 1880 - ( )1830 - 1880 1831. , 1831 1831Balzac (), Le Pre Goriot ( -)

1832 (Goethe - 1749)1833 ( - 1748). , , ( , 1833-1834)1833

1834

1835 . .

1836. , .

1837

1838Charles Dickens ( ), Oliver Twist ( )

1839Stendhal (), La Chartreuse de Parme ( )1843 . 1843 3 .

1844 .

1847 . (1772)

1848 . Engels () - Marx (), . Thackeray, Vanity Fair1849 , . . , 1849 ()

1850 , . . . , 1850 (Parker)

1851 , .

1852 . Gautier, maux et Cames1854 . ( 1824). . 1854 , , 1854 - 1856 1855. ,

1856 . (Jean Moras). , , . ,

1857 . ( - 1798). . . ,

1857Baudelaire (), Les Fleurs du mal ( ).Flaubert (), Madame Bovary ( )1858 . ( 1805)1806

1859. , ( ). ,

1859Darwin (), The Origin of Species ( )1860 . . ,

1862 1862V. Hugo ( ), Les Miserables ( )1863 . ( 1803). . 1863

1864 ( 1797). .. , 1864

1865 . Le Parnasse contemporain1866 . , 1866 - 1869 .

1867

1867Ibsen ( ), . , . , 1868 . ( 1806). . , .

1869 ( 1792). . . . ,

1869 A. Gide1870 1870 (). 1870

1870 - 1871 Dante Gabriel Rossetti

1871 1872

1873 . ( 1824) . ( 1843)

1874 . ( 1800) . ( 1844). .

1875 , 1875 18753

1876Mallarm (), L'Aprs-midi d'un faune ( )1877 - 1878 1877 - 1878 .

1878 . .

1879 ( 1824). . , .

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HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1830_1880#1830_1880" \t "_self" - ( )II. 1880 - 1922 () 1880 III. 1922 -

HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1922_nowdays#1922_nowdays" \t "_self" II. 1880 - 1922 () 1880 1880 - 1922 1880. , . . ,

1880Zola ( ), (Nana)

1881

1882 - 1885 ,

1883

1883 - 1884 . ( 1814).

1883Nietzsche (), Also sprach Zarathustra ( ) 1884 , . ,

1885 ,

1885Zola ( ), Germinal 1886 . ( 1817). ,

1888, .

1888 T. S. Eliot ( )1889

1890 . . . , . ,

1891T. Hardy (), Tess of the D' Urbervilles. Oscar Wilde ( ), The Picture of Dorian Gray ( )1892 .. ( 1809). )

1893 ,

1893L.-M. Hrdia, Les Trophes1894 . ( 1868)

1895 ( 1838). . 1895 1896

1896 . ( 1826). . .. , . , 1896

1897 , . , ' 1897 . "" . . 1897A. Gide, Les Nourritures terrestres1898

1898 - 1899 , . . , 1898

1899

1899 - 1902

1899 ( )Jean Moras, Stances1900 ()

1901 . ( 1811). . ( ). " ". " "

1901 ,

1902D' Annunzio, Francesca da Rimini1903. . , . , 1903 - 1908 1903George Bernard Shaw ( ), Man and Superman1904 ( 1836). . , . .. , (1 )1904 1904

1904 - 1912 Entente Cordiale ( )R. Rolland, Jean-Christophe1905 .

1905 1907 . ( 1833). . ,

1907Bergson, L' volution cratrice. Rilke, Neue Gedichte19081908 - 1911 . 1908 1908 1909 . ( 1874). , . , . , 1909

1910 . . . , . " . .. , (2 )1910 1910 ( 1828)1911 . ( 1826) . ( 1851). () .1911 . 1864

1912 ( - 1860)1912

1912 - 1913

1913 . : , , 1913Freud ( ), Totem und Tabu. D.H. Lawrence (), Sons and Lovers ( ). Proust ( ), A la recherche du temps perdu ( )

1914 - 1918 1914 - 1918 1915

1915 - 1917 , . . , , 1915 ()

1916 . " "1916Barbusse, Le Feu1917 , . . , . 1917 . . 1917 () -. Valry, La Jeune Parque1918. ,

1919. , 1919 (Neuilly)

1920

1920 - 1930 . ( 1838) . ( 1868).

. 1920 . . (1 ) 1920 ()1921 , 1921 ( )

1922 ( 1866). , . , Pedro Cazas1922 . . 1922 . T.S.Eliot ( ), The Waste Land. James Joyce ( ), Ulysses ()

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HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1830_1880#1830_1880" \t "_self" - ( )II. 1880 - 1922

HYPERLINK "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/tables/04_period_UTF8.htm" \l "1880_1922#1880_1922" \t "_self" () 1880 III. 1922 - III. 1922 - . 1922 - 1945 i. 1922 - 1930 1923 ( 1849) ( 1872). , 1923 1923Rilke (), Sonnette an Orpheus. Luigi Pirandello ( ), 1924 , (1 ). , 1924 - 1935 ( )1924G.B. Shaw ( ), St. Joan. .

1926F. Kafka ( ), Das Schloss1927 ( )

1927V. Woolf ( ), To the Lighthouse1928 ( 1896)1928 - 1932 1928Lorca ( ), Romancero Gitano. Yeats, The Tower1929 . ( 1854). . , ,

1929E. Remarque ( ), Im Western nichts Neues ( )1930 1930 1930 D.H. Lawrence ( 1885)

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1932 1933 . ( 1863). . ,

1933 1934 ( 1890)

1935 ( 1851). , . , . , 1935 . 1935 1936. , 19364 , 1936 - 1939 1938 ,

1938" ". Sartre ( ), La Nause

1939 - 1945

1939

. (Freud) ( 1883)1940 , (). , 1940 - 1941 1940 .

1941 - 1944 . .

1942 ( 1870)

1942 . Camus ( ), L' Etranger ( )1943 ( 1859) ( 1869)

1943 1944 ( 1899)1944, . , ("") 1944Eliot ( ), Four Quartets

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1946 ( 1882)1946 , . , 1946, . , 1932

1947

1947 - 1949" ". 1 .

1947Camus ( ), La Peste1948 - 1950 1948 1948

1949 () . George Orwell (o ), Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

1950

1950 - 1951 o o (G.B. Shaw) ( 1856) 1951 ( 1859), ( 1867) (1884)1951 . 1951 . (A. Gide) ( 1856)1953 ( 1890)

1953 ( 1879)

1954 - 1955

1955, . ()1955 (A. Einstein) ( 1879) (Th. Mann) ( 1875)1957 ( 1883)

1958 . B. Pasternak ( ), Dr. Zhivago ( )

1959 : ( 1960)

1960 . ( 1908). , 1960: 1960 (J.F. Kennedy) 1963 1963, ( ) . , 1963 (J.F. Kennedy) - - ( 1917)

1964, ( ) . ,

1965 ( 1895)1965, 1965 . (W. Churchill) ( 1874) (T.S. Eliot) ( 1888)1966 ( 1905)1966, . , 1966 1967 ( 1901)1967, . () 28 . 21 , ( ) 13 , 1967, (" "). ( )

1968, . , ( 1888) 1968, . (" '68"). , 1969 ( 1892)1969, 196921 , . , . . () 1970 1970 1970 1971 ( 1900)

1971

1972 ( - . )1973 ( 1904)1973, ( ). , . , () . , "". , . , . . . . ( . ). 1973, . . () ()1974 ( 1884), ( 1910), ( 1883)197415-20 , . ( ) . ( ""). 23 , . ( , ). , . , . , ( ) 1974 . . ,

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INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.de.sch.gr/~astavrid/gallery/symbols/spiral.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET 1830 - : 4 ( )III. 1922 - . 1945 - ii. 1974 - 1974 - 1980 1975 ( 1901)1975, . 1975Rilke (), Sonnette an Orpheus. Luigi Pirandello ( ), 1976 ( 1895)1976, 309 . , 1976, . , . . , . ,

1977, . , . 1977 ( 1936 - 1939)1978 ,

1979 ( 1907).

1979, () .

1980,