›—31 œ‘—œ‘ 1.2

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  1. 1. 31 1: 1.2:
  2. 2. . . 1. 2 , 31, 1.2: 2. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 2. 1. 1. 2. 3. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. . 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
  3. 3. . 3 , 31, 1.2: , , . (-)
  4. 4. . 1. 1. 4 , 31, 1.2: v1 0 ( ) v1 (= ). ..: v4,v6,v7,v8,v9,v10 (= ). ..: v1,v2,v3,v5 v2 v3 v4 v5 v6 v7 1 2 ( ( ) ) ). ..: v1,v2,v3,v5 = ( .=3) ( d) v8 3 = ( .. 3). ( b) b- v9 v10 (.. v5) v2 v2 v1 v8,v9,v10 v9 v1-v2-v5-v9
  5. 5. . 1. 2. - : 5 , 31, 1.2: ( ) : ( ) . - : : , .
  6. 6. . 1. 1. : 6 , 31, 1.2: 3 5 4 5 4 3 S A B C G S G. 4 2 4 3 D E F
  7. 7. 7 , 31, 1.2: S A D 3 4 5 54 2 DB E F C D E B F A E B C E B F A C G 4 4 2 2 5 5 5 54 4 44 4 4 3 F G D B F C G C E F G A C G 4 43 3 3 : S,A,B,E,F,G : S,A,D,E,F,G : S,D,A,B,E,F,G : S,D,E,F,G
  8. 8. . 1. 2. , 8 , 31, 1.2: , : ( ) . , ..
  9. 9. . 2. - : 9 , 31, 1.2: : ( ) ( ) A* UCS
  10. 10. : 10 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (1.) : 1: , n0 1.1: 1.2: 1.3: n0 2: 2.1: 2.2: n 2.2: n 3: n . 3.1: n, 3.2: . 3.3: n n 4: 2.
  11. 11. . 2. 1. (1.) : 11 , 31, 1.2: : . : . ( ) ( ) . : -
  12. 12. 12 , 31, 1.2: S A D : DB E F C D E B F A E B C E B F A C G F G D B F C G C E F G A C G
  13. 13. 13 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S 0 (S) {}
  14. 14. 14 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S}
  15. 15. 15 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A}
  16. 16. 16 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) (3) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E, DSA,DS) {S,A,B} EC
  17. 17. 17 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) (3) (4) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E, DSA,DS) {S,A,B} 4 (E, D ,D ) {S,A,B,C} EC
  18. 18. 18 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) (3) (4) (5) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B} 4 (E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C} 5 (D ,F,D ,D ) {S,A,B,C,E} EC (5) FD
  19. 19. 19 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) (3) (4) (5) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B} 4 (E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C} 5 (DSABE,F,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C,E} 6 (F) {S,A,B,C,E,D} EC (5) FD (6)
  20. 20. 20 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) A D DB (2) (3) (4) (5) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B} 4 (E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C} 5 (DSABE,F,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C,E} 6 (F) {S,A,B,C,E,D} 7 (G) {S,A,B,C,E,D,F} EC FD (6) G (7)
  21. 21. 21 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 1. (2. ) S (1) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (B,DSA,DS) {S,A} 3 (C,E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B} A D DB (2) (3) (4) (5) 3 (C,E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B} 4 (E,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C} 5 (DSABE,F,DSA,DS) {S,A,B,C,E} 6 (F) {S,A,B,C,E,D} 7 (G) {S,A,B,C,E,D,F} 8 () {S,A,B,C,E,D,F,G} EC FD (6) G (7) (8) : S-A-B-E-F-G : 19 : S-A-B-C-E-D-F-G : 8
  22. 22. . 2. 1. (3.) 1: 22 , 31, 1.2: : () . ,
  23. 23. . 2. 1. (3.) 2: 23 , 31, 1.2: : - ( ) 8 - 7. 7.
  24. 24. . 2. 1. (4.) 24 , 31, 1.2: , . , () . . . , .
  25. 25. . 2. 1. (5.) 25 , 31, 1.2: : : : ( ). : ( ). : : , .
  26. 26. . 2. 1. (6. / ) 26 , 31, 1.2: d b: . b : d b : 1 2 1 1 ... ( ) 1 d d db b b b O b b + + + + + = =
  27. 27. . 2. 1. (7. / ) 27 , 31, 1.2: d b: . b : db
  28. 28. : 28 , 31, 1.2: . 2. 2. (1.) : 1: , n0 1.1: 1.2: 1.3: n0 2: 2.1: 2.2: n 2.2: n 3: n . 3.1: n, 3.2: . 3.3: n n 4: 2.
  29. 29. . 2. 2. (1.) : 29 , 31, 1.2: : . : . ( ) ( ) . . : -
  30. 30. 30 , 31, 1.2: S A D : DB E F C D E B F A E B C E B F A C G F G D B F C G C E F G A C G
  31. 31. 31 , 31, 1.2: S . 2. 2. (2. ) 0 (S) {}
  32. 32. 32 , 31, 1.2: S . 2. 2. (2. ) (1) A D 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S}
  33. 33. 33 , 31, 1.2: S . 2. 2. (2. ) (1) A D DB (2) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A}
  34. 34. 34 , 31, 1.2: S . 2. 2. (2. ) (1) A D DB (2) A E (3) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D}
  35. 35. 35 , 31, 1.2: S A D (1) (2) (3) (4) DB A E EC (4) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D} 4 (ESD,C,ESAB) {S,A,D,B}
  36. 36. 36 , 31, 1.2: S A D (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) DB A E EC (4) (5) B F 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D} 4 (ESD,C,ESAB) {S,A,D,B} 5 (C,F) {S,A,D,B,E}
  37. 37. 37 , 31, 1.2: S A D (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) DB A E EC (4) (5) B F (6) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D} 4 (ESD,C,ESAB) {S,A,D,B} 5 (C,F) {S,A,D,B,E} 6 (F) {S,A,D,B,E,C}
  38. 38. 38 , 31, 1.2: S A D (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) DB A E EC (4) (5) B F (6) (7) 0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D} 4 (ESD,C,ESAB) {S,A,D,B} 5 (C,F) {S,A,D,B,E} 6 (F) {S,A,D,B,E,C} 7 (G) {S,A,D,B,E,C,F} G
  39. 39. 39 , 31, 1.2: S A D (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 0 (S) {} DB A E EC (4) (5) B F (6) (7) (8)0 (S) {} 1 (A,D) {S} 2 (DS,B,DSA) {S,A} 3 (B,E) {S,A,D} 4 (ESD,C,ESAB) {S,A,D,B} 5 (C,F) {S,A,D,B,E} 6 (F) {S,A,D,B,E,C} 7 (G) {S,A,D,B,E,C,F} 8 () {S,A,D,B,E,C,F,G} G : S-D-E-F-G : 13 : S-A-D-B-E-C-F-G : 8
  40. 40. . 2. 1. (3.) 1: 40 , 31, 1.2: : () . ,
  41. 41. . 2. 1. (3.) 2: 41 , 31, 1.2: : - ( ) 8 - 7. 7.
  42. 42. . 2. 2. (4.) 42 , 31, 1.2: , , . , () . . .
  43. 43. . 2. 2. (5.) 43 , 31, 1.2: : : : ( ). : ( ). : : . : , .
  44. 44. . 2. 2. (6. / ) 44 , 31, 1.2: d b: . b : d b : 1 2 1 1 ... ( ) 1 d d db b b b O b b + + + + + = =
  45. 45. . 2. 2. (7. / ) 45 , 31, 1.2: d b: . b : db . / : ( )d O b
  46. 46. . 1 46 , 31, 1.2: () S S C 4 5 4 2 S A T 1 8 6 9 () S () S T 5 D
  47. 47. . 2 47 , 31, 1.2: 1 , 1 , T
  48. 48. . 3 48 , 31, 1.2: 1 , 1 , T
  49. 49. . 1 - 1 1.1 , : 49 , 31, 1.2: , . , , ( ).
  50. 50. . 2 Robbie 3 1.1: 50 , 31, 1.2: 1.1: () ( S) F () ( S) F
  51. 51. . 3 , -310. -310 51 , 31, 1.2: -310. -310 . -310 (), (), (), (). , . , -310 50 50 ( 250m x 250m) . , -310 -310 - -.
  52. 52. () 52 , 31, 1.2:
  53. 53. () (,1) (4,1) --; X ( , , Y ). 53 , 31, 1.2:
  54. 54. () (3,3) (4,1) --; X ( , , Y ). 54 , 31, 1.2: