3 - Βασικές έννοιες...

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Transcript of 3 - Βασικές έννοιες...

  • I

  • 2

    ---------------------------------------------------------

    --------------------------------------------------------

    1.

    ..........................................................................

    1.1. ..................................................................................

    1.2. ..............................

    1.3. ...............

    2. .................................................................................

    2.1. ..........................................................

    2.2., .............................

    2.3. ....................................................

    2.4. ............................

    2.5. ..................................................................

    2.6.

    3. .......................................

    3.1. .....................................

    3.2. ......

    3.3

    4.

    4.1. .........................................

    4.2. .......

    5.

    5.1. ...................................................................

    5.2. ....................................

    5.3. ....................

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  • 3

    1.

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1.1.

    ,

    .

    , ( )

    .

    .

    .

    (materialist method),

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ( ) .

    ,

    , ,

  • 4

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    19 , .

    ,

    ,

    1930,

    . ,

    -

    (

    welfare capitalism)

    19 . ,

    20 (

    1970 1980)

  • 5

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    2007

    1970,

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    (financialization)

    , .

    ,

    .

    ,

    , ..

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    (

  • 6

    )

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    /

    .

    ,

    , (

    )

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    , ,

    , ,

    .

    , ,

  • 7

    ,

    ,

    ,

    1930

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    1970,

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    1.2.

    -- :

    1

    1 (mode of production)

    , ) , , , (), ) , (economic base) , ) .

  • 8

    ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    . ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    , ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    .

  • 9

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    (

    " ")

    ( , ,

    , )

    .

    ( )

    1844

    . 1843 (Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy).

    (

    )

    1844.

    (

    , . . )

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

  • 10

    , , alienated

    labor, (

    ,

    )

    ,

    ,

    .

    ( )

    ,

    ,

    .

    1845-1848

    ( . ) "

    "

    (

    , )

    .

    .

    ( . . )

    ,

    (

    )

    .

    1845-1848

    1845: " "

    1845: " "

    1846: " "

    1847: " "

    1847: " "

    1848: " "

  • 11

    , ,

    , .

    .

    ""

    , , , ,

    .,

    ( absolute impoverishment of the

    working class) .

    ,

    .

    , ,

    .

    1848-1850

    .

    1848

    "...

    ..."

    ()

    ,

    .

  • 12

    1850-1857

    "".

    ,

    (

    )

    .

    1857 (

    )

    1848

    . 1857

    1858 Grundrisse (

    ).

    .

    , () ,

    ()

    .

    , ,

    , , ,

    ,

    , , , .. ,

    ,

    , " " .

  • 13

    .

    , Grundrisse

    ,

    ( 1 )

    .

    , 1859

    ( ) ()

    ,

    . ()

    ,

    .

    ...

    ....

    1861-1863

    (

    1908 .

    )

    . 1862 :

    ("Economics").

    1864-1865

    1867

    . ,

  • 14

    (

    ,

    ) .

    (1875), (1876),

    (1870, 1878)

    , 1885,

    , 1894.

    ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

  • 15

    ,

    1850

    (1859)

    (1867). ,

    ,

    ,

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1: "" ""

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (6 ) (3 )

    . .

    1. 1.

    1) 2.

    1) 3-5.

    1) 6.

    2. 7-8.

    3.

    4. .

    .

    . .

    . 1-3.

    . 4.

    . 5.

    6.

    7. (Revenues)

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  • 16

    ,

    .

    ,

    , /

    .

    (.. ,

    ) (..

    ,

    )

    .

    .

    1.3.

    :

    civil society (

    ),

    ,

    .

    ("guiding principle") .

  • 17

    ,

    , ()

    .

    - - .

    "

    , ,

    , , ,

    ,

    ." (, , , . 103,

    ).

    . ,

    (

    "

    ", 1841)

    , (The Essence of Christianity,

    1841)

    , . ,

    , ,

    ()

    ,

    . /

    .

    ,

  • 18

    , ,

    . , (economic base),

    (

    ,, ,

    ) (, superstructure)

    , , , , ,

    .

    ( )

    ,

    ,

    .

    ()

    .

    , ,

    ,

    , (fetter)

    , .

    ...

    .

    ,

  • 19

    -

  • 20

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    , ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ()

    ,

    .

    :

    ,

    ......

    .... (, , . 12, 16 ).

    ""