00 Διπλωματική Εργασία (Ενιαίο)

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Transcript of 00 Διπλωματική Εργασία (Ενιαίο)

  • ..

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    , 2015

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    , 2015

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    - I

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    _____________________________________________________________________

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    - II

    2014 2015.

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    - III

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    Abstract

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    IV

    ABSTRACT

    This Diploma Thesis refers to the aggressive driving behavior and specifically

    drivers attitude towards other car drivers, the bicyclists and the pedestrians, in the

    light of driving behavior and traffic psychology. The intention of the present survey is

    the overall understanding and interpretation of the driving behavior of car drivers in

    relation to their interconnection and attitude towards the bicycle and the general

    psychological features of them, as well. The study was based on a questionnaire

    survey that was conducted during the months of April and May 2015 in the city of

    Thessaloniki. In addition, the current survey focuses on other specific features of the

    drivers such as their education level, their economic situation and their knowledge of

    the Highway Code so as to outline a more thorough profile.

    The motivation for the selection of the specific subject was based on the fact that

    aggressive driving in Greece attracts little attention. In addition, the increased use of

    bicycles for daily trips as a result of the construction of the respective infrastructure

    (i.e. bikeways) among other things, led to the selection of the specific subject.

    The present Diploma Thesis is comprised of four chapters. The first chapter presents

    an introduction to the subject. The second chapter refers to the general methodology

    and structure of the questionnaire-based survey. In the third chapter, the results of the

    questionnaire survey are analyzed and interpreted in detail. Finally, conclusions are

    presented in the final chapter of the Diploma Thesis.

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    V

    .................................................................................................................I

    ...............................................................................................................

    ABSTRACT................................................................................................................V

    ........................................................................................................V

    ...............................................................................................X

    ............................................................................XVI

    .........................................................................................XXII

    : .......................................................................1.1

    1.1 ............................................................1.1

    1.2 ....................................................................1.1

    1.3 ........................................................................................................1.2

    1.4 .......................................................................................................1.3

    :

    ..........................................................................................2.1

    2.1 ...............................................................................................................2.1

    2.2 .........................................................2.3

    2.3 ................................................................2.4

    2.4 ................................................................2.9

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    VI

    : ...........................3.1

    3.1 ...............................................................................................................3.1

    3.2 ...........................................................................................3.1

    3.3 .............................3.8

    3.4

    .......................................................................................................3.15

    3.5

    ...........................................................................................................................3.26

    3.6 ................................................................................3.32

    3.7 ..........................................................................3.38

    3.8 / ..........3.43

    3.8.1. .........................................................3.43

    3.8.2. .......................................................3.44

    3.8.3. .........3.45

    3.8.4.

    .......................................................................................3.47

    3.8.5.

    .......................................................................................................................3.48

    3.9

    ..................................................................................................................................3.50

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    VII

    3.9.1.

    ......................................................................................................................3.50

    3.9.2. ...........................................3.51

    3.9.3.

    .......................................................................................................3.52

    3.9.4.

    ...................................................................................3.54

    3.9.5. ,

    ......................................................................3.55

    3.10 ..........3.57

    3.10.1.

    ............................................................................................................3.57

    3.10.2. ..................3.58

    3.11

    ...............................................................................................................3.60

    3.11.1.

    ...........................................................................3.60

    3.12

    ............................................................................................................................3.62

    3.12.1. ... 50 /

    ......................................................................................................................3.62

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    VIII

    3.12.2. ... 50 /

    .................................................3.63

    3.12.3.

    ..............................3.65

    3.12.4.

    ......................................................................................................................3.66

    3.12.5.

    .......................................................................................................3.67

    3.12.6.

    ..

    ..................................................................................................................3.69

    3.12.7.

    ..

    ....................................3.70

    3.12.8. ,

    .....................................3.72

    3.12.9. ,

    .............................................................................3.73

    3.12.10.

    ...................................................................................................3.75

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    IX

    : .....................................................4.1

    .................................................................................................XXIII

    - ....................................................................................XXV

    : ...............................XXVI

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    X

    3.1: .....................3.2

    3.2:

    .. 2014.................................................................................3.3

    3.3:

    .....................................................................................................................................3.4

    3.4:

    .................................................................................................3.5

    3.5:

    .................................................................3.6

    3.6:

    .................................................................................................3.7

    3.7:

    ...............................................................................3.10

    3.8:

    ........................................................................3.11

    3.9:

    .......................................................................................................3.12

    3.10:

    ......................................................................................3.13

    3.11:

    ...............................................................................................................3.15

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XI

    3.12:

    ........................................................................3.17

    3.13:

    .................................................................................................................3.18

    3.14:

    .................................................................................................................3.19

    3.15:

    ...............................................3.21

    3.16:

    ......................................................................3.22

    3.17:

    ..............................................................................3.23

    3.18:

    ..............................................................................................................3.24

    3.19:

    .................................................................................................3.25

    3.20:

    .................................................................................................................3.27

    3.21:

    .............................................................................................................3.28

    3.22:

    .................................................................................3.29

    3.23:

    ..................................................................................................3.31

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XII

    3.24:

    .............................................................................................3.32

    3.25:

    ...........................................................................................................3.33

    3.26:

    ..................................................................................3.35

    3.27:

    .............................................................................3.36

    3.28:

    ..................................................................................................3.37

    3.29: ...........................3.39

    3.30: ........3.40

    3.31: .....................3.41

    3.32: ...............................3.42

    3.33:

    ........................................................................................3.44

    3.34:

    ........................................................................................3.45

    3.35:

    ................................3.47

    3.36:

    ....................................................3.48

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XIII

    3.37:

    ......................................3.49

    3.38:

    ........3.51

    3.39:

    .................................................3.52

    3.40:

    ................................................................................................................3.54

    3.41:

    .......................................................................................................3.55

    3.42:

    .........................................3.56

    3.43:

    ...........................3.58

    3.44:

    ............................................................................................3.59

    3.45:

    ..........3.61

    3.45: ()

    ....................................................................................................................3.61

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XIV

    3.46:

    ..........................................................................3.63

    3.47:

    ........................................................................................................3.64

    3.48:

    .................................................................................................................3.65

    3.49:

    ..........................................................................................3.67

    3.50:

    ..................................3.68

    3.51:

    ..

    ...............................................3.70

    3.52:

    ..

    ........................................................................................................3.71

    3.53:

    ........3.73

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XV

    3.54:

    ...................................3.74

    3.55:

    ............................................................3.76

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XVI

    3.1: .................3.2

    3.2:

    .. 2014.............................................................................3.3

    3.3:

    .............................................................................................................................3.4

    3.4:

    ....................................................................................................................3.5

    3.5:

    ...........................................................................................................3.6

    3.6:

    .................................................................................................3.7

    3.7:

    ..................................................................................3.9

    3.8:

    .........................................................................3.11

    3.9:

    .......................................................................................3.12

    3.10:

    .......................................................................................3.13

    3.11:

    .................................................................................................................3.14

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XVII

    3.12:

    ........................................................................3.16

    3.13:

    .................................................................................................................3.18

    3.14:

    ...........................................................................................................3.19

    3.15:

    ...............................................3.20

    3.16:

    .................................................................3.22

    3.17:

    ..............................................................................3.23

    3.18:

    ........................................................................................................3.24

    3.19:

    ..................................................................................................3.25

    3.20:

    .................................................................................................................3.27

    3.21:

    ..........................................................................................................3.28

    3.22:

    .................................................................................3.29

    3.23:

    ..................................................................................................3.30

  • &

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XVIII

    3.24:

    ........................................................................................3.31

    3.25:

    ..........................................................................................3.33

    3.26:

    ..................................................................................3.34

    3.27:

    .......................................................................3.36

    3.28:

    ...............................................................................3.37

    3.29: .......................3.39

    3.30: ....3.40

    3.31: ................3.41

    3.32: ..........................3.42

    3.33:

    ........................................................................................3.43

    3.34:

    ........................................................................................3.45

    3.35:

    ................................3.46

    3.36:

    ...................................................3.48

  • &

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XIX

    3.37:

    ......................................3.49

    3.38:

    ........3.50

    3.39:

    .................................................3.52

    3.40:

    .................................................................................................................3.53

    3.41:

    .......................................................................................................3.54

    3.42:

    .........................................3.56

    3.43:

    .............3.57

    3.44:

    ............................................................................................3.59

    3.45:

    ..........3.61

    3.46:

    ..........................................................................3.62

  • &

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XX

    3.47:

    .........................................................................................................3.64

    3.48:

    .................................................................................................................3.65

    3.49:

    ..........................................................................................3.66

    3.50:

    ..................................3.68

    3.51:

    ..

    ...............................................3.69

    3.52:

    ..

    ........................................................................................................3.71

    3.53:

    ........3.72

    3.54:

    ...................................3.74

  • &

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XXI

    3.55:

    ............................................................3.75

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    XXII

    2.1: ..............................2.6

    2.2: .......................................2.7

    2.3: ..................................................2.8

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    1.1

    :

    1.1

    ..

    .. , .

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    1.2

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    1.2

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    1.3

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.1

    :

    2.1

    .

    .

    . Perepjolkina, V. & Ree, V. 2013

    [8].

    ,

    (Fourth Road Safety Week, UNECE).

    .

    [16].

    .

    ..

    . 181817 5

    2011

    ,

    [9].

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.2

    .

    , ,

    .. ,

    .

    .

    ..

    ,

    ,

    ,

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    ,

    .

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.3

    2.2

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    [2, 3, 4].

    2001 ,

    .

    , , 2,9 ,

    .

    ,

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    2

    5.

    , [3, 6, 7].

    .

    .

    .

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.4

    ( ) [1, 3, 5].

    2.3

    . ,

    ,

    (social desirability effect).

    likert,

    .

    ESS

    (European Social Survey)

    2001 ,

    .

    NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration).

    Bicyclists anti-harassment law

    [3, 9].

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.5

    :

    .

    .

    .

    . ,

    .

    ,

    ,

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.6

    ,

    ,

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    .

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    ,

    . : ,

    ,

    (... .), .

    2.1,

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    2.1:

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.7

    2.2,

    , ...

    2.2: [2, 7, 14]

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.8

    2.3,

    , .

    2.3:

    ,

    .

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    2.9

    2.4

    .

    (10)

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    16 2015 31 2015.

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    3.1

    :

    3.1

    Excel Microsoft Office.

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    3.2

    . ,

    .

    , 3.1 3.1.

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.2

    3.1:

    3.1:

    (%)

    1 4 23 17

    5 9 28 20

    10 14 13 9

    15 19 20 14

    > 20 56 40

    , , (40%),

    20 , (17%)

    , 1 4 .

    ,

    3.2 3.2.

    17%

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    ;

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    5-9

    10-14

    15-19

    >20

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.3

    3.2:

    3.2:

    2014

    (%)

    0 3000 33 23

    3001 6000 18 13

    6001 10000 30 21

    10001 15000 36 26

    15001 20000 15 11

    > 20000 9 6

    2014,

    , (26%),

    10001 15000 ,

    (23%), 0 3000 .

    , (6%),

    20000 .

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    26%

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    3001-6000 .

    6001-10000 .

    10001-15000 .

    15001-20000 .

    >20000 .

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.4

    ,

    3.3 3.3.

    3.3:

    3.3:

    (/)

    (%)

    30 28 20

    40 28 20

    50 82 59

    60 2 1

    70 0 0

    , ,

    (59%) 50 /,

    (20%) 30 /, (20%)

    40 /.

    20%

    20%59%

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    ;

    30 /

    40 /

    50 /

    60 /

    70 /

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    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.5

    ..., o o o o ,

    o o, o 50 ,

    [10, 12, 15].

    ,

    3.4 3.4.

    3.4:

    3.4:

    (%)

    12 9

    122 87

    / 6 4

    ,

    (87%) ,

    9%

    87%

    4%

    ;

    N

    /

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.6

    ,

    .

    , 3.5 3.5.

    3.5:

    3.5:

    (%)

    1 69 49

    6 33 24

    1 20 14

    10 7

    / 8 6

    49%

    24%

    14%

    7% 6%

    /

    ;

    1

    6

    1

    /

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.7

    , ,

    (49%) 1 ,

    / ,

    (7%) (6%) .

    / ,

    .

    , 3.6 3.6.

    3.6:

    77%

    3% 12%8%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.8

    3.6:

    (%)

    108 77

    4 3

    17 12

    / 11 8

    ,

    (77%) ,

    ,

    (.) Eurostat,

    , [11, 12, 13].

    3.3

    .

    .

    (, , ..)

    .

  • &

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    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.9

    .

    , 3.7

    3.7.

    3.7:

    20%

    7%

    73%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.10

    3.7:

    (%)

    .

    28 20

    .

    10 7

    .

    102 73

    / 0 0

    ,

    (73%) ,

    .

    , 3.8

    3.8.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.11

    3.8:

    3.8:

    (%)

    82 58

    57 41

    1 1

    / 0 0

    ,

    (58%) ,

    (41%) . ,

    .

    58%

    41%

    1%

    ,

    ;

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.12

    , 3.9 3.9.

    3.9:

    3.9:

    (%)

    .

    62 44

    .

    77 55

    / . 1 1

    50 , (55%)

    ,

    44%

    55%

    1%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.13

    (44%)

    . ,

    .

    , 3.10

    3.10.

    3.10:

    3.10:

    (%)

    , 22 16

    72 51

    45 32

    / 1 1

    16%

    51%

    32%

    1%

    , ;

    ,

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.14

    , (51%)

    , (32%) . ,

    .

    ,

    3.11 3.11.

    3.11:

    3%

    35%

    62%

    ;

    ,

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.15

    3.11:

    (%)

    , 4 3

    49 35

    87 62

    / 0 0

    ,

    (62%) ,

    (35%)

    ,

    .

    3.4

    ,

    .

    , ,

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.16

    ,

    .

    . ,

    .

    o

    , 3.12

    3.12.

    3.12: o

    22%

    33%9%

    35%

    1%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.17

    3.12: o

    (%)

    31 22

    47 33

    / 12 9

    49 35

    1 1

    , (35%)

    ,

    (55%),

    ,

    .

    o

    , 3.13 3.13.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.18

    3.13: o

    3.13: o

    (%)

    19 14

    47 33

    / 11 8

    61 44

    2 1

    , (44%)

    , (33%)

    (14%)

    .

    14%

    33%

    8%

    44%

    1%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.19

    .

    ,

    3.14 3.14.

    3.14:

    3.14:

    (%)

    63 45

    30 21

    / 2 2

    34 24

    11 8

    45%

    21%2%

    24%

    8%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.20

    , (45%)

    (24%)

    . ,

    (21%)

    ,

    .

    , 3.15

    3.15.

    3.15:

    12%

    9%

    6%

    47%

    26%

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.21

    3.15:

    (%)

    17 12

    13 9

    / 8 6

    66 47

    36 26

    , (47%)

    , (26%)

    . , ,

    .

    , 3.16 3.16.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.22

    3.16:

    3.16:

    (%)

    , 7 5

    25 18

    107 76

    / 1 1

    ,

    (76%) . ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    5%18%

    76%

    1%

    ,

    ;

    ,

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.23

    , 3.17

    3.17.

    3.17:

    3.17:

    (%)

    , 13 9

    51 37

    76 54

    / 0 0

    ,

    (54%) . ,

    9%

    37%54%

    ;

    ,

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.24

    , (46%)

    .

    , 3.18 3.18.

    3.18:

    3.18:

    (%)

    , 17 12

    62 44

    61 44

    / 0 0

    12%

    44%

    44%

    0%

    , (.. ,

    )

    ;

    ,

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.25

    ,

    (44%) . ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    , 3.19 3.19.

    3.19:

    3.19:

    (%)

    1 1

    8 6

    131 93

    / 0 0

    1%

    6%

    93%

    0%

    ;

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.26

    , ,

    (93%), . ,

    ,

    ,

    , .

    3.5

    ,

    . ,

    , , .

    , ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    , 3.20

    3.20.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.27

    3.20:

    3.20:

    (%)

    .

    13 9

    .

    30 21

    .

    47 34

    .

    50 36

    , (36%)

    ,

    9%

    21%

    34%

    36%

    ;

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.28

    (34%) .

    ,

    (9%),

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.21 3.21.

    3.21:

    3.21:

    (%)

    71 51

    69 49

    / 0 0

    51%49%

    ;

    N

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.29

    ,

    , (51%)

    (49%)

    .

    , 3.22

    3.22.

    3.22:

    3.22:

    (%)

    12 9

    125 89

    / 3 2

    9%

    89%

    2%

    ;

    N

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.30

    ,

    (89%) ,

    .

    , 3.23

    3.23.

    3.23:

    34%

    20%

    40%

    6%

    ;

    0-4

    5-9

    10-19

    20-30

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.31

    3.23:

    (%)

    0 4 24 34

    5 9 14 20

    10 19 28 40

    20 30 4 6

    ,

    , (40%), 10 19 ,

    (34%)

    0 4 . ,

    ,

    5 19 .

    , 3.24 3.24.

    3.24:

    2%

    7%

    90%

    1%

    ;

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.32

    3.24:

    (%)

    1 2

    5 7

    63 90

    / 1 1

    ,

    (90%),

    ,

    .

    3.6

    ,

    . ,

    . ,

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.33

    , 3.25

    3.25.

    3.25:

    3.25:

    (%)

    36 26

    35 25

    48 34

    10 7

    8 6

    3 2

    26%

    25%

    34%

    7%6%

    2%

    .

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.34

    ,

    ,

    , (85%)

    ,

    .

    , 3.26 3.26.

    3.26:

    47%

    33%

    16%

    2% 1% 1%

    .

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.35

    3.26:

    (%)

    66 47

    46 33

    23 16

    2 2

    1 1

    2 1

    , ,

    (96%) ,

    ,

    .

    , 3.27

    3.27.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.36

    3.27:

    3.27:

    (%)

    55 39

    52 37

    22 16

    8 6

    2 1

    1 1

    , ,

    (92%)

    ,

    39%

    37%

    16%

    6% 1% 1%

    .

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.37

    ,

    .

    , 3.28 3.28.

    3.28:

    3.28:

    (%)

    9 6

    32 23

    42 30

    30 21

    19 14

    8 6

    6%

    23%

    30%

    21%

    14%6%

    .

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.38

    , .

    ,

    ,

    (6%) (14%) ,

    .

    , ,

    ,

    .

    3.7

    ,

    . ,

    , , .

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.29 3.29.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.39

    3.29:

    3.29:

    (%)

    18 24 24 17

    25 35 41 29

    36 54 59 42

    55+ 16 12

    ,

    (42%) , 36 - 54

    , 18 35

    (46%) . ,

    18 54 .

    17%

    29%42%

    12%

    ;

    18-24

    25-35

    36-54

    55+

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.40

    o ,

    3.30 3.30.

    3.30: o

    3.30: o

    (%)

    15 11

    27 19

    / 26 19

    / 39 28

    / 23 16

    9 6

    1 1

    / 0 0

    ,

    , /

    .

    11%

    19%

    19%28%

    16%6%

    1% /;

    /

    /

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.41

    (82%) .

    o ,

    3.31 3.31.

    3.31: o

    3.31: o

    ()

    (%)

    0 3000 1 1

    3001 6000 6 8

    6001 10000 16 21

    10001 15000 21 28

    15001 20000 16 21

    20001 30000 11 15

    30001 50000 4 5

    >50000 1 1

    1%

    8%

    21%

    28%

    21%

    15%5%

    1%

    ;

    0-3000

    3001-6000

    6001-1000

    10001-15000

    150001-20000

    20001-30000

    300001-50000

    >50000

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.42

    ,

    (140) ,

    (76) . ,

    ,

    6000 20000 .

    .

    o , 3.32

    3.32.

    3.32: o

    3.32: o

    (%)

    74 53

    66 47

    53%

    47%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.43

    (140) . ,

    (53%)

    (47%) .

    3.8

    3.8.1.

    ,

    (55%) ,

    (62%). ,

    (45%)

    (38%).

    .

    , 3.33 3.33.

    3.33:

    62%

    55%

    38%

    45%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

    =50 (/)

    50 (/)

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.44

    3.33:

    (%)

    =50 (/) 46 36 62 55

    50 (/) 28 30 38 45

    3.8.2.

    ,

    (56%) ,

    (55%). ,

    (44%)

    (45%).

    ,

    .

    , 3.34 3.34.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.45

    3.34:

    3.34:

    (%)

    =50 (/) 33 29 45 44

    50 (/) 41 37 55 56

    3.8.3.

    ,

    (67%) ,

    (78%).

    ,

    (33%)

    45%

    44%

    55%

    56%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

    =50 (/)

    50 (/)

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.46

    (22%).

    .

    ,

    .

    , 3.35

    3.35.

    3.35:

    78%

    67%

    22%

    33%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.47

    3.35:

    (%)

    58 44 78 67

    16 22 22 33

    3.8.4.

    ,

    (58%)

    ,

    (59%). ,

    (42%)

    (41%).

    .

    , 3.36

    3.36.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.48

    3.36:

    3.36:

    (%)

    44 38 59 58

    30 28 41 42

    3.8.5.

    , (58%)

    ,

    (51%). ,

    59%

    58%

    41%

    42%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.49

    (42%)

    (49%).

    .

    , 3.37

    3.37.

    3.37:

    3.37:

    (%)

    38 38 51 58

    36 28 49 42

    51%

    58%

    49%

    42%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.50

    3.9

    3.9.1.

    ,

    (47%) ,

    (64%). ,

    (53%)

    (36%).

    .

    , .

    ,

    3.38 3.38.

    3.38:

    64%

    47%

    36%

    53%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.51

    3.38:

    (%)

    47 31 64 47

    27 35 36 53

    3.9.2.

    , (52%)

    ,

    (43%). ,

    (48%)

    (57%).

    . ,

    .

    , 3.39 3.39.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.52

    3.39:

    3.39:

    (%)

    32 34 43 52

    42 32 57 48

    3.9.3.

    ,

    (68%) ,

    (65%). ,

    (32%)

    (35%). ,

    43%

    52%

    57%

    48%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.53

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.40 3.40.

    3.40:

    3.40:

    (%)

    48 45 65 68

    26 21 35 32

    65%

    68%

    35%

    32%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.54

    3.9.4.

    ,

    (20%) ,

    (23%). ,

    (80%)

    (77%). ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.41 3.41.

    3.41:

    23%

    20%

    77%

    80%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.55

    3.41:

    (%)

    17 13 23 20

    57 53 77 80

    3.9.5. ,

    ,

    ,

    , (24%)

    ,

    (23%). ,

    (76%)

    (77%).

    ,

    .

    , 3.42

    3.42.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.56

    3.42:

    3.42:

    (%)

    57 50 77 76

    17 16 23 24

    77%

    76%

    23%

    24%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.57

    3.10

    3.10.1.

    ,

    (59%) / ,

    (55%).

    / ,

    (41%)

    (46%). .

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.43 3.43.

    3.43:

    46%

    41%

    55%

    59%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

    X

    /

    /

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.58

    3.43:

    (%)

    /

    33 27 46 41

    / 41 39 55 59

    3.10.2.

    ,

    ,

    (53%) ,

    (46%). ,

    (47%),

    (54%).

    .

    , 3.44 3.44.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.59

    3.44:

    3.44:

    (%)

    40 31 54 47

    34 35 46 53

    54%

    47%

    46%

    53%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.60

    3.11

    /

    3.11.1.

    ,

    /,

    (12%)

    ,

    (18%) . ,

    (6%),

    (13%),

    . ,

    , (20%),

    ,

    (31%).

    ,

    3.45 3.45 3.45.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.61

    3.45:

    3.45:

    -

    -

    17 8 28

    25 18 44

    3.45: ()

    (%)

    -

    -

    12 6 20

    18 13 31

    12%

    6%

    20%

    18%

    13%

    31%

    0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

    -

    -

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.62

    3.12

    3.12.1. ... 50/

    :

    ... 50

    / ,

    (52%)

    (48%) . , ,

    ,

    .

    , 3.46

    3.46.

    3.46:

    48%

    52%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    ... 50 /

    , :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.63

    3.46:

    (%)

    28 48

    30 52

    3.12.2. 50/

    :

    , ... 50 /

    ,

    (60%)

    (40%)

    .

    , .

    , 3.47 3.47.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.64

    3.47:

    3.47:

    (%)

    35 60

    23 40

    60%

    40%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    ... 50 /

    , :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.65

    3.12.3. :

    ,

    (51%)

    (49%) .

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.48 3.48.

    3.48:

    3.48:

    (%)

    38 49

    39 51

    49%

    51%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    , :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.66

    3.12.4. :

    , ,

    (61%)

    ,

    (39%) .

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.49 3.49.

    3.49:

    39%

    61%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    ,

    :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.67

    3.49:

    (%)

    30 39

    47 61

    3.12.5. :

    , ,

    (65%)

    ,

    (35%)

    . ,

    ,

    .

    , 3.50

    3.50.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.68

    3.50:

    3.50:

    (%)

    50 65

    27 35

    65%

    35%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    , :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.69

    3.12.6.

    ..:

    .. ,

    (59%)

    (41%) . ,

    ,

    .., .

    ..

    , 3.51

    3.51.

    3.51:

    ..

    65%

    35%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    .. :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.70

    3.51:

    ..

    (%)

    19 59

    13 41

    3.12.7.

    ..:

    .., (78%),

    (22%)

    . ,

    .., .

    ..

    ,

    3.52 3.52.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.71

    3.52:

    ..

    3.52:

    ..

    (%)

    25 78

    7 22

    65%

    35%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    .. :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.72

    3.12.8. ,

    :

    ,

    (61%)

    (39%)

    . ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.53 3.53.

    3.53:

    39%

    61%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    , ,

    :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.73

    3.53:

    (%)

    37 39

    58 61

    3.12.9. ,

    :

    ,

    ,

    (53%),

    (47%) .

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    3.54 3.54.

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.74

    3.54:

    3.54:

    (%)

    45 47

    50 53

    47%

    53%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    , ,

    :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.75

    3.12.10.

    :

    , (53%),

    (47%) .

    ,

    , .

    , 3.55

    3.55.

    3.55:

    53%

    47%

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

    , :

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    3.76

    3.55:

    (%)

    42 53

    37 47

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    4.1

    :

    ,

    (, )

    . ,

    50 / , 41%

    . ,

    50/ ,

    55%

    ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    55%,

    ,

    .

    , .

    ,

    , .

    ,

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    4.2

    ,

    ,

    . ,

    , 45%

    . ,

    21%

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    , .

    . , 96%

    ,

    ,

    .

  • &

    ..

    :

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _______________________________________________________________________

    4.3

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    21%

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

  • &

    ..

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    A XXIII

    1. ., ., (2012),

    , ,

    , : . ,

    , , ...

    2. ., ., ., (2012),

    ,

    , : . ,

    , , ...

    3. .., (2013),

    , , ,

    : . , ,

    , ...

    4. .., (2010),

    ,

    , , ,

    , : . ,

    ...

    5. (2000), ,

    .

    6. ., (2010), .

    , ,

    , : . , ,

    , ...

  • &

    ..

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    A XXIV

    7. , (2009),

    .

    8. Perepjolkina, V. & Ree, V. (2013), Drivers Age, Gender, Driving Experience,

    and Aggressiveness as Predictors of Aggressive Driving Behaviour. Journal of

    Pedagogy and Psychology "Signum Temporis", 4(1), pp. 62-72, doi: 10.2478/v10195-

    011-0045-2

    9. Bicyclists anti-harassment law, California, Los Angeles Municipal Code, Chapter

    5.10, Article 5.10

  • &

    ..

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    A XXV

    -

    10. & , http://www.elinyae.gr

    11. E , http://ec.europa.eu/transport

    12. , http://www.astynomia.gr

    13. , http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE

    14. , http://www.podilates-thess.gr

    15. Y , & , http://www.yme.gr

    16. Aggressive Driving Behaviour (Background Paper). Road Safety Week (5-11

    April 2004), http://www.unece.org/trans/roadsafe/rs4aggr.html

  • &

    ..

    _____________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________

    A XXVI

    :

    ER1 ER2 ER3 ER4 ER5 ER6 ER7 ER8 ER9 ER10 ER11 ER12 ER13 ER14 ER15 ER16 ER17 ER18 ER19 ER20

    7 10000 3 2 4 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 3 3 3 2 3 3

    15 10000 2 3 5 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 3 4

    5 15000 2 3 3 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3

    3 8000 3 2 3 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 5 4 3 2 2 3 3

    2 2000 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 2 3 4 4 3 2 3 3 3

    2 5000 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 2 5 3 3 2 3 3

    2 15000 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 3

    3 5000 3 2 5 4 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 4 2 1 2 3 3

    3 3000 1 2 2 3 3 1 2 2 3 4 3 4 5 3 3 3 2 3

    1 3000 3 3 1 1 3 1 1 3 3 4 2 2 5 3 2 2 3 2

    6 5000 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 4 3 4 5 2 3 2 3 3

    5 5000 2 2 1 3 3 1 1 3 3 2 2 4 4 3 3 2 3 3

    32 12000 3 2 3 4 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 2 5 2 3 2 3 3

    9 10000 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 4 3 3 2 3 4

    11 4000 1 2 3 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 4 2 4 3 2 3 3 3

    18 7000 3 2 2 1 3 1 1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 3 2 3 2

    8 8000 3 2 1 1 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 2 3 3

    6 10000 3 2 2 1 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 3 3 2 3 3

    19 5000 1 2 4 1 3 1 2 3 3 4 4 4 2 2 3 2 3 3