Περιγραφική Στατιστική με το Spss

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    Pivot Tables SPSS

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    2015-16

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    SPSS

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    SPSS .

    1967 Norman Nie Dale Ben, Stanford University San Francisco. : Statistical Package for the Social Science.

    /. 1984 .

    : Superior Performance Software System ( )

  • SPSS

    spss :

    type in data cancel Data Editor, .

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  • Data Editor Data Editor : Data View Variable View. Data View . Variable View

    Data View Excel. , SPSS , Variable View!

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  • SPSS [1]

    Variable View .

    , .

    :

    Name: ( ) . name Data View. DATE, LOG, MATRIX, COUNT, COMPUTE, . Type: type :

    SPSS

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  • SPSS [2]

    Variable Type . , numeric . , string . SPSS.

    width decimals ( ) Variable Type.

    Label: label . , SPSS . .

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  • SPSS [3]

    Values: values :

    .

    , , : , . 0, 0 Value Label. Add, . ( Value 1 Label .

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  • SPSS [4]

    Missing: missing, , .

    columns align .

    Measure: . SPSS : nominal(), ordinal () scale ( numeric ratio).

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    Measure,

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    : . :

    (nominal, nominal SPSS): ( ) .. , , , , .

    (ordinal, ordinal SPSS): , , . : , , , , ordinal. , &

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  • : . . :

    scale SPSS. , , , scale. , , . , .

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  • SPSS (nominal ordinal)

    :

    o : o : 18-25 26-35 36-45 45o : / /

    SPSS :

    =0 =1

    18-25=1 26-35=2 36-45=3 45=4

    =1 /=2 /=3

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  • SPSS (nominal ordinal)

    profession (). Values Value Labels

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  • Data View

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  • (Pie) [1]

    Graphs, Legacy Dialogs ( Pie)

    SPSS: (Bar)

    (Line)

    (Area) (Boxplot)

    (Error Bar chart)

    (Scatter plot)

    (Histogram)

    (Interactive)

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  • -Pie [2]

    Define Pie:

    Slices Represent (N of cases) (% of cases).

    Define Slices by . nominal ordinal.

    OK Output View. Chart Editor ( Output View).

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  • Output View

    , Output View.

    Pie graph gender. Define Slices by % of cases ( ).

    , Chart Editor. , menu Elements, Show Data Labels. , Sans Serif auto, Sans Serif 14.

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  • SPSS

    Analyse Descriptive Statistics.

    :

    (Frequencies)

    (Descriptives)

    (Crosstabs)

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    3

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  • [1]

    .

    , :

    (percent)

    (cumulative)

    (cumulative percent) .

    ( )

    (nominal, ordinal)

    , ()

  • [2]

    AnalyseDescriptiveStatisticsFrequencies, :

    Variable(s). OK Output View.

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  • income ( Descriptives)

    : (Mean), (Median), (Mode).

    : (Range), (Variance) (Std. deviation), (percentiles) (quartiles).

    : (Kurtosis) (Skewness).

    ( )

  • income ( Frequencies) ( )

  • income

    - : 199.Mean - : 11.686,77 Median - : 10.825,18 Mode - : 0 ( )Std. Deviation - : 6.827,538Range : 31.049Minimum - : 0 ()Maximum - : 31.049 Skewness : 0,588Std. Error of Skewness .: 0,172Kurtosis : -0,185Std. Error of Kurtosis : 0,343Percentiles 70: 70% 14.828,82

    Mode

  • income

    . , ( ) . .

    . .

    () () .

    3 (Standard Error of Kurtosis) . , . , Kolmogorov Smirnof Shapiro Wilk .

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  • income (skewness) &

    (skewness): (skewness=0)

    : :

    (skewness>0)

    : (skewness3)

    (kurtosis

  • income histogram & boxplot ( )

    Max not outlier

    Min not outlier

    Median

  • Crosstabs

    .

    .

    Crosstabs Crosstabs , , .

    .

    .

    ( )

  • Crosstabs [1]

    Analyse Descriptive StatisticsCrosstabs

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  • Crosstabs [2]

    AnalyseDescriptive Statistics Crosstabs :

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    ,

  • Cross tabulation ( )

  • Pivot tables SPSS Output View, Pivot table .

    (transpose) , menu Pivot Transpose Rows and Columns. Man Woman .

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  • Pivot table

    Pivot table, Edit, Create Graph. Output View

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  • Pivot table

    To Output View. , Chart Editor

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