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Transcript of Περιγραφική Στατιστική με το Spss

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Pivot Tables SPSS

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2015-16

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SPSS

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SPSS .

1967 Norman Nie Dale Ben, Stanford University San Francisco. : Statistical Package for the Social Science.

/. 1984 .

: Superior Performance Software System ( )

• SPSS

spss :

type in data cancel Data Editor, .

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: (.. ).

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• Data Editor Data Editor : Data View Variable View. Data View . Variable View

Data View Excel. , SPSS , Variable View!

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• SPSS [1]

Variable View .

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:

Name: ( ) . name Data View. DATE, LOG, MATRIX, COUNT, COMPUTE, . Type: type :

SPSS

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• SPSS [2]

Variable Type . , numeric . , string . SPSS.

width decimals ( ) Variable Type.

Label: label . , SPSS . .

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• SPSS [3]

Values: values :

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, , : , . 0, 0 Value Label. Add, . ( Value 1 Label .

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• SPSS [4]

Missing: missing, , .

columns align .

Measure: . SPSS : nominal(), ordinal () scale ( numeric ratio).

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Measure,

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: . :

(nominal, nominal SPSS): ( ) .. , , , , .

(ordinal, ordinal SPSS): , , . : , , , , ordinal. , &

[1]

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• : . . :

scale SPSS. , , , scale. , , . , .

[2]

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• SPSS (nominal ordinal)

:

o : o : 18-25 26-35 36-45 45o : / /

SPSS :

=0 =1

18-25=1 26-35=2 36-45=3 45=4

=1 /=2 /=3

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• SPSS (nominal ordinal)

profession (). Values Value Labels

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• Data View

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• (Pie) [1]

Graphs, Legacy Dialogs ( Pie)

SPSS: (Bar)

(Line)

(Area) (Boxplot)

(Error Bar chart)

(Scatter plot)

(Histogram)

(Interactive)

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• -Pie [2]

Define Pie:

Slices Represent (N of cases) (% of cases).

Define Slices by . nominal ordinal.

OK Output View. Chart Editor ( Output View).

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• Output View

, Output View.

Pie graph gender. Define Slices by % of cases ( ).

, Chart Editor. , menu Elements, Show Data Labels. , Sans Serif auto, Sans Serif 14.

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• SPSS

Analyse Descriptive Statistics.

:

(Frequencies)

(Descriptives)

(Crosstabs)

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3

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• [1]

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, :

(percent)

(cumulative)

(cumulative percent) .

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(nominal, ordinal)

, ()

• [2]

AnalyseDescriptiveStatisticsFrequencies, :

Variable(s). OK Output View.

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• income ( Descriptives)

: (Mean), (Median), (Mode).

: (Range), (Variance) (Std. deviation), (percentiles) (quartiles).

: (Kurtosis) (Skewness).

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• income ( Frequencies) ( )

• income

- : 199.Mean - : 11.686,77 Median - : 10.825,18 Mode - : 0 ( )Std. Deviation - : 6.827,538Range : 31.049Minimum - : 0 ()Maximum - : 31.049 Skewness : 0,588Std. Error of Skewness .: 0,172Kurtosis : -0,185Std. Error of Kurtosis : 0,343Percentiles 70: 70% 14.828,82

Mode

• income

. , ( ) . .

. .

() () .

3 (Standard Error of Kurtosis) . , . , Kolmogorov Smirnof Shapiro Wilk .

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• income (skewness) &

(skewness): (skewness=0)

: :

(skewness>0)

: (skewness3)

(kurtosis

• income histogram & boxplot ( )

Max not outlier

Min not outlier

Median

• Crosstabs

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Crosstabs Crosstabs , , .

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• Crosstabs [1]

Analyse Descriptive StatisticsCrosstabs

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• Crosstabs [2]

AnalyseDescriptive Statistics Crosstabs :

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• Cross tabulation ( )

• Pivot tables SPSS Output View, Pivot table .

(transpose) , menu Pivot Transpose Rows and Columns. Man Woman .

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• Pivot table

Pivot table, Edit, Create Graph. Output View

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• Pivot table

To Output View. , Chart Editor

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