‰„µ½„± - Primates

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  • 1. Order Primateso Suborder Strepsirrhini: non-tarsier prosimians Infraorder Lemuriformes Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs (32 species) Family Daubentoniidae: Aye-aye (1 species) Family Lemuridae: lemurs (22 species) Family Lepilemuridae: sportive lemurs (26 species) Family Indriidae: woolly lemurs and allies (19 species) Infraorder Lorisiformes Family Lorisidae: lorises, pottos and allies (9 species) Family Galagidae: galagos (19 species)

2. (Strepsirrhini): (Lemuriformes) (Cheirogaleidae): (32 ) (Daubentoniidae): - (1 ) (Lemuridae): , (22 ) (Lepilemuridae): (26 ) (Indriidae): (19 ) (Lorisiformes) (Lorisidae) : , (9 ) (Galagidae): (19 ) 3. Order Primateso Suborder Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys and apes Infraorder Tarsiiformes Family Tarsiidae: tarsiers (9 species) Infraorder Simiiformes Parvorder Platyrrhini: New World monkeys Family Callitrichidae: marmosets and tamarins (42 species) Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (17 species) Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis) (10 species) Family Pitheciidae: titis, sakis and uakaris (42 species) Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys (28 species) Parvorder Catarrhini Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys (135 species) Superfamily Hominoidea Family Hylobatidae: gibbons or "lesser apes" (13 species) Family Hominidae: great apes, including humans (7 species) 4. (Haplorrhini): , (Tarsiiformes) (Tarsiidae): (9 ) (Simiiformes): (Platyrrhini): (Callitrichidae): (42 ) (Cebidae): (17 ) (Aotidae): (10 ) (Pitheciidae): , (42 ) (Atelidae): (28 ) (Catarrhini) (Cercopithecoidea) (Cercopithecidae) : (135 ) (Hominoidea): (Hylobatidae): " " (13 ) (Hominidae): " " ( ) (7 ) 5. Family Hominidae: great apes, including humans (7 species) Subfamily Ponginae Genus Pongo Bornean Orangutan, (Pongo pygmaeus) Sumatran Orangutan, (Pongo abelii) Subfamily Homininae Tribe Gorillini Genus Gorilla Western Gorilla, (Gorilla gorilla) Eastern Gorilla, (Gorilla beringei) Tribe Hominini Genus Pan Common Chimpanzee, (Pan troglodytes) Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus) Genus Homo Human, (Homo sapiens) 6. (Hominidae):" " ( ) (7 ) Ponginae (Pongo) s (Bornean Orangutan), (Pongo pygmaeus) s (Sumatran Orangutan), (Pongo abelii) (Homininae) (Gorillini) (Gorilla) (Western Gorilla), (Gorilla gorilla) (Eastern Gorilla), (Gorilla beringei) (Hominini) , (Pan) (Common Chimpanzee), (Pan troglodytes) (Bonobo) or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus) (Homo) (Human), (Homo sapiens) 7. Evolution of the 33 mitochondrially encoded COX residues that putatively bind CYC in primatesSchmidt T R et al. PNAS 2005;102:6379-6384 8. Hominidae Tree(Difference in DNA base pairs between Homo sapiens and other Hominidea ) 9. Population of Great Apes estimation for the year 2004 by UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) from to fromto%1. Gorillas97.900 99.9500,00161.1) Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) 3.700 5.7001.2) Western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) 94.20094.2502. Chimpanzees202.000351.0000,00552.1) Bonobo (Pan paniscus) 30.00050.0002.2) Robust chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)172.000 301.0003. Orangutans52.334 76.3340,00123.1) Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)45.00069.0003.2) Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii)7.334 7.334 subtotal 352.234527.2844. Homo 6.377.643.00099,99174.1) Human (Homo sapiens) total6.378.170.284 100,0000 10. (2 )1st cousins (2 species)Genus Pan 1. Common Chimpanzee, (Pan troglodytes) 2. Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus) 11. B (2 )2nd cousins (2 species)Genus Gorilla 1. Western Gorilla, (Gorilla gorilla) 2. Eastern Gorilla, (Gorilla beringei) 12. (2 ) 3rd cousins (2 species)Genus Pongo 1. Bornean Orangutan, (Pongo pygmaeus) 2. Sumatran Orangutan, (Pongo abelii) 13. (4 ,13 ) 4th cousins (4 genera, 13 species) Family Hylobatidae: gibbonsor "lesser apes" (13 species) Genus Hylobates Lar Gibbon or White-handed Gibbon, (Hylobates lar) Agile Gibbon or Black-handed Gibbon, (Hylobates agilis) Mllers Bornean Gibbon, (Hylobates muelleri) Silvery Gibbon, (Hylobates moloch) Pileated Gibbon or Capped Gibbon, (Hylobates pileatus) Klosss Gibbon or Mentawai Gibbon or Bilou, (Hylobates klossii) Genus Hoolock Western Hoolock Gibbon, (Hoolock hoolock) Eastern Hoolock Gibbon, (Hoolock leuconedys) Genus Symphalangus Siamang, (Symphalangus syndactylus) Genus Nomascus Concolor or Black Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus concolor) Eastern Black Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus nasutus) White-cheeked Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus leucogenys) Yellow-cheeked Gibbon, (Nomascus gabriellae) 14. E - 5th cousins(2 , 22 ,135 )(2 families, 22 genera, 135 species) Superfamily Cercopithecoidea Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys Genus Allenopithecus Allens Swamp Monkey, (Allenopithecus nigroviridis) Genus Miopithecus Angolan Talapoin, (Miopithecus talapoin) Gabon Talapoin, (Miopithecus ogouensis) Genus Erythrocebus Patas Monkey, (Erythrocebus patas) Genus Chlorocebus Green Monkey, (Chlorocebus sabaeus) Grivet, (Chlorocebus aethiops) Bale Mountains Vervet, (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) Tantalus Monkey, (Chlorocebus tantalus) Vervet Monkey, (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) Malbrouck, (Chlorocebus cynosuros) 15. Genus Cercopithecus Dryas Monkey or Salongo Monkey, (Cercopithecus dryas) Diana Monkey, (Cercopithecus diana) Roloway Monkey, (Cercopithecus roloway) Greater Spot-nosed Monkey, (Cercopithecus nictitans) Blue Monkey, (Cercopithecus mitis) Silver Monkey, (Cercopithecus doggetti) Golden Monkey, (Cercopithecus kandti) Sykess Monkey, (Cercopithecus albogularis) Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus mona) Campbells Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus campbelli) Lowes Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus lowei) Crested Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus pogonias) Wolfs Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus wolfi) Dents Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus denti) Lesser Spot-nosed Monkey, (Cercopithecus petaurista) White-throated Guenon, (Cercopithecus erythrogaster) Sclaters Guenon, (Cercopithecus sclateri) Red-eared Guenon, (Cercopithecus erythrotis) Moustached Guenon, (Cercopithecus cephus) Red-tailed Monkey, (Cercopithecus ascanius) LHoests Monkey, (Cercopithecus lhoesti) Preusss Monkey, (Cercopithecus preussi) Sun-tailed Monkey, (Cercopithecus solatus) Hamlyns Monkey or Owl-faced Monkey, (Cercopithecus hamlyni) De Brazzas Monkey, (Cercopithecus neglectus) 16. Genus Macaca Barbary Macaque, (Macaca sylvanus) Lion-tailed Macaque, (Macaca silenus) Southern Pig-tailed Macaque or Beruk, (Macaca nemestrina) Northern Pig-tailed Macaque, (Macaca leonina) Pagai Island Macaque or Bokkoi, (Macaca pagensis) Siberut Macaque, (Macaca siberu) Moor Macaque, (Macaca maura) Booted Macaque, (Macaca ochreata) Tonkean Macaque, (Macaca tonkeana) Hecks Macaque, (Macaca hecki) Gorontalo Macaque, (Macaca nigrescens) Celebes Crested Macaque or Black "Ape", (Macaca nigra) Crab-eating Macaque or Long-tailed Macaque or Kera, (Macaca fascicularis) Stump-tailed Macaque or Bear Macaque, (Macaca arctoides) Rhesus Macaque, (Macaca mulatta) Formosan Rock Macaque, (Macaca cyclopis) Japanese Macaque, (Macaca fuscata) Toque Macaque, (Macaca sinica) Bonnet Macaque, (Macaca radiata) Assam Macaque, (Macaca assamensis) Tibetan Macaque or Milne-Edwards Macaque, (Macaca thibetana) Arunachal Macaque or Munzala, (Macaca munzala) 17. Genus Lophocebus Grey-cheeked Mangabey, (Lophocebus albigena) Black Crested Mangabey, (Lophocebus aterrimus) Opdenboschs Mangabey, (Lophocebus opdenboschi) Uganda Mangabey, (Lophocebus ugandae) Johnstons Mangabey, (Lophocebus johnstoni) Osman Hills Mangabey, (Lophocebus osmani) Genus Rungwecebus Kipunji, (Rungwecebus kipunji) Genus Papio Hamadryas Baboon, (Papio hamadryas) Guinea Baboon, (Papio papio) Olive Baboon, (Papio anubis) Yellow Baboon, (Papio cynocephalus) Chacma Baboon, (Papio ursinus) Genus Theropithecus Gelada, (Theropithecus gelada) Genus Cercocebus Sooty Mangabey, (Cercocebus atys) Collared Mangabey, (Cercocebus torquatus) Agile Mangabey, (Cercocebus agilis) Golden-bellied Mangabey, (Cercocebus chrysogaster) Tana River Mangabey, (Cercocebus galeritus) Sanje Mangabey, (Cercocebus sanjei) 18. Genus Mandrillus Mandrill, (Mandrillus sphinx) Drill, (Mandrillus leucophaeus) Subfamily Colobinae Genus Colobus Black Colobus, (Colobus satanas) Angola Colobus, (Colobus angolensis) King Colobus, (Colobus polykomos) Ursine Colobus, (Colobus vellerosus) Mantled Guereza, (Colobus guereza) Genus Piliocolobus Western Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus badius) Pennants Colobus, (Piliocolobus pennantii) Preusss Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus preussi) Thollons Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus tholloni) Central African Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus foai) Ugandan Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus tephrosceles) Uzungwa Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus gordonorum) Zanzibar Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus kirkii) Tana River Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus rufomitratus) Genus Procolobus Olive Colobus, (Procolobus verus) 19. Genus Semnopithecus Nepal Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus schistaceus) Kashmir Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus ajax) Tarai Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus hector) Northern Plains Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus entellus) Black-footed Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus hypoleucos) Southern Plains Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus dussumieri) Tufted Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus priam) Genus Trachypithecus Purple-faced Langur, (Trachypithecus vetulus) Nilgiri Langur, (Trachypithecus johnii) Javan Lutung, (Trachypithecus auratus) Silvery Lutung or Silvered Leaf Monkey, (Trachypithecus cristatus) Indochinese Lutung, (Trachypithecus germaini) Tenasserim Lutung, (Trachypithecus barbei) Dusky Leaf Monkey or Spectacled Leaf Monkey, (Trachypithecus obscurus) Phayres Leaf Monkey, (Trachypithecus phayrei) Capped Langur, (Trachypithecus pileatus) Shortridges Langur, (Trachypithecus shortridgei)