†¾½µ‚ †„±„¹ - mech....

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  • #1

    -

    ( ) . , .

    .

  • #2

    . , , . , .

    . .

    N/mm2

    Vickers

    N/mm2

    St 42-2 420500(1) 115 (450)* 220 150 180

    St 50-2 500600(1) 135 (530) 260 180 210

    St 60-2 600720(1) 165 (720) 300 210 230

    St 70-2 700850(1) 190 340 240 260

    C 22, Ck 22 500650(2) 150 280 190 250

    C 35, Ck 35 590740(2) 140 (530) 330 230 300

    C 15, Ck 45 670820(2) 170 (720) 370 260 340

    25Cr, Mo 4 800950(2) 186 (610) 430 300 450

    34Cr, 4 9001100(2) 229 (670) 480 330 550

    C 15, Ck 15 500650(3) 140 (840) 260 180 21016Mn Cr 5 8001100(3) 210 (840) 390 270 430

    , N/mm2

    1 = 2 = 3 =

    *

  • #3

    12-1():

    Germany UK USA France

    Din 17100 BS4360 ASTM NFA 35-501

    %C %Mn %Si %S %P Yield min Tensile

    St33 A283B A3340A A283C 0.22max 1.60 max 0.50 max .050 max .050 max 185 310/540

    St37-2 40B A283C-A 0.17max 1.40max - 0.045 0.045 235 360/510St37-3 U 40C E 24-2 0.17max 1.40max - 0.04 0.04 235 360/510St37-3 N 40D E24-4 0.17max 1.40max - 0.035 0.035 235 360/510

    43A 0.25max 1.60 max 0.50 max .050 max .050 max 275 430/580

    St44-2 43B A283D-A 0.21max 1.50max - 0.045max 0.045max 275 430/580

    St44-3 U 43C A578Gr70 E28-3 0.18max 1.50max - 0.040max 0.040max 275 430/580

    50A A572Gr50 0.23max 1.60max 0.50max 0.050max 0.050max 355 490/630

    50B - 0.23max 1.60max 0.55max 0.045max 0.045max 355 490/630

    St52-3 U 50C A441 0.22max 1.60 max 0.60 max 0.40 max 0.040 max 355 490/630

    St 52-3 N 50D 0.20max 1.60max 0.55max 0.035max 0.035max 355 490/630

    0.20max 1.60max 0.55max 0.035max 0.035max 355 490/630

    Germany UK USA France

    SEW 092 BS1449 NFA 36-231

    %C %Mn %Si %S %P Yield min Tensile V

    QSTE340TM 40/30 045XLF E315D 0.12max 1.30max 0.50max 0.020max 0.025max 315 390/510 0.20max

    QSTE380TM 43/35 050XLF E355D 0.12max 1.50max 0.50max 0.020max 0.025max 355 430/550 0.20max

    QSTE420TM 46/40 060XLF E420D 0.12max 1.60max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 420 480/620 0.20max

    QSTE460TM 50/45 - - 0.12max 1.60max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 460 520/670 0.20max

    - 40F30 - E315D 0.12max 1.30max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 315 0.20max

    - 40F35 - E355D 0.12max 1.50max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 355 0.20max

    - 46F40 - - 0.12max 1.50max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 355 0.20max

    QSTE420TM - - E420D 0.12max 1.60max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 420 0.20max

    QSTE460TM - Gr65 - 0.12max 1.60max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 460 0.20max

    QSTE500TM E490D 070XLK - 0.12max 1.70max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 500 550/700 0.20max

    QSTE550TM - 080XLK - 0.12max 1.80max 0.50max 0.015max 0.025max 550 600/760 0.20max

    3mm

    Min Yield Strength at 16mm

    150mm

    Grade

    Max Thk for

    Specified Yield

    N/mm (2)

    Temp C

  • #4

  • #5

  • #6

    , .

  • #7

    x ,

    max 4 3

    32/ 64 2x

    M M d MyI d d

    = = =

    xy ,

    4 3

    16/32 2xy

    T T d TrJ d d

    = = =

    Mohr ,

    22

    , 2 2x x

    A B xy = +

    ( ) ,

  • #8

    2

    2max 2 2 2

    sy yxxy

    S SN N

    = = + =

    :

    2 2max2 4

    yx xy

    SN

    = +

    Von Mises :

    2 2 2 23 yA A B B x xySN

    = + = +

    x xy ,

    2 23

    324

    ySaM Td N

    +

  • #9

    = 4 3, . d :

    2 23

    324y

    N ad M TS

    = +

    , . .

    2 2eqM M M = + .

  • #10

    Soderberg:

    : 1mre y

    NNS S

    + =

    y yeq m r

    e

    S SS N

    = + =

    :

    : 2 2

    y sy yeq m r m r

    e se

    S S SS S N

    = + + +

  • #11

    Goodman:

    B: 1mre ut

    NNS S

    + = ut uteq m r

    e

    S SS N

    = + =

    :

    2 2

    ut sut uteq m r m r

    e se

    S S SS S N

    = + + +

    Gerber:

    C: 2

    1mre ut

    NNS S

    + =

    2 ut uteq m rut e

    S SNS S N

    = + =

    :

    2 22 2ut sut ut

    eq m r m rut e sut se

    S S SN NS S S S N

    = + + +

    ASM elliptic:

    D: 22

    1mre yS S

    + =

    , 2 2

    2 2 2 y yeq m r

    e

    S SS N

    = + =

    2 22 2 2 2y sy y

    eq m r m re se

    S S SS S N

    = + + +

  • #12

  • #13

    13.7:

    Woodruff

    13.3:

    Woodruff

    Diameter A x C Length Diameter A x C Length

    7 2 x 2,6 6,75 22 5 x 9 21,6310 2 x 3,7 9,66 22 6 x 9 21,6310 3 x 3,7 9,66 22 8 x 9 21,6313 3 x 5 12,65 25 5 x 10 24,4913 4 x 5 12,65 25 6 x 10 24,4916 3 x 6,5 15,72 28 6 x 11 27,3516 4 x 6,5 15,72 28 8 x 11 27,3516 5 x 6,5 15,72 28 10 x 11 27,3519 4 x 7,5 18,57 32 8 x 13 31,4319 5 x 7,5 18,57 32 10 x 13 31,4319 6 x 7,5 18,57

  • #14

    13.8:

    13.4:

    ,W

    , ,C,d

    ,t

    5 5 8 1217 2.96 6 10 1722 3.58 7 11 2230 4.110 8 12 3038 4.712 8 12 3844 4.914 9 14 4450 5.516 10 16 5058 6.218 11 18 5865 6.820 12 20 6575 7.422 14 22 7585 8.525 14 22 8595 8.7

    L 40 100 10 mm.

  • #15

    13.9:

    13.5:

    ,

    W

    ,H

    ,L

    ,d

    2 2 1022 683 3 840 9104 4 825 11125 5 1050 13176 6 1250 18228 7 1850 233010 8 2050 313812 8 4060 394414 9 5070 4550

  • #16

    , , r.

    , ,

    r.

  • #17

    , , r.

    , ,

    r.

  • #18

    , , r.

    , , r.

  • #19

    , , r.

  • #20

    D d.

  • #21