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  • Book Title: BLOODY TRUTH Publisher: Movement for FREEDOM & JUSTICE IN CYPRUS

    Copyright Movement for FREEDOM & JUSTICE IN CYPRUS Nicosia, March 2009

    Cover Design - Supervision: PROGRAPHICSPrinting: HAIDEMENOS SA

    No reproduction, electronic storing, electronic or mechanical transfer in any form, scanning or photocopying of this publication in part or in whole is permitted without the publishers prior written consent.

    First Edition: March 2009

    Movement for FREEDOM & JUSTICE IN CYPRUS 18, Byron Avenue, 1096 Nicosia, Cyprus Fax: (00357) 22 759594, Email: [email protected]

    ISBN 978-9963-9622-0-4

    : E: &

    Copyright & , 2009

    - : PROGRAPHICS: ....

    , , , , .

    : 2009

    & . 18, 1096 , : (00357) 22 759594, Email: [email protected]

    Front pages greek.indd 2 3/3/09 12:38:47 PM

  • ( 7 - 192)

    Part Two (pages 197 - 366)

    Bloody truth

    Front pages greek.indd 3 3/3/09 12:38:47 PM

  • , ...

    Front pages greek.indd 5 3/3/09 12:38:47 PM

  • Front pages greek.indd 7 3/3/09 12:38:47 PM

  • 13

    1945 15

    2004-2008 16

    : 1955

    1: 1950 18

    2: 1954 20

    : 1955-1962

    1: 1955 25

    2: 1955 26

    3: 1955 28

    4: 1955 32

    5: 1955 34

    36

    37

    6: 1955 39

    7: 1957 (Turk Mukavemet Teskilati) 41

    8: 1956 43

    9: 1958 44

    10: 1958 (Kibris Istirdat Plani) 46

    11: 1958 46

    12: 1960 10.000 48

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  • 13: 1959 52

    14: 53

    15: 54

    16: 55

    17: 1959 55

    , 57

    59

    60

    18: 61

    19: 1956 62

    20: 1955, 1958, 1962 65

    21: 1958 66

    22: 1963 66

    23: 1958 69

    24: 1958 72

    77

    25: 10.000 663 82

    26: 27 1960 83

    27: 1959-1963 87

    28: 1960 90

    29: 1959 ; 91

    30: 1958 93

    B31: 97

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  • B32: 98

    33: 27 1960 101

    34: 1962 104

    35: 27 1960 104

    36: 1962 106

    : 1963 - 1974

    1: 1963 111

    2: 1964 112

    3: 1965 116

    4: 117

    5: 1961-1963 119

    5-1: 120

    5-2: Claire Palley 124

    5-3: 126

    : 126

    - 127

    - 127

    - 129

    - 130

    - 132

    - 135

    - 136

    - 136

    5-4: 137

    5-5: 139

    Front pages greek.indd 10 3/3/09 12:38:48 PM

  • 6: 13 147

    7: 1964 151

    7-1: 1967 153

    8: 154

    9: 156

    9-1: 156

    9-2: 158

    9-3: ... . 161

    9-4: 163

    9-5: 163

    : , & 1974

    1: 167

    2: THE SUN 168

    3: , 174

    4: : 175

    176

    1. 176

    2. 178 3. 181

    4. 184

    5: 186

    191

    Front pages greek.indd 11 3/3/09 12:38:48 PM

  • , 1974, , , & .

    1955 55-59: (/ /) , 1 .

    , , 1974, 1963, / / 1964 1967, (2 , ), - - 1974 (3 , : / / , ).

    ,

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  • 14

    , 4 (2002-2004), 24 2004, 76% .

    , , ...

    , , .

    , , , , 1974 37% , .

    1955-1967, & , .

    , ....

    &

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 14 3/3/09 12:36:44 PM

  • 1945

    , .

    To 1940 , , , , .

    1878 , , .

    , , , , .

    , (1943),

    , ,

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  • 16

    , ,1

    , .

    , - - , , 25 1945, .2

    2004-2008

    , , , ( ) .

    (76%) 24 2004, , , .

    1. . 1940 1960 H E, 19852. , 2005.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 16 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 17

    , 301 , , , , .

    , , .

    1963 1964, , . , , 1957...

    , -.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 17 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • : 1955

    1: 1950

    1950 , ( 82% ), , 1878, .

    8 1949, , R.E.Turnbull , , , .

    15 1950, , 97% . , :

    19 1950, :

    , .3

    3. ( , ) 1954-1959 . 1999, FO371/87719, RG1081/104.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 18 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • E 1955 19

    23 1950, :

    . .4

    20 1950, , :

    .5

    - - , , 1954, .

    , : , , , 31 6 1954.6

    , ,

    4. 1954-1959: - 1963.5. 1954-1959: - 1963.6. 1954-1959 - 1998

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  • 20

    .7

    2: 1954

    8, /, :

    , , .

    . , , . . .

    ( ) :

    ( ). status quo .

    : , , .

    7. 1954-1959 - 19988. - 2001, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 20 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • E 1955 21

    , : ( ). . .

    , . . . , .

    . . . .

    , : .

    . . , , .

    . , .

    , . :

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 21 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 22

    , .

    , , :

    [] . . . .

    : . , : .

    . .9

    9. , , , 1954 . . . , (. 338, 22 1955) Foreign Office , : [...] . , . , ... ( FO 286/1279)

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 22 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • E 1955 23

    () (), , 1965 , :

    , .

    , , , , , , , .

    , , , , , .

    1950-1960 , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 23 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 24

    .

    1958, , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 24 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • : 1955-1962

    1: 1955

    , ( 1 1955).

    , . , .

    , . (opinion leaders) , , .

    , , 1954 ( ) , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 25 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 26

    2: 1955 .

    , , .

    , 1955 .

    13 1955, , 28 , .10

    . , , 24 1955.

    28 1955, , , ( --) . , , :

    , ,

    10. .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 26 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 271955 - 1962

    . , . , 13 , , .

    , , , .

    , 1955 . , .[]

    28 , . , .[] 28 .[] 28 [1955] . ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 27 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 28

    [ ].11

    27 1960 , , , .. , 1955 , 1955.

    , . , , , , 1955.

    , 1963-64 .

    , , , .

    3: 1955

    , 1955

    11. , - 5 2001.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 28 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 291955 - 1962

    28 1955, :

    1955, - , :12

    , - - . , . . , . , . , [...]

    12. , 17 1955.

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  • 30

    , .

    , , , , .

    . , 6 7 1955. . :

    [ ] , , , , .13

    , 1955:

    13. ( , ) , - 6/7 1955, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 30 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 311955 - 1962

    6/7 , [] . , . , , . .14

    , , , , :

    . , .15

    14. , , ( 2, -).15. 1955, , 6/7 1955, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 31 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 32

    4: 1955

    , , ( ), . [ ] , 5.000 16.

    , , . () 27 7 1955, . , .

    16. 6-7 1955 .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 32 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 331955 - 1962

    . 1954 , [ 5 , 1955, , ]. , ...17.

    :

    5 [ ] .18

    , :

    , , , , ,

    17. , 6/7 1955, .18. 1954-1959 - 1998.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 33 3/3/09 12:36:45 PM

  • 34

    , , .19

    5: 1955

    , 1955, , , , .

    , . , , , 27 1960 .

    , , :

    , ,

    ,

    19. ( ), 19 1960.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 34 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 351955 - 1962

    ,

    .

    , :

    1. , .

    2. .

    , ( ) 27 7 1955, .

    1955 , , .

    . , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 35 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 36

    :

    , 1923, , .

    , ( ) 1955 , , . , 6 7 1955, .

    , , . 9 , 45 .

    , , (27 7 1955), .

    , . , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 36 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 371955 - 1962

    .20

    9 1955, :

    ...21

    , 28 1956, Reporter :

    [...] O , . [...] , [...].

    29 1956, New York Times, 9 1955 , :

    [] , . , .

    , :

    [...] ,

    20. : . 1955 . 1957.21. FO 800/674.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 37 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 38

    , [...], , , . [...] , , , , . , .22

    , 14 1954, :

    23

    24, . , .25

    , - , , .

    22. FO 286/1291.23. , , 7 2008.24. .25. ; - 2000.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 38 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 391955 - 1962

    6: 1955

    1955 , , , , , .

    , ( ) , (), .

    , . ,26 , , .

    1997, 1956 18-29 , .

    ,

    26. 5.9.1955.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 39 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 40

    , .

    , - .

    . , .27

    , ( ) . .

    , . .

    1956, -, , , . (18%)

    27. & : , , , ...

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 40 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 411955 - 1962

    , . , , . , . 35 . , , .28

    7: 1957 (Turk Mukavemet Teskilati)

    , , .

    1949, .

    1957 , 15 1957 , , Turk Mukavemet Teskilati [ ] ,

    28. - 1984.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 41 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 42

    , .

    1 , 2 , , .

    :

    1957 , ,29 , , .30

    :

    - , . , . ;

    29. , 1973.30. ;, 1986.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 42 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 431955 - 1962

    . , . . , . . . , . . .31

    , , , . .

    8: 1956

    1956, . , , .

    1956, , - , ,

    31. THE TIMES, 20 1978.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 43 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 44

    . , , , .

    , (24 22 1956) , . , , .

    , , , .

    , , , , .

    .

    9: 1958

    ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 44 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 451955 - 1962

    1958, , () , (Seferberlik Tedkik Kurulu - STK), .

    , , , , .

    , , .

    . , , .

    . , , .32

    32. , .

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  • 46

    10: 1958 (Kibris Istirdat Plani)

    , .

    , , , , Kibris Istirdat Plani [ ] KIP.

    1958, , , . , 21 (2 , 5 14 ) , , , .

    11: 1958

    , , , (, , ) .

    , , , () ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 46 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 471955 - 1962

    . , .

    1996, ( 1958) , .

    , , , , , , , . .

    , , , , , , , , .

    , , , .

    ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 47 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 48

    27 1960 :

    1960 , , .33

    12: 1960 10.000

    1958 1959 , , 5.000 . 1960 , 10.000.

    , 47 , - 2007. (: )

    , , .

    ,

    33. 1960,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 48 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 491955 - 1962

    :

    9. , , . - 950 . . , 1957, 1958 , . , , . 1.000 .

    10. 1959 1959 6.000 , , , , , 2 , , , 1959 7.000, .

    11. 1959 2 1960 , 10.000 .34

    34. , 21-10-1960, ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 49 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 50

    Tokarev

    13 1959 28 1960, , TOKAREV 1933, .

    , [] Bren [] 17-3-60, , Pearson Special Branch, 1933 TOKAREV 35. , .36

    TOKAREV 29 1958 , .76/60 Pearson, Examination of material exhibits firearms.

    ,

    35. TOKAREV 1930, ...., 1920-1922, . , , 22 1974 , , TOKAREV.36. , 12 1960.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 50 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 511955 - 1962

    , . [] T . . [...] .37

    , . , .38

    , .39

    , 1955:

    , . . .

    37. , 6 196038. BHMA, 7 196039. , , 6-7.9.1955 , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 51 3/3/09 12:36:46 PM

  • 52

    , [ ] , , .40

    :

    ( ), , , .

    13: 1959

    , , , - 1960.

    , , .

    , ,

    40. , / 1976.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 52 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 531955 - 1962

    (1959-1960) , , .

    , , . , .

    14:

    , , (), (). , , , , .

    , (), () ( ). .

    , , , .

    , . ( ),

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 53 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 54

    ( ).

    , , .

    15:

    , .

    , :41

    , , , , , , .

    . (), , , , .

    41. ... 1998, Ismail Tansu IN REALITY NO ONE WAS ASLEEP, a secret underground organization, with State support... TMT 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 54 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 551955 - 1962

    16:

    , , .

    (16 1958) . , , . 1960 .

    , , () , , .

    17: 1959

    1959, , 25 , , , .42

    , ,

    42. , , , (9 1958). Ismail Tansu IN REALITY NO ONE WAS ASLEEP, a secret underground organization, with State support... TMT 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 55 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 56

    , , 6.000 , 500 , 18 1959, - .

    ( ) , , .

    , (mine-sweeper HMS Burmaston) .

    , , 9 , .

    , .43

    43. ... 1998, Ismail Tansu IN REALITY NO ONE WAS ASLEEP, a secret underground organization, with State support... TMT 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 56 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 571955 - 1962

    , :

    : (17.3.1960) 8:30, [], -, . 1 4 , 1 3 4 8 . [].44

    5 . , . , . , , . , [] ( ). , ( , ).

    , , . ,

    44. , 18 1960 - FO 371/152931.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 57 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 58

    .45

    (7 1960), , . , . , 1957. , , .

    , . 400 , 200-303 , 7 . ( ) ( ).

    , , . .

    45. , 7 1960 - FO 371/152931.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 58 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 591955 - 1962

    , , [] . [] , , [] .46

    30 1960, , , , , . , , . , [ ] .

    , , [ ] . , , [].47

    46. , 8 1960 FO 371/15293147. FO 371/152931.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 59 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 60

    , [Chief of Intelligence] J. V. Prendergast, , 26 1959 :

    . , . , , [] , , , . , , . , , , , , [] , .48

    48. CO 296/1000.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 60 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 611955 - 1962

    18:

    , , , . , .

    , , 1955 1959, :

    , , , .

    , , .

    , ( , , , ) , .

    , , , , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 61 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 62

    , , , , , .

    () , .

    . , , 1974 1996.

    :

    . , , . , , , , .49

    19: 1956

    , , - .

    49. , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 62 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 631955 - 1962

    30 1956, , , .50

    1 1956, 51 , , , .

    , :

    [] : ; . ,

    50. -, . 51. , , , . . , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 63 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 64

    , , .52

    , 1958:

    , , , , , , , . , .53

    , :

    , .

    ( )

    52. Times of Cyprus 1 1956. 53. , 1965.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 64 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 651955 - 1962

    , , 1958 , .

    20: 1955, 1958, 1962

    , 6 7 1955, -:

    5 1955, , . , .

    , , 7 1958. .

    , 26 , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 65 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 66

    .54

    1962, , .

    21: 1958

    55, 27 1958 , :

    . : , . : , . . ; , .56

    22: 1963

    , 1963:

    54. V, 26 1984.55. , , 30 1957, , , ,56. .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 66 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 671955 - 1962

    , , , , .

    , 1963 , .

    1985, , :

    , ( ), . ( ) , .57

    1958, :

    .

    , :

    , . , :

    ,

    57. o - 2000.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 67 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 68

    , .

    , 1963. , , . . , , .

    , , .

    :

    . . , 24 , .

    , . , , [].

    :

    , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 68 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 691955 - 1962

    [].

    , . , . , .

    23: 1958

    1958, , , , () .

    . , .

    , .

    , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 69 3/3/09 12:36:47 PM

  • 70

    , , , 1958:

    . , , , , , .58

    . :59

    22 1958: , , . , , .

    24 1958: 32 , () 1955. , .

    58. , 1965.59. AFER KIBRISLI TURKERIDIR 15 1965, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 70 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 711955 - 1962

    29 1958: 26 , - . , . .

    5 1958: ( ) , .

    30 1958: 46 , .

    3 1958: ( ) 29 , .

    , , , .60

    1965, ( ) 1958-1965, .

    60. , 15 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 71 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 72

    . , . , . 1958, , , .

    , , . , , .

    24: 1958

    , , . , . , .

    , , 12 1958.

    - , , , 12 1958. , , , 200 , , , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 72 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 731955 - 1962

    , 35 , , .61

    - (, ) - - : . 34., 24, 21, 17, 17, 31, 34 34. , .62

    , , - .

    , , , .

    61. , 12 2008.62. (8 ) 13 1958, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 73 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 74

    - - .

    , , . .

    1958 , .

    .63

    7 1958, , , .

    , .

    , , , .

    . , ,

    63. 1958, , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 74 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 751955 - 1962

    , , .

    , , . , :

    , , , , , . [...] , . , , . [].64

    7 1958, :

    , ! , , , [...] . . , ,

    64. CO 926/907.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 75 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 76

    [] .65

    , 66 28 1958 , :

    , , , , , .

    ; . , . , . . , , .

    ,

    65. , .66. () 1941, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 76 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 771955 - 1962

    , , .

    , . . , . . . , . ; ; (.. 28.6.1958).

    , 29.5.1958, : : , ( ) .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 77 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 78

    . 27 , , .

    . , , , . , , , .

    , , . , .67

    , , , , . :

    : ,

    67. 29 1958, FO 371/136280.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 78 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 791955 - 1962

    . , . . , .68

    16 , 1 . [] , .

    , 7 . , , .69

    , :

    1) , .

    6 2) , . , , :

    68. 1 1958, FO 371/136286.69. 22 1958, FO 371/136337.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 79 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 80

    29 , , i. , .

    30 , ii. , . . , , .

    , 3) .70

    : , , 13 17 :

    13 : . .

    13 : . .

    14 : , , .

    70. 5 1958, FO 371/136338.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 80 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 811955 - 1962

    15 : , , .

    16 : . .

    13 : . .71

    - , , , . , , , .

    12 . ( , ) . . , Taksim ()72.

    71. 18 1958, DEFE 11/266.72. Taksim .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 81 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 82

    - , , .73

    . , , ( ) , .

    , .74

    25: 10.000 663

    - (19 1959) (16 1960), , , , , .

    73. 4 1958, FO 371/136280. 74. 12 1958, FO 371/136280.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 82 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 831955 - 1962

    , :

    , , 1959, 663 (, , ).75

    , 1959, 6.000 , 1960, 10.000, , .

    26: 27 1960

    , .

    9 , (17 1961), (16 1961). , (1950-1960), , .

    27 1960, 38 , .

    75. - ( .., ). 50 ( ).

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 83 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 84

    . , , .

    , 235 260 , 5.000 , , ( ) 15 1961.

    20 1961, .76 , .77

    , 6 7 1955, - , , 1878. , (650 ) ( ),

    76. (1938-1950) (CHP).77. (1966-1973).

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 84 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 851955 - 1962

    .

    , , .

    . ( ) :

    27 1960. , , . , 5.000 .

    , , , . , , . , . .

    , 27 . . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 85 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 86

    . .

    , . , , , . . : , . , , : , . , .

    , . , . . . 5.000 10.000. . . . . .78

    78. ... - 1998 ( / , 1997) Ismail Tansu IN REALITY NO ONE WAS ASLEEP, a secret underground organization, with State support... TMT 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 86 3/3/09 12:36:48 PM

  • 871955 - 1962

    27: 1959-1963

    , 79 , 19 1959 -, , , , .

    , .

    , , ( ) , , .

    , 1960-1963, , , , , , .

    79. 1958.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 87 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 88

    , , .

    , , . - 1958, - 1956.

    , , 10.000 , , , ...

    1963 , , , .

    , - 1960, , 14 1963, .80

    80. , Fettered Independence Cyprus 18781964 Turk Mukavemet Teskilatinin.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 88 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 891955 - 1962

    , ,81 1963. :

    , , [ ] , . , . , , , , .

    , , :

    , .82

    , 21 1963, ,83 1960-1963,

    81. . 6.82. Turk Mukavemet Teskilatinin.83. 22.12.1963.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 89 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 90

    .

    1958 1963 , 2 , , , .

    1960-1964 1958-1959, .

    , - -, .84

    28: 1960

    , , , , . , , :

    84. , , . , , , , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 90 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 911955 - 1962

    . , , , 340 . , .85

    , . .

    29: 1959 ;

    , ,

    85. Ismail Tansu IN REALITY NO ONE WAS ASLEEP, a secret underground organization, with State support... TMT 2007.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 91 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 92

    86 2002:

    . . , . , :

    , , . , , , , , , . , [ ] . ,

    86. E (1966-1968) , , . , , 1974 11 ( ). 4 , , . 1959, , , ( - 19 1959).

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 92 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 931955 - 1962

    . .

    . . .87

    , , , , , . , 1959 .

    , , A ( ) .

    30: 1958

    , , , , ( , :

    87. ( ..) , -2006.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 93 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 94

    10 1958:

    . , , : . , .88

    21 1958:

    , , . , . .

    , 90 120 .

    30 20 .

    20 .

    88. , FO 371/136279.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 94 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 951955 - 1962

    , 138 , .

    20 , .

    6 ().

    6 ( ).

    .

    /, 100 .

    , 20-25 50 .

    , 21 5 .

    .

    , , . , .89

    28 1958:

    89. , FO 371/136337.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 95 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 96

    . . , .

    , , , .

    , , .

    . . , , , , , .

    , , , .90

    90. , FO 371/136281.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 96 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 971955 - 1962

    B31:

    7 1958:

    , . , . . , , . , . -.91 , . , , - ( ), .92

    91. - 1956. 1963 . 21.92. , FO 371/136281.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 97 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 98

    2 1958:

    , , . , . , .93

    1 1958:

    , , , , , . , , , .94

    B32:

    12 1958,

    93. 12 1958, CO 926/848.94. , CO 926/848.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 98 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 991955 - 1962

    , :

    , , .

    7 , ! .95

    7 . .

    , 33 , , .

    19 1956, , ,

    95. , 2004 , , 76% 24 2004.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 99 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 100

    , .96 97

    , , , ( ) , .

    , 7 98, , :

    1959, , . , , ( , ), .

    , 19

    96. CO 926/1119.97. , .98. , 1958.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 100 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 1011955 - 1962

    1956 18%, .99

    33: 27 1960

    1960, --, . , .

    9 1960, , , -.100

    11 1960, , , 27 1960, , , . ,

    99. 2004 , ( ) .100. , , , 9 1960

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 101 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 102

    , .

    , , , , , .

    , , 1955 , , 7 1958.

    1960, , , - , - 6-7 :

    - , 27 . , , , 6-7 , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 102 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 1031955 - 1962

    . , 28 1955 , .

    7 1960, 28 1955, - .

    , , , , ,101 27 1960, . , , , .

    1957, .

    101. , - 1975. .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 103 3/3/09 12:36:49 PM

  • 104

    34: 1962

    , , .. ,102 .

    , , , .

    , 26 1962 . 7 1958, 6 7 1955 .103

    35: 27 1960

    , , , 27 1960, , :104

    102. , .103. 15 1965.104. .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 104 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1051955 - 1962

    , - , , , , , 30 [ ]. , , , , . , , , 27 , , [] . , .105

    , 11 1965.

    , (23 1962).

    , .

    ,

    105. , , - 2008.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 105 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 106

    27 , . , , , , - .

    36: 1962

    1962, , :

    25 1962, 1821 , , .

    23 1962, , , , . , , .

    23 1962!

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 106 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1071955 - 1962

    , , .

    . :

    , . . .

    13 1965, , . , , :

    , 1960 [ ]. . , . . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 107 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 108

    .

    12 1965, , . , :

    , , , . . , , . 1962. , , , , .

    :

    , , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 108 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1091955 - 1962

    . , .

    , , :

    , , . , , 20 . , , , , , . . , , . . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 109 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 110

    . . , . ...

    , , , 1963-64 , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 110 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • : 1963 - 1974

    1: 1963

    , , .

    , 1960 , , 10.000 , 650 , , .

    , , , , , 1963.

    , 21 1963.

    , 82% , , , 1963. , , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 111 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 112

    , .

    , , , .

    2: 1964

    , , , .

    () ( ), , .

    5 1964, . (UNFICYP) :

    ,

    , , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 112 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1131963 - Y 1974

    , , .

    , , .

    :

    () , .

    () , , .

    , . . , , , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 113 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 114

    .

    ; , , .

    , . , , . . , , , , , .

    , . , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 114 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1151963 - Y 1974

    .

    , .

    , , 106

    , (16 1965, 18 1965 15 1965), (24 1965).

    8 1965, :107

    , . , ,

    106. , 119.107. , 148.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 115 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 116

    . .108

    3: 1965

    , :109

    . . . , 1957, :

    ;.

    , . .

    108. 1964 1965, , , . , / . , . 22 1987, .109. , 28 1965.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 116 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1171963 - Y 1974

    , .

    , , . , .

    , .

    , .

    , , , , .110

    4:

    2002-2004, (1963-1964) (1974),

    110. , 144.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 117 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 118

    . 111

    , , , , , .

    , , , , 1974 , , .

    111. (11 2002) 15 , (1988-1993) (1993-2003). , , , . , , 24 2004. ( ) 64% , , 76% . , (2003-2008), . (1 2004), -, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 118 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1191963 - Y 1974

    , , .

    , , , , 1963-64 , , , , , 1974, 37% 1/3 , .

    , 1963-1964 .

    5: 1961-1963

    , , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 119 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 120

    5-1: 112

    :

    1955-1959, , .

    , - , , .

    , . , , .

    , , .

    , , .

    ,

    112. , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 120 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1211963 - Y 1974

    [ 1959- 1960], , , , , , .113

    , .114

    . . , , 1960.

    , , , .

    1961,

    113. . 6-18.114. . 19.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 121 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 122

    , , , , , , , , , , .

    , , .

    , , , .115

    ( ) , .116

    1961, ,

    115. : .116. ( ), .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 122 3/3/09 12:36:50 PM

  • 1231963 - Y 1974

    , .

    , ,117 - , .118

    , , , .

    . , , , , , , , , , .

    , , , - . , .

    ,

    117. ( ): 950 , , .118. .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 123 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 124

    - 3 .

    , - , .

    : , , .

    . , , , , .

    5-2: Claire Palley119

    120 Claire Palley :

    ,

    119. .120. FETTERED INDEPENDENCE Cyprus, 1878-1964 2006 (2 , 1450 ).

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 124 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1251963 - Y 1974

    , ( , 1959, 1957 , ).

    , , , 1959.

    , , .

    , , [ ], , .

    , .

    , [ ] 1960 , 1963

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 125 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 126

    , .

    , : , , [ ] , , , . 21 1963...

    5-3: 121

    , , :122

    :

    , 21 1966, ,

    121. (1960-1970) (1984-1988) . 1964 , , , 1974 . 122. FETTERED INDEPENDENCE Cyprus, 1878-1964 2006, , . 275-281.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 126 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1271963 - Y 1974

    , .123

    , , 1960 , , [ ].124

    1983, [. ] 1963.125 :

    , . , , . .

    .

    123. .124. . The Cyprus Dispute and the Birth of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, 1984, . 165.125. Crucial Documents, . 250-257.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 127 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 128

    , , . , .

    , . . , . , . .

    , , .

    , :

    , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 128 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1291963 - Y 1974

    , . (, ).

    , .

    , , . , .

    , , , , . 1956, , , . .

    , . ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 129 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 130

    , , , , , .

    , . , , , .

    , , , , , , , .

    , . . , . .

    ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 130 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1311963 - Y 1974

    , , [] . :

    , , , . , , , , . , . , , , , .

    , , . , , , . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 131 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 132

    .

    , , .

    , , 30 1963, , 21 [1963].126

    , status quo .

    ex post facto [ ], .

    126. , , . , , Contemporary Review 1963, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 132 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1331963 - Y 1974

    , , : , (/), . , . , :

    , ,

    , / ,

    , , ,

    , , , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 133 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 134

    , , , . , .

    .

    , .

    , , , ,

    ,

    , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 134 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1351963 - Y 1974

    127, :

    [ ] . , .

    , , . , , , .128

    21 1966, . (

    127. Mayes Makarios, . 161-63. Patrick Political Geography, . 35 42. John Reddaway Burdened with Cyprus, London 1986, . 133-35 147-48. Ertekun The Cyprus Dispute, . 10 165.128. , ( ) , . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 135 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 136

    ) .129

    , , , . , [ ].

    1962, [], , , , . , , ex post facto [ ] , , .

    , ,130 [ ] , .

    129. , 1960-1970.130. . 27 6.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 136 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1371963 - Y 1974

    5-4: 131

    :

    , , .

    , , , , , .

    , , , . , . , 1963, , , . , .

    131. , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 137 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 138

    , , , . , , , .

    , , . , , .

    , , . , .

    , . , 10.000 .

    , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 138 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 1391963 - Y 1974

    , , , .132

    , , .

    5-5: 133

    , . , :134

    , [] , , . , .

    132. 1963 , .133. . .134. , , 20 21 2008.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 139 3/3/09 12:36:51 PM

  • 140

    . , , , . . , , , , , , , , .

    , , . , , , , , , , , . , , . , , , .

    . ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 140 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1411963 - Y 1974

    , , , , 24 25 1963. . , , , , . , . .

    : [...] , , , .

    ( , ..), : , , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 141 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 142

    , . , , . . , , , , . . , .135

    , , , . , 21 1963 , , , .

    , . [...] . , ,

    135. , ( 1963), : , , , , . , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 142 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1431963 - Y 1974

    . : ; ; ; , ; , , , ; , : , , , , , ;.

    [ ] , . , , , . , . . , , , , .

    .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 143 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 144

    . 1958, , , 1955 , , , . , , , .

    , , , , , , , , , 55-59. , .

    , , ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 144 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1451963 - Y 1974

    , . . , , . , , , .

    , , : , , , . , , , , , . , .

    , , . , , : , . ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 145 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 146

    , .

    , , . 40% , , . , , , .

    26 1963 , , , . . , . , , , , , , , 1964.

    1964,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 146 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1471963 - Y 1974

    . , - [ ], . . , , , , .

    6: 13

    , , 1963, , 13 .

    1963, , .

    , .

    , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 147 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 148

    10 1971, ,136 & , , 13 . , , o , .

    :

    22 . ( ), .

    , , & .

    . :

    17 1963 , , , .

    136. , , , .

    )

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 148 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1491963 - Y 1974

    , , .

    , . , .

    , . , , , .

    , , .

    31 1963, , .

    , , [ ] ,

    )

    )

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 149 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 150

    .

    .

    , , .

    , .

    , .

    14 1963, 12 1963, . .

    26 , . ( ) . .

    , , ,

    )

    )

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 150 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1511963 - Y 1974

    1960 [].

    . , ( ) .

    ( 137), 1963.

    , , .138

    7: 1964

    27 1964, . . . , , (), , .

    137. . 27.138. & FCO 9/1353

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 151 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 152

    :

    , . , , . , .

    48 , 8 9 , , .

    , , .

    , , . . , , , .

    , , :

    .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 152 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1531963 - Y 1974

    . . . , . .139

    . , .140

    .141

    7-1: 1967

    31 1967:

    , . , . , : , .

    ,

    139. , 10 1964. 140. , 21 1964.141. , 28 1964, , . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 153 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 154

    , . , . , . , .

    . :

    , , 1964. , 1964 , , .142

    8:

    ( 1964) , , 1955-59. , , .

    1975-76, ,

    142. & FCO 9/63.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 154 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1551963 - Y 1974

    (Foreign Office) (State Department).

    , , . 76% , 24 2004.143

    , , 1964 , : , , 15 1974 ,144 20 1974.145

    143. FO 371/177827 1964 .144. , 1963 , 1964.145. 17 1974, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 155 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 156

    9:

    9-1:

    , 1955 1955-59 .

    1964 , , 1967, . : , ( ), .

    , .

    1964, , . :

    ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 156 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 1571963 - Y 1974

    .

    , .

    , . , , , .

    , , , , .

    , :

    20 1964, i. . , , .

    , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 157 3/3/09 12:36:52 PM

  • 158

    , .

    , 20 .

    , .

    . , ii. ( ) [].146

    10 1964, 147 , , , .

    9-2:

    -

    146. , , 26 1964 DEFE 11/443. 147. Unficyp, .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 158 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 1591963 - Y 1974

    , - - . , 150 . , .148

    RAF149 . 15 . , , .150

    : , RAF RAF, , .

    , , , , ,

    148. , 28 1964.149. .150. BBC 4, 2006.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 159 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 160

    . , .

    , . , .151

    :

    , , [] , [] , , (.. , , ).152

    ( ), . ,

    151. , , 31 1964.152. , , 3 1964.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 160 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 1611963 - Y 1974

    .

    , , 7 , , 200-300 . , . , 20-21 1964. , ( ) . .

    , , , . , . .153

    9-3: ... .

    153. DEFE 11/451 DEFE 11/457.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 161 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 162

    , . , , . Land Rover 7 1964.

    . , , , .

    , 26 1964, (UNFICYP). , UNFICYP, , .

    4 1964, , .

    , .

    14 1963,154

    154. . B27.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 162 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 1631963 - Y 1974

    1964,155 [ 1974], , .

    9-4:

    , 3 1964 ( 16:45), , , , ( , ) .156

    2006, 4 BBC 1964 , , .

    9-5:

    ,

    155. 8.156. DEFE 11/451.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 163 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 164

    27 1963, .157

    THE GUARDIAN , 1963-64 .

    10 1994, 4 TV, 1619 - 1974. , :

    , . , . ,

    157. : 1963, , , , . , . , , , 1963 ( , ). , 1964, (. 9-3). ( Unficyp) , . 1965, OBE ( ).

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 164 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 1651963 - Y 1974

    . , , [ ] .

    , , , .

    4, 158 & , , . .

    , , .

    , 3 1999 THE GUARDIAN ( , , ) . ,

    158. , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 165 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 166

    , .

    , 1974, :

    , ( ) 27 , ,

    , 1963 - 1964 /, 30 , , , . . , 26 1963 11:20 ( ).159

    159. AIR 20/11426.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 166 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • : , & 1974

    1: 160

    : , . 20 .

    , , , , . .

    [] , ,

    160. , , 8 1974.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 167 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 168

    , [...] , , .

    2: THE SUN 161

    . . 20

    . , . 32

    . ; . 51

    , . , .

    []

    161. , THE SUN, , 5 1974. SUN .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 168 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 169 , & 1974

    .

    .

    , , , .

    . , , , .

    20 , , .

    , , . 24 , . , . :

    , . , . . .

    , 9 ,

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 169 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 170

    , . . .

    , 15 . . , .

    . , , . . .

    , , .

    , , .

    :

    . .

    , 28 , . :

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 170 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 171 , & 1974

    , . . .

    . . . , .

    , .

    , , . .

    , . .

    , , 32 . :

    , . , . . .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 171 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 172

    , . , .

    , 51 , . :

    . , . .

    . 16 , . . , .

    , . .

    , 13 , .

    ; ..

    .

    , , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 172 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 173 , & 1974

    . , .

    , . :

    12 . 12 90 .

    , 4 , . , .

    , , 2 . :

    , . , , . .

    , . , .

    37 Mermaid, , .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 173 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 174

    . , 20.000 .

    , . :

    , .

    3: ,

    , , , .

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 174 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 175 , & 1974

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    162. AIR 20/12651.163. THE SUNDAY TIMES, 23 1977.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 175 3/3/09 12:36:53 PM

  • 176

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 176 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 177 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 177 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 178

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 178 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 179 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 179 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 180

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 180 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 181 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 181 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 182

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 182 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 183 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 183 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 184

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 184 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 185 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 185 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 186

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    1974, , . , , .

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    164. . , THE CHRISTIAN POST 28 April 2008.165. , , CHRISTIAN POST.

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 186 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 187 , & 1974

    [] . , , , .

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    , , -, Sourp Magar, , .

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    166. : HELLENIC TIMES .

    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 187 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 188

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 188 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 189 , & 1974

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 189 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 190

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 190 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 20 1974, , , , .

    1974, 37% , 200.000 , 4.000 1.619 .

    65% , 70% , 70% 80% .

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    bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 191 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • 192

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  • bloody truth-book-final greek.indd 193 3/3/09 12:36:54 PM

  • To all those who sacrificed their life, for the sake of the rest of us

    Front pages english.indd 195 3/3/09 12:46:34 PM

  • Part Two

    Bloody truth

    Front pages english.indd 197 3/3/09 12:46:34 PM

  • C O N T E N T S

    Prologue 203

    Foreword1945 British Policy of Denial 2052004 Turkish Policy of Total Denial 206

    Chapter A: Until 19551: 1950ExploitationoftheMinority 208

    2: 1954TurkishIncitement 210

    Chapter B: 1955-19621: 1955LondonandSeptemberEvents 214

    2: 1955DrFazilKutchukandAKEL 215

    3: 1955NazimHikmetandAzizNessin 217

    4: 1955BritishFunding 220

    5: 1955MenderesandZorlou 222

    Thedetails 224

    Barbarians 225

    6: 1955TurkishCypriotandBritishassociation 227

    7: 1957DenktashandTMT(TurkMukavemetTeskilati) 229

    8: 1956NihatErimsReports 231

    9: 1958TMTArmy 232

    10: 1958Plan(KibrisIstirdatPlani) 233

    11: 1958TMTHeadquarters 234

    12: 196010.000TMTGuns 235

    13: 1959Athensknew 239

    14: TMTArmyStructure 240

    15: MilitaryTraining 240

    Front pages english.indd 198 3/3/09 12:46:34 PM

  • 16: TMTWeaponsTransportationbySea 241

    17: 1959BoatDENIZ 242

    EvidenceofarmstotheTurkishCypriots, asderivedfromBritishofficialdocuments 243 Marmaraship 245

    ChiefofIntelligenceaccusesRaufDenktash ofarmssmuggling 24618: TMTAction 247

    19: 1956FirstPartition 248

    20: 1955,1958,1962Self-bombing 251

    21: 1958UsefulDead 252

    22: 1963TheBathtub 252

    23: 1958MurdersofConsolidation 255

    24: 1958SlaughterofKontemeniotes 258

    25: TMT10.000armsEOKA663arms 267

    26: 27May1960CoupinTurkey 268

    27: 1959-1963PostZurichTMT 271

    28: 1960HandoverfromMenderes 275

    29: 1959FazilKutchukorRaufDenktash? 276

    30: 1958TurksmigratetotheNorth 277

    B31: Turkeyfinancesthemigration 280

    B32: Separateselfdeterminationonlywhenboth communitiesagreetoit 282

    33: LeftwingTurkishCypriotsandthe27May 1960Junta 284

    34: 1962AmbassadorDirvana 287

    35: Kavazoglouand27May1960 287

    36: 1962BairaktariBombingandthekillingofTurkish CypriotJournalists 289

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  • Chapter C: 1963 July 1974C1: 1963TurkishRebellion 293

    C2: 1964TurkishresponsetotheTurkishPropaganda 294

    C3: 1965IhsanAliandgenocide 297

    C4: ReturnofPropagandaasaresultoftheAnnanPlan 299

    C5: 1961-1963AKRITASOrganization 300

    C5-1: AuthenticEvidence 301

    C5-2: ClairePalley 305

    C5-3: StellaSoulioti 307

    GreekCypriotSecretDocument:TheAkritasPlan 307

    -Objectives 308

    -InternationalTactics 308

    -InternalFront 309

    -Tactics 310

    -EvaluationoftheAkritasPlan 312

    -WhoPreparedtheDocument 315

    -ExploitationoftheDocumentbytheTurks 316

    -Conclusion 316

    C5-4: AuthenticEvidence 317

    C5-5: ChristodoulosChristodoulou 319

    C6: The13points 326

    C7: August1964TurkishbombardmentofTylleria 330

    C7-1: 1967TheClandestineReturnofthePlanted Terrorist 332C8:1964BritishPlanTheFutureofCyprus 333

    C9:BritishMilitarycooperationwiththeTurkishCypriots 334

    C9-1: TheFacts 334

    C9-2: BritishMilitaryPersonnelagainstGreekCypriots 336

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  • C9-3: ThedisappearanceofMajorE.F.L.Maceyand hisdriverL.Platt 339

    C9-4: GetthemalloutofCyprusforreasonsof nationalpolicy 340

    C9-5: MartinPackardandthemythofEthniccleansing 341

    Chapter D: The Turkish Invasion of Cyprus, July & August 1974D1:Co-patriotspayattention 344

    D2:NewspaperTHESUNBARBARIANSShameonthem 345 D3:TherapesofGreekCypriotyounggirls,mothers andgrandmothers 350

    D4:Turkatrocities:Whatsecretreportreveals 351 TheterriblesecretsoftheTurkishinvasionofCyprus 351

    1.Killing 352

    2.Rape 354

    3.Torture 356

    4.Looting 359

    D5:ThelastchurchstandinginoccupiedCyprus 360

    Epilogue 365

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  • bloody truth-book-final engl.indd 202 3/3/09 12:49:11 PM

  • Prologue

    If we take into account Cypruss recent history the bloodshed on the island began long before the Turkish invasion of 1974. It can be argued that this bloodshed began when the British denied the Cypriot people their right to self-determination. This denial provoked the EOKA armed liberation struggle prompting the British to enforce their bloody policy of DIVIDE & RULE.

    This policy was pre-planned, to be imposed in Cyprus before 1955 and its implementation started during the liberation struggle of 1955-59: The British separated the Cypriots into Greek-Cypriots (G/C) and Turkish-Cypriots (T/C). As a consequence of this 1st Separation between Cypriots the blood of the EOKA heroes was forged with the bloodshed.

    The British, having persuaded the Americans too, retained the fire of separation alive through the whole of the period up to 1974. The bloodshed was to take place in stages; the Turkish insurgence in 1963, the armed conflict between G/C and T/C in 1964 and 1967, the protection of the unlawful EOKA B for the misconceived UNION of Cyprus with Greece (2nd Separation between the civilian Greeks of Cyprus), closing the cycle of this period with the provocative treason of Cyprus by the Athens Junta. The latter acted as a pretext to the barbaric and illegal Turkish Invasion of Cyprus in 1974. The 3rd Separation was twofold: the T/Cs move and self-imposed isolation in the North of the island with full territorial separation, and the G/C are isolated by the force of arms to the South, further separating them into refugees and non-refugees.

    Furthermore, the British then masterminded (with some

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  • 204 BLOODY TRUTH

    known collaborators from Greece and Cyprus along with the Americans and Turks as allies) the 4th Separation of the Greeks of Cyprus with the attempted Annan Plan (in 2002-2004). This plan was postponed by the Referendum of the 24th April 2004, when 76% of the Greeks of Cyprus rejected this notorious plan.

    The major consequence of the implementation of the Annan Plan would have been the final separation of the Greeks of Cyprus in Refugees who would return to their occupied Cypriot land and those Refugees who would not return, with the danger of civil conflict and abandonment so vivid

    At the time of this book going to print, the policy followed regarding the Cyprus problem is predicted to again prove catastrophic for the Greeks of Cyprus, with a repetition of an Annan type solution.

    This process is encouraged by the world-wide Turkish Propaganda Machine, aiming to prove that for all the islands problems those to be blamed are the Greeks, who threatened the T/C with genocide, hence Turkeys peace operation in Cyprus, as the Turks call the barbaric Invasion of 1974. This invasion resulted in the illegal occupation of 37% of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus, which today forms part of the EUs territory.

    The epicenter of Turkish propaganda is the period between 1955-1967, during which Britain put into action the method of DIVIDE & RULE, demonstrating a clearly pro-Turkish and implacable anti-Greek attitude.

    This book refers specifically to these years of bloodshed, in order to document the truth

    Movement for FREEDOM & JUSTICE IN CYPRUS

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  • Foreword

    1945 British Policy of Denial

    The British very quickly forgot the promises they were so generously giving the Cypriots.

    In 1940 they were calling upon them to join the British Army, to fight for Greece and Freedom against Hitler and Mussolini, but after defeating Nazism and Fascism, the British did not bother to afford to Cyprus its freedom and its union with Greece.

    From the very first day in 1878 when the British set foot in Cyprus as her new master, replacing the Ottomans, Cypriots never ceased demanding from them Union with Greece.

    For many years, Cypriots had the belief that the polite, liberal and civilized English nation as they regarded the English, would give Cyprus to Greece, just like they had offered the Ionian Islands.

    However, even the statements of gratitude towards Greek heroism and the warmest promises of the Prime Minister of England Winston Churchill in Nicosia during the war (1943), when he said-

    When the war ends, the name of Cyprus will be referred to with respect, not only among the people of England and their co-warriors of the United Nations, but in all future generations,1

    were not just empty promises and words, but were transformed into a persistent rejection by London.

    1. Panayiotis Mahlouzarides Cyprus 1940-1960 Calendar of Developments, 1985

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  • 206 BLOODY TRUTH

    A rejection, which, even before the end of the Second World War was demonstrated through the mouth of guns of the British colonial police in Cyprus. Murderous bullets against unarmed people drowned in blood the peaceful national celebration of 25th March 1945, at the decorated with the white/blue Greek flags Lefkonico Social Associations.2

    2004 Turkish Policy of Total Denial

    Due to the negligible absence of a factual and prompt response by the Greek Cypriot side, the Turkish propaganda machine, in its effort to cover up Turkeys crimes and intrigues and in order to achieve its long term expansionist ambitions over Cyprus, managed to manipulate successfully (to some extent) the truth and the real facts over the Cyprus issue.

    Following the 24th of April 2004 rejection of the Annan Plan by the majority of the Greek Cypriots (76%) the Turks and Turkish-Cypriots alike, encouraged by the governing British Labour Party pro-Turkish policy embarked on an international campaign of total denial.

    Evidently, the Turks pay full obedience to the racist Article 301 of the Turkish Constitution, which forbids any Turkish citizen to refer to Turkish atrocities, the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, the Turkish crimes, the Armenian and Greek genocides and anything that puts any blame on the Turkish government.

    Even worse, they have now embarked on a full scale international campaign of full denial an effort to impose the provisions of this Article on all Greek Cypriots, as well as anyone who dares to speak of Turkish atrocities and a Turkish invasion in Cyprus.

    2. Fifis Ioannou THI IS HOW THE CYPRUS ISSUE BEGUN, 2005.

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  • 207

    What they claim happened to the T/C in December 1963 and early 1964, was in fact their own doing, their own preparation to impose partition in Cyprus. Their allegations of Greek Cypriots uprooting Turkish Cypriots from their villages and of ethnic cleansing was part of their own plan which started in 1957

    The intention of this book is to expose the true plight of the Greek Cypriots through undisputed documents

    FOREWORD

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  • Chapter A: Until 1955

    A1: 1950 Exploitation of the Minority

    As a counter measure to the escalating progress of the peaceful and unarmed movement of the Cypriot people (82% Greek) for Union with Greece, the British rushed to mobilize and utilize, the well preserved from 1878 by themselves for this purpose, indigenous Ottoman and later Turkish minority.

    On 8 June 1949, the Halkin Sesi newspaper of the Turkish minority reported that the British Acting Governor R.E. Turnbull issued a circular, instructing the replacement of the term Muslims of Cyprus (the term used by the British Administration till then), with the term Turkish Cypriots.

    On 15 January 1950, during the Unionist Referendum organized by the Church of Cyprus 97% of the Greek Cypriots voted in favour of union of Cyprus with Greece. Furthermore, the British objective turned towards how best to use the Turks, in favour of continuing colonial rule and against the anti-colonial movement of the Cypriots:

    On 19 January 1950, the British Ambassador in Athens noted in a report to the Foreign Office:

    The Turkish element is not easy to handle, but useful in the difficult situation we are in.3

    In an interview on 23 January 1950, the Turkish Foreign

    3. Robert Holland (Professor of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London) Britain and the Revolt in Cyprus 1954-1959 - 1998, also Foreign Office document FO371/87719, RG 1081/104.

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