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  • THE MYSTICAL INTERPRETATION OF DIVINE LOVE AL-

    MAHABBAH FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF AL-SULAMI’S

    ῌAQᾹIQ AL-TAFSῙR

    An Undergraduate Thesis

    Submitted to Faculty of Ushuluddin

    In Partial Fullfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Strata One

    Rifa Tsamrotul Sya’adah

    11150340000019

    MAJOR OF QURANIC SCIENCES AND ITS INTERPRETATION

    USHULUDDIN FACULTY

    STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH JAKARTA

    2019

  • iv

    ABSTRACT

    Rifa Tsamrotul Sya’adah. The Mystical Interpretation of Divine Love

    from The Perspective of al-Sulami’s Haqāiq al-Tafsīr Major of

    Qur‟anic Sciences And Its Interpretation, Ushuluddin Faculty, State

    Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah , Jakarta, 2019.

    This study discusses the Quranic analysis of the word Maḥabbaḥ in al-

    Quran. This needs to be studied and requires some research because it has

    a general meaning, so it is worth analyzing. They know and understand

    Maḥabbaḥ in a limited way and for human needs only.

    Using a descriptive analytic method and Abū „Abd al-Rahmān al-

    Sulami's perspective on his own book, Haqāiq al-Tafsīr, this thesis

    answers how al-Sulami interprets the meaning of the Maḥabbaḥ in the

    Quran. Here, I apply the following step of analysis, determine basic and

    relational meaning, explain the development of the meaning of the

    Maḥabbaḥ through Sufism studies, and also discuss the state of the

    Maḥabbaḥ which he explained on his book " Majmū’at Ᾱtsar Abu ‘Abd al-

    Rahmān al-Sulamī.”

    This thesis finds that the Quran expresses the Maḥabbaḥ globally

    both to God and to humans. Some indications of the Quran suggest that

    the Maḥabbaḥ can arise because it begins with compassion and seeks to

    reach that love. This shows that Islam is concerned about the importance

    of love by providing several levels that must be achieved in order to be

    able to achieve it. Another point, this thesis focus on the verses of

    Mahabbah from Surah Thāhā(20):39 which explain about the story of

    prophet Musa AS whom getting the specially Maḥabbaḥ. Thus, Surah

  • v

    Ᾱli-„Imrān (3):31 explained about a way being a God‟s lover and creating

    Maḥabbaḥ greatly. The last point, this thesis finds that al-Sulami

    interprate of the Mahabbah in his Haqāiq al-Tafsīr and gives several

    levels that must be taken by someone to reach Maḥabbaḥ to Allah SWT.

    Keywords: Maḥabbaḥ, State, al-Sulamī, Haqāiq al-Tafsīr.

  • vi

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT

    In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

    Alhamdulillahirabbil’ālamīn, all the praises and gratitude to Allah SWT.

    The Lord of The Lord, The Lord of the universe, who always gives me

    health, knowledge, strength, and patient in finishing my study, without His

    mercy and blessing this study would not be completed. Pleace and

    salutation be upon the prophet, Muhammad SAW, his family, his

    companions and his adherents who had brought us to a much better world.

    I would deeply thank to my beloved parents; Bapak Didin Rasyidin

    and Mamah Elis Mardyatu Sa‟adah for never stop praying and supporting

    me in both mentally and materially. Also, the biggest love in the world is

    of course delivered to my one and only brother Rafa Raihan Rasyidin

    who always look out of me and provide me with unfailing support. Also

    for my beloved sister, Dr.Siti Ulfa who always take care of me and never

    stop to say “when the thesis will finish?”. Absolutely, thank you. Thus,

    this accomplishment would not have been possible without them. Thank

    you.

    Throughout the writing of this study, I have received tremendous

    support and assistance, especially to my respectable advisor Moh.Anwar

    Syarifuddin,MA whose expertise was invaluable in the formulating of the

    research topic and methodology in particular. I would like to thank for the

    time and the guideline during this research of paper.

  • vii

    I also would like to express my gratitude to several people who

    always give me a support and contribution during finishing of this

    research:

    1. Yusuf Rahman,Ph.D. as the Dean of Ushuluddin Faculty.

    2. Dr.Eva Nugraha,MA. as the Head of Ushuluddin Faculty.

    3. Fakhrizal,Lc,MIRKH. as the Secretary of Ushuluddin

    Faculty

    4. All lecturers in Ushuluddin Faculty who always provided

    me, taught me with the tools I needed to choose the right

    direction and to complete my study successfully.

    5. All the librarian of Ushuluddin Faculty of State Islamic

    University of Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

    6. Zaky Mumtaz Ali, as my humble supporter, he supported

    and thaught me greatly especially in doing this research and

    were always willing to help. Thanks for the time and fun

    that we have had in almost 4 th

    months.

    7. Azeem Shamshuddin, Zainal Abidin, Nabila Bulqois,

    Sundari Aryanti,and Siti Nafisah, who always gave great

    support in deliberating over our problems and findings,

    accompany me whatever and whenever during the research.

    8. Himayah as-Sa‟diyyah, who always completed me for the

    sleepless nights we were talking together before deadlines

    and as well as providing happy distraction to rest my mind

    outside my research.

    9. Fellow MAZAYA as my entire of life safer and all my

    fellows in Darussunah International Institute For Hadith

    Sciences.

  • viii

    10. Bilingual Class as my beloved classmates. They always

    gave me happiness in everything. Thanks for all fun,

    laughs, and jokes that we have had in 4 th

    years.

    11. Other beloved friends that cannot be mentioned one by one

    in this paper. This thesis would not be completed without

    all of them.

    Finally, I hope this research can be useful for the people who

    analyze it. Suggestions and critics are always come and welcome to

    improve this thesis. Alhamdulillāh

    Ciputat, Desember 2 nd

    2019

    Rifa Tsamrotul Sya‟adah

  • ix

    ARAB-LATIN TRANSLITERATION GUIDELINES

    Joint Decree of the Minister of Religion and Minister of Education and

    Culture

    Number: 158 of 1987 - Number: 0543 b / u / 1987

    Arabic Latin ض ḍ

    ṭ ط Not symbolized ا

    ẓ ظ B ب

    „ ع T ت

    G غ ṡ ث

    F ف J ج

    Q ق ḥ ح

    K ك Kh خ

    L ل D د

    M م Ż ذ

    N ن R ر

    W و Z ز

    H ه S س

  • x

    Long Vowels Short Vowels

    ' ء Sy ش

    Y ي ṣ ص

    Arabic Latin

    Ā ا

    Ī ِاي

    Ū اُو

    Arabic Latin

    A َـ

    I ِـ

    U ُـ

    Arabic Sign Latin Sign

    و َـ Aw

    ي َـ Ay

  • xi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    COVER PAGE ....................................................................

    TITLE PAGE .......................................................................

    STATEMENT OF ORIGINALITY .................................... i

    LEGALIZATION ................................................................ ii

    APPROVAL BY EXAMINER ........................................... iii

    ABSTRACT ........................................................................ iv

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT ..................................................... vi

    ARAB-LATIN TRANSLITERATION GUIDELINES ...... ix

    TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................... xi

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION ................................................... 1

    A. Background of Study ............................................................ 1

    B. Identification, Formulation, and Limitation of Problem .... 10

    C. Objective and Benefit of Study .......................................... 11

    D. Literature Reviews ............................................................. 12

    E. The Methodology .............................................................. 22

    CHAPTER II A BRIEF BIOGHRAPY OF AL-SULAMῙ AND HIS

    MYSTICAL INTERPRETATION ............................................. 24

    A. Getting Know al-Sulami‟s Background and His Works ....... 24

    B. His Famous Tafsir:Haqāiq al-Tafsīr ..................................... 30

    C. Scholarly Criticism on Haqāiq al-Tafsīr ............................... 32

  • xii

    D. The Interpretation of al-Sulami: Haqāiq al-Tafsīr ................ 38

    E. Analyzing the History of Haqāiq al-Tafsīr Controversion .... 41

    F. His Works .............................................................................. 45

    CHAPTER III THE SYNONIMOUS OF VERSES AL-QURᾹN THROUGH

    MAῌABBAῌ ................................................................................. 50

    A. Analyzing the Term of Maḥabbaḥ .................................... 50