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ΕΓΧΕΙΡΙΔΙΟ ΓΙΑ ΤΟΝ ΠΟΛΛΑΠΛΑΣΙΑΣΜΟ ΕΠΙΛΕΓΜΕΝΩΝ ΙΘΑΓΕΝΩΝ ΦΥΤΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΜΕΣΟΓΕΙΟΥ

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  • ECOPLANTMED

  • i

    :

    ENPI Med.

    CIHEAM

    .

    28 ,

    . 50 ,

    , ,

    .

    .

  • ii

    ECOPLANTMED & ENPI CBC Med

    ECOPLANTMED:

    .

    ,

    . ,

    (Marzo et al., 2015)

    ECOPLANTMED,

    .

    ECOPLANTMED 1.050.364 945.328 (90%)

    (ENPI

    CBC Med) 2007-2013.

    ECOPLANTMED 95 ,

    (ENPI). 14 : , , , , , , ,

    , , , , , ( )

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    200 (www.enpicbcmed.eu)

    ECOPLANTMED: 2014 2015

    ECOPLANTMED,

    http://www.ecoplantmed.eu/.

  • iii

    ECOPLANTMED

    CIHEAM (CIHEAM ) , www.maich.gr

    Cagliari (UNICA - CCB) , www.ccb-sardegna.it Saint Joseph (USJ) www.usj.edu.lb , , (CIEF) , www.cma.gva.es , (INRGREF) , www.inrgref.agrinet.tn

  • iv

    ECOPLANTMED, ENPI-CBCMED, , ,

    .

    CCB - ,

    , Cagliari

    V.le Sant'Ignazio da Laconi, 13 - 09123 Cagliari (Italy)

    www.ccb-sardegna.it

    www.ecoplantmed.eu

    .

    : Ballesteros D, Meloni F, Bacchetta G ( .). 2015.

    Ecoplantmed, ENPI, CBC-MED.

    : Francesca MELONI, Lina PODDA

    : Nayla FERZLI, Clment TANNOURI

    UNICA-CCB

    Marco PORCEDDU, Francesca MELONI

    UNICA-CCB

    : Daniel BALLESTEROS (UNICA-CCB), Francesca MELONI (UNICA-CCB), Gianluigi BACCHETTA

    (UNICA-CCB).

    : ( MSc -

    CIHEAM ). 1.2.3. .

    : (. -

    CIHEAM )

    2015

  • v

    Gianluigi BACCHETTA (UNICA-CCB), Daniel BALLESTEROS (UNICA-CCB), Khaoula BEN BAAZIZ (INRGREF), Magda

    BOU DAGHER KHARRAT (USJ-LSGC), Kaouther EL HAMROUNI (INRGREF), Perla FARHAT (USJ-LSGC), Christine

    FOURNARAKI (CIHEAM-MAICh), Panagiota GOTSIOU (CIHEAM-MAICh), Dany GHOSN (CIHEAM-MAICh), Abdelhamid

    KHALDI (INRGREF), Marwa KHAMMASSI (INRGREF), Ali EL KHORCHANI (INRGREF), Adamantia KOKKINAKI

    (CIHEAM-MAICh), Raquel HERREROS (CIEF), Antoni MARZO (CIEF), Francesca MELONI (UNICA-CCB), Faten MEZNI

    (INRGREF), Valentina MURRU (UNICA-CCB), Rosangela PICCIAU (UNICA-CCB), Lina PODDA (UNICA-CCB), Marco

    PORCEDDU (UNICA-CCB), Ramy SAKR (USJ-LSGC), Andrea SANTO (UNICA-CCB), Marco SARIGU (UNICA-CCB),

    Salma SAY (INRGREF), Issam TOUHAMI (INRGREF), Christophe ZREIK (CIEF).

    Gianluigi BACCHETTA (Achillea maritima subsp. maritima, Elytrigia juncea subsp. juncea, Helianthemum caput-felis,

    Helichrysum microphyllum subsp. tyrrhenicum, Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata, Nepeta foliosa, Rhamnus alaternus,

    Teucrium marum), Daniel BALLESTEROS ( Helicrhysum microphyllum subsp. tyrrhenicum, Ptilostemon

    casabonae), Khaoula BEN BAAZIZ (Myrtus communis details, Pinus pinaster, Periploca angustifolia) Emanuela CARLI

    (Artemisia arborescens), - (Ammophila arenaria subsp. arundinacea,

    Anthyllis hermanniae subsp. hermanniae, Arbutus andrachne, Cistus parviflorus, Calicotome villosa, Daphne gnidioides,

    Helichrysum italicum subsp. microphyllum, Hypericum empetrifolium subsp. empetrifolium, Hypericum hircinum subsp.

    albimontanum, Lavandula stoechas subsp. stoechas, Ptilostemon chamaepeuce, Salvia pomifera subsp. pomifera, Styrax

    officinalis, Teucrium brevifolium), Mauro FOIS ( Cistus monspeliensis), ,

    (Arbutus andrachne), Pedro FRUCTUOSO (Sorbus aria), Magda BOUDAGHER KHARRAT (Berberis libanotica, Ceratonia

    siliqua, Malus trilobata, Rhamnus punctata, Sorbus umbellate), Arbia LAABIDI (Magydaris pastinacea), Emilio

    LAGUNA (Achilea santolinoides, Clematis vitalba, Lonicera xylosteum, Pancratium maritimum, Sorbus aria,

    Eryngium maritimum), Jess MARTNEZ-LLIST (Amelanchier ovalis, Clematis vitalba, Rhamnus lycioides), Joan

    PREZ-BOTELLA (Astragalus alopecuroides), Marco PORCEDDU ( Ptilostemon casabonae, Santolina

    insularis), Jose QUILES ( Amelanchier ovalis, Lonicera etrusca, Lonicera implexa, Medicago marina, Vella

    lucentina), Manuel M. RAMOS (Acer monspessulanum), Salma SAI (Ceratonia siliqua, Genista cinerea, Lavandula

    dentata, Medicago arborea, Myrtus communis, Periploca angustifolia, Retama sphaerocarpa, Cytisus triflorus, Quercus

    coccifera) Ramy SAKR (Acer syriacum, Calicotome villosa, Ceratonia siliqua, Cistus creticus, Daphne

    oleoides, Myrtus communis, Phillyrea latifolia, Pyrus syriaca, Rhamnus cathartica, Spartium junceum, Sorbus umbellate

    tree), Andrea SANTO (Anthyllis barba-jovis, Sarcopoterium spinosum), Boutheina STITI (Capparis spinosa).

  • vi

    ECOPLANTMED

    (ENPI CBC Med) .

    Francesco BOSCH, Esperanza CAMPOS, Vicent CERDN, Inma FERRANDO, Pedro Pablo FERRER, Emilio LAGUNA,

    Jess MARTNEZ-LLIST, Mari Carmen PICHER, Pilar VEINTIMILLA.

  • vii

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  • viii

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  • ix

    1 ...........................................................................................................................................................................1

    1.1 .............................................................................1

    1.1.1 .......................................................................................................................................................................1

    1.1.2 ........................................................................................................................2

    1.1.3 ................................................................3

    1.1.4 .................................5

    1.1.5 ..............................................................................................................................5

    1.2 ...............................................................................................................................................7

    1.2.1 ................................................................................................................................................................7

    1.2.2 ECOPLANTMED ......................................8

    1.2.3 .........................................................................................................9

    1.3 ...........................................................................17

    1.4 .................................................................................19

    1.4.1 ........................................................................................................................................................19

    1.4.2 -- ..........................................................................................................22

    1.5 ....................................................................................................................................................30

    1.5.1 .....................................................................................................................................................................30

    1.5.2 ..............................................................................................................................................................31

    1.5.3 ...................................................................................................................................................................34

    1.5.4 ......................................................................................................................................36

    1.6 ..........................................................................................................................38

    1.6.1 - .....................................................................................................................................................38

    1.6.2 ............................................................................................................................................................41

    1.6.3 ..................................................................................................................................................42

    2 ..................................................