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rain water on roofs

Transcript of ΟΔΗΓΟΣ...

  • Project

    INTEGRATED GREEN CITIES / InGreenCi

    Area of Intervention 1.1 Protection, Management and Promotion of the Environmental Resources Subsidy Contract: No B2.11.04/20-03-2012

    INTEGRATED GREEN CITIES

    2013

  • 2

  • 3

    ...................................................................................................................................... 5

    1. ................................................................................................................. 9

    2. .............................................................................. 10

    2.1 ....................................................................... 12 3. ..................................................... 14

    4. ......................................................................................................................... 15

    4.1 ................................................................................ 17 4.2 ....................................................................................... 18 4.4 .................................................................................. 30 4.5. .................................................................. 33 4.6. ........................................................... 35

    5. .............................................................................................. 37

    6. .................................................................................................................. 40

    6.1 ............................................................................................................................ 40 6.2 .......................................................................................................... 40 6.3 ......................................................................................................................... 40 6.4 .............................................................................................. 44 6.5 ..................... 44 6.6 .............................................................................................................................. 45 6.7 ...................................................................................... 45 6.8 ................................................................................................................ 47 6.9 ................................................................................................ 51 6.10 ........................................................................................................ 52 6.11 ............................................................................. 52 6.12 .................................................................................... 54

    7. ........................................................................... 58

    8. - .................................................................................. 62

    8.1 ................................................................... 66 9. ........................................................................................................................ 66

    10. ............................................................................................................. 67

    11. .......................................... 68

    12. ................................................. 69

    13. .......................................................... 70

    14. .......................... 75

    14.1 ................................................................................................................. 75 14.2 ........................................................................................................... 123

    15. ............................................................. 132

    ............................................................................................................................ 133

    .................................................................................................................... 137

  • 4

  • Integrated Green Cities

    5

    , :

    INTEGRATED GREEN CITIES .

    :

    European Territorial Cooperation Programme, Greece-Bulgaria 2007-2013

    , : ...

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  • Integrated Green Cities

    6

    8 , , , , , , . 9 10, .

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  • Integrated Green Cities

    7

    3.

    1. ,

    2. ( . .1)

    3. (1 2 )

    4. , ( )

    , , 4 9.

    4.

    . :

    1. .

    2. (28 - , , -).

    3. .

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    5. ( ) .

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  • Integrated Green Cities

    8

  • Integrated Green Cities

    9

    1.

    , , 1. .

    1. . : http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycle.html [1]

    . , , , . ( ) . , .

    , :

    - = S

  • Integrated Green Cities

    10

    , S ' . .

    . , :

    = + +

    : . . , . .

    1.1.

    . ( ) : ) , ) ( ) ) ( ).

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    2. , . / , , ( ) . , , , .. (. 2.1).

  • Integrated Green Cities

    11

    . 2.1. ( 2013). .

    ( ), :

    1) .

    2) .

    3) , (.. , , ).

    4) , .

    5) .

    6) (, , ).

  • Integrated Green Cities

    12

    7) .

    (low impact development).

    , . , , .

    2.1

    , , , , . , .

    ( ) . - . - , . . , , ( ).

    " ", . .

    () 1 , 0.1 mm . , , , , , , .

    , , , . . .. , ., ., ., ., ., CONCEPT ..., ., . & .. .. [2].

  • Integrated Green Cities

    13

    :

    , 1970

    i =2,581*60/t^0,62

    (T=2)

    i =4,028*60/t^0,65

    (T=5)

    i =4,496*60/t^0,64

    (T=10)

    i (mm/hr)

    t (min)

    , 1998

    h(T) =u+w*ln(T)

    i(T) =60*h(T)/t

    h (mm)

    i (mm/hr)

    t (min)

    i mm/hr, h mm, t . u w :

    1. u w

    (min)

    u w (min)

    u w

    10 6,92 3,46 100 31,12 3,13

    20 14,20 3,36 110 32,12 3,11

    30 18,47 3,30 120 33,04 3,10

    40 21,49 3,26 130 33,88 3,09

    50 23,83 3,23 140 34,66 3,08

    60 25,75 3,20 150 35,38 3,07

    70 27,37 3,18 160 36,06 3,06

    80 28,77 3,16 180 37,30 3,04

    90 30,01 3,14

    , 154 , (...), 1981 1991 (10 ). ... . , . 2 [2].

  • Integrated Green Cities

    14

    0.0

    20.0

    40.0

    60.0

    80.0

    100.0

    120.0

    140.0

    0 50 100 150 200

    min

    (

    mm

    /

    )

    T=2

    T=5

    T=10

    T=20

    T=50

    2. [2]

    3. (, , , ) , , .

    , . :

    . (rain gardens)

    . (tree box filters)

    . (green roofs)

    . (permeable pavements and pavers)

    . (rain barrels), (cisterns)

    . .

    , . , , , , .