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ΑΣΦΑΛΕΙΑ ΤΡΟΦΙΜΩΝ ΣΕ ΜΙΑ ΠΑΓΚΟΣΜΙΟΠΟΙΗΜΕΝΗ ΤΡΟΦΙΚΗ ΑΛΥΣΙΔΑ. Χ. ΠΑΝΟΥΛΗΣ. Εισαγωγή. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • . , , . , , minimally processed refrigerated foods of extended durability , . ! , ! 1980 . , . Cl. botulinum . (C. Genigeorgis,D.Baker 1992,1993,1986) . , , . . 1980 . , , . Sous-Vide. . 150 . Davis , Cl.botulinum , , . . 70-90 .

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  • , . : (, ), , (, ), ( , , , ), . (Sivapalasingam et al., 2004) (C. Genigeorgis, 2011). . , Salmonella spp. E.coli O157:H7 . , , Davis . A . . , , , , (Genigeorgis, 2006). . To 2008 1442 S. Saint-Paul 43 . (PulseNet) , . 250 . (CSPI, 2008) . , (Genigeorgis, 2011). 15 .. E.coli 104:H4. EFSA fenugreek E.coli (RKI,2011). . To FDA 15.6% papayas Salmonella. 2011 papaya 106 S.Agona (CSPI, 2011).

  • H , , , , . , . (. Salmonella, Campylobacter, STEC E.coli, L.monocytogenes). . (trimmings) . E.coli O157:H7 1982. , . E.coli O157:H7 O26, O111, O121, O103, O145 and O45 80% O157:H7 E.coli . 2009 27 S.Newport 4 825769 lbs 12 . . 466236 lbs 7 S.Typhimurium DT104 (CSPI, 2009). , . - 2010 1939 S.nteritidis 11 . PulseNet PFGE . 29 . 500 . 22 . 14 ! FDA S.Enteritidis . . (CSPI, 2010). 2011 PulseNet 30 S. Heidelberg PFGE . . 36 lbs . (CSPI, 2011). 2008-9 (RASFF, 2009). , 100 . 6-7% . . . 54 RASFF.

  • , . R&D . Sous Vide . 30 ! 5 ! , , , . , , . 2007, 30 . FDA . 11 $78 . !(Anonymous 2008) 2008 PulseNet S. Typhimurium PGFG . 2009 529 43 . 20.000 . S. Typhimurium. 2100 . 431 54 . (Anonymous,2009). 2009 snack . snack (AVMA, 2011; RASFF, 2010). 90 L.monocytogenes 900 90 . o , , , 6 . . ! , , Cl.botulinum . R&D . .

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  • EFSA (2007) 2006 34.3% 3737 . 46.4% . 4 . 2009 (EFSA,2010) 38.6% 977 36.4% . 1998-2002. (Lynch et al., 2006) 50.2 % 19.5%. . 44% , 46% (Yiannas, 2008). . . . . . , , . , HACCP ..

  • , , , . , - , . . 2007 70 - ($ 13.2 .), ($9.0 .) - ($10.9 .), ($1.6 .) ($ 0.8 .) (Bailey, 2008). . RASFF 2008 27 ., , , (RASSF, 2009). ; : , , , , , , . (Doyle and Erickson, 2008). . , . (Genigeorgis, 2011).

  • , , . , (EFSA), (ECDC) (RASFF) . . International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) (WHO) . . (2007-2011) 15 (Biotracer) 47 , . , (..) . , , . PulseNet CDC, , . . . . , , .

  • 1. T . to 2009 (RASFF, 2010). . CS, GB, SI, I, GorgonzolaI, D I, NO, NorovirusNO, FI, Norovirus ( )Frozen raspberries DK, IT, IT, , FR, FI, lpha alpha I FR,GB, ( )FR, Pine seeds , IT, Shasimi FR, SE, DK, Norovirus IT, CS, FR, AUS, ND,

  • 2. 2980 2 15/11-2/2/2011 :7. : 11 E. coliSalmonella sppL. monocytogenes 38102838026121412214010416142160106 3216163201418 2913162901712 7818607804335 351520350102527161127012152110112101010 2613132601511 3320133301320 1714317012528280028394171/366 (46,7%)195/366 (53,3%)394/394 (100%)0/394 (0%)193/394 (40,1%)171/394 (50,9%)

  • 3. 2980 2 15/11-2/2/2011 : 7. E. coliSt. aureusSalmonella sppListeria monocytogenes 51173410414923714 1816218018018028199235280199301713228300255 67264137306704720 19493/194 (47,9%)99/194 (52,1%)110/194 (56,7%)84/194 (43,3%)192/194 (99%)2/194 (1%)146/194 (75,3%)28/194 (24,7%)

    *, : 852/2004.

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