Η Αγορά Κρεάτων και Αλλαντικών στις ΗΠΑ

download Η Αγορά Κρεάτων και Αλλαντικών στις ΗΠΑ

of 28

  • date post

    16-Aug-2015
  • Category

    Business

  • view

    18
  • download

    3

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Η Αγορά Κρεάτων και Αλλαντικών στις ΗΠΑ

  1. 1. -. ., 2009 (CRETA FARMS USA) , 222 /100,7 (. 1). , (. 2), 4-5 . (. 3). , , , (. 4), , - - (. 5). , 2007 CRETA FARMS 1
  2. 2. USA LLC 2008 ( - - ). : US Bureau of Labor Statistics (Consumer Expenditures, 2009), , 2008, 3.744 . 7,5% (50.486 .) , 846 . ( 22,5%) , . , 667 ., 51 . 128 . 120,8 . , 2008 80,5 . (, , , ), 150 . , , , 2000 2008, , ( 80% ) , , , 2008 . 2
  3. 3. . / , : 25 2008 , , , 573 . , 25-34 742 . , 35-44 1.014 . , 45-54 1.018 . , 55-64 845 . 65 687 . ( 65-74 781 . 75 576 .). , 3
  4. 4. ( 1.000 . ) 35 54 . 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 25 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ 65-74 75+ 1950 , , , : , , 2007 222 /100,7 , 1950 144 /65,3 . , 1950 2007 78 /35,4 . 53% 1950. 1950, 11,8%, 1960 17,4%, 1970 1980 (0,5% 1,5%, ), 1990 9,3% 2000 2007 5,2%. XOI 1950 21 3 44 65 144 1955 21 4 56 62 156 1960 28 5 59 59 161 1965 33 6 70 52 169 4
  5. 5. 1970 40 6 82 55 189 1975 39 7 85 43 178 1980 47 8 75 57 190 1985 52 9 77 51 194 1990 61 14 66 49 193 1995 69 14 65 51 202 2000 77 14 67 51 211 2001 77 14 65 50 208 2002 81 14 67 51 215 2003 82 14 64 52 213 2004 85 13 65 51 216 2005 86 17 65 50 219 2006 87 17 65 49 220 2007 87 17 66 51 222 (USDA)1 , , , , ( ) , , , (. . 3). , , , , . , () . , - 2007- 2012 , , 213 /96,6 , 2003. , : , , . , 1980 ( 1 454 ) , , 1 Factors Shaping Expanding US Red Meat Trade, February 2009, www.ers.usda.gov 5
  6. 6. , 1960 , (4 /1,8 ). , , ( ) , , . , 87 /39,5 2007. , 2007 39% ( ) . , 1950 2007, 314%. 1950, 21 /9,5 , 1960 28 /12,7 , 1970 40 /18,1 , 1980 47 /21,3 , 1990 61 /27,7 2000 77 /35 . , KFC ( ) MacDonalds, . , 17 /7,7 2007 8% . , 1950, 3 /1,36 (Thanksgiving Day, ). , , 1950- 2007 466%. ( ) 1950 . 6
  7. 7. 7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
  8. 8. , o ( ) 1950 . T , 1960, , (2007) 66 /30 30% . , , : 30 , 1975, ( ): 44 /20 (1950) 85 /38,6 (1975), 93%. 1960 , 30 , 1990 ( ). 1970, , ( ), 15 , 1990. 1990 ( ) 8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 XOI
  9. 9. 65-67 , 25% 1975. , , 1950-2007 50%. , 1950 1985 , 22% 65 /29,5 51 /23 . (49-52 ) 2007 23% . : , ( 90%) . ( ), (), (), (), . (), (), () (), , . 9.000 () , 6.500 2.550 - . , ( ) , ( ). - 50%-50%, 2008/9 , 46% 4.000 . , 2007, (. ), 9
  10. 10. 41.540.000 (91,5 ) . , 2007 22.155.000 (48,8 ), 96,7 ., 19.385.000 (42,7 ), 46,1 . , , 14% , 110% . , 2007 16.620.000 , 12.030.000 , 9.535.000 , 2.705.000 , 85.800 70.400 . 2007 . USDA, , USDA Prime, USDA Choice USDA Select ( 3-5% ). 5 , , , , , . USDA Prime USDA Choice A, B, C, acceptable quality. 10
  11. 11. , 100 , (American Meat Institute-)2 . 1906 Institute of American Meat Packers ( 1940), 1979 D.C., USDA. ( 95% ) ( 70% ), . , , - . , - . , , . , , 5 , 70 25 . , 32 3 . , . , , , (private label). : Tyson Foods (www.tysonfoods.com) , 123 ( 53 ). 2008 28,1 . 107.000 . , . 2 : www.MeatAMI.com 3 -- , , . ( ). 11
  12. 12. . , Tyson (Food Production) Fortune 500, Archer Daniels Midland,4 100 (89 ). fast-food , McDonalds, Burger King, Wendys, Wal-Mart, Costco , . 2000 25.000.000 , 2001 3,2 . 2009, ( NYSE TSN) 68%, 7,75 13 . 1865 Cargill (www.cargill.com) (private) , 116 . Cargill , , , , - 2000- Cargill Meat Solutions. , , (, , ). H Cargill Meat Solutions Excel Corporation, 1936 . , Cargill , (Cargill Pork, Caprock Feeders ), . Cargill Meat Solutions - - New York Times. , 4/10/2009 (The Burger That Shattered Her Life), , 2007, E.coli 20 S.Smith. , , , 4 Fortune 500 Kraft Food Production Food Consumer Products. 12
  13. 13. 50% 0,6 . (0,4 ) . Con Agra Foods (www.conagrafoods.com) , . 2008 13,8 . 25.000 . 1919 -Nebraska Consolidated Mills- . 1942, , , , ( ). 1971 Consolidated Mills ConAgra 1974, M.Harper , ( ). , ConAgra 1980 . 100 , . 2001 USDA. 2009, ( NYSE CAG) 50%, 15 22,40 . : 2002 2008. , 2004 - (. )- 318 . . , , 2008 7,3 . . 2005 ( , , ) , . 13
  14. 14. , 2002- 2008, 5,91 . 11,68 . 2004, - 2003- ( ) , ( 2,14 . 2003). , 2008 10 , , , , , , , , . 14 0 2000000 4000000 6000000 8000000 10000000 12000000 14000000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  15. 15. -2008 (2002-2008), 3,8 5,1 . , 2005. 2008, 4,36 ., 5,5% 2007. - 2002-2008 (. .) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 5912114 6772471 4777360 6088812 6561160 8343455 11679211 1132868 1251678 1261768 1564846 1777750 1713943 2109099 1858379 2141514 1004945 1125753 1120498 1409844 1939658 548041 590328 529048 661122 903936 1169992 1317846 447914 439296 571680 734164 599,304 953,137 1302669 82086 140441 64734 198951 365216 728,289 990154 749657 914993 81436 194038 273859 367,556 619228 339985 308606 156352 124178 126863 181049 523719 100588 135900 101816 162460 199587 196630 256036 468 292 11878 12098 13164 58310 230316 1028 6517 86410 62718 49635 85623 222150 15
  16. 16. 2004/2005 2008, 14,5%.). , 2008 10 , , , , , , , , , - - 68% 3 . - 2002-2008 (. .) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 3789508 3879518 5095488 5109246 4495019 4617030 4365610 1846776 1714002 2199437 2220936 1835684 1769796 1764847 1068821 1134608 1395585 1246256 1281873 1386784 1224717 598884 645969 796531 822416 720976 673308 759061 133842 161071 185366 157939 144966 159481 147980 32912 36363 57236 56630 56226 80535 101779 16239 27150 36081 51681 81795 103883 92145 1409 60332 303863 419821 249218 287011 88639 19621 33457 36567 41461 40338 52786 53358 21939 25353 21651 24529 18274 17398 20938 8248 6179 7985 10185 12262 17379 15666 16
  17. 17. -2008 2009 (-), , , , . , 7,829 . 8,779 2008 ( 10,8%), - 2003- , 3,044 . 3,253 2008 ( 6,5%). , -, , , (. , . 4), , : 11.260.000 . 2008 8.212.000 . 9 2009 ( 18% ). 11.260.000 . 2008, 73,5% (8.177.000) , 15,5% (1.738.000) , 10,5% (1.183.000) 0,5% (27.000) . 2008, 500.000 . 17
  18. 18. : ( ) 19 . (USDA) -1862- , , , . , , o : ( - ) . (meat packing), . , , . , 1884 (Bureau of Animal Industry) USDA, . , , 1981, FSIS/Food Safety and Inspection Service (www.fsis.usda.gov). FSIS , (Meat Inspection Act) 1906, 5 . , 9.500 FSIS, 7.800 , , , . 5 : 1905, (Upton Sinclair) , , . . 1906 . 18
  19. 19. , 1957 (Poultry Products Inspection Act). -, , , , , , , . 1967/68, . , 1993 E.coli 400 6 . FSIS (a science-based inspection system), - (organoleptic methods) . , 1996 (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control PointHACCP). 1997 25/1/2000, . , HACCP (certified/eligible countries). , Office of International Affairs FSIS, standards , , (equivalent sanitary measures). . , status (equivalence process). 6 E.coli 70.000 . 19
  20. 20. 2009, - -7 : , , , , , , , , 7 - 2009- FSIS, (2004, 2006) , , . , ( ) , , , . 20
  21. 21. , (formal request)