‘…„¹ƒ¼Œ‚ ±¹...

download ‘…„¹ƒ¼Œ‚ ±¹ ±½„¹¼µ„€¹ƒ·

of 129

  • date post

    31-Oct-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    80
  • download

    5

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of ‘…„¹ƒ¼Œ‚ ±¹...

D.P.MGR

/

... . : .....

1.1 , 1.1.4 >

:

.

:

Asperger Broader Phenotype ;

;

;

.

&

1.

2.

3.

. ... ..: ..... 1.1

: .

/ .

. : , , ,- , , , ,

, , , , , , , , , .. , , , , , . , . : ) ,

) ,

) - ,

) . 360 , , , , , (, .) (, CD, .

, . , , . , . , , , , , , , , . . , , .

. . . . , , , . , ,

.

. ,

,

,

.

,

.

, , ,

.

,

,

.

,

,

.

,

.

,

,

,

,

,

.

, , .

.

,

,

.

.

.

.

, . ,

.

,

,

, . .

, , .

; , . :

- , ,

- ,

- , , , ,

- .

- . , , . . , .

. 2 3 . , .

, - - , , , , . , , , . . ;

ICD-10 DSM-IV . . Kanner, , Asperger . , , . , , .

.1. : , , , Kanner.

2. : , .3. Rett4. : , - , Heller. 5. 6. Asperger : , .7.

8. , Asperger: Leo Kanner Hans Asperger . Asperger Kanner 1924 John Hopkins .

O Kanner () 1943 . . . . , .

Asperger Kanner 1944 . Asperger . (, , , ).

; , , , , . , , . Asperger, . . ( Kanner) .. Asperger - Broader Phenotype - (..) 1943 . . . . 13 (The Little Flowers of St. Francis), , Uta Frith Juniper. 14 Juniper , , , . Challis & Dewey 16 , . Bethlem Hospital, , 5 1779. , , . . 18 Aveyron.

1828 Kaspar Hauser. Einstein () Newton () ; , Albert Einstein Isaac Newton;

Simon Baron-Cohen, Asperger, , Baron-Cohen , .

, Baron-Coen, . , , .. , , , . Baron-Cohen Cambridge, Ioan James , Asperger: , , .

. , , , , . , , . 50 , .

, , , , , 7 . , , , , , , , , - . .

Baron-Cohen Asperger, .

Baron-Cohen : , , Asperger. Asperger .

Glen Elliot, , . , . , , . - , , . , , . Elliot , Asperger. , .

Baron-Coen , .

: , Asperger , ;

. Baron-Cohen . , Asperger , . . , , . .

.

; , Down. , . ( Kanner) 4-6 10.000. . 50 10.000 90 10.000 . 3 4 . , . ; : , , , , , .

:1. 2.

3. 4. /

5. , 6.

7.

8. 9. 10.

11.

12.

13. . . . . . , . . , , , 5% 10%. , 35 40%. , , 2%, . , . . .., Opioid-Excess , Paul Shattock Sunderland, UK, Paul Whitley , . . . ; . , , , . , , Temple Grandin : . ; . , . . : , . , , , . , , , , . , , , . . Asperger , . , :. -.. . , . Asperger . , , . , , , . :

- .- , ,

- . , , , , . . , . , . , . . .

, , . , . , , . .

H . . 75% , .

, , . , , . : . , . Lorna Wing :

1) , :

) . . . ) , .

) , , , .

) .

, , .

2) :

) , - . , , . .

) , , , .) , .

) :

- ,

- , ( , ) - (, , ..) , ,

- , (, ),-, , , - . , .

. , .

. .

. .3) , , . . , , , , . , , , . . Asperger , , , , , , . :. :

: . . , .

, .

. : : / / / . -, -, -. :: . .

., , .. , , :

:, , , , , , , , , . .

. :

: . ., . , . Asperger ..

: . , , . . . . . . . . . , , . .. :- , , , .- .

- , , .

, , 2 3 . , , , , . .

. .

1

2

3

4

5

6

7 , . .

8

9

10 ,

11 , , .

12 Temple Grandin ( , ) : ( ) : 6 . . .. ; ..

, , , , , . . . . , . , . . . . , ; . .

. . . . , . . - . . , .

. ..

. . .. , . ..

. . . , , . , , . Rimland (1994) . . . - 1. TEACCH- DIVISION TEACCH2. BEHAVIOURAL APPROACHES, APPLIED BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS (A.B.A.)3. - INTEGRATION APPROACHES4. HIGASHI- DAILY LIFE THERAPY AT THE BOSTON HIGASHI SCHOOL5. INTERACTIVE APPROACHES, OPTION APPROACH , THE PLAYSCHOOL CURRICULUM , INFANT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAME

6. .7. POSITIVE APPROACHES

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. .7. 8.

9. 10.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5. PECS , MAKATON6.

7. -,

8. ,

9.

10. 11. - :

1. ,

2. ,

3. ,

4.