οι νέοι ηλεκτρονικοί μετρητές, οι έξυπνοι μετρητές

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Από την μελέτη της διαπιτώνεται ότι τα έξυπνα ηλεκτρικά δίκτυα και οι νέοι ηλεκτρονικοί μετρητές, οι έξυπνοι μετρητές έρχονται στην ηλεκτρολογική και καταναλωτική ζωή μας στο κοντινό μέλλον.

Transcript of οι νέοι ηλεκτρονικοί μετρητές, οι έξυπνοι μετρητές

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    1

    2014

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    2

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    3

    :

    Directive on Measuring Instruments (2004/22/EC) . 2- 1393 ( 521/12.04.2007)

    Directive on Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy Services (2006/32/EC) -NOMO . 3855/23.6.10

    , .

    Third Energy Package Directives 2009/72/EC and 2009/73/EC provisions onintelligent metering in electricity and gas - NOMO . 4001 " , ,

    . ( '179/22.08.2011)

    Directive on Energy Efficiency (2012/27/EU) 2006/32/EC. .

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    2006/32/ ( ), .3855/23.6.10:

    , .... ,

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    ,

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    mobile .)

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    16

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    18

    (DSOs)

    /

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    (.. )

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    AMR

    AMI

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    .

    (modem)

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    )

    :

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    Mee DaaManagemen

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    SCADADMS

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    Configaion

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    ComeInfomaion

    Sem

    Load Foeca &Selemen

    Sem

    AeManagemen

    Sem

    Field OdeManagemen

    Sem

    OageManagemen

    Sem

    Demand

    ReponeManagemen

    Sem

    Meter DataRepository

    Meter Data Management System

    (MDMS)

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    1

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    24

    :

    - -

    -

    -

    - ,

    - (CAPEX , OPEX)

    , .

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    25

    PLC (Power Line Carrier)

    20/0,4V.

    PSTN (Public Switched TelephonyNetwork) (FTTx) P

    (Internet Protocol) xDSL (Digital SubscriberLine)

    GPRS (GeneralPacket Radio Services)

    RF mesh (Radio Frequency Communication).

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    26

    +

    +

    +

    -

    -

    - standard

    +

    +

    -

    -

    -

    GPRSPLC

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    PLC

    PRIME (IBERDROLA)

    G3 (ERDF)

    METERS AND MORE (ENEL)

    OSGP (ECHELON)

    27

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    PRIME

    28

    PRIME (PoweRline Intelligent Metering Evolution) , ().

    PRIME Alliance PRIME 3.2 . . (, )

    . OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing).O 128 kbps. PRIME 500 kHz,

    1 Mbps.

    : prime-alliance.org

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    G3-PLC

    G3 PLC PLC modems

    ERDF (Electricit Rseau DistributionFrance).

    OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing).

    O physical layer

    32kbps.

    29: (www.g3-plc.com)

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    PLC OSGP

    30

    - To PLC OSGP (Open Smart Grid Protocol) ESNA (Energy Services

    Network Association), ,

    , , , , , .

    - Echelon, ESNA,

    AMR.

    - BPSK (Binary Phase-shift keying)

    - PLC OSGP 5 kbit/s.

    *

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    Meters & more

    31

    Meters and more PLC

    2010 Meters and More association.

    Telegestore ENEL, 40 .

    ENDESA 13 .

    BPSK

    9,6 kbps.

    : ..

    PLC

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    PLC

    32

    TEXNO ()

    PLC G3 33.4 kbps OFDM ERDF

    PRIME 128 kbps OFDM IBERDROLA

    METERS & MORE 9.6 kbps BPSK ENEL

    PLC OSGP 5 kbps BPSK ESNA-Echelon

    *

    PLC

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    33: A.Bonnet, ST Electronics

    PLC

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    34: A.Bonnet, ST Electronics

    PLC

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    PLC

    35

    :A.Bonnet,ST Electronics

    CX1 Siemens

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    CX1 - Siemens

    36

    H , CENELEC,

    ano ofile CX1, Siemen,

    .

    ano ofile

    CX1

    EUMandae M/441

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    h://.iemen.com/e/en/eeleae/

    OSI

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    (Open Systems Interconnection)

    T OSI ,

    , ISO 7498-1.

    ,

    , .

    OSI ,

    .

    , .

    *: ..

    CENELEC DLMS

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    CENELEC - DLMS

    PRIME, METERS AND MORE, G3 PLC, OSGP CX1, / CENELEC, DLMS.

    CENELEC ( ) . CLC/TC 13(CENELEC Technical Committee 13)

    Equipment for electricalenergy measurement and load control.

    DLMS Device Language Message Specification (Distribution Line Message Specification),

    DLMS U IECTC13 IEC 62056.

    DLMS User Association

    , .

    38*: .. , ..

    DLMS/COSEM standards

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    DLMS/COSEM standards

    39: ://...//63575/1.

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    1

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    4 . .

    , .

    , , , ( 4 . ).

    2020 30 . 170-180 .

    PLC GPRS.

    1 Smart Grids *

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    (CBA).

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    : CBA ? : CBA

    oll o

    oll o

    * : ,

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    (. 80% )

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    . 2009.

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    2008

    2011 (36 . ) L.

    ENEL ,

    32 . PLC (Telegestore).

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    *

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    .

    2018.

    5 (Endesa, Iberdrola, Gas Natural Fenosa, Hidrocan-tbrico EON) 4 . . Endesa: 3,9 . . 2013.

    13 2015. ENEL Meters and More.

    Iberdrola: 11 .. PRIME.

    *

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    46

    2010

    , 95% 2016.

    2011, , 35

    , 2013 2018.

    ERDF.

    300.000

    5.000 (Linky). . PLC LAN GPRS WAN. Linky, G3-PLC.

    *

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    2015 2020 53 .

    .

    RWE 100.000 , .

    . 95.000

    2015 370.000.

    *

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    2007, 7 . 2013,

    .

    2009, .

    2012,

    2015 Enexis, , G3-PLC.

    (Alliander + KPN)

    CDMA-450 MHz.

    *

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    Wha ha been done (2)

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    . .

    ISKRAEMECO (PLC)

    LANDIS+GYR-ITRON (PLC)SAGEM (PLC)

    AMSTRUPP (RF mesh)

    Smart Grid

    (Siemens) BPL, WiFi

    () BPL, WiFi

    ( .)

    50

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    51

    ..

    23%

    GSM/GPRS

    13.500 / ..

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    (/)

    52

    WEB Server

    ( 13 1 14)

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    ( 13.1.14)

    53

    ( 2013)

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    ( 2013)

    54

    ( 13.1.14)

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    ( 13.1.14)

    55

    ( 2013)

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    ( 2013)

    56

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    , ..

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    h://62.169.213.187/ali/

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    60

    .

    IGreenGrid

    Sustainable

    Singular

    Dream

    (FP7)

    ( )http://www.dafni.net.gr/gr/archives/isle-smart.htm

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    61

    ..

    2

    GSM/GPRS

    60.000 : 5 85 KVA No 6 135 KVA No 7 250 KVA

    5.000 : No 3 35 KVA No 4 55 KVA

    :

    .

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    62

    : 26

    ( ) 100.000 250.000.

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    5 , .

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    6

    > 15.000

    12

    8

    2013

    63

    2014

    2015

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    :

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    11% .

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    - .

    . -

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    Web . .

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    67

    /

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    68

    4001/ 2011

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    59

    1.

    [] ,

    [], ,

    .

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    [].

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    4.

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    80% 2020.

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    : 4001/2011 -179/22.08.2011

    ( 297/13.02.2013)

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    : 297/13.02.2013

    2:

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    59 N. 4001/2011.

    [].

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    ,

    [].

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    2015.

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    2015T0

    80%

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    2017

    2014

    20

    71

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    160k

    (CBA)

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    ( 20072013)

    B 297/

    13.2.2013

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    73

    .

    2 . 130.000 30.000

    .

    250.000 .

    2 : PLC GPRS/3G/4G .

    , web portal Apps PC, tablets, smartphones .

    ( 2013)

    . , . , .

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    75

    & , .

    7 800 . 6 .

    : , - .

    .

    ( ~ 7 . )

    (CBA)

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    (Cost Benefit Analysis) : 5% : 25 7

    : 16 PLC : 80 : 40

    (), /.

    ( DLC, 8% )

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    14%

    23%

    11%

    52%

    ~7 .

    ~60 .

    ..

    .. (5,6,7)

    ..

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