ΠΡΟΤΥΠΟ ΚΑΙ ΠΕΙΡΑΜΑΤΙΚΟ ΓΕΝΙΚΟ ΛΥΚΕΙΟ ΙΩΝΙΔΕΙΟΥ...

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    1. http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/---

    2. http://nio.pblogs.gr/176390.html

    3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobroma_cacao

    4. http://www.youmagazine.gr/wordpress/2012/03/chocolate-health/

    5. http://users.ntua.gr/ge01033/choc.htm

    6. http://sgtogias.tripod.com/articles/cacao.html

    7. http://www.runnermagazine.gr/html/ent/606/ent.161606.asp

    http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://users.ntua.gr/ge01033/choc.htmhttp://sgtogias.tripod.com/articles/cacao.htmlhttp://sgtogias.tripod.com/articles/cacao.htmlhttp://users.ntua.gr/ge01033/choc.htmhttp://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82
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    trinitario.

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    2007.

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    3. Natura Hellas, 9 2012 ()

    4. Davidson A., Chocolate botany and early history. In The Oxford

    Companion to Food. (1999) Oxford University Press, Oxford

    5. Chocolate and Cocoa Health and Nutrition. Edited by Ian Knight.

    Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford (1999)

    6. Othick J., The cocoa and chocolate industry in the nineteenth

    century. in The Making of the modern British Diet. Edited by Derek

    Oddy and D. S. Miller, Croon Helm, (1976) London

    7. Schenker S., Chocolate. British Nutrition Foundation Bulletin

    (2000): 25: 199-200

    8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZdPEUt8KP4

    9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7wHjGGlaRg

    10.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=invojBL6_0M

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZdPEUt8KP4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7wHjGGlaRghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=invojBL6_0Mhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=invojBL6_0Mhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7wHjGGlaRghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZdPEUt8KP4
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    2.1

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    Theobromacacao

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiospermshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudicotshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosidshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosidshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobromahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobromahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobromahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosidshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudicotshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiospermshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantae
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    ,

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    , . (11)

    2.5

    Stercouliaceae

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    , ,

    . (9)

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    1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobroma_cacao

    2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angiosperms

    3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudicots

    4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosids

    5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvales

    6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceae

    7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobroma,

    8. - . -

    : . , , 1999 . 60-61

    9. http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/---

    ,

    10. http://www.runnermagazine.gr/html/ent/606/ent.161606.asp

    11. http://www.newsbomb.gr/blogs/story/274830/i-istoria-tis-sokolatas-kai-

    pragmata-poy-den-xerate-gia-aytin#ixzz2kwfZex4k

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobroma_cacaohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobromahttp://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.newsbomb.gr/blogs/story/274830/i-istoria-tis-sokolatas-kai-pragmata-poy-den-xerate-gia-aytin#ixzz2kwfZex4khttp://www.newsbomb.gr/blogs/story/274830/i-istoria-tis-sokolatas-kai-pragmata-poy-den-xerate-gia-aytin#ixzz2kwfZex4khttp://www.newsbomb.gr/blogs/story/274830/i-istoria-tis-sokolatas-kai-pragmata-poy-den-xerate-gia-aytin#ixzz2kwfZex4khttp://www.newsbomb.gr/blogs/story/274830/i-istoria-tis-sokolatas-kai-pragmata-poy-den-xerate-gia-aytin#ixzz2kwfZex4khttp://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://www.koxyli.gr/Site/index.php/example-pages-2/%CE%B7-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82-%CF%83%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%82http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobromahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceaehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theobroma_cacao
  • 5/21/2018

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    3

    I

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    3.1

    (

    ).

    Criollo (

    ), Forastero ( )

    Trinitario ( ).[1]

    , 43% ,

    .

    , 50 .[2]

    3.1

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    3.2 [8]

    3.2

    '

    . ,

    .[3]

    ,

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    .

    . ,

    7 10 .

    .[3]

    , - -

    .[3]

  • 5/21/2018

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    3.3 [9]

    3.3

    3.3.1

    , ,

    , , '

    . .

    .

    .[7]

    3.4 [10]

  • 5/21/2018

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    3.3.2

    , .

    nibs.[7]

    3.5 Nibs[10]

    3.3.3

    nibs

    . .

    , .[7]

    : (

    ).[4]

  • 5/21/2018

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    3.6 [2]

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    ,

    .

    ( ) :

    : , ,

    ( )

    : , , , ,

    : , ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    , .

    PGPR (E476) [5],

  • 5/21/2018

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    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    .[2]

    3.7 [11]

    3.3.5

    ,

    .

    ,

    .[7]

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    3.8

    3.3.6

    ,

    .[7] ,

    , , .

    .

    .

    . ' ,

    .

    .

    , , 72

    ,

    . ,

    45-50C .[2]

  • 5/21/2018

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    3.9 [11]

    3.3.7

    .

    , ,

    ,

    , .[6]

    3.10 [12]

  • 5/21/2018

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    , 6

    :

    2 I 3 17C, ,

    4 II 5 21C, ,

    6 III 7 26C

    8 ,

    ,

    9

    10 IV 11 28C

    12 ,

    ,

    13

    14 V 15 34C

    16 ,

    ,

    ,

    17

    18 VI 19 36C

    20 ,

    21

    3.1 [2] 1

  • 5/21/2018

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    45C,

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    IV V.

    IV V -

    - 31C.

    ,

    . ,

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  • 5/21/2018

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    3.3.9 &

    . ,

    .

    .

    15 17C, 50%.

    , .

    .[2]

    3.4

    1. Ucook, : ,

    http://www.ucook.gr/cook/ulifestyle/arthra/748-sokolata-poikilies-kai-

    xwres-paragwghs.html (, 21/12/2013)

    2. Wikipedia, Chocolate,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chocolate (,

    16/12/2013)

    3. , , http://www.ion.gr/production/page2a.html

    (, 21/12/2013)

    4. Wikipedia, Chocolate Liquor,

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chocolate_liquor (, 21/12/2013)

    5. Wikipedia, Polyglycerol polyricinoleate,

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyglycerol_polyricinoleate (,

    22/12/2013)

    6. Photochefs, A Chocolate Purist, (, 1/11/2012),

    http://www.photochefs.com/tag/tempering-chocolate/ (,

    21/12/2013)

    7. , ,

    http://www.ion.gr/production/page2b.html (, 16/12/2013)

    8. , , (, 6/2/2013)

    http://sokolata.net/new/node/53 (, 21/12/2013)

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    9. Mind This, Child Slavery in the Chocolate Industry, (,

    13/7/2012) http://mindthis.ca/chocolate-industry-child-slavery/

    (, 16/12/2013)

    10.Foto-grafo, Kakao-Reportage, http://www.foto-grafo.de/Kakao-

    Reportage/kakao_reportage_5.html (, 21/12/2013)

    11.Art and Chocolat, Making Real 'From Bean to Bar' (,

    27/6/2011) http://www.artandchocolat.com/2011/06/making-real-

    chocolate-from-bean-to-bar.html (, 23/12/2013)

    12.Flickr, Chocolate Tempering Machine, (, 26/6/2013)

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/hellokitty893112/7475274602/in/photostre

    am/ (, 22/12/2013)

  • 5/21/2018

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    5

    ,

  • 5/21/2018

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    5.1

    .

    ,

    36% 30% .

    , , , , , , , ,

    , , , (,

    1, 2, D ).

    , , .

    :

    .

    ,

    , .

    .

    , .

    , ,

    .

    ,

    ( ) .

    .

    -, -, ,

    , .

    : , ,

    , , , , , -

  • 5/21/2018

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    . 100 gr -

    :

    (kcal) 479,00 513,00

    (.) 4,20 6,90

    (.) 30,00 30,70

    (.) 63,10 59,20

    (.) 5,90 3,40

    (mg) 32,00 191,00

    (mg) 3,13 1,39

    (mg) 132,00 216,00

    (mg) 365,00 385,00

    (mg) 11,00 82,00

    (mg) 1,62 1,38

    (mg) 0,70 0,39

    ( ) mg_RE 2,00 55,00

    (mg) mg_ATE 1,19 1,24

    (mg) 0,00 22,00

    M: .

    . (mg) 115,00 60,00

    : ,

    .(mg) 62,00 26,00

    : .

    . (mg) 486,00

    189,00

    5.1

  • 5/21/2018

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    5.2

    .

    ,

    . ,

    , ,

    .

    , , .

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    .

    . , ,

    ,

    .

    5.3

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    "" , ,

    . ,

    ,

    40%. ,

    ,

    .

  • 5/21/2018

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    , , , ,

    (.. ) (.. ).

    , :

    :

    , ,

    , .

    .

    :

    70% . , , .

    5.2 .

    : 50 - 60%

    99%.

    .

    : . . 24%

    ,

    , .

    : , 25% .

  • 5/21/2018

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    ( 14%).

    .

    :

    . 19

    .

    .

    .

    : : ,

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    . 34%

    , 34% , 25% 7%

    .

    70% , 60%.

    :

    vs :

    ,

    . ,

    .

    , .

    , ,

    ,

    .

  • 5/21/2018

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    5.3

    5.4

    , ,

    , , .

    ,

    , .

    ,

    ... :

    , ,

    ,

    . ,

    .

    ,

    , .

    ,

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  • 5/21/2018

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    5.5

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    , ,

    .

    ,

    , (

    100 479 ). ,

    .

    , ,

    , .

    , ,

    .

    5.5

  • 5/21/2018

    57/57

    1. , .

    http://www.runnermagazine.gr/html/ent/606/ent.161606.asp (19/10/13)

    2. . 25/03/2010

    http://www.advancehealth.gr/el/sections/49/articles/311-e-diatrophike-

    axia-tes-sokolatas 7/11/2013

    3. , -,

    .... M.Sc. /,

    -, ....

    , - ,

    . (, 06

    2007) http://www.solon.org.gr/index.php/2008-07-15-19-13-

    34/43--yg-/206-2008-07-21-07-03-56.html. 8/11/2013

    4. - , MS. -

    . , 21 2013 15:16

    http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-

    %CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-

    %CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84

    %CE%B1 15/11/2013

    5. Minitie B.W Chocolate, Cocoa, and Contectioncry Science and

    Technology Chapman 8 Hall, New York, 1989

    6. ., .

    1996 . 298 - 302

    http://www.runnermagazine.gr/html/ent/606/ent.161606.asphttp://www.advancehealth.gr/el/sections/49/articles/311-e-diatrophike-axia-tes-sokolatashttp://www.advancehealth.gr/el/sections/49/articles/311-e-diatrophike-axia-tes-sokolatashttp://www.solon.org.gr/index.php/2008-07-15-19-13-34/43--yg-/206-2008-07-21-07-03-56.htmlhttp://www.solon.org.gr/index.php/2008-07-15-19-13-34/43--yg-/206-2008-07-21-07-03-56.htmlhttp://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.diatrofi.gr/index.php/food/food/item/1911-%CE%9A%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AC%CE%BF-%E2%80%93-%CE%A3%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%84%CE%B1http://www.solon.org.gr/index.php/2008-07-15-19-13-34/43--yg-/206-2008-07-21-07-03-56.htmlhttp://www.solon.org.gr/index.php/2008-07-15-19-13-34/43--yg-/206-2008-07-21-07-03-56.htmlhttp://www.advancehealth.gr/el/sections/49/articles/311-e-diatrophike-axia-tes-sokolatashttp://www.advancehealth.gr/el/sections/49/articles/311-e-diatrophike-axia-tes-sokolatashttp://www.runnermagazine.gr/html/ent/606/ent.161606.asp