Οι τελευταίες εξελίξεις στην διατροφή και διαχείριση...

download Οι τελευταίες εξελίξεις στην διατροφή και διαχείριση χοιριδίων

of 39

  • date post

    26-Jul-2015
  • Category

    Science

  • view

    110
  • download

    2

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Οι τελευταίες εξελίξεις στην διατροφή και διαχείριση...

1. . symeouvasilis@gmail.com 2. . 3. . 4. : T . K . . 5. , - . 6. (Christer et al., 1995; OConnell et al., 2006; Heyer and Lebre, 2007; Martinez-Ramirez et al., 2008;2009) : ) ) ; . 7. : ; (Bikker et al. 1996) . 8. ! +1 +3-4 /-4 (Tokach et al., 1992; Pluske et al. 1995,1999; Dunshea et al. 1997; Slade et al., 2000; Kim et al., 2001; Lawlor et al. 2002; Broom et al. 2003) . 9. Coopers et al. 2001 Bo (kg) B 120 (kg) . 10. . 11. (/) Pluske et al. cited by Wijtten 2011 (m) . 12. Pluske et al. cited by Wijtten 2011 E. coli ( / ) . 13. () : 1) 2) . 14. . 15. (./) (./) Kuller et al. 2005 . 16. . 17. : 4 10 . 18. : 18 % Subalo et al., 2009 . 19. - Subalo et al., 2009 % . 20. % . 21. ( ) (%) 80.8 85.5 96.8 85.8 86.0 97.9 67.2 Source: CAN research . 22. (%) () 3,5 4,5 5,5 93 95 95 86 89 91 71 75 87 * 88 90 92 Makkink, 1991 . 23. (./) (./) 5,83 (%) 2,44 (./) 5,59 (%) 7,27 , 2014 ~8% DDGS ~30% 22% , . 24. 1 (.) Source: University of Illinois . 25. 10 / 8 (: ) . 26. = 10 = 20 0,7 / . 27. : 28 C 22 C 20 . 28. Source: Van den Boogaart, 2001 (./) (./) . 29. 1 (kg) 5.95 5.95 5.94 28 (kg) 15.53 16.84 16.61 (./) 593 643 636 H 342 382 381 1 (m) 485 441 447 B 1 (m) 258 253 242 28 (m) 627 568 602 B 28 (m) 453 417 415 Carlson et al., (2004) . 30. . 31. . 32. Peisker, 2006 . 33. pH Mathew et al., 1996 . 34. , ( , ) (Thomlinson and Lawrence, 1981; Falkowski and Aherne, 1984; Giesting and Easter, 1985; Mathew et al., 1991Risley et al., 1992; Schoenherr, 1994; Oh, 2004; Riemensperger et al., 2012) . 35. : Hypochlorousacid 0 7 14 neutral acidic alkalinealkaline neutral acidic Hypochlorideion . 36. *500 FTU/ * : ; ;; *1500 FTU/ * : ; ;; / . 37. 0 0 0 2500 2500 2500 100 1750 3500 100 1750 3500 /FTU /ppm Walk et al., 2013 . 38. M (/) /ppm 0 0 0 2500 2500 2500 100 1750 3500 100 1750 3500 /FTU Walk et al., 2013 . 39. = : ( ) + - .