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  • 1. 2 2006

2. ; ; & 1. 2. 3. 4. 400 Sightseeing 5.Bus Turistic Barcelona6.Concordat for coach tourism in London7.Working Group Tourist Buses, Vienna8.Star Classification in Ireland9.Star Classification in The Netherlands10. IRU coach star rating2 3. 1: 2: 3: SWOT 4:Workshop 3 4. 1. : , ( ) tour operator, .. Desk Research2. Desk research: 4 5. ; 6. E25 - . -T &- M 19953819 12146632264307 555154 19963890 12347132165323 545247 19973964 12546932466344 535345 19984060 12847332866370 525477 19994160 13247433868402 505624 20004238 13448135070443 355751 20014316 13748535371441 355838 20024414 13748134971432 345918 20034444 14248334572449 355970 1995 - 2003 16,4% 17,2% 3,7% 7,1% 12,5%46,3% -36,7% 15,8% 1,9%2,0% 0,5% 0,9%1,5% 4,9%-5,6%1,9% 2002 - 20030,7%3,1% 0,4%-1,1%1,3% 3,9% 1,2%0,9% : Eurostat 6 7. E25 -. 500010007000 450090040008006000 35007005000 30006004000 250050020004003000 15003002000 10002001000500100 00 019951996 19971998 19992000 20012002 2003 1995 19961997 19981999 20002001 20022003 & 7 8. , 2003 25 100% 1995 - 2003100% 80% 80% 60% 60% 40% 40% 20%20%0%EL HU SK IE LV EE CY LU AT PL DK ES LT ITFI BE CZ MT PT SE DE SI UK FR NL 0% 19952003 8 9. - - T & EL 71,525,11,81,6HU 59,624,0 13,23,2SK 70,721,96,50,9IE 74,820,25,0-LV 73,218,75,62,5EE 79,518,21,40,8CY 82,317,7--LU 82,314,13,6-AT 75,913,87,72,6PL 86,113,28,72,0DK 80,411,97,70,1ES 82,311,74,61,3LT 86,511,51,9-IT 82,711,45,30,7FI 83,810,84,70,7BE 82,810,36,20,7CZ 73,710,17,09,2 %MT 90,010,0-- PT 86,69,4 3,00,7SE 81,78,9 7,71,7 2003DE 84,86,7 7,11,5SI 89,46,1 4,5-UK 87,56,1 5,31,1FR 85,44,9 8,31,3 : Eurostat NL 86,54,4 8,20,99 10. 1970 2003 - 8%-- 35%38%-50% 42% 27% 10 11. %100.0% 90.0%80.0% 70.0% 60.0%50.0%40.0%30.0% 20.0%10.0% 0.0%LV LT EL PT PL IE EE SK CY ES LU SI CZ FI IT FR MT AT BE DK NL SE UK DE HU 1995 - 2003: Eurostat11 12. %1995 20002001200220031995 - 2003 DE 820.4836.4 856.4 866.5 854.1 4.1% FR 640.1699.6 727.6 733.5 738.6 15.4% IT 614.7726.5 717.7 711.7 711.0 15.7% UK 618.0639.0 654.0 678.0 677.0 9.5% ES 250.4302.6 306.2 335.9 346.0 38.2% PL 110.7149.7 157.7 167.4 172.4 55.7% NL 131.4141.1 141.6 144.2 146.1 11.2% BE97.5106.3 108.0 109.4 109.9 12.7% PT61.4 86.589.494.797.0 58.0% SE86.8 91.992.793.896.3 10.9% AT70.8 77.977.779.581.3 14.8% CZ54.5 63.963.465.268.6 25.9% EL37.0 53.057.061.064.0 73.0% DK54.3 59.158.659.961.0 12.3% FI50.0 55.757.058.359.6 19.2% HU45.4 46.246.246.346.4 2.2% SK18.0 23.924.125.025.2 40.0% IE15.5 21.022.023.024.0 54.8% LT10.0 16.015.816.019.4 94.0% SI12.2 14.615.015.215.5 27.0% LV5.0 8.6 9.0 9.510.0 100.0% EE7.1 9.0 9.1 9.310.0 40.8% LU4.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 27.7% CY2.3 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 39.1% MT1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 15.4%: Eurostat 12 13. .. 1.000 % 1995 - 20031995 - 1990 1995 2003 130% 2003 PT 187258572121,7%120% EL 171211348 64,9%110% IE 227265374 41,1%100% ES 309362441 21,8%90% UK 360374452 20,9% 80% FI 389372436 17,2% 70% NL 368364425 16,8% 60% IT 483529593 12,1% AT 387447498 11,4%50% SE 421411454 10,5%40% DK 309319351 10,0%30% BE 388422464 10,0%20% DE 447495541 9,3% 10% FR 415433468 8,1%0% CY 304 414 PT EL IE ES UK FI NL IT AT SE DK BE DE FR CY : Eurostat13 14. (000) 1970 19801990 2000 2003 2004 1990 - 2003LT 44247 493 1172 1257 1316155%PT421 12692552 5260 5996 135%LV 40166 283557649686129%EL2278631735 3155 3840 121%PL479 23805261 99911124411975114%IE393738 796 1319 1507 1583 89%EE 30127 241464434471 80%CY 6090179268303336 69%LU 72129 183273293300 60%ES 2378 7557 11996174491868819542 56%SK164552 880 1274 1356 1197 54%SI151416 578848890911 54%CZ685 17802410 3439 3705 3816 54%HU240 10101944 2365 2777 2828 43%AT 1197 22472991 4097 4054 4109 36%UK1190015619 20722250672699227805 30%DE1510725870 35502428404465745023 26%NL 2564 45505509 6539 6908 6992 25%IT1018117686 27416325843431033973 25%BE 2060 31593864 4678 4821 4874 25%FR1190019100 23550277702936029730 25%DK 1077 13901590 1854 1895 1916 19%FI712 12261939 2135 2275 2347 17%SE 2288 28833601 3999 4075 4113 13%MT189209211 EU2564370 111054156215 199586 212495 20605436% : Eurostat EU1562477 104284143946 179020 189672 32%14 15. & 19952000200120022003 1995 - 2003IT87.193.394.896.597.6 12.1%DE68.569.068.768.067.5-1.5%ES39.650.351.750.149.3 24.5%UK44.347.047.047.047.0 6.1%FR41.640.041.342.242.7 2.6%PL34.031.731.029.330.0-11.8%EL20.221.722.022.422.5 11.4%HU16.618.718.618.918.7 12.7%AT14.814.814.814.814.8 0.0%BE13.113.213.513.613.7 4.6%PT11.311.811.2 9.910.5-7.1%SE 8.510.110.310.110.5 23.5%CZ11.8 9.410.6 9.7 9.4-20.3%DK10.6 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0-15.1%SK11.2 8.4 8.3 8.2 7.8-30.4%FI 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7-3.8%NL 8.0 7.5 7.6 7.2 7.4-7.5%IE 5.2 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 25.0%LV 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 44.4%LT 3.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.6-21.2%EESI 2.1 2.5 2.6 1.6 2.5 1.5 2.3 1.1 2.3 1.1 9.5%-56.0%. LU 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0% .CY 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 16.7%MT 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0%15 16. & 2003 1995 & 50.0%40.0%30.0%20.0%10.0% 0.0% -10.0%LV IE ES SE CY HU IT EL EE UK BE FR AT LU MT DE FI PT NL PL DK CZ LT SK SI-20.0% -30.0% -40.0% -50.0% -60.0% : Eurostat 16 17. & 1970 1980 1990 2000 2003 2004 2000 - 2003 CY 1.62.32.93.33.2 13.8% 1,4 UK84.2 83.378 85.3 96.1 99.8 12.7% PT 5.9 8.5 12.1 19.8 21.7 9.6% 245.000 LU 0.6 0.60.81.11.21.39.1% MT 1.11.21.29.1% CZ20.3 26 18.9 20.6 19.99.0% IE 2 2.7477.47.45.7% ( IT32.9 58.1 77.788 92.7 92.95.3% ) FI 8.1 99.39.9 10.4 10.75.1% BE16.2 19.6 15.6 14.7 15.1 15.3 2.7% LT ES 10.5 15.2 15.1 15.5 14.4 30.7 42.6 45.8 54.7 5657 2.6% 2.4% 723.700 FR 41 59 70 85.7 87.1 88.41.6% ( 2002) DE63.9 95.8 100.4 84.9 85.9 86.51.2% DK 5 7.48.1 14 14.1 14.20.7% PL66.4 92 82.6 82.8 82.70.2% HU22.2 26.1 17.9 17.9 17.40.0% NL 9.5 11.2 12.1 11.4 11.3 11.2-0.9% SK10 14.3 10.9 10.68.9 -2.8% EL10.518 21.4 28 27.1-3.2% SI 2.53.12.32.22.3 -4.3% LV11.5 11 10.7 -4.3% SE14.3 12.69 14.6 14.4 13.7 13.4 -4.9% AT 6.8 99.49.99.29.4 -7.1% EE 6.47.96.15.45.3-11.5%17 18. 2002 BE DK DE EL ES FR IEITLUNL AT PT FI SE UK 30 1353463 6842 1634 5347 7655378 673662987956 1668415560 3581 : - 1034310 4717979 3139 5241211 411241731624943280378 2053 - 187 90 1239376 1431 1549 81 143615159172386 95124 720 - 132 63 873 279 776 866 86 1188 6 97160339 40 58 808 : - 809246 4005793 3117 4864202 351552479524716267379 1832 - 232 62 1044396 784 145044 1191 0191135359 29 49 628 - 104 129 15 111 13 015835 26 - 108 52 58314 96 22318 3641169 80 57 53 42 133 - 10 25 43 16 200 23 02 12 30231 - 165 86 23 173 1323 2493 11 12 185 13 63 - , 3.5 48 29 12672 34280 1736 19140 128 72 - 129 65 961 284 804 875 93 1381 6 98169340 44 61 826 , , 2004:: 12 : 259 : 39 :78 :17 , , . .:16 18 19. 20. - - : & Internet & Low Cost Carriers : group traveling => mini bus / , => : - : status, - , : low cost carriers, : , : , cabotage. coach operators 20 21. - , : , guide, : , , 21 22. 2% 160.000 . : 480.000 (tour operators, , ) : 40 .. 100 500 , , 68% 22 23. : , , () . ... ... low cost carriers 23 24. Niche: : 2001 15 62 65 (1960: 34 ). 2010 21% (81 .) 2020 30% (115 .). 15 45 20% 70% / 41% 24% (25%) , 35% (135 .) 2020 24 25. 25 26. concept - , mini bus , could not be used as feeder services to scheduled or touring coach services. .26 27. City Tourism ( ) 15% 145 218 / , 15% 2,8 . UKP 300 ( 250 400): , : / 27 28. , 2003- -- Slovakia 9%0% 15%29% 46%1% Czech Republic10%0% 11%21% 57%2% Latvia16%4% 17%20% 42%1% Greece 9% 20%2%15% 54%0% Germany 25%0%8%11% 55%1% Portugal16%1%4%10% 68%0% Spain 13%1%6%10% 70%0% Denmark 32%3%5% 9% 49%1% Belgium 26%1%5% 8% 60%0% Slovenia 7%1%2% 7% 83%0% Sweden25%3% 11% 7% 55%0% Austria 28%1%7% 7% 56%2% Finland 20%5% 10% 6% 58%1% Netherlands 22%1%3% 5% 68%0% United Kingdom45%2%6% 5% 42%1% Luxembourg36%1%6% 5% 52%0% : Eurostat Norway36%5%3% 5% 51%1% Italy 18%5% 11% 5% 62%0% Ireland 60%5%3% 3% 28%1% France 9%1% 14% 2% 74%0% 28 29. IRU (International Road Transport Union) : ; Gutegemeinschaft Buscomfort, , 5% : , , how to rate; : , . 6,7 8: IRU standards 29 30. ; 31. , 31 32. 1998 EC communication The Common Transport Policy Sustainable Mobility: Perspectives for the Future 2001 EC white paper European transport policy for 2010: time to decide 2000 EC , 1191/69 ( 2002): : - , 32 33. (2003) , , , , ,, , , Light rail , , , , Railway, , , , , 33 34. - - - - . - - - - - - - - - - - 34 35. A9 : , . : . , However, problems have arisen wherecontract prices have been set that conflict with national levels ofinflation: , 2007, 35 36. Slide 35A9 Is it possible to create a matrix showing at one glance the type of process each country utilises?Aris Ikkos; 22/8/2006 37. : , with public agencies permitted to offer concessions : the privatisation of public utilities (gas, electricity and water) has ended the practice of cross subsidising public transport from their profits. Some tendering exist, but there are serious financial problems : : .