δείκτες βιώσιμης ανάπτυξης

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: , 143/05045

2006 1. - - . 2. ( ) . 4 3. - ( - ). 4. Cluster analysis () 5. . 5 8 10 12 2

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1. - - . 7 -: AI = (0,25*GPI)+(0,2*PI)+(0,2*AcI)+(0,15*QII)+(0,1*SQI)+(0,05*EI)+(0,05*SI)

GPI = (0,5*X1) + (0,5*X2), - . 1: / , 2: / . , . , , , . , . , , , . PI = population, - . , . , , . AcI = accessibility, - . . . , . , , . QII = (0,7*dBasic Infra Access positive)+(0,3*dSupl Infra (0-1)), - . dBasic Infra Access = (0,3*Access School)+(0,3*Access Hospital)+(0,2*Access Bank)+(0,2*Access IRS) dSupl Infra = (0,4*dCulture)+(0,3*dSports)+(0,3*dWelfare) dCulture = ((Museums*0,2)+(Libraries*0,3)+(Cinemas*0,5))/3 dSports = ((Sport Field*0,2)+(Swimming Pool*0,3)+(Stadium*0,5))/3 dWelfare = ((Nursing homes*0,3)+('Help at home'*0,2)+(*0,5))/3 , . - , . .

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SQI = (0,5*In-island Births /Births)+(0,5*/ positive), - . () , . , - . : - . . , . . , . SI: - . . . , .

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2. ( ) . : [1] Access = virtual / real [2] (0-1) = (X-Xmin) / (Xmax - Xmin) [3] positive = 1 - (X / Xmax) - QII (, , , ). - GPI, PI, AcI, QII, SQI 0 1 , . AcI, QII, SQI, . , - , 7 -, . 7 - :Islands Amorgos Anafi Andros Antiparos Donoussa Iraklia Thira Thirasia Ios Kea Kimolos Koufonisi Kythnos Milos GPI 0,236 0,267 0,206 0,281 0,119 0,275 0,332 0,143 0,297 0,267 0,156 0,285 0,278 0,259 PI 0,087 0,0062 0,502 0,045 0,00061 0 0,675 0,0059 0,086 0,115 0,031 0,011 0,074 0,235 AcI 0,698229 4 0,658968 4 0,736720 6 0,817552 0 0,427251 7 0,858352 6 0,608929 9 0,832178 6 0,595073 1 0,642032 3 0,439568 9 0,525019 2 0,719014 6 QII 0,694 0,6471 0,7504 0,623 0,5117 0,4403 0,7404 0 0,6967 0,6919 0,3762 0,5446 0,6111 0,8218 SQI 0,414792 9 0,355460 6 0,459930 1 0,5 0,324471 7 0,196835 9 0,426057 1 0,428828 1 0,387921 7 0,454924 5 0,460314 0,182098 8 0,360000 7 0,441726 5 EI 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 SI 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1AI 0,4616252 0,4323947 0,5577971 0,4862104 0,2390742 0,3399289 0,6433362 0,3015988 0,5011829 0,4580421 0,3760679 0,3612637 0,4169689 0,5229956

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Mykonos Naxos Paros Serifos Sikinos Sifnos Syros Schinoussa Tinos Folegandro s

0,317 0,227 0,276 0,185 0,206 0,278 0,229 0,245 0,236 0,255

0,466 0,918 0,647 0,064 0,0044 0,117 1 0,0028 0,429 0,026

0,794457 3 0,853733 6 0,846805 2 0,615858 4 0,655889 1 0,662047 7 0,804465 0,43495 0,775981 5 0,692070 8

0,71833 0,7231 0,7102 0,6936 0,5467 0,6825 0,788 0,4592 0,677 0,6366

0,436419 4 0,440747 5 0,455764 9 0,334079 8 0,339713 7 0,491841 3 0,976061 8 0 0,398220 5 0,385612 7

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

0,5827329 0,6636365 0,6198675 0,4196697 0,3995342 0,4768687 0,7339492 0,31768 0,5413684 0,4414154

3. - ( - ). - (r>0.6).

Nonparametric CorrelationsCorrelations

Spearman's rho GPI

SQI

AcI

QII

EI

Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation

GPI 1,00 0 . 24 ,033 ,878 24 ,315 ,134 24 ,239 ,261 24 .

SQI ,033 ,878 24 1,000 . 24 ,598(**) ,002 24 ,485(*) ,016 24 .

AcI ,315 ,134 24 ,598(**) ,002 24 1,000 . 24 ,747(**) ,000 24 .

QII ,239 ,261 24 ,485(*) ,016 24 ,747(**) ,000 24 1,000 . 24 .

EI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 .

SI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 .

PI ,231 ,277 24 ,676(**) ,000 24 ,795(**) ,000 24 ,874(**) ,000 24 .

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SI

PI

Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N

. 24 . . 24 ,231 ,277 24

. 24 . . 24 ,676(**) ,000 24

. 24 . . 24 ,795(**) ,000 24

. 24 . . 24 ,874(**) ,000 24

. 24 . . 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24 1,000 . 24

** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). * Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).

o - PI - SQI, AcI, QII. O - QII AcI - AcI SQI. - PI.

Nonparametric CorrelationsCorrelations

GPI Spearman's rho GPI Correlatio n Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N Correlatio n Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N Correlatio n Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N Correlatio n Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N Correlatio n 1,000 . 24 ,033 ,878 24 ,315 ,134 24 ,239 ,261 24 .

SQI ,033 ,878 24 1,000 . 24 , 598(**) ,002 24 ,485(*) ,016 24 .

AcI ,315 ,134 24 ,598(**) ,002 24 1,000 . 24 ,747(**) ,000 24 .

QII ,239 ,261 24 , 485(*) ,016 24 , 747(* *) ,000 24 1,000 . 24 .

EI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 .

SI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 .

SQI

AcI

QII

EI

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SI

Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N Correlatio n Coefficien t Sig. (2tailed) N

. 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24

. 24 . . 24

** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). * Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).

- AcI QII, , - QII.

Nonparametric CorrelationsCorrelations

GPI Spearman's rho GPI Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N Correlation Coefficient Sig. (2tailed) N 1,000 . 24 ,033 ,878 24 ,315 ,134 24 . . 24 . . 24

SQI ,033 ,878 24 1,000 . 24 ,598(**) ,002 24 . . 24 . . 24

AcI ,315 ,134 24 ,598(**) ,002 24 1,000 . 24 . . 24 . . 24

EI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24

SI . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24 . . 24

SQI

AcI

EI

SI

** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

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, .

4. Cluster analysis ()

Clustera,b Case Processing Summary

Valid N Percent 24 96,0

Cases Missing N Percent 1 4,0

Total N Percent 25 100,0

a. Squared Euclidean Distance used b. Average Linkage (Between Groups)

Average Linkage (Between Groups)

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Agglomeration Schedule Stage Cluster First Cluster Combined Appears Stage Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Coefficients Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Next Stage 1 13 18 ,000 0 0 8 2 1 10 ,000 0 0 11 3 2 24 ,000 0 0 11 4 4 20 ,000 0 0 9 5 11 12 ,000 0 0 13 6 8 22 ,000 0 0 17 7 3 23 ,000 0 0 12 8 13 19 ,000 1 0 15 9 4 9 ,000 4 0 18 10 7 16 ,000 0 0 14 11 1 2 ,001 2 3 15 12 3 14 ,001 7 0 16 13 6 11 ,001 0 5 17 14 7 17 ,001 10 0 19 15 1 13 ,002 11 8 18 16 3 15 ,002 12 0 21 17 6 8 ,003 13 6 20 18 1 4 ,004 15 9 21 19 7 21 ,009 14 0 23 20 5 6 ,011 0 17 22 21 1 3 ,012 18 16 22 22 1 5 ,029 21 20 23 23 1 7 ,064 22 19 0

Dendrogram

* * * * * * H I E R A R C H I C A L * * * *

C L U S T E R

A N A L Y S I S * *

Dendrogram using Average Linkage (Between Groups) Rescaled Distance Cluster Combine C A S E Label Kythnos Serifos Sikinos Num 13 18 19 0 5 10 15 20 25 +---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+

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Amorgos 1 Kea 10 Anafi 2 Folegandros 24 Antiparos 4 Sifnos 20 Ios 9 Andros 3 Tinos 23 Milos 14 Mykonos 15 Thirasia 8 Schinoussa 22 Kimolos 11 Koufonisi 12 Iraklia 6 Donoussa 5 Thira 7 Naxos 16 Paros 17 Syros 21

5. . 8 . , (= 0,7339492), . , , . , ( ) , . , . 11

, . . . , , . . , , , , . , . , , , , , , , . , . , , . , , . - - . , . , , . , , , . . , . , . , . , , , . , , , . , , , . 12

, - : , . , . , , . . , ( ) . , . , , . ( ), , , , , . , , ( ) .

Fernandez Martin F. 1999. les et Regions Ultraperipheriques de L Union Europeenne. Editions de l'Aube,Collection l'aube territoire. ISBN 2-87678-488-2 . . 2003. : . 9(28): 621-644. Spilanis I., Kondili J. and S. Gryllaki. 2003. Measuring the Attractiveness of Small Islands. A Tool for Sustainability. Paper Submitted for Presentation at the International Conference on Sustainability Indicators/ Organized by the Islands and Small States Institute/ of the University of Malta/ Foundation for Environmental Studies, Vallette, Malta. 13

Viola V. 1998. . . UNEP. 1996. , : o 115, Sophia Antipolis (: .).

www.aegean.gr/lid/internet/elliniki_ekdosi/Dimosieuseis/EurislesStudy/Eurisles www.aegean.gr/lid www.aegean.gr/lid/internet/elliniki_ekdosi/ Dimosieuseis/Politiki-Nision.htm www.eurisles.com/eurselection.asp?Langue=GR www.nomosphysis.org.gr/articles. php?artid=1628&lang=1&catpid=1 - 1

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